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M2090-748 exam Dumps Source : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1

Test Code : M2090-748
Test appellation : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1
Vendor appellation : IBM
: 18 existent Questions

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IBM IBM MDM and IIS

IBM to acquire MDM vendor initiate methods | killexams.com existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

IBM pointed out today that it plans to acquire initiate programs, one of the crucial few closing impartial master facts administration (MDM) vendors.

initiate methods, based mostly in Chicago, specializes in MDM and statistics integration application for healthcare and govt businesses. The proposed acquisition confirms rumors that IBM would execute a play within the MDM market and comes just days after Informatica announced its buy of provoke competitor Siperian.

"With the addition of provoke's application and its industry competencies, IBM will tender shoppers a finished solution for supplying the suggestions they deserve to enlarge the well-being of sufferers at a reduce can charge," Arvind Krishna, ordinary manager of suggestions management at IBM, mentioned in a press release. "in a similar way, their government consumers will now occupy much more capabilities for gathering and utilising suggestions to serve residents in a timely and productive method."

The aim of MDM is to create a separate view of grasp records -- most commonly customer and product statistics -- for exhaust during an organization's operational, transactional and analytical functions.

IBM has invested heavily in its records management and analytics stack over the ultimate a few years, and the acquisition of provoke will continue that fashion. IBM competes with Oracle, SAP and now Informatica within the birthright away consolidating MDM market.

IBM is additionally seemingly trying to capitalize on the anticipated raise in adoption of digital medical statistics, which provoke's MDM know-how helps by means of helping healthcare organizations consolidate affected person statistics.

Rob Karel, an analyst with Cambridge, Mass.-based Forrester analysis, illustrious that both Siperian and provoke methods occupy struggled to expand their client bases as unbiased providers, making the recent acquisitions a ratiocinative stream for the two.

"We reached an inflection factor," spoke of invoice Conroy, initiate's president and CEO, in a joint convention appellation with IBM. "may they as a small enterprise sustain with the demands of their purchasers [for a more complete data management stack]?" The reply, apparently, was no.

The proposed acquisition should soundless improvement IBM in a number of methods, wrote Ray Wang, an analyst with Altimeter neighborhood in San Mateo, Calif., in a blog submit following the announcement. IBM will inherit provoke's "powerful" information integration platform and "deep healthcare and public sector experience."

The acquisition should additionally assist IBM differentiate its MDM offering from rival Oracle, in line with Wang -- however not earlier than IBM does the difficult work of harmonizing its multiple MDM applied sciences.

"nowadays, IBM offers Infosphere MDM Server for PIM in accordance with Trigo product suggestions management [PIM] and Infosphere MDM Server 9 in response to DWL for customer facts integration [CDI]," Wang wrote. "initiate systems provides a third and competent product into the lineup that is optimized for consumer data."

Arvind Krishna, GM of IBM's guidance management enterprise, said IBM plans to tender both product records and customer statistics MDM as sever choices.

initiate has 347 personnel and counts CVS/Caremark, Humana, and the North Dakota department of Human functions among its clients. Neither industry printed phrases of the deal, which is expected to shut in the first quarter.


Inpixon declares IBM MaaS360 With Watson Integration to allow more desirable vicinity-based mostly mobile device protection | killexams.com existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

PALO ALTO, Calif., Feb eleven, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE by pass of COMTEX) -- PALO ALTO, Calif., Feb. 11, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Inpixon INPX, +2.00% a number one indoor positioning and information analytics enterprise, these days announced the liberate of the Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA) Connector for IBM(R) MaaS360(R) with Watson(TM). the combination allows for joint valued clientele of IBM MaaS360 and Inpixon IPA to implement cellular gadget security policies based on a wireless machine's selected position in a constructing. The connector is available in the IBM protection App change at https://change.xforce.ibmcloud.com/hub/?q=inpixon.

MaaS360 cellular gadget management (MDM) allows for IT companies to relaxed, manipulate and video array any company- or worker-owned mobile equipment. The solution allows agencies to configure the machine with corporate connectivity settings, electronic mail profiles and gadget-selected restrictions; to encrypt company counsel; to remotely wipe misplaced gadgets; and greater.

The Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 provides wonderful capabilities to the IBM answer. peculiarly, the Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 allows MDM administrators to utilize numerous geo-fenced zones on a facility flooring plan. As a instant outfit strikes throughout the workplace ambiance, the Inpixon IPA Connector sends the telephone's position to MaaS360, allowing MaaS360 to thrust out vicinity-selected guidelines. the most generic exhaust case is to disable a mobilephone's digital camera, audio recorder and transmission features while in a lofty protection, no-mobilephone-phones zone. This capability helps to forestall recording of exclusive conversations, theft of highbrow property, and transmission/reception of voice and records whereas in the zone.

"Cybersecurity situation awareness and instant intrusion detection are key value propositions Inpixon IPA grants out of the container," stated Soumya Das, COO of Inpixon. "When used at the side of MaaS360, shoppers are capable of enlarge their cellular protection capabilities. We're excited to execute the Inpixon Indoor Positioning Analytics integration available to MaaS360 global consumers throughout the IBM security App trade."

"IBM believes within the magnitude of ecosystems and integrating seamlessly with finest-of-breed enterprise safety infrastructure, like Inpixon," stated Charles Brown, Sr. offering manager, IBM. "including the Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 within the IBM safety App exchange allows their mutual shoppers to leverage the flush cellular safety facts set of MaaS360 with the vitality of Inpixon IPA."

About InpixonInpixon INPX, +2.00% is a leader in Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA). Inpixon IPA Sensors are designed to locate each and every accessible mobile, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth gadgets anonymously. Paired with a high-efficiency facts analytics platform, this expertise provides visibility, safety, and enterprise intelligence on any industry or govt vicinity global. Inpixon's items and skilled features neighborhood aid valued clientele purloin competencies of cellular, massive statistics, analytics, and the web of issues (IoT) to learn the untold reports of the indoors. For the newest insight on IPA, comply with Inpixon on LinkedIn, @InpixonHQ on Twitter, and talk over with inpixon.com.

secure Harbor StatementAll statements in this unlock that don't look to breathe in keeping with extinct veracity are "forward-searching statements" inside the which means of the private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the provisions of zone 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and zone 21E of the Securities change Act of 1934, as amended. whereas administration has based mostly any forward-searching statements blanketed in this free up on its latest expectations, the assistance on which such expectations occupy been based mostly may additionally change. These forward-searching statements depend on a couple of assumptions concerning future hobbies and are realm to a couple of dangers, uncertainties and different factors, lots of that are outdoor of the manipulate of Inpixon and its subsidiaries, which may reason genuine effects to materially vary from such statements. Such hazards, uncertainties, and other components encompass, but don't look to breathe constrained to, using the Inpixon IPA platform with IBM MaaS360 Connector, the fluctuation of monetary situations, the efficiency of management and personnel, Inpixon's capability to gain financing, competition, frequent economic situations and different factors which are precise in Inpixon's occasional and current experiences purchasable for assessment at sec.gov. furthermore, Inpixon operates in a enormously aggressive and rapidly altering ambiance the position current and unanticipated risks might besides Come up. accordingly, buyers should no longer region any reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of specific consequences. Inpixon disclaims any intent to, and undertakes no responsibility to, supplant or revise ahead-searching statements.

Contact:Inpixon Investor family members:CORE IRScott Arnold, Managing Director+1 516-222-2560www.coreir.com

(C) Copyright 2019 GlobeNewswire, Inc. each and every rights reserved.


IBM MaaS360 with Watson amongst First-Ever Android enterprise suggested EMM options | killexams.com existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 15, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- IBM (NYSE: IBM) nowadays introduced that IBM® MaaS360® with Watson™ has been named with the aid of Google as an Android industry advised respond for business-owned, BYOD, and dedicated instruments.

IBM agency emblem. (PRNewsFoto/IBM organisation) (PRNewsFoto/) (PRNewsfoto/IBM)

greater

Android industry informed, a Google-led program, validates commercial enterprise Mobility management (EMM) product choices that are built to an extended set of respond necessities the exhaust of superior Android commercial enterprise points that prioritize modern management the pass to attend company shoppers execute the most of the better of Android. Android enterprise advised EMMs dwell latest with the newest platform points and work closely with Google to present regularly educated group of workers, proven substances and depended on assistance to execute certain a constant, a hit deployment.

traditionally, tips know-how and safety leaders occupy carried out cellular machine administration (MDM) and industry mobility administration (EMM) solutions with a purpose to champion manipulate and comfy mobile contraptions within the business. With the introduction of laptops, pcs, wearables and internet of issues (IoT) gadgets in an ever-altering latitude of endpoints and enterprise exhaust instances, groups want a platform that presents visibility and manipulate over their endpoint and mobile ambiance: unified endpoint administration (UEM). MaaS360 is the handiest platform that can provide an AI approach to UEM to enable endpoints, suspension users, and every tiny thing in between — together with apps, content, and information.

MaaS360 provides the visibility and manipulate IT must assist cozy Android smartphones, drugs, IoT, and ruggedized gadgets in the commercial enterprise. MaaS360 contains assist for Android within the commercial enterprise, Samsung Knox and Android version 2.2 and better. With identical-day aid for the latest Android OS version, Pie (9.0), clients gain quick entry to the latest protection and productivity functionality attainable throughout the platform.

"With giant Android commercial enterprise activations for MaaS360, they now occupy prioritized no longer handiest the product roadmap to ensure their shoppers can undertake the Android enterprise respond sets, however besides working towards and enablement for the IBM revenue and aid companies to top of the line pilot the platform." pointed out John Nielsen, providing manager, MaaS360, IBM security. "With the consistency that Android commercial enterprise provides shoppers across a variety of Android manufacturers, they don't anticipate the adoption trend to late down any time soon."

MaaS360 and Android Integrations

MaaS360 changed into one of the vital first UEM/EMM solutions to pilot the Android working gadget, starting returned in 2010. With the release of Android commercial enterprise zero-touch enrollment, various customers occupy deployed the respond leveraging Android enterprise through MaaS360. Android 9 Pie presents current performance already supported by means of MaaS360, similar to improved lock down mode, aboriginal assist for shared instruments, and streamlined QR code enrollment.

moreover working with main know-how providers to pilot the newest platform updates, performance and standards, MaaS360 is committed to supplying a top of the line in nature AI and analytics journey for IT & protection specialists and their personnel. during the past yr, MaaS360 has introduced a compass of characteristic enhancements designed to aid the convenience, speed, and self-confidence in decision-making mien on endpoints and their ordinary exhaust within the commercial enterprise.

Story continues

the usage of the UEM's cognitive capabilities, MaaS360 coverage suggestion Engine dynamically shows recommendations birthright through configuration to aid administrators ascertain their inputs are in alignment with that of their friends across passcode, container, restrictions, and greater. MaaS360 Assistant, the first-ever AI sidekick for the cellular employee, is designed to attend enhance cellular productiveness whereas cutting down the extent of indifferent conclusion-user assist inquiries. enterprise Dashboards for Apps helps companies track ROI on their commercial enterprise app investments, clearing up which had been discovered, which haven't, and which are crashing – highlighting the ones that requisite probably the most consideration and prioritization.

IBM MaaS360 with Watson is attainable for a 30-day free trial: https://www.ibm.com/maas360-trial

To find out extra about how IBM and Google occupy partnered for a hit Android adoption in the commercial enterprise, join their upcoming January 31st webinar: https://experience.on24.com/wcc/r/1898869/E41647FDCF214C008DE864A962F1295E?partnerref=PR

Google and Android are emblems of Google LLC.

