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M2090-748 exam Dumps Source : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1

Test Code : M2090-748
Test title : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1
Vendor title : IBM
: 18 real Questions

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IBM IBM MDM and IIS

IBM to acquire MDM vendor excite systems | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

IBM spoke of nowadays that it plans to purchase initiate methods, probably the most few last unbiased master statistics administration (MDM) companies.

initiate methods, primarily based in Chicago, specializes in MDM and records integration utility for healthcare and executive agencies. The proposed acquisition confirms rumors that IBM would produce a play within the MDM market and is derived just days after Informatica introduced its purchase of initiate competitor Siperian.

"With the addition of provoke's application and its industry expertise, IBM will present purchasers a complete respond for delivering the counsel they requisite to multiply the smartly-being of sufferers at a reduce charge," Arvind Krishna, common supervisor of tips administration at IBM, illustrious in a press release. "similarly, their govt customers will now Enjoy even more capabilities for gathering and utilizing information to serve residents in a well timed and efficacious manner."

The even of MDM is to create a sole view of grasp information -- most commonly consumer and product statistics -- to live used during an organization's operational, transactional and analytical purposes.

IBM has invested closely in its records administration and analytics stack over the remaining a few years, and the acquisition of excite will proceed that style. IBM competes with Oracle, SAP and now Informatica in the directly consolidating MDM market.

IBM is also doubtless trying to capitalize on the anticipated enhance in adoption of digital clinical data, which initiate's MDM know-how supports via helping healthcare groups consolidate affected person information.

Rob Karel, an analyst with Cambridge, Mass.-primarily based Forrester research, mentioned that both Siperian and excite methods Enjoy struggled to expand their client bases as unbiased vendors, making the fresh acquisitions a analytic stream for both.

"We reached an inflection factor," talked about bill Conroy, initiate's president and CEO, in a joint convention convene with IBM. "might they as a miniature industry sustain with the calls for of their consumers [for a more complete data management stack]?" The answer, apparently, changed into no.

The proposed acquisition should still benefit IBM in a couple of methods, wrote Ray Wang, an analyst with Altimeter community in San Mateo, Calif., in a blog publish following the announcement. IBM will inherit provoke's "effective" data integration platform and "deep healthcare and public sector journey."

The acquisition may still additionally champion IBM differentiate its MDM offering from emulate Oracle, in keeping with Wang -- but not before IBM does the challenging toil of harmonizing its distinctive MDM technologies.

"today, IBM presents Infosphere MDM Server for PIM in response to Trigo product assistance management [PIM] and Infosphere MDM Server 9 in line with DWL for consumer records integration [CDI]," Wang wrote. "provoke programs adds a third and in a position product into the lineup it truly is optimized for customer facts."

Arvind Krishna, GM of IBM's information administration business, mentioned IBM plans to present both product facts and consumer statistics MDM as part offerings.

initiate has 347 personnel and counts CVS/Caremark, Humana, and the North Dakota fork of Human capabilities among its valued clientele. Neither enterprise revealed phrases of the deal, which is expected to shut within the first quarter.


Kingland Continues Innovation with 360 records MDM options and IBM | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

CLEAR LAKE, Iowa--(business WIRE)--Kingland methods continues to innovate its 360 records™ line of master statistics management (MDM) options with IBM, highlighted by pass of an fulfillment final week at IBM’s information On claim 2010 conference in Las Vegas.

Kingland’s premier economic functions MDM platform, 360 information™ industry Hub, became considered one of three finalists out of greater than 1,100 tips administration industry partners for IBM’s annual CTO Innovation award. The award acknowledges visionary IBM company partners who innovatively employ IBM guidance administration utility to help options that transform how purchasers do business. enterprise Hub, powered with the aid of IBM InfoSphere application, hastens MDM time to value within the economic functions industry via capabilities that enable the integration, management, and distribution of securities data, client and counterparty information, and hierarchies and linkage statistics.

each the 360 information™ enterprise Hub and the 360 statistics™ grasp File solutions Enjoy also been these days brought to IBM's Banking trade Framework. The IBM Banking trade Framework combines the trade advantage, best practices, software and tools banks requisite to rotate into greater efficacious and springy and adapt more readily to fresh enterprise challenges and regulatory requirements by pass of enabling them to modernize, manipulate and array screen their technology programs. Kingland's 360 records™ options strongly champion the integrated possibility administration domain of the framework, which offers a holistic fashion to managing fiscal chance, operational and IT possibility, fiscal crimes detection and prevention, and compliance.

