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MB3-214 exam Dumps Source : Great Plains 8.0 Installations and Configuration
Test Code : MB3-214
Test appellation : Great Plains 8.0 Installations and Configuration
Vendor appellation : Microsoft
: 150 real Questions
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Microsoft powerful Plains 8.0 Installations
REDMOND, Wash., June 21, 2004 — Microsoft enterprise options today announced the supply of Microsoft industry options-extremely suited Plains eight.0, a pass-business monetary administration respond for midmarket section companies. Microsoft outstanding Plains 8.0 will carry better usability; richer functionality for distribution, manufacturing and challenge accounting; more suitable capabilities through integrations with Microsoft enterprise options industry Portal 2.5 and Microsoft workplace 2003; and greater analytics.
“With over one hundred twenty enhancements, purchasers will know mammoth value from Microsoft top notch Plains 8.0,” mentioned Karen Engel, community product manager with Microsoft enterprise solutions. “We continue to convey on their engage to fulfill consumer needs these days and sooner or later, helping streamline methods and help universal industry visibility. Microsoft astounding Plains 8.0 is a chief specimen of how they contain shoppers’ comments to innovate, sheperd and grow the best viable respond for his or her enterprise.”
Key advancements for Microsoft high-quality Plains eight.0 embrace the fresh appear to live and consider that deliver shoppers with a familiar, effortless-to-use ambiance corresponding to Microsoft office Outlook 2003, which may abet boost worker productiveness and reduce training expenses. A more complete view of inventory will back provide valued clientele tighter manage over distribution and manufacturing processes. Time and energy spent on key accounting tasks can live reduced with the skill to utilize existing transactions as the foundation for brand spanking fresh ones, in addition to to birthright now void, delete, apropos or exchange journal entries while conserving plenary audit manage.
“We recommend groups check in for Microsoft first rate Plains 8.0 as quickly as feasible,” mentioned Juli Richardson, director of industry operations for Goodwill Industries of crucial Indiana. “the brand fresh solution is more intuitive and places assistance immediately at your fingertips. Microsoft terrific Plains eight.0 can possess an repercussion on their corporation in terms of businesswide visibility, and the adjustments in manufacturing performance possess made personnel more enthusiastic than ever in regards to the system.”
more desirable integration with different Microsoft functions corresponding to Microsoft enterprise options industry Portal and Microsoft workplace is an additional key characteristic of Microsoft extremely suited Plains 8.0. Microsoft industry Portal 2.5, used with Microsoft tremendous Plains eight.0, will extra empower employees with fresh modules for online requisition administration, cost entry and approval, and electronic delivery of earnings documents to purchasers. Microsoft top notch Plains 8.0 also builds on the Microsoft workplace productiveness groundwork, enabling users to construct template-based communications in Microsoft word or conveniently connect maps and instructions for earnings, rise and service appellation routes with Microsoft MapPoint.
New reporting alternate options deliver corporations with greater control of the fiscal reporting system and more advantageous fiscal visibility via Microsoft industry solutions for Analytics-FRx 6.7. The better analytics performance gives shoppers 4 most principal enhancements: a brand fresh FRx report manager module, advancements to the FRx currency Translation module, tighter integration with Microsoft workplace outdo 2003, and upgraded sheperd for the eXtensible enterprise Reporting Language (XBRL) 2.0 taxonomy.
Availability and Pricing
Microsoft exceptional Plains 8.0 is purchasable immediately in the u.s. and Canada via Microsoft industry solutions reselling companions with Microsoft enterprise Portal 2.5 scheduled for availability later this yr. Microsoft splendid Plains 8.0 can live launched in opt for international locations within the uk, Latin the us and Africa, in addition to in Australia and fresh Zealand.
Microsoft exquisite Plains indifferent version, targeted at smaller midmarket corporations, begins at $4,500 (U.S.) for a single-consumer fiscal solution. Microsoft wonderful Plains professional edition begins at $6,500 for a single-person economic respond and is the option for midmarket customers or divisions of higher corporations.
About Microsoft enterprise options
Microsoft company solutions offers built-in enterprise applications and features that allow petite and midsize corporations and divisions of giant organizations to connect employees, customers and suppliers for stronger effectivity. The monetary administration, consumer relationship administration, supply chain administration and analytics functions work with Microsoft products corresponding to office and windows to streamline strategies across a complete corporation, giving agencies insight to reply hastily, map strategically and execute without delay. Microsoft industry options purposes are delivered through a global network of channel partners that provide really expert services and aboriginal assist tailored to a company’s needs.
headquartered in 1975, Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT”) is the international chief in software, capabilities and options that aid people and corporations recognise their plenary talents.
Microsoft, notable Plains, Outlook, MapPoint, FRx and windows are either registered trademarks or emblems of Microsoft Corp., extraordinary Plains application Inc., FRx software Corp. or their affiliates within the united states and/or other countries.
fantastic Plains software Inc. and FRx utility Corp. are subsidiaries of Microsoft Corp.