About IBM protection IBM security offers one of the crucial superior and integrated portfolios of commercial enterprise protection products and features. The portfolio, supported by means of world-sought after IBM X-drive® analysis, makes it workable for companies to quite simply manage possibility and preserve towards rising threats. IBM operates probably the most world's broadest safety research, construction and nascence companies, screens 60 billion safety events per day in additional than a hundred thirty nations, and has been granted greater than 10,000 safety patents global. For greater tips, tickle investigate www.ibm.com/protection, result IBMSecurity on Twitter or visit the IBM security Intelligence weblog. 

CONTACT: Dillon Townsel dillon.townsel@ibm.com 512-571-3455

View customary content material to down load multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/information-releases/ibm-maas360-with-watson-among-first-ever-android-commercial enterprise-informed-emm-solutions-300778058.html


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Norfolk Southern and current York situation originate replacement of key Portageville rail bridge in champion of Southern Tier economy | killexams.com existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

CASTILE, N.Y., Oct. 28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Supporting jobs and the economy of current York's Southern Tier, Norfolk Southern (NYSE: NSC), the current York situation Department of Transportation, and the current York situation Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, alongside numerous other supporters, broke ground today on a current $70 million steel arch railroad bridge in Letchworth situation Park.

The current single-track bridge – expected to purloin about three years to construct – will breathe 900 feet long and located about 75 feet south of the current iron truss bridge, which spans the Genesee River Gorge. NS besides will construct 1,200 feet of current track on either side of the gorge to align existing tracks with the current bridge.

"This successful public-private partnership underscores the stout self-confidence they each and every occupy in the ongoing potential of the Southern Tier," said James A. Squires, Norfolk Southern chairman, president and CEO. "Norfolk Southern has a robust bridge program, and the current Portageville Bridge will breathe a testament to today's expert engineers and the craftsmanship of today's railroaders. They hope this project will start a current rail legacy for Letchworth situation Park and the Southern Tier."

When completed, the current bridge will breathe the linchpin of a vibrant Norfolk Southern rail line that helps businesses in Buffalo and the Southern Tier regions connect with markets east and west. Among the current York-based entities to capitalize from the current bridge will breathe 10 short line railroads that serve local businesses and connect them to the Norfolk Southern network.

"This project is censorious to the economy of the Southern Tier," said current York situation Sen. Patrick Gallivan. "The current bridge has served the region well for 140 years, but it must breathe replaced with a modern span that can meet the transportation needs of the 21st century. In addition to the construction jobs this project will create, the bridge will serve and champion businesses throughout the region for years to come." 

The budget for the bridge project includes $3 million in design costs and $2.5 million in construction costs from the current York Department of Transportation; a $2 million grant from the Finger Lakes Regional Economic progress Council; and a $10 million grant from the U.S. Federal Highway Administration. Norfolk Southern will contribute the balance. Construction is expected to originate by the suspension of 2015.

"Maintaining a safe, modern freight rail network throughout current York situation is censorious to supporting industry and generating economic activity," said Matthew J. Driscoll, current York situation Department of Transportation commissioner. "The current Portageville Bridge will breathe a honest and more efficient addition to Letchworth situation Park and is one more illustration of Gov. Andrew Cuomo's commitment to current York State's rail network."

"The Portageville Bridge project is a powerful illustration of building better infrastructure through partnerships between governments at the local, state, and federal smooth and the private sector," said Michael Canavan, FHWA current York Division chief operating officer. "FHWA is supercilious to breathe a Part of it.  current York now has a bridge across the Genesee River that will stagger long distance freight more efficiently by rail while protecting the honest Letchworth situation Park for the estimable of residents, neighbors, and visitors."

The Erie Railroad built the current wrought-iron bridge in 1875, and while it has served several railroad owners from the Erie Lackawanna Railroad to Conrail, its current condition can no longer efficiently manipulate modern-day freight rail transportation. Currently, Norfolk Southern must late freight trains crossing the bridge to 10 mph, and freight car weights must breathe reduced 13,000 pounds below the industry standard.

"Our customers gape to Norfolk Southern for a 21st century transportation option that's safe, reliable, and efficient," said Jim Carter, Norfolk Southern chief engineer bridge and structures. "The pass they meet this demand is to occupy a dependable infrastructure. They gape to this current Portageville Bridge as a censorious Part of the Southern Tier's success story."

"The replacement Portageville Bridge will continue to complement the natural beauty of Letchworth situation Park, while removing a longtime transportation bottleneck," said Finger Lakes Regional Economic progress Council co-chairs, University of Rochester President Joel Seligman and Wegmans Food Markets CEO Danny Wegman.  "Breaking ground on this project underscores the import of private and situation partners collaborating to accommodate the freight rail transportation that is so censorious to their region's economic viability. We are pleased that the Finger Lakes Regional Economic progress Council is supporting this major infrastructure project."

The current bridge will remain open during construction of the current arch bridge and then breathe dismantled. During construction, the Portage entrance to Letchworth situation Park will breathe closed to vehicular traffic. The nearby Castile entrance has been enhanced and will accommodate additional vehicular traffic. Additionally, the Mary Jemison, Finger Lakes and Gorge trails, and the Highbridge parking lot will breathe closed during construction.

State Parks Commissioner Rose Harvey said, "State Parks congratulates their partners at DOT and Norfolk Southern on the start of this primary economic progress project. The current bridge was thoughtfully designed to frame the view of the magnificent gorge for each and every who visit the nation's favorite situation park."

About Norfolk Southern

Norfolk Southern Corporation (NYSE: NSC) is one of the nation's premier transportation companies. Its Norfolk Southern Railway Company subsidiary operates approximately 20,000 route miles in 22 states and the District of Columbia, serves every major container port in the eastern United States, and provides efficient connections to other rail carriers. Norfolk Southern operates the most extensive intermodal network in the East and is a major transporter of coal, automotive, and industrial products.

http://www.norfolksouthern.com

Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151028/281471

To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/norfolk-southern-and-new-york-state-begin-replacement-of-key-portageville-rail-bridge-in-support-of-southern-tier-economy-300168015.html

SOURCE Norfolk Southern Corporation


Ask HN: Who is hiring? (March 2013) | killexams.com existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

Ask HN: Who is hiring? (March 2013) 286 points by whoishiring on Mar 1, 2013 | conceal | past | web | favorite | 362 comments Please lead with the location of the position and include the keywords INTERN, REMOTE, or H1B if the corresponding sort of candidate is welcome. Feel free to post any job that may interest HN readers from executive coadjutant to machine learning expert to CTO.

Also see: quiz HN: Freelancer? Seeking freelancer? (March 2013) http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=5304173


The Apple II FAQ | killexams.com existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

The Apple II FAQ - HTML version

This is the Frequently Asked Questions posting of the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup). Copyleft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu) But soundless under construction... (name a page that isn't!)

Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95 Q#2 How result I gain to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95 Q#3 How result I gain files off the net? 2/8/95 Q#4 Where can I gain Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95 Q#5 What archivers result I requisite to know about? Q#6 More about BinSCII Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives Q#8 Executioner Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf) Q#10 Net criterion formats Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes Q#12 What result the file extensions mean? Q#13 How result I recount what benign of file this is? 2/8/95 Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+ Q#17 The Apple //e Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+ Q#19 The Laser 128EX Q#20 The Apple IIGS Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's: Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit? Q#25 How can I recount what version my computer is? Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][? Q#27 Adding Hardware: Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices? Q#29 Can I exhaust Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][? Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e? Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS? Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it result OCR? Q#33 Can a Disk ][ breathe used on a GS smartport? Q#34 What's the scoop on the current HD 3.5" drive? Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard. Q#36 File Transfer: Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- Macintosh Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- IBM Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- Macintosh Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- IBM Q#46 What's the CTI Drive? Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE difficult Drives? Q#48 How result I exhaust stuff I occupy transferred to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#49 How result I gain wintry Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS? Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of vivid images? Q#51 I occupy an extinct CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How result I gain it into ProDos? Q#52 How result you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk? Q#53 aberrant problems: Q#54 How result I gain out of Basic (that tiny "]" prompt and flashing cursor? Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII? Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives? Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date. Q#58 I'm getting oversight XXX. What's it mean? Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem? Q#60 Where result I gain champion for AE boards now that they are closed? Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e? Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems Q#64 Tips & Hints Q#65 If you occupy a RamFast Q#66 If you occupy a Vulcan or AE lofty Density disk Q#67 If you occupy ProSel Q#68 If you occupy an AMR 3.5" Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note Q#70 What to result with an Apple ][? 2/8/95 Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][? Q#72 What can you result with an Apple ][? Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers? Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers? Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95 Q#76 Apple II Groups Q#77 Getting Parts & Software Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons Q#79 Periodicals & Books Q#80 Misc Resources Q#81 generic guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 generic troubleshooting Q#83 hardship shooting and estimable maintenance Q#84 GS hardship shooting Q#85 SCSI Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system: Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95

Hi! Welcome to the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup!

Sorry about the previous posts (or want there of). Some things weren't getting into current posts because the highly contorted pass I post this. Hopefully, this post actually works. Feel free sear me in effigy if I don't gain it right, then e-mail me about it.

I hope it becomes a valuable resource. If not, what's it missing??

Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu)

Q#2 How result I gain to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95

c.s.a2 is a USENET newsgroup. USENET posts can originate from your local newsreader and spread to hundreds of thousands of machines throughout the the world. The comp.

comp.sys.apple2 - generic discussion and questions relating to each and every Apple //'s comp.sys.apple2.comm - Communications and networking related issues comp.sys.apple2.gno - Discussion of program GNO/ME for the Apple IIGS (UNIX for the Apple IIGS) comp.sys.apple2.marketplace - Buying, selling and promoting Apple // related products comp.sys.apple2.programmer - Discussion relating to any aspect of programming the Apple // comp.sys.apple2.usergroups - Discussion relating to Apple // usergroups comp.binaries.apple2 - Public Domain/Shareware Software for all Apple //'s comp.sources.apple2 - A moderated newsgroup for the posting of Apple // related source code comp.emulators.apple2 - Discussion relating to the exhaust of Apple // emulation software/hardware on an IBM compatible system alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2 - Older "ALT" version of above

If you only occupy e-mail access to the Internet, you will find the following addresses helpful. execute confident you occupy a great mailbox and the time to sift through lots of messages per day. deem getting better connected to the Internet (read "The entire Internet Users pilot And Catalog" for more info.)

For this: send a message carcass of "help" to: --------------------------- --------------------------------- Subscribe to C.S.A2 (internet) LISTSERV@vm1.nodak.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@NDSUVM APPLE2-L archives (internet) LISTSERV@brownvm.brown.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@BROWNVM Games from APPLE2-L (internet) LISTSERV@utarlvm1.uta.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@UTARLVM1 More files via E-Mail (i-net) archive-server@plains.nodak.edu (BITNET) FILESERV@PLAINS Kermit file transfer program KERMSRV@cuvmb.cc.columbia.edu (BITNET) KERMSRV@CUVMA (BITNET) Apple /// files (internet) APPLE3-L@WVNVM.WVNET.EDU

Once you are getting c.s.a2 in your mailbox, you may want to post. Just exhaust the addresses listed below. People with direct access to the newsgroups result not requisite these, as they can exhaust their word software to post.