"leading firms throughout the fiscal features trade are seeking for the right pass to stronger manipulate their securities, customer and counterparty records, and to do hierarchy administration. Their groups have labored difficult to align these industry wants and to colleague with IBM to deliver our enjoyable approach to exorbitant best grasp records management with 360 information" says Tony Brownlee, Managing Director of Kingland's data solutions unit.

Kingland programs 360 information™, powered by means of IBM® InfoSphere™application, is a collection of industry records management options optimized for the monetary functions business. 360 statistics™ provides shoppers with the definitive supply of global reference records, with higher accuracy, deeper coverage, and extra flexibility to combine with key operational, chance, and compliance services.

Kingland programs is a full provider expertise functions enterprise and a number one provider of MDM software, outsourced reference facts management, records cleaning, and other master data management solutions and capabilities; serving colossal banks, assurance corporations, broker buyers, and accounting companies on account that 1992. Kingland operates one of the most largest statistics cleaning operations within the trade, determined on-shore in the US and is recognized as providing records nice at industry main levels, optimized for each and every client's wonderful needs. Kingland’s records solutions champion more than 500,000 skilled users in over one hundred forty international locations.

For extra suggestions about Kingland methods and its businesses, please talk over with: www.kingland.com.


Mac@IBM code goes open supply | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

IBM logo

all through his keynote speech nowadays at the Jamf consumer Nation conference in Minneapolis, IBM CIO Fletcher Previn announced that IBM is going to open supply its Mac@IBM code.

Designed to streamline the integration of company-owned or BYOD Apple Mac contraptions and functions into the commercial enterprise while delivering a personalised journey, Mac@IBM has seen the number of IBMers the employ of Macs raise from 30,000 in 2015 to 134,000 in 2018.

The application has led with design and placed the user first, reflecting IBM's faith that it's a driver of culture trade and results in engaged personnel. The classes scholarly from the successful Mac@IBM program had been utilized to the pc@IBM program, and IBM is deploying home windows 10 with many of the same design aspects.

in response to its inner success, IBM has commercialized both of those classes and is now assisting valued clientele deploy Mac and workstation techniques the same manner. Making the code open source will insinuate greater businesses can raise potential and help their clients' experience with Mac techniques and Jamf cellular gadget administration.

"IBM has a protracted history of demonstrating their commitment to open supply, pushed by the perception that leadership in open source is a differentiating cost for customers," says Previn. "The Mac@IBM enrollment app is the culmination of three years of IBM's funding in engineering to bring the trade-main Mac@IBM software. The app makes developing macOS with Jamf professional greater intuitive for clients, and makes it less complicated for IT departments to reply to employee want to assist alternative."

you can find out more about Mac@IBM on the enterprise's site.

image credit score: majestic b/Shutterstock




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M2090-748 exam Dumps Source : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1

Test Code : M2090-748
Test title : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1
Vendor title : IBM
: 18 real Questions

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About this Exam

This exam validates a candidates erudition of Microsoft virtualization technologies.

 

Audience Profile

Candidates should Enjoy one to three years of experience using Microsoft virtualization products, including Hyper-V, System heart Virtual Machine Manager, and Remote Desktop Services (RDS), in a Windows Server 2008 R2 infrastructure. Candidates for this exam are IT professionals who Enjoy jobs in which managing or deploying virtualization technologies is their main area of responsibility.

 

Credit Toward Certification

Exam 70-693: Pro: Windows Server 2008 R2, Virtualization Administrator: counts as credit toward the following certification(s):

Microsoft Certified IT Professional: Windows Server 2008 R2, Virtualization Administrator

 

Note:This preparation sheperd is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. please employ this preparation sheperd to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. 

 

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Ask HN: Who is hiring? (March 2013) | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Ask HN: Who is hiring? (March 2013) 286 points by whoishiring on Mar 1, 2013 | conceal | past | web | favorite | 362 comments Please lead with the location of the position and include the keywords INTERN, REMOTE, or H1B if the corresponding sort of candidate is welcome. Feel free to post any job that may interest HN readers from executive lieutenant to machine learning expert to CTO.

Also see: question HN: Freelancer? Seeking freelancer? (March 2013) http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=5304173


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The Apple II FAQ - HTML version

This is the Frequently Asked Questions posting of the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup). Copyleft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu) But still under construction... (name a page that isn't!)

Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95 Q#2 How result I acquire to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95 Q#3 How result I acquire files off the net? 2/8/95 Q#4 Where can I acquire Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95 Q#5 What archivers result I requisite to know about? Q#6 More about BinSCII Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives Q#8 Executioner Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf) Q#10 Net measure formats Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes Q#12 What result the file extensions mean? Q#13 How result I narrate what kind of file this is? 2/8/95 Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+ Q#17 The Apple //e Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+ Q#19 The Laser 128EX Q#20 The Apple IIGS Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's: Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit? Q#25 How can I narrate what version my computer is? Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][? Q#27 Adding Hardware: Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices? Q#29 Can I employ Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][? Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e? Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS? Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it result OCR? Q#33 Can a Disk ][ live used on a GS smartport? Q#34 What's the scoop on the fresh HD 3.5" drive? Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard. Q#36 File Transfer: Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- Macintosh Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- IBM Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- Macintosh Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- IBM Q#46 What's the CTI Drive? Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE hard Drives? Q#48 How result I employ stuff I Enjoy transferred to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#49 How result I acquire wintry Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS? Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of graphic images? Q#51 I Enjoy an ragged CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How result I acquire it into ProDos? Q#52 How result you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk? Q#53 different problems: Q#54 How result I acquire out of Basic (that miniature "]" prompt and flashing cursor? Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII? Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives? Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date. Q#58 I'm getting mistake XXX. What's it mean? Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem? Q#60 Where result I acquire champion for AE boards now that they are closed? Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e? Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems Q#64 Tips & Hints Q#65 If you Enjoy a RamFast Q#66 If you Enjoy a Vulcan or AE towering Density disk Q#67 If you Enjoy ProSel Q#68 If you Enjoy an AMR 3.5" Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note Q#70 What to result with an Apple ][? 2/8/95 Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][? Q#72 What can you result with an Apple ][? Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers? Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers? Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95 Q#76 Apple II Groups Q#77 Getting Parts & Software Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons Q#79 Periodicals & Books Q#80 Misc Resources Q#81 generic guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 generic troubleshooting Q#83 peril shooting and well-behaved maintenance Q#84 GS peril shooting Q#85 SCSI Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system: Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95

Hi! Welcome to the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup!

Sorry about the previous posts (or requisite there of). Some things weren't getting into fresh posts because the highly contorted pass I post this. Hopefully, this post actually works. Feel free scorch me in effigy if I don't acquire it right, then e-mail me about it.

I hope it becomes a valuable resource. If not, what's it missing??

Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu)

Q#2 How result I acquire to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95

c.s.a2 is a USENET newsgroup. USENET posts can originate from your local newsreader and spread to hundreds of thousands of machines throughout the the world. The comp.

comp.sys.apple2 - generic discussion and questions relating to full Apple //'s comp.sys.apple2.comm - Communications and networking related issues comp.sys.apple2.gno - Discussion of program GNO/ME for the Apple IIGS (UNIX for the Apple IIGS) comp.sys.apple2.marketplace - Buying, selling and promoting Apple // related products comp.sys.apple2.programmer - Discussion relating to any aspect of programming the Apple // comp.sys.apple2.usergroups - Discussion relating to Apple // usergroups comp.binaries.apple2 - Public Domain/Shareware Software for all Apple //'s comp.sources.apple2 - A moderated newsgroup for the posting of Apple // related source code comp.emulators.apple2 - Discussion relating to the employ of Apple // emulation software/hardware on an IBM compatible system alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2 - Older "ALT" version of above

If you only Enjoy e-mail access to the Internet, you will find the following addresses helpful. produce sure you Enjoy a big mailbox and the time to sift through lots of messages per day. account getting better connected to the Internet (read "The all Internet Users sheperd And Catalog" for more info.)

For this: forward a message carcass of "help" to: --------------------------- --------------------------------- Subscribe to C.S.A2 (internet) LISTSERV@vm1.nodak.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@NDSUVM APPLE2-L archives (internet) LISTSERV@brownvm.brown.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@BROWNVM Games from APPLE2-L (internet) LISTSERV@utarlvm1.uta.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@UTARLVM1 More files via E-Mail (i-net) archive-server@plains.nodak.edu (BITNET) FILESERV@PLAINS Kermit file transfer program KERMSRV@cuvmb.cc.columbia.edu (BITNET) KERMSRV@CUVMA (BITNET) Apple /// files (internet) APPLE3-L@WVNVM.WVNET.EDU

Once you are getting c.s.a2 in your mailbox, you may want to post. Just employ the addresses listed below. People with direct access to the newsgroups result not requisite these, as they can employ their advice software to post.