The names of specific companies and items mentioned herein may well live the trademarks of their respective house owners.
notice to editors : in case you possess an interest in viewing more information on Microsoft, delight consult with the Microsoft web web page at http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/ on Microsoft’s corporate counsel pages. internet hyperlinks, mobile numbers and titles had been suitable at time of booklet, however may also seeing that possess changed. For extra advice, journalists and analysts can also contact Microsoft’s expeditiously Response group or different acceptable contacts listed at http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/contactpr.asp .
Microsoft Updates Blazor, Now developed on Razor add-ons
with the aid of David Ramel
the brand fresh update comes after the dev group separated the client-facet and server-aspect points of the venture, with the latter being renamed ASP.net Core Razor accessories, now a section of the .web Core 3.0 effort.
Razor accessories turned into separated out from the customer-side efforts as a result of those ran into some problems, some related to working with the also-experimental WebAssembly assignment that offers a compilation goal for C# and other higher-order programming languages so they can also live used for internet development.
at the time, independent Blazor expert Chris Sainty provided extra tips in a post:
The standard fact is that the customer-aspect model depends now not best on WebAssembly but additionally the efforts of the Mono group and their WASM .web runtime. whereas progress is being made extraordinarily instantly or not it's not rather there yet. AOT is not an alternative, there is extremely restrained debugging, performance must live more advantageous, download sizes are too huge, and so forth.
The server-facet model offers Microsoft an chance to pick up Blazor available to individuals almost immediately. And as it runs on first rate historical .net Core or not it's additionally received an exceptional base. it live additionally principal to bethink that due to the Blazor structure, with its separation of app execution from rendering, any trends made will capitalize both models. So client-facet is not going to pick up left behind.
Blazor team lead Daniel Roth supplied an update on that condition in a publish ultimate week asserting Blazor 0.8.0. "As turned into lately announced, server-side Blazor is now delivery as ASP.web Core Razor components in .net Core three.0," he talked about. "we've integrated the Blazor component mannequin into ASP.internet Core three.0 and renamed it to Razor accessories. Blazor 0.8.0 is now constructed on Razor components and makes it viable for you to host Razor accessories within the browser on WebAssembly."
a different fresh construction is that Blazor tooling is now included within the 2nd preview of visible Studio 2019.
"up to now to pick up tooling aid for Blazor projects you obligatory to deploy the Blazor extension for visible Studio," eminent Roth. "starting with visible Studio 2019 Preview 2, tooling back for Razor accessories (and therefore Blazor apps) is already protected without needing to install anything else. The Blazor extension is now most effectual essential to installation the Blazor project templates in visible Studio."
After noting some .net runtime improvements, chummy issues and information for updating existing initiatives, Roth reviewed Blazor's existing popularity and future.
"This unencumber of Blazor turned into essentially concentrated on first integrating Razor components into ASP.web Core three.0 and then rebuilding Blazor on suited of that," Roth stated. "Going forward, they map to ship Blazor updates with every .net Core three.0 update.
"Blazor, and sheperd for operating Razor accessories on WebAssembly in the browser, won't ship with .internet Core three.0, however they continue to work in opposition t transport Blazor some later date."
David Ramel is the editor of visual Studio journal.
throughout my time as a consultant, and at the very time as a controller, I’d lengthy been a fan of constructing reporting as generally available as feasible. This covered granting clients huge entry to records, with Payroll as an obvious exception. The advantages to self-service reporting, dashboards, and analytics are so high-quality, I believed, that limiting the capacity to report on industry data felt like limiting the company’s competencies.
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Let’s Build a Global Power Grid
Illustration: Elias Stein
It is a decades-old dream: a single, vast North American electric grid, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Mexico to the Arctic Circle. Such a continent-wide supergrid would let officials transmit the tens of gigawatts of wind-generated power from the powerful Plains to cities on both coasts. It would let Pacific Northwest hydropower stream to Chicago and let Texas wind power find its way to Massachusetts, Mississippi, and Montana. The benefits, measured in fiscal and reliability terms, would live fantastic. And yet despite many studies and even several attempts to create such a grid, it has never been achieved. The technology and the political will possess been lacking.
In 2016, though, engineers will build a major stride in the former. An ambitious project known as Tres Amigas, eight years in the making, is finally getting under way. Eventually it will link the three largest North American grids: the Eastern Interconnection, the Western Interconnection, and the Texas Interconnection, which together cover the lower 48 states plus 8 Canadian provinces. Tres Amigas, located in eastern fresh Mexico, where the three grids converge, will live a transmission “superstation,” able to transfer up to 20 gigawatts of electricity in almost any direction.
Last November, construction workers began building the first piece of the first angle of the project: a 56-kilometer transmission line to connect three fresh wind farms to the superstation site and then to the Blackwater substation, which connects to the Western grid. The 345-kilovolt line is scheduled to live electrified by the finish of 2016; Blackwater will also live upgraded to handle the added capacity of up to 500 megawatts of wind power.
The ultimate plan, with an estimated charge tag of US $1.6 billion, is to construct three more lines to substations in Texas, one of which connects to the Texas grid (usually referred to as ERCOT, the acronym for the entity that runs it, the Electric Reliability Council of Texas), and the other two connecting to the Eastern grid.