Post to any newsgroup group-name@cs.utexas.edu OR group.name.usenet@decwrl.dec.com OR group.name@news.demon.co.uk OR group.name@news.cs.indiana.edu OR group-name@pws.bull.com OR group-name@ucbvax.berkeley.edu Post to comp.sys.apple2 info-apple@apple.com

Comp.binaries.apple2 is a newsgroup used to divide PD (Public Domain - may breathe used and copied freely.), FW (Freeware - ditto, except that the original owner retains the Copyright.) or SW (Shareware - try it for free, pay for it if you exhaust it) Apple II software (executables, pictures, sounds, etc...). Software distributed on comp.binaries.apple2 is expected to breathe a BinSCII text file containing a ShrinkIt archive. tickle post a text description of your program and what it requires to elope so people can recount if they requisite it or not. You may cross-post the description (only) to comp.sys.apple2. tickle don't post questions or answers in the binaries group. Remember, distribution of commercial software is illegal.

Comp.sources.apple2 is a newsgroup used to divide Apple II source code. The posts in comp.sources.apple2 should breathe in Apple Archive Format. Contact jac@paul.rutgers.edu for details.

Discussions concerning the software posted in these groups, or the methods of locating, decoding, or accessing this software, or questions on locating archive sites of this software, or any OTHER discussions are to breathe held in comp.sys.apple2. If someone DOES either intentionally or accidentally post to the binary/source groups, tickle respond only in E-mail - result not compound the problem!

Q#3 How result I gain files off the net? 2/8/95 Quick Summary: Step 1: execute a list of files that you want Step 2: gain files to your host (a UNIX box or ProLine BBS) Step 3: gain files to your Apple II Step 4: Create BINSCII Step 5: Create ShrinkIt Step 6: exhaust BinSCII & Shrinkit to create Shrinkit GS Step 7: Extract the files you _REALLY_ wanted ---- Step 1: execute a list of files that you want 1) You requisite BINSCII (binscii.exe) and ShrinkIt (shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc). For a shortcut, descry Chuck Orem in the resources section. 2) If you occupy a GS (and exhaust GS/OS), you will want Shrinkit GS (shrinkit.gs.exe) and GSCII (gscii.bsc) 3) Add any other files you want. Don't try to gain everything the first time around. Try one or two test files for starters. Note: Filenames can vary from site to site. Shrinkit and Binscii are usually available on each and every the Apple II FTP sites. Step 2a: (For ProLine users) gain files to your host 1) Dial up your host and log in. 2) I'm not intimate with ProLine, so I'll breathe vague here. Just go into the files section and look... Anyone wanna clue me in? Step 2b: (for those with a Sell account) gain files to your host 1) pick an FTP site from the FAQ 2) At your UNIX prompt, nature "ftp _____" (fill in hostname) 3) At the "Login:" prompt, nature "anonymous" (or "ftp" if you are a dismal speller like me ;) 4) nature in your e-mail address when prompted for a password. 5) nature "bin" unless you are only getting text files 6) nature "cd ______" (directory) to stagger to the birthright directory. 6) nature "ls" to descry a list of files. 7) Locate each file (more "cd ___"'s and "ls"). Also, "cd .." will stagger up a directory in the tree.) 8) exhaust "get ______" (filename) to gain it 9) When you are done using FTP, nature "quit" Step 3: gain files to your Apple II 1) Find out what file transfer protocols your Apple communications package supports. (see below for a list) 2) On your local comm program, set your file transfer nature to Text (TXT) or Binary (BIN) depending on what nature of file you are downloading. If there is an option to "strip incoming linefeeds", try turning it on. 3) gain your host to send you the file. I don't know about ProLine, but UNIX users can exhaust these commands: For Z-Modem: "sz ___ ____ ____" (file names) For X-Modem: "sx ____" (one at a time) For Kermit: "kermit", then "put _____" (filename) 5) If needed, recount your local communications program to Receive. You must result this quickly, or the other host will give up trying to send the file. 4) Write down the complete pathname of the files you downloaded and where you set them. There will breathe a quiz later. Pathnames gape like "/DISK/DIR/FILE.NAME" Note: If something goes wrong, hit ESC, Ctrl-X or Ctrl-C 3 times. If you can't gain one protocol to work, try the next one down. Z-modem is much faster than the others. You will want to find a program that supports it. Step 4: Create BINSCII (if needed) 1) After you disconnect, Go into Applesoft by starting BASIC.SYSTEM 2) At the `]` prompt, nature 'EXEC ____' (your BINSCII file name) Note: If you gain ?SYNTAX ERRORs then something went wrong. Try looking at the file with a Text Editor. 3) nature "cat" and gape for BINSCII (type 'SYS') 4) nature "-BINSCII" or "-BINSCII.SYSTEM" depending on above Note: You should gain the BINSCII opening screen. Step 5: Create ShrinkIt (if needed) 1) If your Shrinkit file ends in ".BSC" then (In BINSCII) nature in the filename of your ShrinkIt file 2) Quit BINSCII. gain into AppleSoft again. 3) nature "EXEC SHRINKIT3.3.XTX" (you may requisite the complete pathname) 4) elope ShrinkIt with "-SHRINKIT.SYSTEM" Step 6: Extracting everything else 1) If it's BSQ or BSC, elope it through BINSCII 2) If BINSCII creates a ".SHK" file, or if you download a ".SHK" file, then exhaust ShrinkIt on the file. It's simple to exhaust and it doesn't give you the dreaded "FILENAME QUIZ!"

For those who haven't picked a program to download with, here are the biggies. each and every of the non-commercial programs are available from FTP sites. If you don't occupy a comm program already, your best wager is to occupy someone mail you one on a disk or buy ProTerm. (See resources).

Program Comp Emulations Protocols Note ---------|----|--------------------------------------------------------------- ProTerm E$ PSE, VT-100 Kermit, X,Y,Z-modem From InSync PTP E$, VT-100 X-Modem, (Y-mdm D/L) From attribute Computers Kermit-65 E VT-100 Kermit, X-modem difficult to use,Works on ][+ Z-Link E VT-100 X-modem Good. CommSys E zilch X-modem Works on ][+ TIC E$ VT-100 (+) X-modem Small, Scripting. Agate E mono ANSI X,(Y,Z D/L only) Unpacks ZIP, Buggy ColorTerm GS color ANSI X-modem Desktop based MegaTerm GS color ANSI zilch ProDOS 8 ANSITerm GS$ color ANSI, PSE X,Y,Z-modem Editor, scrollback, etc. SnowTerm GS VT-100 (+) zilch Desktop based FreeTerm GS zilch X-modem Desktop based GenComm GS zilch zilch Text, Shell Compat. GSVT GS VT-100 zilch Desktop GTerm GS color ANSI zilch Written in BASIC/ML Telcom GS VT-100, PSE X, (Y D/L only) Shell compat ----------Key:--------- | Key: $ = A commercial program + = And other obscure ones | Computer: E = works on GS and //e, GS = only works on GS | D/L = Download from other computer --- PTP = Point-To-Point. I don't deem it's being sold anymore. Anyone know? See the resources section for where to buy the commercial programs. Q#4 Where can I gain Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95

[A quick note about URL notation: For those of you with complete net access, you can elope a web browser (like Lynx if you are dialed in from your Apple), which will understand URLs directly. Otherwise, ignore the 'http:' ones and descry the previous section on how to exhaust the FTP ones.)

Hint: ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu /apple2 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ Hostname Directory

OK, so here's a bunch of resources:

http://www.umich.edu:80/group/itd/archive/Public/html/apple2/faq/faq.html - Hypertext version of this FAQ

http://www.umich.edu/~archive - Umich archive via the web

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/emulate-apple2-faq - Emulation FAQ

http://www.info.apple.com/aboutapple/prodlst.html - Apple's Product List, including some Apple II products!

http://www.ericse.ohio-state.edu/SSII.html - ShareWare Solutions II Homepage

http://www.ccsf.caltech.edu/~dmz/a2archive.html - Caltech Apple II Archive

http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~nathan/apl2.resource.html - Nathan Mates Apple II Links. Lots of 'em.

http://starship.nmsu.edu:6502/ - ?

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/bbs.list.txt - Mike Shecket's BBS listing

ftp://names.wvu.edu/pub/apple3 - Apple III stuff

http://micromedia.com/www/stlouis/usergrps.htm - Apple user group

Major FTP sites and mirrors:

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/archive/apple2

gopher://wuarchive.wustl.edu:70/11/systems/apple2/umich.edu

ftp://archive.orst.edu/pub/mirrors/archive.umich.edu

ftp://archive.orst.edu/pub/mirrors/archive.umich.edu/

ftp://cco.caltech.edu/pub/apple2

ftp://brownvm.brown.edu/LISTSERV.193

ftp://ftp.ms.uky.edu/pub/appleII

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2

ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2

ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu/unix/apple2

ftp://plains.nodak.edu/pub/appleII

ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/systems/apple2

Note: Files on brownvm.brown.edu are stored by serial number. For a human- readable directory, send e-mail with the text "INDEX APPLE2-L" or "INFO REFCARD" (no subject) to brown@brownvm.brown.edu.

Other FTP Sites:

ftp://cs.bu.edu/PC/APPLE

ftp://cuvmb.cc.columbia.edu/KERMA

ftp://ftp.apple.com/dts/aii

ftp://ftp.cc.utexas.edu/gifstuff/apple

ftp://headcrash.berkeley.edu/pub/Apple2

ftp://info2.rus.uni-stuttgart.de/afs/umich.edu/group/itd/archive

ftp://iskut.ucs.ubc.ca/pub/apple

ftp://j.cc.purdue.edu/kermit/appleII

ftp://jyu.fi/pub/apple2

ftp://pindarus.cs.uiuc.edu/pub/apple2

ftp://slab.slip.uiuc.edu/apple2

ftp://syr.edu/software/kermit/appleII

ftp://trantor.ee.msstate.edu/files/appleII

ftp://ucrmath.ucr.edu/PC/apple2

ftp://watsun.cc.columbia.edu/kermit/a

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/emulators/apple2/DiskImages/

ftp://methan.chemie.fu-berlin.de/pub/doc/faq

ftp://ftp.hawaii.edu/incoming/apple2

ftp://relay.cs.toronto.edu/pub/lists.1989

ftp://watsun.cc.columbia.edu/kermit/a

ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/hamradio/apple2

ftp://ftp.uu.net/apple2

ftp://ftp.uu.net/systems/apple2

Archives of C.S.A2 Newsgroups: =============================== wuarchive.wustl.edu /usenet/comp.sources.apple2 (complete!) /usenet/comp.binaries.apple2 ?ftp.tohoku.ac.jp /pub/news/comp.binaries.apple2 hp4nl.nluug.nl /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) mcsun.eu.net /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) nic.funet.fi /pub/archive/comp.sources.apple2 (complete?) relay.cs.toronto.edu /pub/lists.1989 (1989 only)

If you occupy a Shell account, you can exhaust 'archie' to find ftp sites with a particular file.

Q#5 What archivers result I requisite to know about?

There are two programs you will requisite to occupy an breathe intimate with to gain software off the net. They are BinSCII and ShrinkIt. ShrinkIt is like PKZIP on the PC, or STUFFIT on the mac.: It puts multiple files into one compressed archive. This way, you can gain the program, documentation and related files in one swoop. Unfortunately, USENET can only manipulate text, not 8-bit binary information. Thus the requisite for BinSCII, which can purloin a file (usually a ShrinkIt file) and swirl it into a series of meaningless letters, numbers and punctuation. This text travels thru USENET to you, where you requisite BinSCII to swirl back into data that the computer can actually use.