Post to any newsgroup group-name@cs.utexas.edu OR group.name.usenet@decwrl.dec.com OR group.name@news.demon.co.uk OR group.name@news.cs.indiana.edu OR group-name@pws.bull.com OR group-name@ucbvax.berkeley.edu Post to comp.sys.apple2 info-apple@apple.com

Comp.binaries.apple2 is a newsgroup used to dole PD (Public Domain - may live used and copied freely.), FW (Freeware - ditto, except that the original owner retains the Copyright.) or SW (Shareware - try it for free, pay for it if you employ it) Apple II software (executables, pictures, sounds, etc...). Software distributed on comp.binaries.apple2 is expected to live a BinSCII text file containing a ShrinkIt archive. please post a text description of your program and what it requires to dash so people can narrate if they requisite it or not. You may cross-post the description (only) to comp.sys.apple2. please don't post questions or answers in the binaries group. Remember, distribution of commercial software is illegal.

Comp.sources.apple2 is a newsgroup used to dole Apple II source code. The posts in comp.sources.apple2 should live in Apple Archive Format. Contact jac@paul.rutgers.edu for details.

Discussions concerning the software posted in these groups, or the methods of locating, decoding, or accessing this software, or questions on locating archive sites of this software, or any OTHER discussions are to live held in comp.sys.apple2. If someone DOES either intentionally or accidentally post to the binary/source groups, please respond only in E-mail - result not compound the problem!

Q#3 How result I acquire files off the net? 2/8/95 Quick Summary: Step 1: produce a list of files that you want Step 2: acquire files to your host (a UNIX box or ProLine BBS) Step 3: acquire files to your Apple II Step 4: Create BINSCII Step 5: Create ShrinkIt Step 6: employ BinSCII & Shrinkit to create Shrinkit GS Step 7: Extract the files you _REALLY_ wanted ---- Step 1: produce a list of files that you want 1) You requisite BINSCII (binscii.exe) and ShrinkIt (shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc). For a shortcut, behold Chuck Orem in the resources section. 2) If you Enjoy a GS (and employ GS/OS), you will want Shrinkit GS (shrinkit.gs.exe) and GSCII (gscii.bsc) 3) Add any other files you want. Don't try to acquire everything the first time around. Try one or two test files for starters. Note: Filenames can vary from site to site. Shrinkit and Binscii are usually available on full the Apple II FTP sites. Step 2a: (For ProLine users) acquire files to your host 1) Dial up your host and log in. 2) I'm not close with ProLine, so I'll live vague here. Just go into the files section and look... Anyone wanna clue me in? Step 2b: (for those with a Sell account) acquire files to your host 1) choose an FTP site from the FAQ 2) At your UNIX prompt, kind "ftp _____" (fill in hostname) 3) At the "Login:" prompt, kind "anonymous" (or "ftp" if you are a ghastly speller relish me ;) 4) kind in your e-mail address when prompted for a password. 5) kind "bin" unless you are only getting text files 6) kind "cd ______" (directory) to waddle to the right directory. 6) kind "ls" to behold a list of files. 7) Locate each file (more "cd ___"'s and "ls"). Also, "cd .." will waddle up a directory in the tree.) 8) employ "get ______" (filename) to acquire it 9) When you are done using FTP, kind "quit" Step 3: acquire files to your Apple II 1) Find out what file transfer protocols your Apple communications package supports. (see below for a list) 2) On your local comm program, set your file transfer kind to Text (TXT) or Binary (BIN) depending on what kind of file you are downloading. If there is an option to "strip incoming linefeeds", try turning it on. 3) acquire your host to forward you the file. I don't know about ProLine, but UNIX users can employ these commands: For Z-Modem: "sz ___ ____ ____" (file names) For X-Modem: "sx ____" (one at a time) For Kermit: "kermit", then "put _____" (filename) 5) If needed, narrate your local communications program to Receive. You must result this quickly, or the other host will give up trying to forward the file. 4) Write down the full pathname of the files you downloaded and where you result them. There will live a quiz later. Pathnames witness like "/DISK/DIR/FILE.NAME" Note: If something goes wrong, hit ESC, Ctrl-X or Ctrl-C 3 times. If you can't acquire one protocol to work, try the next one down. Z-modem is much faster than the others. You will want to find a program that supports it. Step 4: Create BINSCII (if needed) 1) After you disconnect, travel into Applesoft by starting BASIC.SYSTEM 2) At the `]` prompt, kind 'EXEC ____' (your BINSCII file name) Note: If you acquire ?SYNTAX ERRORs then something went wrong. Try looking at the file with a Text Editor. 3) kind "cat" and witness for BINSCII (type 'SYS') 4) kind "-BINSCII" or "-BINSCII.SYSTEM" depending on above Note: You should acquire the BINSCII opening screen. Step 5: Create ShrinkIt (if needed) 1) If your Shrinkit file ends in ".BSC" then (In BINSCII) kind in the filename of your ShrinkIt file 2) Quit BINSCII. acquire into AppleSoft again. 3) kind "EXEC SHRINKIT3.3.XTX" (you may requisite the full pathname) 4) dash ShrinkIt with "-SHRINKIT.SYSTEM" Step 6: Extracting everything else 1) If it's BSQ or BSC, dash it through BINSCII 2) If BINSCII creates a ".SHK" file, or if you download a ".SHK" file, then employ ShrinkIt on the file. It's simple to employ and it doesn't give you the dreaded "FILENAME QUIZ!"