Illustration: Erik Vrielink; Source: North American Reliability Corp. Three Become One: The Tres Amigas superstation, now under construction outside Clovis, N.M., aims to interconnect the three main power grids of North America. Once finished, it will live able to hotfoot up to 20 gigawatts of electricity in any direction.
The four sets of transmission lines would converge at Tres Amigas, a 58-square-kilometer site where the company will install high-voltage DC converters for converting AC to DC and back again, plus a modest 5 MW of storage for regulating voltage and frequency. As more partners mark on, additional converters and storage can live added. Other plans convene for an electricity-market hub to let traders rob handicap of the differences in electricity prices between regions. On 10 August 2015, for instance, the charge inequity between ERCOT and the Western grid hit $2,331.54 per megawatt-hour. Capitalizing on such disparities should generally lower rates for customers and stimulate more investment.
Having a high-voltage DC node that connects existing AC networks—a configuration called an HVDC overlay—will build the entire grid more stable and responsive to outages and faults, says Tres Amigas CEO Philip G. Harris. “Very great integrated AC systems watch to pick up wobbly,” he says. “An HVDC overlay, with its aptitude to hotfoot a lot of power quickly, will provide a huge reliability enhancement as the electricity grid grows.” Grid operators in Western Europe are already installing or planning a number of these HVDC overlays, he adds. China and India are going even further, installing transmission grids based entirely on HVDC.
Matter of Fact
A Proto-Supergrid: In 1918, engineer William Spencer Murray proposed a “Superpower Zone” [pdf] of transmission lines and power plants from Washington, D.C., to Boston.
A few links already exist between the main U.S. grids, such as the 200-MW HVDC converter station near Sidney, Neb., which connects the Eastern and Western grids, and the 220-MW HVDC station outside Oklaunion, Texas, which connects the Texas and Eastern grids. But Tres Amigas would bring together plenary three grids in one location and at much higher power levels.
Harris came up with the thought for Tres Amigas shortly after he retired as CEO of PJM, a regional grid and wholesale electricity market spanning the Middle Atlantic United States. In 2008, he says, “we drew up their plan, and within a few months they had several million dollars lined up.” Funding dried up with the global fiscal crisis. “The utilities told us they wanted Tres Amigas,” Harris says, but investors accustomed to funding electricity generation or transmission projects “had mischance trying to fit it in a ‘generation or transmission’ box.”
So Harris and his partners did everything except build the superstation: They completed the system assessments, lined up suppliers, leased land for the superstation, secured the rights of way, won regulatory approvals. The original timeline called for completion by 2013 but has been revised repeatedly. terminal July, in fact, outdo Energy terminated an agreement with Tres Amigas that would possess allowed the superstation to connect to the Eastern grid, citing missed deadlines going back several years. Harris is confident that the agreement will live revived once his group updates the interconnection studies to Tres Amigas.
The superstation’s design has also been revised. Current plans convene for a more or less traditional power transmission node. But early schematics depicted a much more advanced concept: a superstation laid out in a triangular hub, with an HVDC converter station at each point and underground superconducting DC cables connecting those points.
“We called it the flux capacitor,” Andre Canelhas, a London-based HVDC expert who helped design Tres Amigas, says with a laugh, referring to the three-legged time-travel device from the sci-fi movie Back to the Future. “But in a sense, they are bringing the future to the present, where life is going to pick up a lot more keen as renewables supersede fossil-fuel plants, and we’ll requisite to hotfoot great blocks of power to where generation is suddenly insufficient. A project like Tres Amigas will build us evolve the way they requisite to evolve.”
This article originally appeared in print as “The U.S. May Finally pick up a Unified Power Grid.”
The steel towers loom in the distance, like shiny toy soldiers arranged in formation. As their boat approaches, the dizzying size of the machines becomes clear. A few minutes later, I’m standing birthright next to one, holding the guardrails and craning my head to rob it plenary in. The boat bucks like a rollercoaster as giant waves crash against the bow. Salty spray lashes my eyeballs. I try not to vomit.
Up close, the machines are not toy-like at all. They are aliens, fifty-story monoliths, each crowned with three enormous, outstretched blades that dazzle in the morning light of this crisp October day. This is America’s first offshore wind farm—a pilot project compared with the vast offshore energy plants in European waters—but still, a hard-won victory.
Anchored to the seafloor twenty miles south of Rhode Island, the five turbines comprising Deepwater Wind’s $300 million block Island Wind Farm were erected over the summer. The blades were unlocked several weeks back, and in November, they’ll start generating electricity—30 megawatts (MW) at peak capacity, which is enough to power 17,000 homes.
“It’s a typical not-in-my-backyard scenario, and I pick up it.”
To the dozens of men and women present on today’s boat tour—executives from Deepwater Wind, Rhode Island condition politicians, labor leaders and environmentalists—the wind farm is a mark of things to come.
“It’s going to live a stepping stone,” says Walt Trombly, a union representative for the Utility Workers Union of Rhode Island. “The entire country is going to survey this.”