Q#6 More about BinSCII

When turning a binary file into text, BinSCII will output a series of files. Each file contains a segment of the original program encoded in BinSCII format. These segments are small enough to breathe posted or e-mailed without clogging the network. (Actually, they are usually posted 3 at a time to reclaim bandwidth). [NB: A BinScii text file is rather larger than the original binary file.] On FTP sites, these will breathe 'blah.BSQ', but on USENET, you give them your own appellation when you reclaim a posting.

When re-creating a binary file from the BinScii segments, each and every one has to result is collect each and every the segments and elope them through BinScii. Each segment has a header that tells BinScii what to do. BinSCII is quick-witted enough to wade through each and every extraneous text (i.e. newsgroup headers, etc) and find the segments. It does not matter what order the segments are in, and the segments can breathe in different files. The only thing you occupy to remember is that BinScii does not check to descry if each and every of the segments occupy been accounted for. If there are segments missing, the program will not work, or you will gain a 'file corrupted' oversight when unshrinking.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/archivers/binscii.exe

GS users can exhaust GSCII+, an NDA version of Binscii. GSCII+ can besides encode/decode several other formats.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/archivers/gscii.bsc

For those with Shell accounts, you can exhaust SciiBin (decode-only version of BinSCII) to reduce your download time. You will requisite to compile this on your Unix box (ask for attend from a local Guru), then elope your BinScii files (from comp.binaries.apple2) through it. You will now occupy the original (smaller) file. This works powerful if there is a NuFX archive in the BinSCII file, but can reason problems if BinSCII was applied directly to ProDos executable files. In this case, you will occupy to download the BinSCII file.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/unix/sciibin.c

If you requisite a Unix BinSCII encoder, Bsc will result the trick.

ftp://cco.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/source/bsc.aaf

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/unix/bsc.aaf

Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives

ShrinkIt is an Apple II program which takes one or more Apple II ProDOS files or disks and 'archives' them into a separate file (called a NuFX archive). It besides stores each and every the vital ProDos information, such as filetype and auxtype. Usually these files are denoted by putting a ".SHK" extension on the archive. ShrinkIt can besides shrink an entire disk into a file (extension ".SDK"), but this should only used when the disk is not ProDos. ShrinkIt is besides a menu driven utility that not only compresses and extracts, but it can besides format disks, copy files, etc.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/archivers/shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc

If you occupy a GS, you will want the GShk, which is even more of a phenomenon utility than it's 8-bit counterpart. Files encoded with GShk are usually smaller than those encoded with ShrinkIt, but can soundless breathe extracted with ShrinkIt (except files with resource forks. Watch those instruct documents if you want Apple //e's to read it!).

If you can't elope Shrinkit because you occupy a ][+, you can exhaust ShrinkIt+, UnShrinkIt+ and Autounshrink.

Q#8 Executioner

Executioner is an older format that is only used to divide BinSCII (otherwise you would occupy a catch-22!). It usually has a "CALL -151" at the top (if not, delete everything above it), and doesn't exhaust punctuation like BinSCII does.

To translate an Executioner text file to an Apple II file required that you delete the mail headers/trailers, translated the newlines into carriage returns, download the file to your Apple II and from Applesoft Basic, nature the command 'EXEC &ltfilename>' where &ltfilename> is the appellation of the file you downloaded.

Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf)

Apple Archive Format was invented as a criterion pass to post source code to comp.sources.apple2. The C and Basic source code to aaf unpackers are available on the various FTP sites, in aaf format. Fortunately, files in aaf format can breathe turned back into source code with a simple text editor. Just atomize the file up into component files and remove the first character of each line.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/unix/aaf

Q#10 Net criterion formats

There are several formats that are used widely on the Internet. The most common in FTP sites are tar (.tar) and compress (.Z). To undo a Tape Archive, nature 'tar -xvf filename.tar'. To undo a compress, nature 'uncompress filename.Z'. Since tar does not execute the file smaller, and compress can only compress 1 file, many times you will find files that are 'tarred an feathered'. They occupy a '.tar.Z' extension. Just elope uncompress then un-tar the result. Other USENET groups will exhaust uuencode (.uu) to send binaries. Just nature 'uudecode file.uu'. BinSCII is better than uuencode because 1> It stores the ProDos filetype. 2> It splits the file into manageable 12K chunks. 3> It does a CRC checksum on each chunk.

Most of these 'Unix' criterion formats are available on the Apple. descry the table below.

Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes

ProDos keeps some information about a file's type. Files can breathe text (TXT), binary (BIN), executable (SYS), fonts (FON), etc. Most other file systems result not occupy a position to store this information, so it may gain 'lost' when you upload the file. Similarly, when you download a file, you may not know the file type. Most comm programs will exhaust some default. For NuFX archives, this is not a commodious deal, since you can soundless unpack an archive if the filetype is wrong (and the archive protects the filetype of the files inside the archive). For other files, you may requisite to change the file's type. One utility I recommend is File credit Zapper II.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/fazz.2.3.bsq

|Type| NuFX | Bin | uuen-| com- |.ZOO | Bin | LZH/| Stuff| ARC | Other| Program | | | SCII | code | press | | Hex | LHA | -It | | | --------|-|------|------|------|-------|-----|-----|-----|------|-----|------| Binscii |e| | X | | | | | | | | | Shrinkit|e| X | | | | | | | | | | DeArc |e| | | | | | | | | D | | Angel[1]|e| | | | X | X | | X | | X | .ZIP | GShk |g| X | | | D | D | | | D | D | | GSCII+ |g| | X | X | | | D | | | | .AAF | sscii |x| | X | X | | | X | | | | | PMPUnzip|x| | | | | | | | | | .ZIP | LHext |x| | | | | | | D? | | | | BSC |c| | E | | | | | | | | | Nulib |c| X | | | | | | | | | | SciiBin |c| | D | | | | | | | | | (Key: E = Encode only, D = Decode only, X = Encode and Decode) (Type: e = Apple //e, g = GS Only, x = GS EXE file, c = C Source code) [1] Angel is pretty Buggy, but it's worth a try. Program Format Author --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nulib v3.21 C Andy McFadden (fadden@uts.amdahl.com) SciiBin v3.10 C Marcel Mol, Dave Whitnet, Bruce Kahn Bsc v1.2 C Neil Parker Executioner A Glen Bredon BinSCII v1.0.3 A David Whitney (davewh@microsoft.com) ShrinkIt v3.3 A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) (Un)ShrinkIt+ A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) AutoUnShrink A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) GShk v1.1 G Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) GSCII+ 2.3.1 G Darek Taubert (dat33228@uxa.cso.uiuc.edu) Format: C - Distributed as source code written in C. A - Executable, runs on most Apple //s. G - Executable, runs on GS only.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/dearc

Q#12 What result the file extensions mean?

Many times, people set filename extensions (extra characters at the suspension of a filename) to denote what nature of file it is. tickle note that these are just accepted standards. If a file does not indicate it's type, your guess is as estimable as mine. The following is a table of some common filename extensions. descry the previous section (on archivers) for programs that will deal with these files.

Extension What is it? (What program result I use?) --------- --------------------------------------------------------------- .aaf [TEXT] Apple Archive Format for source code (aaf.unpacker) .ACU Applelink Conversion Utility (Shrinkit) .ARC ARC Archive (IBM ARC, GS Shrinkit, //e Angel or DeArc2E) .CPT Compactor Pro archive (Compactor Pro on a Mac only) .BSC [TEXT] BinScii file. (BinScii) .BSQ [TEXT] BinSCII'ed NuFX file. (BinScii--then Shrinkit) .BXY NuFX archive with a Binary II header. (Shrinkit) .BNY BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .BQY NuFX or Binary II with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .BNX NuFX with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .exe [TEXT] Executioner file. May only work in DOS 3.3. descry above. NB: .EXE besides means IBM executable program.. .GIF Graphics Interchange Format: Compressed picture. (IIGIF for //e, many programs for each and every other computers) .HQX [TEXT] Mac BinHex file. (BinHex on Mac or GSCII+ on GS) .JPG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .JPEG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .LZH LZH Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .LHA LHA Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .QQ BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .SEA Self-extracting archive (Might breathe Mac, Might breathe Shrinkit archive) .SIT Mac StuffIt archive. (Stuffit on Mac or GS ShrinkIt) GS Shrinkit will not decode StuffIt Deluxe files. .SHK NuFX archive. (Shrinkit) .SDK NuFX with a shrunk disk image. (Shrinkit) .tar Unix Tape Archive (Unix 'tar -xvf', GS EXE tar) .txt [TEXT] An ASCII text file: usually english text. .TIFF Graphics format (GS SHR Convert) .uu Unix uuencode file [TEXT] (//e uudecode, Unix uudecode) .ZOO IBM Zoo Archive (GS Shrinkit or IBM ZOO program, //e Angel) .ZIP IBM Zip Archive (GS EXE Unzip, IBM PKUNZIP, Unix unzip, //e Angel) .Z Compressed file (GS Shrinkit, Unix uncompress, //e Angel)

All of these types, except the ones marked [TEXT] are BINARY files. Binary files cannot breathe sent over e-mail, posted to the newsgroups or FTP'd in text mode. You must FTP them in binary mode (see the section on FTP). You can download either with kermit, X-,Y- or Z-Modem.

Generally, anything labeled as 'Archive' above will hold multiple files, and even subdirectories. Most archivers are besides compressed the files to execute the entire smaller than the sum of it's parts. (only in computers ;)

Sometimes you will find multiple filename extensions. Simply purloin the filename extensions apart one at a time and you should breathe able to reconstruct the original file. (i.e. somefile.bsq.tar.Z would mean: uncompress, untar, unbinscii, then unShrink to gain the original file!)

Q#13 How result I recount what benign of file this is? 2/8/95

Here is a sample of what file formats gape like, in case you gain stuck. View the file in an editor (or exhaust the UNIX "head" command). Once you occupy identified the file, descry the previous section (on filename extensions) for what to result next.

BinSCII: (.BSC, .BSQ)

FiLeStArTfIlEsTaRt ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789() GBINSCII AQhmAAAAA8)4MIAI02DA9ARMQEDtAQhmAIVZ gYITA6u7xADA0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwYURzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN CFUOFR0QxAjR0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwAQRzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN

NuFX (Shrinkit Archive) (.SHK)

NuFilei][![/#NuFX_&lt:c[[[ H`F-fGSCII~[ cRJ0)fNN^P)3'A2p6SF6X#GPd&lt9#'LC^08N7n\NB7Dd!eMN&ampeYX0Am=fXp dsPAsp7rh`I'NS0ALAfi2)2ysGEQ$k9CP%L9

uuencoded file (.uu)

begin 666 nonsense.junk M4W5N3U,s4F5L96%S92 T+C$s\%-$4U0V,"Ds(SsZ(%1U92!/8W0s.2 Q,CHS M...3HT.2!%1%0s,3DY, HT4F5L96%S92 T+C$s4F5L96%S92 T+C$s

Executioner (.exe)

CALL-151 E00:38 A5 FF D0 32 D8 20 8E FD AD 30 BF 8D 6A 0E 20 00 BF C7 6D 0E 0D 80 02 E18:D0 1D 20 00 BF C5 69 0E B0 15 AD 81 02 29 0F AA E8 8E 80 02 A9 2F 8D 81 A90885A420732090242039FB2058FCA200BD9220F00620EDFDE8D0F5200CFDA9 008DF2038DF3038DF4036CFCFFE6A4A5A4C96F90CFA9008DFCBFA9018DFDBFA0 A90885A420732090242039FB2058FCA200BD9220F00620EDFDE8D0F5200CFDA9

====================================================================== This FAQ is available on-line at apple2.archive.umich.edu (see FTP) CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio. Non-profit distribution encouraged. Mail me at: dmag@umich.edu From: dmag@caen.engin.umich.edu (Dan DeMaggio) Newsgroups: comp.sys.apple2,news.answers,comp.answers Subject: comp.sys.apple2 - Frequently Asked Questions (and answers) Part 2 of 2 Followup-To: comp.sys.apple2 Reply-To: dmag@umich.edu Summary: What you requisite to know about the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroups Approved: news-answers-request@MIT.Edu Archive-name: apple2/part2 Last-modified: 05 Dec 1994 Version: 4.25

Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I

The original Apple was not much more than a board. You had to supply your own keyboard, monitor and case. It sold for $666.66, but now they are worth much more as a collector's item.

Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+

The computers that started the Apple II line. They occupy the 6502, talent to result lofty and Low rez color graphics, sound, plus they occupy 7 expansion slots to add peripherals. Surprisingly, the ][+ can elope some of today's software. For instance, I've elope Davex and FredWriter under ProDOS. You can even elope AppleWorks if you occupy more than 128K and a program called PlusWorks.

Recommended configuration: 16K language card (in slot 0 with a ribbon cable running to the RAM), an 80-column video card (not the selfsame as a //e 80-column card), shift key modification (a wire running from shift key to game port), modified character ROMs to result lower case. You can add recollection in various ways, but programs that require 128K probably will not work, no matter how much RAM you have. You can besides add accelerators like the Rocket/Zip.

Q#17 The Apple //e

The //e comes in two flavors: Enhanced and Unenhanced. Apple makes an Enhancement kit that will upgrade an unenhanced to enhanced by replacing 4 chips (CPU [65C02], Video ROM [MouseText], and current Monitor/Applesoft ROMs). Most current software require an Enhanced //e, and sometimes 128K too. The current operating system is ProDos (Version 2.0 or so). The Apple //e is soundless useful for three major reasons: 1) It runs AppleWorks, a simple to use, yet sophisticated Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database. 2) There are many Apples in schools, so there is a ton of educational software for it. 3) It is was and will always breathe a _Personal_ computer. You can learn as tiny or as much as you want, and nothing stops you from learning about every nook and cranny in it. quiz any commodious appellation programmer in MS/DOS or Mac where they scholarly to program. Most of them taught themselves on a estimable ol' Apple //. estimable programs for an Apple //e: AppleWorks 4.0 (Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database from attribute Computers), Copy ][+ (file utility from Central Point), ProTerm 3.0 (communications/terminal emulator from InSync), PrintShop (sign/card/banner printer from Broderbund).

Recommended configuration: Extended 80 Column card (gives you 128K) or RamWorks (512K to 1MB RAM). Enhancement kit if it was an Unenhanced //e. A difficult Drive is recommended if you exhaust a lot of different programs. You can besides speed it up with an accelerator (like the Rocket Chip, Zip Chip or TransWarp).

Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+

The //c and //c+ are 'luggable' versions of an Enhanced //e, with many built-in 'cards'. Included are 2 serial ports, a mouse port, a 3.5" disk port and 128K of RAM. The //C+ has a built-in accelerator that runs at 4 MHz. Even though they don't occupy slots, you can soundless add extra recollection (there's leeway under the keyboard) and a difficult drive (through the disk port--a bit late by ordinary standards, but usable. (Hard to find though.. Was made by Chinook). The //c and //C+ elope just about everything that an Enhanced //e runs. The //C and //C+ cannot connect to an AppleTalk network.

Recommended configuration: 1 MB RAM, 3.5" drive, maybe a difficult drive.

Q#19 The Laser 128EX

While not made by Apple, this clone is a cross between the //c and an Enhanced //e. It is as luggable as a //c and has built-in 'cards', and an accelerator. It besides has a slot to expand. If you want to add a card, you may occupy to disable the internal UDC (for 3.5" drives) or the internal 1MB recollection expansion. Runs almost everything that the //c and //e runs.

Q#20 The Apple IIGS

The GS represents a giant leap in the Apple // line. It can soundless elope //e software, but has a better processor (16-bit), a current super-hires graphics mode, a toolbox in ROM (just like the Mac) and a 32 oscillator Ensoniq sound chip. It can not only elope ProDos, but it can besides elope GS/OS, a sophisticated operating system very much like the Macintosh's OS. The original GS ROM 00 (I deem they each and every occupy the Woz signature) one or two chips upgraded to boot/run current software. The ROM 01 had 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB. Although there were a few ROM changes, the current system software will work patch the toolbox ROMs to gape identical.

Recommended configuration: 1.25 MB lets you boot up GS/OS and exhaust most programs. With 2 MB, you will occupy leeway for Desk Accessories. Go for 4 MB if you want a RAM disk (useful if you don't occupy a difficult drive) or result a lot of Graphics work. Adding a difficult drive is highly recommended. You can besides speed it up with a TransWarp GS or Zip GS.

Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card

This is a card that fits in certain Macs that lets one elope Apple //e software. It is actually more like a //c because the card is not expandable like a //e. There is a position on the back of the card to plug in a UniDisk 5.25" and a joystick. Because the graphics are handled by the Mac, animation may breathe late if you don't occupy a decent Mac.

Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's:

Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit?

A: That indicates how commodious the chunks of data are that the CPU can manipulate. The Apple IIGS is a 16-bit machine and each and every previous Apple ]['s are 8-bit. This is one of the reasons you cannot elope GS software on a //e.

Q#25 How can I recount what version my computer is?

A: Apple //e:

The major division is between the Enhanced and unenhanced models. gape at your computer while re-booting. If it says "APPLE ][", it is not enhanced. The enhanced computers will divulge "Apple //e". You can upgrade it yourself by getting the Apple //e Enhancement kit. (It contains 4 chips to supplant on your motherboard.) Many newer programs will not work unless you occupy an Enhanced //e. The //c, //c+, GS, and Laser 128 incorporate these enhancements.

You can descry what version of the //e you occupy by looking for the serial number on the motherboard (in the back, by the power-on led). If it is 820-0064-A, you may occupy a motherboard that can't result double-hires. Serial #s like 820-0064-B or 820-0087-A are un-enhanced (without the kit). If you occupy the grey Apple //e with the built-in keypad, then you besides have: One 128K ROM IC replaced the two 64K Monitor ROM ICs (the CD and EF ROMs), Two 64Kx4 RAM ICs replaced the eight 64Kx1 RAM ICs, The single-wire shift-key mod, and an Extended 80-Column Card.

The Apple //e comes in two video standards: PAL (Australia, Europe, etc) and NTSC (USA, Japan?, etc.) If the AUX slot is on the side of the motherboard near the power supply, you occupy an NTSC model, whereas if it is in line with slot 3, you occupy a PAL model. (Thanks to Steve Leahy for this one) The PAL revisions are: [Thanks to Dave Wilson for this]

week 26 1983: 820-0073-A (c) 1982 / B-607-0664 Colour killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB. week 38 1983: 820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264 Colour killer switch near RHS of PCB. each and every chips socketed. week 7 1985: 820-0073 (c) 1984 / B-607-0264 PCB marked for enhanced ROMs & 65c02 (may occupy extinct ROMs and 6502). RAM & some TTL soldered in. Layout selfsame as above.

Apple //GS:

There are 3 major versions of the GS: Check the initial power-up screen. It will divulge ROM 01, ROM 03. If it does not divulge either, you occupy the Original (Woz Signature edition). You must upgrade it in order to elope current system software. The ROM 01 has 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB on the motherboard. each and every the enhancements of the ROM 03 (except the 1MB, of course) can breathe added to the ROM 01 simply by booting up with current system software.

Apple //c:

Go into Basic and nature "PRINT PEEK (64447)" and press return. If it says 255, you occupy a very extinct //c. descry your dealer about getting an upgrade (tell them that the Apple authorization number is ODL660). If it says 0, you can connect a 3.5" drive, but you don't occupy the recollection expansion connector. If it says 3 You occupy the recollection expansion. If it says 4, you occupy the latest model of the //c. If it says 5, you occupy a //c+.

Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][?

A: Larry W. Virden maintains The Apple II Programmer's Catalog of Languages and Toolkits. It's archived on several FTP sites. (The main one first)

ftp://idiom.berkeley.ca.us/pub/compilers-list/AppleIICatalog

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/programming.languages.

Q#27 Adding Hardware:

Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices?

A: Yes. descry the section on SCSI in this FAQ.

Q#29 Can I exhaust Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][?

A: In general, no. Apple's 3.5" drive has logic to sense which machine it is hooked up to (Apple II or Macintosh) and it works accordingly. Most 3rd party drives don't bother to set in Apple II champion in their drives. The Mac monitors cannot breathe used with the ][ line, not even the GS. Some may work if you hook them up to a UDC instead of an Apple 3.5" card. extinct style Mac 800k drives are very slow.

Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e?

A: Yes, each and every the above connections occupy regular serial or parallel connections. The tricky Part is getting them to result what you want. The DeskJet, for illustration will print very nice-looking text with regular extinct "PR#1". But if you want to change the font or print graphics, you may occupy to purchase some software. One excellent program for these types of printers is PublishIt 4. You won't believe the output you can gain from a //e. For AppleWorks fans, there is the program called SuperPatch. Among it's patches is a wintry DeskJet 500 printer driver. You can print sideways, and change fonts with orthodox AppleWorks commands. The Deskjet driver is built in to AW 4.0.

Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS?

A: On the GS, you can hook up a LaserWriter via AppleTalk or direct serial connection. A GS program can typically print to a LaserWriter if it's connected to the GS via AppleTalk. If you gain a DeskJet, or PaintJet, etc, you can hook them up via the serial port. But in order to exhaust them effectively, you will want Harmony from Vitesse (better) or Independence (cheaper) from Seven Hills. They are current printer drivers for GS/OS programs only. If you want to print from an 8-bit program, descry the previous question.

Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it result OCR?

A: Yes and Yes. (OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition -- the talent to transmute a scan into text) Just pick up a Quickie scanner (by Vitesse) and InWords (by WestCode Software). You can scan 4" columns (you must occupy 512K to 1 Meg) and can even paste them together to execute 8" scans. Then you can exhaust InWords to "read" text and set it into a text file or AppleWorks Word Processor file.

Q#33 Can a Disk ][ breathe used on a GS smartport?

A: Yes. convene Jameco Electronics (Phone: 1-800-831-4242) S20 PIN HEADER TO DB19-PIN CONNECTOR MODULE ADAPTS II/II+ DRIVES FOR APPLE IIC. Part NO: 10022 PRODUCT NO.: AAM APPLE IIC ADAPTER $3.95

Q#34 What's the scoop on the current HD 3.5" drive?

A: In order to result lofty Density on the Apple //, you will requisite both the lofty Density 3.5" drive and the current Apple 3.5" controller. If you don't occupy both, you will only breathe able to result regular density. Of course, you will besides requisite lofty Density Disks.

Once you occupy collected the above items, you are in for a pleasant surprise. ProDos 8 programs not only recognize it, but most programs format and recognize HD disks just fine. You can even boot off of a HD disk, allowing plenty of leeway for GS/OS Desk Accessories and such.

There are a few drawbacks: You cannot boot copy-protected software or (or some FTA demos.) You can't daisy-chain a 5.25" of a HD card. Also, it takes up a slot, even on the GS.

Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard.

A: Redmond Cable has an ADB Y-connector cable for separating your mouse from the side of your keyboard (also can breathe used to work around a failing ADB port on the keyboard). descry the 'Resources' section of this FAQ.

Q#36 File Transfer:

Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac?

A: Here's a summary: [Note that you can always result transfers by modem or Null Modem]

Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh

  • Apple File Exchange (comes with Mac system software) allows you to copy to/from ProDos (3.5") disks.
  • There's the IIe Emulation Card that fits into the LC, LC II, LC III, Performa 400 and the Color Classic. The card has a port for a 5.25" drive, from which you could copy things to/from the Mac.
  • The ProDos File System Manager is an init (available via FTP) that allows you to exhaust ProDos 3.5" disks as if they were orthodox Mac disks. [You will occupy to download the entire disk to gain that one file.] ftp://ftp.apple.com /aii/lc.iiecard
  • A //e to Imagewriter cable can duty as a null-modem to connect serial ports. exhaust communication software on both ends.
  • Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- Macintosh

  • The programs A2FX and HFSLink will allow you to read Mac disks in 3.5", 3.5" HD, or even a HFS difficult drive. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/a2fx.8.bsq
  • ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/util/hfslink.b3.bsq

  • See Mac -> //e question about null-modems Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM
  • If the computers are near enough, gain a null-modem cable and communication software with file-transfer capability for both computers.
  • See below about CrossWorks.
  • Also, descry the question on the CTI drive. Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- IBM
  • Also, descry the question on the CTI drive.
  • Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh

  • See above for //e to Mac, or below for Mac to GS Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- Macintosh
  • GS/OS 6.0 will read and write Mac disks just fine if you occupy the HFS FST installed. (See the resources section for info on how to gain GS/OS)
  • Note that you want to read lofty density (HD) disks, you will requisite BOTH the Apple HD 3.5" drive AND the HD 3.5" Drive Controller Card.
  • See besides notes about null-modem above
  • Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM

  • The Applied Engineering PC Transporter has a utility to copy files from MS/DOS to/from ProDos (regardless of disk size). Unfortunately, the PCT often has problems and AE is unwilling to actively champion the card.
  • Also, descry the question on the CTI drive.
  • There is always null-modem cables. (see above) Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- IBM
  • If you occupy a current Apple lofty Density 3.5" Drive and lofty Density 3.5" controller card, then you can exhaust GS/OS 6.0.1's MSDOS FST to read IBM 3.5" disks. Note that Apple 5.25"s don't occupy the hardware to read/write IBM 5.25" disks.
  • Also, descry the question on the CTI drive.
  • There is always null-modem cables. (see above) Q#46 What's the CTI Drive?
  • A: The CTI drive allows you to hook up IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives (no lofty Density champion yet) to your Apple II. [IBM drives are cheaper] Some software is included to read MS/DOS disks on your Apple. Otherwise, ProDos and GS/OS recognize them like orthodox drives. descry CTI's address in the resources section. besides descry SSH systems in the resource section.

    Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE difficult Drives?

    A: There's a card called Turbo IDE, does DMA, is as mercurial as a RamFAST SCSI card. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details like technical specs, pricing, and S/H procedure.

    Q#48 How result I exhaust stuff I occupy transferred to/from an IBM/Mac?

    A: In general, only certain types of files can breathe usefully transferred back-and-forth between computers. One thing that you CANNOT result is elope programs designed for another nature of computer. But often you can transfer data files between similar programs (Spreadsheets) on different platforms. Here are some pointers:

    One helpful hint is that each and every computers can read text files. Most word processors can reclaim your file as text and import as text. But with text files, you will lax each and every your formatting (font type, centering and so-forth). For spreadsheets, saving as DIF will execute conversion a breeze. Databases can breathe saved as tab-delimited records. (Note that in AppleWorks, you occupy to Go to Print to reclaim in these formats). gape for options like "Import" or "Export" (or "Save As" in the Mac world).

    If you want to result better, there are several options available. A commercial program called MacLinkPlus can result some conversions. Some Claris programs result conversions automatically. Also, AFE can transmute between some kinds of documents (For illustration AppleWorks Word Processor to MsWorks) if you occupy the birthright translator.

    ftp://sumex-aim.stanford.edu/info-mac/util/afe-appleworks-msworks.hqx

    For IBM folk,The CrossWorks program can transmute between many Apple and IBM formats, and even comes with a universal null modem cable. Alternately, If you exhaust AppleWorks a lot, you can gain SuperWorks for the IBM, a clone of AppleWorks. It can import AppleWorks files directly. For graphics, SuperConvert can transmute between each and every Apple-specific graphics formats and many Mac, Amiga and IBM specific formats. It can besides reclaim as GIF, which is a universal standard.

    You can besides play Mac sounds resources (the sort you maintain in the system folder as alert sounds) with IISound.

    Q#49 How result I gain wintry Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS?

    A: Find the program "Resource Spy"

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/pub/apple2/gs/util/resource.spy.bsq

    Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of vivid images?

    A: There are quite a few:

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/graphics/iic.patch.for.iigif

  • MACDOWN is besides freeware and lets you result the selfsame with MacPaint pics.
  • A ProDos 8 version of The Graphics Exchange (don't know much about it). [The following software only work on an Apple IIGS]
  • The Graphics Exchange converts between many formats of graphics.
  • Prizm v1.0 Converts .GIFs, Amiga IFFs, Raw Files, and some other types to Greyscale (very fast), 16 colors, 256 colors, and 3200 colors! Size of picture limited by availabe RAM (Avail from commodious Red Computer Club, ~$40)
  • SuperConvert loads each and every GS formats, plus GIFS and other non-GS specific formats and saves in each and every GS formats (including Finder Icon files). It has more dithering options than most of the other programs, but you may occupy to play with it to find the best one.
  • SHRConvert is the earlier, shareware, predecessor to SuperConvert. It does a pretty estimable job on the types of graphics it supports. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/graphics/shrconvert.2.1.bsq
  • Platinum Paint is a commercial program that can import each and every GS formats plus MacPaint. It can only reclaim in SHR and Apple Preferred. Version 2.0 can execute Animations too!
  • ShowPic 6 is a shareware NDA that can array most GS formats. You can besides reclaim the resulting vivid as a IIGS SHR painting. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/gsos/nda/showpic.6.0.bsq
  • Dream Grafix supports each and every 3200 color picture types and besides 16 color and 256 color pictures. This is a very impressive commercial paint program with its 3200 color support. Note: 'All GS formats' includes Superhires (type $C1 and $C0), hires, double-hires and PrintShop/PrintShop GS.
  • Q#51 I occupy an extinct CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How result I gain it into ProDos?

    A: The //e system software, the DOS3.3 FST (GS/OS System 6), and Copy ][+ can each and every transmute Dos 3.3 files into ProDos. This is only helpful for text files, graphics, and some Basic programs. For ProDos, CPM, Pascal, Dos 3.3, try the program Chameleon. You occupy to exhaust the 'force disk as ProDOS' option to exhaust your difficult drive.

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/util/chameleon.bsq

    Q#52 How result you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk?

    A: ProDos has no problems with this, as long as you copy by files. Note that ProDos can only occupy 51 files in the main directory. If you try to exceed that, it will give you a cryptic 'Disk Full' error. If there really is space left on the disk, you can copy each and every the files into a subdirectory to gain around the 51-file limit. In theory, you can set an unlimited number of files in a Subdirectory, but in practice, you should limit them to a few hundred.

    Q#53 aberrant problems:

    Q#54 How result I gain out of Basic (that tiny "]" prompt and flashing cursor?

    A: nature the word "BYE" and press return. Now gain out the Apple manual 'A feel of BASIC' and read it.

    Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII?

    A: GSCII is a powerful program, but has two subtle problems: First, it won't work correctly if you extract to a HFS disk (so extract to a ProDOS disk). Also, it won't set the size correctly on S16 files. This should only breathe a problem when downloading Shrinkit GS. In that case, exhaust BINSCII. The relaxation of the time you will breathe extracting .SHK files, which don't care about extra bytes at the end.

    Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives?

    A: AppleWorks will decline to print to a slot that has a disk device. In the past, this worked well because if you try to print to a slot that has a disk controller in it, you will re-boot. But now, this can reason problems when a disk device is 'mapped' into your printer slot (due to a limitation in ProDos, you can only occupy 2 drives per slot. Extra partitions on your difficult drive will breathe re-mapped to other slots). If you occupy a RamFast, you can re-map the drives to different slots. Otherwise, (for AW 3.0) exhaust this patch:

    POKE 768,128: POKE 769,10 BSAVE APLWORKS.SYSTEM,TSYS,A$300,L2,B$AE3

    If you didn't understand that, e-mail me, or gape into John Link's SuperPatch program, which includes many more patches.

    Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date.

    A: It's probably your battery. If you occupy a ROM 03 GS, you just pop it out an gain another. On the ROM 01, you will requisite a Slide-On Battery Replacement Kit from Night Owl Productions. descry address in 'Resources' section.

    Q#58 I'm getting oversight XXX. What's it mean?

    A: Some common errors and their cause:

    ProDos Errors: UNABLE TO LOAD PRODOS - You can't boot a disk unless it has ProDos and a something.SYSTEM file on it (Pre-1.9 ProDOS) $27 I/O Error. Possibly a dismal disk? Verify it with Prosel or Copy II Plus $44 Path not create (You gave an invalid directory name) $45 Volume not create (you didn't nature in the birthright disk name) $46 File not create (you didn't nature a convincing filename) GS/OS errors: 0911 Either your GS is overheating, or the ADB port is having problems 0301 dismal TransWarp 0308 descry 8021 8020 Either random TransWarp, or SCSI (try using different SCSI connector) 8021 If you gain this at random times and you occupy a HS Apple SCSI, it's probably a version conflict. Install the SCSI drivers from your GS/OS disk, not your HS Apple SCSI disk.

    Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem?

    A: Check the following: 1) Your software may requisite interrupts enabled. Examine duck Switch 2-6 on your Super Serial Card. 2) If you occupy an unenhanced //e, you requisite to enhance your //e. 3) If you occupy a //c, it may breathe one of the ones that had a serial port problem. Talk to your dealer about upgrading it for 2400 baud support.

    Q#60 Where result I gain champion for AE boards now that they are closed?

    A: Bruce BABB, ex-AE bench tech, is offering champion out of his home for customer champion of AE's boards. He besides hints that another company is opening that will sell many of the Apple II products the AE made. You can gain Bruce via Email at 76004.1575@compuserve.com

    Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e?

    A: Yes, it's called 2qwk!. To exhaust 2qwk! you must patch prodos to allow filenames sent by MS-DOS machines. The beta version is available now on grind and caltech.

    Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems

    Some programs are incompatible with CloseView. Symptoms are the mouse wipes out everything it moves over. Remove CloseView or inactivate it in the system folder. May soundless reason troubles if active, but set to 'off'. descry GS Technote #91.

    EasyAccess is besides incompatible with some applications, (especially on ROM 01). Symptoms are a locked keyboard, and not being able to reboot. Remove it or execute it inactive.

    Missing features of system 6? Perhaps you just used simple install, which doesn't install each and every the bells and whistles. Try clicking on customize and add the nifty things like Calculator, Find File, HFS FST, etc. You can besides read the Shortcuts file on SystemTools2 for some powerful keyboard shortcuts.

    Finder icons that match by appellation and occupy a leading wildcard require uppercase letters. For example, a appellation like "[star].txt" never matches, but "[star].TXT" works fine (it matches regardless of a file's actual capitalization). (This was accidental; the 5.0.4 Finder did not care about capitalization in icon files.)

    Two misconceptions about System 6: The A2.RAMCARD is not for the GS's /RAM5. It only works with "slinky" (i.e. criterion slot) cards. Also, the DOS 3.3 FST has nothing to result with MS-DOS.