If the country likes what it sees, offshore wind could become a cornerstone of America’s bid to wean off fossil fuels. Proponents imagine a future where coastlines from the Carolinas to Maine are lined with thousands of turbines, siphoning energy out of fierce north Atlantic winds and delivering carbon-free power to millions. But not everyone wants that future, and even those who execute admit the mammoth political, economic, and technological hurdles they requisite to overcome before it arrives.
It’s a shapely idea, that the solution to their oil and gas addiction is already at their fingertips. That, with a concerted effort, they could halt climate change by tapping the strong, sustained winds gusting just offshore—an endlessly renewable energy source.
The United States has some of the best offshore wind resources in the world. According to the Department Energy, their “technical offshore potential” is more than 2,000 gigwatts (GW) of power, which translates to double the electricity generated by plenary oil, coal, and gas-fired power plants terminal year. Harnessing that plenary potential would rob a mind-boggling number of turbines, but even a fraction of the energy contained in tense offshore breezes could proceed a long way toward meeting towering power demands along densely populated coastlines.
The northeast, with its objective weather and shallow continental shelves, is considered the exemplar location to pick up started.
“The resource is enough to race plenary electrical needs for plenary coastal states from Massachusetts to North Carolina, and much more,” says Willett Kempton, a professor at the University of Delaware’s School of Marine Science and Policy.
Deepwater wind executives, labor leaders and environmentalists speak to reporters on a recent tour of the block Island Wind Farm. Photo: Jesse Burke for Gizmodo
Some of the technology they requisite already exists. Thanks to decades of government incentive programs, offshore wind is taking off in Europe, with turbine costs falling expeditiously as production becomes more industrialized. The offshore wind industry soundless only accounts for 1.5 percent of the EU’s electricity production, but with three thousand turbines producing 41 terawatt-hours of energy terminal year, it’s nothing to sniff at.
But in America, offshore wind has made Little progress, thanks to towering initial costs, want of political leadership, and fierce pushback from oceanfront communities who don’t want their views marred by gigantic machines. “It’s a typical not-in-my-backyard scenario, and I pick up it,” says Fiore Grassetti, a steel worker who’s helped install dozens of land-based turbines in fresh England. “If they’re placed in the wrong location, I agree.”
The first offshore wind project to receive staid vetting in the United States was Cape Wind, a $2.6 billion proposal to build 130 turbines in the Nantucket Sound off Cape Cod. But after receiving condition and federal approval back in 2009 and 2010, the project was held hostage for years by an opposition movement spearheaded by a Koch brother and backed by Mitt Romney, among other wealthy and well-connected residents of the Cape. Not only execute Cape Wind’s opponents philosophize the project would cause significant “visual pollution,” they insist it will raise the cost of electricity rather than lower it. terminal year, after endless construction delays, Cape Wind lost its power purchase agreements with utility companies. It now seems unlikely the project will ever rupture ground.
Looking up at the steel jacket foundation of an offshore wind turbine. Photo: Jesse Burke for Gizmodo
Perhaps it’s no flabbergast that the first offshore wind farm to succeed where Cape Wind failed is much smaller, and addresses a much more glaring energy issue. Lacking a direct connection to Rhode Island’s power grid, the 1,000 year-round residents of the sleepy community of block Island have, for decades, been forced to sear diesel fuel shipped over from the mainland—a squalid and extremely pricey way of keeping the lights on.
Now that block Island is producing power, it’s been integrated into the system. In June, utility company National Grid—which is buying electricity from Deepwater Wind and selling it to customers throughout the state—installed a submarine cable connection linking the wind farm and the nearby community to the mainland. The antiseptic energy block Islanders will start buying this month isn’t exactly a bargain: the first year power-price is 24 cents per kilowatt hour, compared with an indifferent of 14 cents per kilowatt hour throughout the state. But it’s about 40 percent less than the cost of diesel. The island will also live avoiding an estimated 40,000 tons of carbon emissions per year, and as an added bonus, that fresh submarine cable includes a fiber optic connection. For the first time, residents will possess high-speed internet.
Despite the project’s evident benefits, not everyone on block Island is thrilled about it. Some residents survey the wind farm as a political charade, arguing that they are bearing the cross of above-market energy costs to enrich private investors, and that the long-term savings will live minimal. As with Cape Wind, opponents feel they are trading environmentally-destructive carbon pollution for economically-destructive visual pollution. “No one can wrangle that the loss of [Block Island’s] viewshed will not harm my industry and any other on the Island,” block Island grocery store owner Mary Jane Balser wrote in a letter to the block Island Times in 2014.
“These blades are not dumb, static things. They’re highly tuned, sensitive instruments.”
Matthew Morrissey, Vice President of Massachusetts for Deepwater Wind, says that the controversy over the block Island Wind Farm is relatively small. After all, block Island’s town council and resident’s association supported the project, as did recent Rhode Island governors, condition senators, environmental groups, labor union leaders, and the Obama administration.
“Based on the Cape Wind experience, you’d mediate there’d possess been much more pushback,” he says. “I mediate overwhelmingly, the citizens appreciated the cutting of the energy cost, the antiseptic nature of their fuel source, and the fiber optic line that gave them expeditiously internet.”
At this point, only time will expose if he’s right.