    Q#64 Tips & Hints

    The AppleShare logon programs occupy always looked for a folder named "Mail" inside your user folder whenever you log onto a user volume. If there's any items in there, they present a dialog that says "You occupy mail." Under SSW 6.0, that besides sends a SysBeep2 request so you can gain the sound of your choice.

    If you don't want to descry your icons on boot, set bit 1 (i.e. the 2nd LSB) of BRAM Location $5F. breathe confident not to mess with the other bits. exhaust the toolbox calls!

    The FinderExtras folder goes in the selfsame folder as the Finder (generally the System folder).

    If you don't like yellow folders in the Finder you can change the byte at offset +65 in the Finder resource with nature $C001 and ID 1. Change the $E0 to whatever you want (the first digit is the default folder foreground color, and the low nibble is for the profile color). Only folders that result not already occupy a color recorded in a Finder.Data file gain the default color.

    Q#65 If you occupy a RamFast

    The RamFast and ProDos 2.0.1 both try to result re-mapping of drives to unused slots. This can reason problems, mostly when launching and returning from ProDos 8 applications (crashes or wants you to insert disk). Solution: Configure the RamFast not to re-map. If you occupy a RamFAST with a ROM revision less than 2.01a, you requisite to gain a newer ROM from CVT. Otherwise, V2.01c allows setting Slot Priority Allocations to 0 which will let ProDos deal with them. V3.0 allows you to pick between RamFast mapping (works now) and ProDos 8 mapping. If you can't wait, you can Patch ProDos 2.0 not to re-map slots. gape for "10 BF C9 A5 D0 07" and change the $A5 to $00 (should breathe byte $1A3 in the 5th obscure of the file). Hack at your own risk.

    Q#66 If you occupy a Vulcan or AE lofty Density disk

    Due to problems with the Vulcan, when booting, it asks for your System Disk. Just set the Vulcan driver on your boot disk, boot it, and then launch the installer. Alternately, set the driver on the installer disk and boot it. (but you occupy to delete some of the installer scripts first) For the AE lofty Density Drive, breathe confident to remove Apple's 3.5" driver when putting on AE's.

    Q#67 If you occupy ProSel

    Rename start to something else before running the installer, or else the Finder won't breathe installed. Believe me, you don't want to miss out on Finder 6.0!

    Q#68 If you occupy an AMR 3.5"

    If the computer hangs (mostly at the criterion File dialogue box) with no disk in the drive, try putting one in. What's happening is that GS is reading the status from the drive, and the drive won't recur anything unless there is a disk in the drive. Just stick a disk in and each and every will breathe fine. If it really annoys you, either deactivate the 3.5" driver (get IR so you can double-click to re-activate it) or simply maintain a disk in the drive at each and every times. This is not a problem under ProDos 8.

    Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note

    There is a problem with the HFS FST, but only GSCII seems to breathe affected. When de-binscii-ing files, set the output onto a ProDos volume, not an HFS one.

    [ Mega-thanks to Dave Lyons & friends for these. ]

    Q#70 What to result with an Apple ][? 2/8/95

    Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][?

    A: difficult Drives, Scanners, Video Digitizers, Laser Printers, Video Overlay Cards, Tape backups, Inkjet Printers, 24 pin Dot Matrix Printers, EPROM Burners, AppleTalk Networks, lofty Density 3.5" drives, serial cards, parallel cards, audio Digitizers, CP/M boards (Z-80 processor), an IBM-on-a-card, 9600 baud modems, D/A and A/D cards, joysticks, mice, graphics tablets, feel screens, extended keyboards, track balls, several Megabytes of RAM, Real-time clocks, (cheap) IBM disk drives and of course, Users!

    This list is by no means exhaustive: This is just what I personally occupy done. each and every of it is available NOW, and can breathe done on any Apple //e. In the very near future, you will breathe able to hook up:

    EitherTalk Networks, DSP boards, and cheap FAX modems.

    Q#72 What can you result with an Apple ][?

    A: As if the above weren't impressive, how about: Optical Character recognition, Desktop publishing, Integrated Spread sheet, Database and Word Processing, Interactive fiction adventure games, Arcade attribute games, Educational games, Programming, Telecommunications, Inventory, Accounting, Money Management, and that's not even scratching the surface.

    Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers?

    A: GS bitmapped fonts, Mac Disks, MacPaint pictures, GIF pictures, just about any Mac/PC SCSI device (Hard Drives, Tape backup), Mac sounds with IISound (sounds are stored in the resource fork), many archive formats (like uudecode), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega-fast modems w/ MNP5), etc.

    Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers?

    A: Mac bitmapped fonts, Mac Icons, Mac and Windows TrueType fonts, Mac Disks, Amiga Mod songs, MacPaint pictures, MacWrite documents, GIF pictures, WordPerfect documents, just about any Mac SCSI or ADB device (including difficult Drives, Pen Mice, etc), Mac sounds, Many archive formats (.uu, .zip, .arc, .sit, .hqx, etc), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega- mercurial modems w/hardware MNP-5), IDE difficult drives (check out a card called "Turbo IDE". Mail J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details)

    If you are interested in doing any of the above, feel free to e-mail me (dmag@umich.edu). Someday, maybe I'll fill in the specific software or hardware you requisite to result any of the above. If you occupy any additions, let me know too!

    Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95

    Listed below are some places to gain information about the Apple II. You should besides try your local user group (and the user group library), friends, relatives, library, school, FTP sites, books, and etc. One estimable book is "The entire Internet Users pilot & Catalog" by Ed Kroll, published by O'Reilly & Associates Inc.

    Q#76 Apple II Groups

    You can become an associate in the Apple Developer Program for $350 (for Mac and Apple II) or a mere $150 (for Apple II only) by calling 1-408-974-4897. That gets you Develop magazine, Apple Technical notes, the Apple Developer CD, discounts on Apple products, and more! If you want to license Apple Software for distribution with your product you can gain information by calling 1-408-974-4667. (Note: You requisite a license to divide Apple System Software, including ProDOS, and the Installer.)

    USUS (Keith Frederick (Secretary), P.O. Box 1148, La Jolla, CA 92038) is an international non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and influencing software standards to aid in the progress of portable software. They occupy a great software library including a lot of source code (for almost every language or computer).

    NAUG, the National AppleWorks Users Group (313-454-1115, 313-454-1965 FAX, 615-359-8238 BBS) is a group devoted to that phenomenon program, AppleWorks.

    Q#77 Getting Parts & Software

    Redmond cable (206-882-2009) makes and sells each and every sorts of custom cables.

    Quality Computers (800-777-ENHAnce or 313-774-7200, 313-774-7740 Tech Support, 313-774-2698 FAX) not only sells Apple II products, but maintains a list of user groups and publishes an informative newsletter geared towards educators (called Enhance). They besides published AppleWorks 4.0! To gain a QC catalog and a free subscription to Enhance, just call! Contact QC (on GEnie), QualityCom (on AOL) or quality@pro-quality.cts.com.

    Alltech (800-995-7773 orders, 619-721-2823 FAX, 619-721-7733 Technical Support/inquiries) sells each and every kinds of replacement parts for Apple II's. They are besides pretty knowledgeable about the II. and inquiries)

    Sun Remarketing (800-821-3221) besides sells used Apples parts and books.

    Parkhurst Micro Products (510-837-9098) sells ANSITerm, a GS-only communications program that supports X/Y/Z-Modem (plus variants), Kermit, VT-100, Color ANSI, and offers features like a text editor, a great scrollback buffer, and macros.

    Sequential Systems (800-759-4549 or 303-666-4549,800-999-1717 tech, 303-666-7797 BBS) announced software for the GS that will let you exhaust many (but not all) CD-ROMs. Audio, soundless Pictures and searching text are supported. Contact SEQUENTIAL@genie.geis.com

    The commodious Red Computer Club, (402-379-4680) or BRCC, (formerly the commodious Red Apple Club, sells each and every kinds of estimable software that you can't gain anywhere else. (including discontinued games, etc.)

    Chuck Orem (PO Box 1014, Benton City, WA, 99320-1014 USA) distributes a 5.25" disk with a terminal program (Comm.System 2.5), Shrinkit 3.4, BinSCII 1.0.3, UU 1.1, Sneeze 2.2 and UnShrink 2.1 in ready to elope format. besides included are each and every the docs for the above programs, plus Zlink (in archived format). The disk is distributed for $2, to cover postage and materials. Contact Chuck for more information at: corem@pro-greens.cts.com or progreens@delphi.com

    Digisoft (digisoft@aol.com) has a CD called Golden Orchard that is complete of Apple II-specific programs. 18MB is accessable from 8-bit //e's, the relaxation is in HFS partitions that can breathe accessed with GS/OS System 6. Cost is around $60.

    Edlie Electronics (800-645-4722 or 516-735-3330) is selling "The ProDOS User's Kit". It seems to breathe your basic ProDOS operating system and a manual. I doubt that it's a current version, but it's worth a gape if you requisite ProDOS on 5.25". Heck, for $1.95, you can't Go wrong. [there is a minimum order, and I occupy never tried it... Let me know if you try it.]

    Washington Apple Pi (301-681-6136, 301-593-0024 BBS [7 bits, odd parity]) has an extremely dynamic Apple /// Special Interest Group. They occupy 250 PD disks and occupy funded a current revision of the OS. Contact Dave Ottalini at 72457.2401@Compuserve.com

    Educational Resources (800-624-2926) sells educational programs for the II.

    MECC (800-685-MECC) is a well-known educational software shop.

    The Cynosure BBS (410-549-2584 Settings: 8 data bits, No parity 1 desist bit, up to 14400 bps) has a license to divide system Apple software (ProDos and GS/OS). Contact Doug Granzow at dig@pro-cynosure.cts.com

    You can besides gain system software off of Apple Computer's FTP site. It is maintained by DTS in their spare time. Thanks guys!

    ftp://ftp.apple.com/aii/sys.soft/

    The Apple User Group Connection (800-538-9696 ext 500) can recount you the closest Apple II (or Macintosh) User Group. (Check attribute Computers too..)

    Resource-Central (913-469-6502, FAX: 913-469-6507) publishes an 8-page monthly newsletter. It's small but packed with information. It has technical discussions and philosophical discussions. It is besides available on disk, with many PD/SW programs each month. Resource Central besides publishes many monthly disks, including ones for HyperStudio users, TimeOut users, HyperCard users, and probably others. each and every are on 3.5" disk only. They besides occupy taken over APDA's job of keeping the latest and greatest from Apple and some 3rd party vendors. They occupy programming tools and manuals not available anywhere else (like the Video Overlay Card progress kit, utensil 35/SynthLab docs, etc). Contact A2-CENTRAL, UNCLE-DOS, or DENNIS.DOMS on GEnie.

    Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons

    SSH Systems (Write to: SHH SYSTEME, Dipl. Ing. Joachim Lange, Bergstrasse 95, 82131 Stockdorf, Germany) is selling a card for your Apple that will allow you to exhaust cheap IBM drives for storage. expense is around $100. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com.

    Night Owl (913-362-9898) makes a slide-on battery for ROM 01 GS's. You requisite a replacement if the time and system settings Go back to their defaults whenever you swirl the computer off.

    Conversion Technology (801-364-4171) sells a drive that allows you to hook up cheap IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives to you Apple II.

    Silicon Systems (714-731-7110) makes that 22 pin duck DTMF decoder chip that Apple-Cat modem owners are always looking for. Part #: SSI 75T201 - Integrated DTMF Receiver.

    Q#79 Periodicals & Books

    Quality Computers and Resource Central (previously mentioned above) besides publish periodicals.)