As their boat weaves between turbines like a guppy amongst whales, I learn that there’s far more to the structures than meets the eye. Designed by GE, block Island’s 6 MW, 589 foot-tall Haliade turbines employ fresh “direct drive” technology, which replaces the rotating gearbox of older models with a giant, permanent magnet generator. “This reduces mechanical systems inside the machine,” GE Renewable Energy project director Eric Crucerey says. “Fewer pieces live substantive less maintenance.” In fact, if plenary is running well, nobody will requisite to live inside the turbines at all.
The generator is located at the top of the turbine, inside a 400-ton, schoolbus-sized steel house called the nacelle. Directly in front of it lies the rotor hub, which supports three 240 foot-long, fiberglass blades that sweep an belt larger than three football fields. The nacelle also includes a control room, with computer systems that automatically monitor windspeed and direction and adjust the blades accordingly. “These blades are not dumb, static things,” Morrissey says, sweeping his arm out across the sky. “They’re highly tuned, sensitive instruments.”
The top of this Haliade turbine includes a nacelle, where the generator and rotor are housed, a helipad (yellow structure) and three mammoth fiberglass blades. Photo: Jesse Burke for Gizmodo
If the nacelle includes the brain and muscles of the turbine, the tower—an mammoth metal tube built of three 200-ton sections of cast steel—is its backbone. The block Island Wind Farm towers were assembled over the summer with the abet of valorous Tern, an aircraft carrier-esque Norwegian vessel that can heave a gigantic crane hundreds of feet out of the water on four mammoth stilts. The tower, in turn, rests on a 1,500-ton steel jacket foundation, which is anchored to the seafloor 100 feet down.
The turbines are hardy things, designed to endure everyday wind and waves, but also powerful storms and even hurricanes. They start spinning to generate power at wind speeds of approximately 6.5 mph, and from there, race merrily along until wind speeds approach that of a stout tropical storm. “When wind speeds pick up up to 55 miles per hour, they will feather the blades so they’re not creating friction with the wind,” Morrissey says. With the blades in a safer configuration, Morrissey reckons they can withstand gusts of over 200 mph. “They’re insured, which says something,” he notes.
Under conventional conditions, electricity generated by a turbine is transmitted via cables down the length of the tower to the seafloor, then to a substation located on block Island. From there, it’s supplied to the island’s residents and fed back into Rhode Island’s grid. As Catharine Bowes of the National Wildlife Federation points out, one turbine is needed to power block Island, even at peak summertime usage (approximately 4 MW). “All of the surplus goes to the mainland,” she says.
How colossal that surplus is depends on how expeditiously the wind blows and how well the machines perform, something Deepwater Wind will live monitoring closely. On average, Kempton says, offshore wind operations race at 45 percent capacity. Land-based wind farms in the powerful Plains race at about 33 percent capacity, while solar farms achieve capacities of up to 20 percent.
In a truly dire situation, a person can sky-dive to the ground of the turbine using rappelling gear attached to the helipad.
While each of the turbines is designed to operate autonomously and can live controlled remotely, workers will soundless possess to enter them periodically for maintenance. Normally, they’ll rob a boat out, scale ladders attached to the jacket foundation, enter at the ground of the tower, and rob the long elevator ride to the top. But in a pinch, workers can also airlift in and out via a helipad located next to the nacelle.
In a truly dire situation, Crucerey says, a person can sky-dive to the ground of the turbine using rappelling gear attached to the helipad. Similar gear can also live used to exit the turbine from the tower, should the elevator rupture down. “People requisite training to live inside this machine,” Crucerey says.
Indeed, these safety measures serve as a reminder that, while working on a wind turbine is much safer than working on an explosion-prone oil rig or inside a coal mine, antiseptic energy plants are not risk-free. Human accidents involving wind turbines are underreported, but data compiled by the Caithness Windfarm Information Forum indicates that blade failures represent the biggest danger, followed by turbine fires.
Bracing myself against winds that could fling me into the sea if I let my guard down, I try to imagine making the six hundred-foot leap out of a flaming nacelle. If Deepwater Wind’s reticence to debate emergency evacuations is any indicator, I’m not the only one who finds the scenario a bit frightening.
“Three hundred local tradesmen worked on this wind farm,” says Scott Duhamel, a labor activist from Rhode Island’s building and Construction Trades Council with a thick Boston accent. For him, there’s nothing better than finishing a colossal construction project, and the turbines directly ahead of us are—quite literally—as colossal as they come. “For years, now, they pick up to drive by and say, ‘I built that, I worked on that, I did that.’ The first one in America.”
A swell of pride at having planted the very first wind turbines in US waters was palpable among everyone I spoke with at on the recent block Island Wind Farm tour, which was organized by wind energy supporters at the Rhode Island building and Construction Trades Council, the BlueGreen Alliance, and the National Wildlife Federation. So was a sense that the momentum generated here needs to live maintained. “We saw a job opportunity,” says Rhode Island senator Joshua Miller, who helped pass legislation that required utilities to buy Deepwater Wind’s electricity. “Whoever was first in this section of America was going to set up the platform for [offshore wind] jobs.”
Job creation is often touted as a reason to back wind energy, even if you don’t custody about climate change. The reality is that switching to antiseptic power at industrial scales is going to require industrial-scale manufacturing and development, such as we’re starting to survey in Europe, where most of the block Island Wind Farm’s parts were built. The DOE estimates that an offshore wind industry could back 600,000 fresh jobs on US shores by 2050.
To Jimmy Shillitto, Vice President for Local 1-2 Utility in fresh York, adaptation to the shifting energy landscape is inevitable. “Times are changing,” he says. “If they don’t pick up involved, we’ll die off.”
Rhode Island may live first out the gates on offshore wind, but other states are poised to entangle up quickly. Over the summer, Massachusetts passed a bill that will require its utilities to purchase 1,600 MW of electricity from offshore wind farms by 2027. The condition of fresh York, meanwhile, recently approved a antiseptic Energy standard that compels fresh York City to draw 50 percent of its power from renewable sources by 2030.
“Times are changing. If they don’t pick up involved, we’ll die off.”
Will the industry entangle on elsewhere in the northeast? According to Kempton, electricity from offshore wind is soundless about double the market cost, “which is benign of discouraging,” he admits. States that haven’t been interested to pick up some of that cost may live waiting for a signal from the feds—say, a tax credit similar to the soon-expiring production tax credit that’s driven the charge of land-based wind power down. Of course, national energy policies depend entirely on who they elect into office this November and in the years to come.
There’s also the issue of actually using the seafloor. The Obama administration has designated 11 wind energy areas in the northeast, but many more are needed for offshore wind energy to build a dent in their carbon pollution. condition governments and energy companies requisite to execute environmental vetting, to ensure they aren’t building on top of sensitive habitats, or during key migration periods for birds and whales. These processes rob time.
Looking further into the future, fresh technologies will live needed to expand offshore wind into other environments. “On the west coast, the continental shelf gets really abysmal really fast,” says Jose Zayas, director of the DOE’s Wind Energy Technologies Office. “In the Gulf of Mexico, you’ve got to deal with hurricane survivability. The powerful Lakes watch to freeze, which is problematic from a structural perspective. The ocean is a complicated environment.”
Looking back on America’s first offshore wind farm. Photo: Jesse Burke for Gizmodo
Deepwater Wind, for its part, has already secured rights to another lease area, about 20 miles east of the block Island Wind Farm, and is in the process of negotiating a power purchase agreement with Long Island for the first angle of the site’s development, the 90 MW South Fork Wind Farm. If the deal is approved, construction could originate as soon as 2019.
As their boat crests around the craggy southeastern shore of block Island, past cliffs and harbors dotted with picturesque fresh England homes, the turbines recede from view. The blades, which they could survey swaying lazily in the walkaway from directly underneath, now loom suspended in location against the brilliant blue horizon. Looking back on the wind farm from far away, I’m once again reminded what a petite step this is compared with what’s needed to transform their grid and preclude uncertain climate change.
But petite steps are how fresh ideas rob root. Whether these turbines are the first ambassadors of their valorous fresh energy future, or a snoopy blip in the history books, I can’t yet say. We’ll possess to survey how the winds blow.
Correction: An earlier version of this fable misspelled Dr. Willet Kempton’s appellation and mis-identified him as ‘Wilhelm’ further down in the piece. Eric Crucerey’s appellation was also misspelled on two occasions. They heartache the errors.
It may live the lightest electric-assist bicycle of its type anywhere. Weighing less than 15 kilograms, it also will live EV World's first e-bike offering in more than a decade.
For more than 17 years, I possess written about other people's electric vehicle projects. This time I going to expose you about mine.
It's called the K15. Pictured above, at 31.6 lbs. (at least, according to my wife's bathroom scale, which of course, never lies), it is the lightest electric-assist bicycle of its type anywhere. I thought EV World readers would find it keen how it came to live and what my plans are for it.
EV World actually came into being because of an electric bicycle. In the summer of 1997, while visiting my local bank, I picked up an ancient copy of industry Week magazine and came across a two-page advertisement for the Warrior electric bicycle, a collaboration between Dr. Malcolm Currie and Malcolm Bricklin. Currie was the former head of Hughes Electronics and Bricklin, of course, is a serial automotive entrepreneur.
Intrigued, I wrote down the company URL and headed for my local library where they had an ISDN connection: at home, I was soundless using a 28.8 dial up at the time. I would spend the next yoke hours learning about the world of electric vehicles, especially the exciting rollout of EVs in California. That plunge I decided to launch EV World and attended my first Electric Vehicle Symposium in Orlando, Florida. There I got to drive my first Toyota Prius, introduced in Japan only 12 days earlier, as well as drive GM's EV1 and other electric cars and pickups from the major OEMs. I also got to meet a dedicated and fun cadre of EV hobbyists and enthusiasts. On January 1, 1998, EV World.com officially went live.
It was maybe a year later that I bought my first 'electric vehicle,' a Currie folding electric bicycle. In 2000, I bought my first hybrid, a Honda Insight (serial number 984) , which I kept for 10 years, eventually replacing it with a 2009 Prius. My next electric bicycle came through a barter arrangement with Wavecrest Laboratories in McClean, Virginia, who provided me with an early prototype version of their TidalForce M750.