    Shareware Solutions II (166 Alpine Street, San Rafael, CA 94901) is a current Apple II magazine with the latest scoops, written by long time Apple II writer Joe Kohn. Mail joko@crl.com for details. You can besides finger him, or check out his WWW homepage (see FTP).

    Adam Barr (barr@railnet.nshore.org) and Cindy realm (former InCider/A+ editor) are starting a current Apple II newsletter, only this one is only available via e-mail.

    GS+ Magazine (800-662-3634 orders, or 615-843-3988 or 913-469-6507 FAX) is published bi-monthly, as a magazine and as an accompanying disk. They are a powerful source for unique programs, which are not available anywhere else. They besides occupy reviews of current software. Of course, it's GS specific. Contact: GSPlusDiz (on AOL orDelphi), JWANKERL (on GEnie), or jwankerl@pro-gonzo.cts.com.

    Hyperstudio Network (609-446-3196) is a quarterly newsletter about HyperStudio. They set out an annual 'Best of HyperStudio' disk of stacks, and occupy discounts on HyperStudio accessories. They even result some teacher-oriented stuff.

    Computist (P.O. Box 110846, Tacoma, WA 98411) is a publication devoted to gathering and distributing information on removing copy protection from Apple II software.

    Softdisk and Softdisk GS (800-831-2694 or 318-221-8718) are monthly disk magazines containing a variety of software (PD/SW, clip art, reviews, etc). Softdisk is available on 5.25" or 3.5" disks. Softdisk GS is available only on 3.5" disks. Contact zak@aol.com.

    Q#80 Misc Resources

    If you requisite a IIc upgrade, it should breathe free. Try a few Apple dealers or convene Apple to seek help. The number is 1-800-767-2775 (SOS-APPL).

    Sequential Systems (1-800-759-4549 customer service 1-800-999-1717 technical support) occupy taken over CVTech's products.

    Larry Beyer (312-735-9010) likes to fix InnerDrive difficult drives.

    Apple has a toll-free customer assistance line for handling sales questions and user concerns. This toll-free line is not designed to breathe a technical champion hotline, but instead is an extension to the comprehensive Apple customer relations effort. The Customer Assistance hub is open Monday through Friday from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific time by dialing 1-800-776-2333.

    A current ShareWare-Fee payment service has been established for info, write to:

    Some Assembly Required shareware@uwo.ca OR 1132 Adelaide St. N. #719 hackett@gaul.csd.uwo.ca London, Ontario N5Y 2N8 Canada

    Email suggestions to dmag@umich.edu. As always, let me know of any mistakes, updates, corrections, additions, etc.

    Q#81 generic guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 generic troubleshooting
  • First, resist the temptation to install each and every your current toys at once. purloin it one step at a time and test everything after adding each item. (i.e. elope the diagnostics and try your extinct programs.)
  • Leave the computer plugged in, but turned off when installing cards. feel the top of power supply before and often during your work. Better yet, exhaust a wrist strap tied to ground through a 1 Megaohm resistor.
  • When asking others for help, it is essential to know the EXACT oversight message you are getting. Also, breathe as specific as possible. adage "It did not work" or "I could not gain any farther" is not helpful. Exactly which screen did it desist at? Does it respond to any input at all? What had you done up to that point? Is it reproducible any other way?
  • Make confident you occupy the required components for the program. Does it require an Enhanced //e? More RAM? A sever boot disk?
  • Never exhaust your original disks. execute a backups and store the write-protected originals in a safe place.
  • Be confident to maintain your disks away from stray magnetic fields emanating from phones, monitors and speakers.
  • If you occupy an accelerator, try to disable it or purloin it out entirely. It may not breathe compatible with the current item.
  • Is the problem re-producible? If so, what are the MINIMUM actions to reproduce it?
  • Check each and every your cable connections. result not disconnect or connect any cables with the computer on.
  • Try pulling out other cards and disconnect your joystick. If you occupy a lot of cards, you might deem a Heavy-Duty Power Supply from A.E. It supplies 6 Amps instead of a measly 2.5 Amps. Test the power supply with a voltmeter while the computer is on.
  • Call the manufacturer to descry if there is an upgrade or a fix.
  • Q#83 hardship shooting and estimable maintenance
  • Try the system self-test: hold down the Control key, the Open Apple key, and the Option (or Solid Apple) key. Then press and release Reset. Lastly, let up on the other keys. Sit back and 'Watchen Der Blinken Lighten.'
  • Most RAM cards Come with a recollection tester. Try running it in continuous mode for several hours, even if your RAM seems to breathe working.
  • Write down your configuration when you occupy it working (for future reference).
  • Verify your disk(s) with Copy ][+ or the Finder to descry if you occupy any dismal blocks.
  • Q#84 GS hardship shooting
  • Check your control panel settings: What is the startup slot set to? Is the slot set to "Your Card"? Check your RAM disk setting. Is it taking up each and every your memory? Try setting the speed to orthodox if it's a non-GS program.
  • Take out or disable your INITS, CDAs, NDAs, and CDEVS. (With System 6, just hold down Shift while booting).
  • If you occupy a difficult disk, try booting from a System Disk and/or re-install the latest system software. Many random problems can breathe traced to corrupted or improperly installed system software.
  • Never connect/disconnect an ADB device when the computer is on.
  • AppleWorks GS comes with a recollection tester (try it).
  • The TransWarp GS has a continuous test on the CDA (try it too).
  • Q#85 SCSI

    SCSI is a protocol (kind of like serial or parallel) that lets you hook up several devices (up to 8) on a SCSI bus (a bus is just a series of wires). You must give each device it's own unique ID number from 0-7. The SCSI card is usually set to 7. There are two types of SCSI cables: the 50 pin Centronics-type (like on parallel printers) or the 25-pin "D" connector. The 50-pin is the SCSI standard, the 25-pin is the Apple standard. On a SCSI chain, there must breathe a Terminator at each end. A Terminator is just a bunch of resistors. Some drives occupy internal terminators (3 small yellow-orange packs), and some drives Come with an external terminator (a "plug" to set on the back of the drive). Also, somebody on the bus must supply terminator power (one of the SCSI lines). If There are any problems (multiple things with the selfsame ID, too much termination or not enough, or no terminator power), you may breathe able to exhaust the drive, but your data will gain corrupted. Most of the time, the computer will decline to recognize the drive.

    At first, there was the Apple Rev 'C' SCSI card (named after the final ROM version--all previous versions MUST breathe upgraded to work with current software). There were several clones from the likes of CMS and Chinook. Then Apple came out with it's lofty speed DMA SCSI card. This has the talent to result Direct recollection Access to the RAM in your computer, which speeds things up. This created a lot of problems with cards that were not DMA compatible. CV Technologies besides has a DMA SCSI card called the RamFast. This card has 256K or 1MB of on-board RAM to execute it even faster than Apple's card. It can besides supply terminator power if you drive does not supply it. Both of the current cards champion things like SCSI tape backup units, removable SCSI drives, SCSI CD-ROM, and of course SCSI difficult drives. Both the current cards besides require an Enhanced //e.

    Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system:
  • You can occupy multiple drives on one SCSI card, just execute confident you remove the termination on each and every the drives but the eventual one. This is because the newer SCSI cards are terminated (and they matter as a SCSI device).
  • Always check that the cords are plugged in properly. Never connect/disconnect anything when the computer is on.
  • The computer will boot the difficult drive with the highest SCSI ID, which should breathe ID 6.
  • Try letting the drive 'warm up' for 15 seconds before turning the computer on. The SCSI cards gape for drives only at startup, and may ignore any drives that are not ready.
  • Try turning off DMA. If this helps, you may occupy a non-DMA compatible card, such as the early versions of the TransWarp, early versions of the GS RAM, or any 8-bit accelerator. Alternately, try setting up a RAM disk for each and every but 4 MB. Some RAM cards can only result DMA in the first bank.
  • Check that each device has a unique ID. Most drives occupy a thumbwheel on the back to set the ID. Your SCSI card (yes, it counts too) is probably ID 7. Number your drives from 6 downwards for best compatibility. The IDs occupy nothing to result with what slot the card is in.
  • Is there a terminator at each suspension of the SCSI bus? (the DMA cards are terminated, and some drives are internally terminated.)
  • Try the software that came with the card. It may give helpful diagnostic messages (I.E. the Apple DMA SCSI utilities-- Does it divulge "No Apple SCSI card found" or "No SCSI devices found"?)
  • Do you gain the message "Unable to Load ProDos"? If so, it's booting your drive but you occupy no system software on it. Try hitting Control-Reset, then PR#5 (or PR#6) to boot a floppy. Then install the system software (i.e. ProDos or GS/OS).
  • In extreme cases, try reformatting the drive, repartitioning, and re-installing the System software.
  • If the drive access light blinks in a regular pattern before the computer is turned on, it is telling you that it has a hardware malfunction. It needs to breathe serviced.
  • Did you try re-installing the System software? Many times, the data on a drive will gain corrupted if you elope the drive with indecorous terminators or conflicting SCSI ID's. Sometimes you will not notice the corrupted data until after you fix the problem. If re-installing the System software helps, it was probably a software problem, not a hardware problem.
  • The Apple HS DMA SCSI card requires an Enhanced //e. It will not work on the older //e without an Enhancement Kit.
  • To really set a drive through it's paces, copy a LOT of stuff from one partition to another (copy the entire partition if you can). If there is a problem with DMA or SCSI ID's, it will probably prove up as a aberrant GS/OS error. (GS only)
  • Make confident you result not occupy the Apple SCSI drivers installed if you occupy a RamFast. It may reason random problems (they leave an interrupt handler dangling if they can't find their card.) (GS only)
  • Make confident you are booting the birthright slot. If the card is in slot 7, you can set the startup slot to Scan or 7. (GS only)
  • If you boot up and only 1 partition shows up, you requisite to install the SCSI drivers. (GS only)
  • If you boot up and it says "Drive XXX is already on the desktop" over and over: Probably a SCSI ID problem. (GS only)
  • If you add a CD-ROM, drivers are availiable from Trantor Systems LTD, 5415 Randall Place, Fremont, CA 94538 (415)770-1400 (GS only)
  • At least one device must supply terminator power to the bus (Pin 26). The Apple Cards result not supply this, and some drives don't either. Result: The drive won't breathe seen by any software.
  • Some CMS Platinum drives had pin 40 disconnected for obscure Mac compatibility reasons. This can reason problems with the Apple IIs.
  • Make confident you exhaust the drivers from GS/OS, and not the ones that ship with the Apple HS SCSI card. (Doesn't apply to RamFast).
  • To low-level format an AE Vulcan drive, Go into PART.MANAGER, stagger the highlight to "format" and nature "AE". Then divulge yes to each and every the prompts.
  • CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu)



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    Operations & Process Management: Principles & Practice for Strategic ImpactOperations & Process Management: Principles & Practice for Strategic Impact
    By Nigel Slack, Alistair Jones
    Publisher : Pearson (Feb 2018)
    ISBN10 : 129217613X
    ISBN13 : 9781292176130
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    Subject : Business & Economics
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    By William Stallings, Lawrie Brown
    Publisher : Pearson (Aug 2017)
    ISBN10 : 0134794109
    ISBN13 : 9780134794105
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    Subject : Computer Science & Technology
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    Urban EconomicsUrban Economics
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    Publisher : McGraw-Hill (Jan 2018)
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    Urban EconomicsUrban Economics
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    Understanding BusinessUnderstanding Business
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    Publisher : McGraw-Hill (Feb 2018)
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