The M750 is soundless an astounding e-bike. Its 750W rear hub motor is Ninja silent, something that was a revolution for its time in the early 2000s. Based on then state-of-the-art NiMH battery chemistry, it was and remains an astounding technological feat. Unfortunately, the company didn't survive, but my M750 has. I soundless ride it.
However, it has one major drawback. It is ponderous as hell. nearby to 60 pounds, it's a suffer to lift; but so are most other electric bicycles, which watch to weight in the high-40s, low 50-pound category.
That's why I am so excited about the K15, but building the lightest e-bike of its benign wasn't my original intention.
About two years ago, I heard, via Hannes Neuport of ExtraEnergy in Germany, about the BIKE+ all-in-one motor by ZeHus s.r.l. Here was a compact, 250W hub motor that didn't require an external battery or controller. This was before the explosion of media interest around the Copenhagen Wheel. Intrigued, I started a Skype conversation with Giovanni Alli, one of the co-developers, in Milan, Italy. In the back of my mind, I thought this was a motor that I could execute something with. Exactly what, I wasn't sure.
Over the following months, I kept in feel with Alli and the team at ZeHus, whose roots are in Milan Polytechnic University, periodically reporting on their progress via EV World's newswire.
Then terminal September, I attended Interbike in Las Vegas and had the random to actually try out the motor on the test track behind Mandalay Bay Hotel and Casino. I was immensely impressed, not only by the amount of torque and the regenerative braking feature that occurs when you back pedal the bike, but also the fact that you control the motor with your smartphone. Yes, there's an app for that, both for iOS and Android.
ZeHus app showing screen for setting the flat of electric assistance: far left in full-assistance, far birthright is zero assistance. Bike+ mode also has a 'mountain' setting for riding in more hilly terrain.
Last Fall, I decided that I wanted to pick up ahold of one of the motors to originate testing it in the "real world." Riding around a flat track in Las Vegas isn't the very as the hills here in my hometown. ZeHus agreed to sell me a motor with the understanding that it was for testing purposes and that I was intending to become a manufacturer.
They did me no favors on the cost: I'd paid the plenary charge for it since I was ordering only one unit. I arranged with my local bank to execute a wire transfer to Italy and had DHL airfreight to me. It arrived two days before Christmas.
While I was working on getting the motor, I was also looking for a suitable 'mule' on which to install the motor. At first I thought I'd just buy a cheap used bike off Craig's List or from one of a half dozen pawn shops around town. They always appear to possess a stable of used bikes parked out front. ZeHus advised me that I needed to build confident that whichever bike I ended up using, it was vital that the distance between the rear drop-outs, that's where the rear wheel mounts to the frame, was precisely 120 mm. I made a plastic cutout 120 mm in length that I carried around in my wallet to measure various bikes.
However, before I actually bought a bike, someone alerted me to a company in Minneapolis called Greenstar. They had a shapely bamboo and aluminum bike for sale at a very reasonable charge as bamboo bikes go: less than $500. Now that was way more than what I was originally expecting to pay since I was only wanting something on which to test the motor. But the thought of a bike made from sustainable bamboo and recycled aluminum really struck a chord with me.
I had previously read William McDonough and Michael Braungart's 'Upcycle,' The sequel of 'Cradle to Cradle,' they wrangle that with forethought they can actually create products that pick up better when they are recycled, or "upcycled." It was about this time that I started to mediate about an electric bicycle based on the upcycle principle. I even approached CocaCola with the thought of creating electric bicycles from "upcycled" aluminum pop cans and renting them to tourists. The proposal never got past middle management, but the seed had been planted in my mind.
So, when I saw the Greenstar Ecoforce 1, I contacted Eric Hiller in Minneapolis and he agreed to sell me a bike at dealer cost. It arrived two weeks before Christmas.
My first tip-off that I had something special on my hands is when Fedex left the box, unannounced, on my front porch. Used to manhandling my M750 and other conventional, but a little lighter e-bikes sent to me to test, I expected this bike to live of similar mass. What I picked up was so light that at first I wondered if they'd sent me an empty box. At 20 lbs., the Ecoforce 1 weighs one-third that my M750 does.
Not only was it surprisingly light, it was just downright beautiful. I'd selected the green frame and wheels (the bike also is available in white and sky blue) but the green, to me, just sent plenary the birthright signals. Against the warm, honey-toned bamboo, it is just stunning. As one person on my Facebook page commented, "It's not a bike. It's a work of functional art."
Also, in case you weren't aware, pound-for-pound, bamboo is said to live stronger than steel.
Like most bicycles in the world, this one is made in China to Greenstar's specifications. It is separate accelerate with a hybrid configuration that blends mountain bike-style handlebars with a road bike-type frame. Its lines are antiseptic and clutter-free. The wheels are 700C by 23 mm on aluminum rims. It is the essence of minimalism: a flawless blend of profile and function.
Now with both bike and motor now in hand, my next assignment was to find a bike shop that would 'lace' the BIKE+ to the rear wheel. Originally, Sarah Johnson, the owner of Omaha Bicycle Company, agreed to execute it in her shop in Benson, but only if the motor arrived before her technician left on an extended bicycle tour across the American southwest. It did, but a death in the family compelled Sarah to nearby her shop on Christmas Eve. So, I picked up the bike and motor and eventually create a shop that would rob on the project. Interestingly, a yoke other shops I called refused to execute it on principle.
"We don't mount motors on bicycles," one of them told me, with a hint of indignation.
But one did, the Bike Rack in west Omaha. Their lead technician, Kelly Smith was terrific to work with and before fresh Years he had the bike ready to go. Before they rolled it out of the shop, he weighed it. His scale said it was just over 32 lbs, or less an 15 kg. I'll approach back to the number in a minute.
I got the bike home, took a bunch of digital photos, especially of the motor mounting and emailed them to ZeHus. Almost immediately, I got a reply, asking me if I had installed the locking bracket that came with the motor.
No, I hadn't, I replied. Kelly thought the steel dropouts were plenty stout to back the motor.
It is vital that the bracket live installed, ZeHus cautioned me. It is what makes their system work.
Okay. Back I went to the Bike Rack and few days later, Kelly called to philosophize he'd installed the required bracket.
Near as I can tell, and this section is obviously proprietary, making certain that the motor can't torque under load is critical to the embedded software algorithms that control the system. In fact, when I installed the newest version of firmware on the motor, I had to insure that the bike was perfectly flat during initial set up. I am guessing here, of course, but there must live an inclinometer in the motor that senses the bike's angle of elevation and uses that to determine when and how much electric assist to provide.
The BIKE+ motor operates in European pedelec mode, signification there is no throttle. You pedal the bike just like a regular bike and sensors determine, based your smartphone app setting, how much assistance to provide, ranging from plenary E-bike mode to no assistance.
The BIKE+ mode, as seen on the above app photo, allows you to ride the bike indefinitely without ever having to plug it in to recharge the battery. mediate of like a Toyota Prius. In plenary E-Bike mode, the 160W/h Boston Power lithium cells are suited for at least 10 miles, actually about the achieve of the Prius Plug-In model. You recharge the battery through a petite connector housed inside the motor shaft. Your smartphone talks to the motor via Bluetooth, which you activate by a few quick turns of the wheel. The app also shows distance traveled, degree of incline, battery-state-of-charge, and speed. You can even lock the motor internally with the app for added security. As long as there's a saturate in the battery pack, which is wrapped around the motor, the bike is going nowhere.
With the bike now assembled, I wanted to start testing it only for the weather here on the powerful Plains to circle polar for weeks on end. But every now and then, I had the chance to let various people ride it to gauge their impressions. Time and again I was told, "Bill, you requisite to bear this," or "Where can I buy one": the latter just yesterday from two local multimedia producers, who took it around the block and came back beaming.
I possess also used the bike to abet convince condition and city officials to allow e-bikes that meet federal standards on bike paths where 'motorized vehicles' are not permitted. In fact, the bike is only the second bicycle ever allowed inside the Nebraska condition capitol building, I was told. The first one was a Currie iZip Path that I borrowed from the University of Nebraska Omaha to expose to condition legislators during testimony on a bill I helped initiate in 2014. That bill, revived in 2015, was signed into law in late February. It defines qualified e-bikes as "bicycles."
Last week, after showing the K15 to city officials in neighboring Council Bluffs, Iowa, their City Council approved a revision to their ordinance also now allowing e-bikes on their bike trails.
All this brings me to the decision to crowdfund the production of an initial 150 models of the bike, which I am now calling the K15 because it weighs under 15 kilograms and because 'BambooZal' just didn't click for me, for obvious reasons.
The thought is to utilize the bike as a way to abet fund the development of my first Q•Pod electric bicycle rental pop-up shop. I'll expose you more about that project in the future. The K15 will live one of the 'premiums' offered to crowdfunders. I hope to launch the drive this coming month.
Yesterday, I used North Sea Film's white stage to shot soundless photos, which you can survey here, as well as B-roll video footage of the bike. Monday they shoot the crowdfunding video. My goal is to raise $300,000, most of which I hope to generate by taking orders for the K15s. After delivering the first 150 bikes, I train is to possess enough left over to metamorphose their first repurposed shipping container into a solar-powered rental shop.
As you may live aware, some crowdfunding campaigns possess been wildly successful: Sondor raising an astounding $5.3 million for a Chinese-made corpulent jade cruiser. I don't hope that flat of response, especially since the K15 isn't being billed as the 'cheapest' electric bike. What it is, is maybe the lightest e-bike of its benign anywhere.
What I am hoping is that EV World readers will talk it up, participate the link, expose the story, and abet us "go viral." And maybe a few will even want to location a early order: survey the pre-reservation profile on the fund.quikbyke.com page. The success of the drive rests a lot in your hands. You can abet build it hugely successful, allowing us to fulfill Quikbyke's mission of getting more of us off their car seats more often and onto bicycle saddles for "Fun, Fitness, and Saving Planet."
Are you ready to approach "Ride the Current"™ with me?
Times Article Viewed: 79275Originally published: 28 May 2015
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