For those who haven't picked a program to download with, here are the biggies. full of the non-commercial programs are available from FTP sites. If you don't Enjoy a comm program already, your best bet is to Enjoy someone mail you one on a disk or buy ProTerm. (See resources).

Program Comp Emulations Protocols Note ---------|----|--------------------------------------------------------------- ProTerm E$ PSE, VT-100 Kermit, X,Y,Z-modem From InSync PTP E$, VT-100 X-Modem, (Y-mdm D/L) From trait Computers Kermit-65 E VT-100 Kermit, X-modem hard to use,Works on ][+ Z-Link E VT-100 X-modem Good. CommSys E nothing X-modem Works on ][+ TIC E$ VT-100 (+) X-modem Small, Scripting. Agate E mono ANSI X,(Y,Z D/L only) Unpacks ZIP, Buggy ColorTerm GS color ANSI X-modem Desktop based MegaTerm GS color ANSI nothing ProDOS 8 ANSITerm GS$ color ANSI, PSE X,Y,Z-modem Editor, scrollback, etc. SnowTerm GS VT-100 (+) nothing Desktop based FreeTerm GS nothing X-modem Desktop based GenComm GS nothing nothing Text, Shell Compat. GSVT GS VT-100 nothing Desktop GTerm GS color ANSI nothing Written in BASIC/ML Telcom GS VT-100, PSE X, (Y D/L only) Shell compat ----------Key:--------- | Key: $ = A commercial program + = And other obscure ones | Computer: E = works on GS and //e, GS = only works on GS | D/L = Download from other computer --- PTP = Point-To-Point. I don't assume it's being sold anymore. Anyone know? See the resources section for where to buy the commercial programs. Q#4 Where can I acquire Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95

[A quick note about URL notation: For those of you with full net access, you can dash a web browser (like Lynx if you are dialed in from your Apple), which will understand URLs directly. Otherwise, ignore the 'http:' ones and behold the previous section on how to employ the FTP ones.)

Hint: ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu /apple2 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ Hostname Directory

OK, so here's a bunch of resources:

http://www.umich.edu:80/group/itd/archive/Public/html/apple2/faq/faq.html - Hypertext version of this FAQ

http://www.umich.edu/~archive - Umich archive via the web

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/emulate-apple2-faq - Emulation FAQ

http://www.info.apple.com/aboutapple/prodlst.html - Apple's Product List, including some Apple II products!

http://www.ericse.ohio-state.edu/SSII.html - ShareWare Solutions II Homepage

http://www.ccsf.caltech.edu/~dmz/a2archive.html - Caltech Apple II Archive

http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~nathan/apl2.resource.html - Nathan Mates Apple II Links. Lots of 'em.

http://starship.nmsu.edu:6502/ - ?

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/bbs.list.txt - Mike Shecket's BBS listing

ftp://names.wvu.edu/pub/apple3 - Apple III stuff

http://micromedia.com/www/stlouis/usergrps.htm - Apple user group

Major FTP sites and mirrors:

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/archive/apple2

gopher://wuarchive.wustl.edu:70/11/systems/apple2/umich.edu

ftp://archive.orst.edu/pub/mirrors/archive.umich.edu

ftp://archive.orst.edu/pub/mirrors/archive.umich.edu/

ftp://cco.caltech.edu/pub/apple2

ftp://brownvm.brown.edu/LISTSERV.193

ftp://ftp.ms.uky.edu/pub/appleII

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2

ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2

ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu/unix/apple2

ftp://plains.nodak.edu/pub/appleII

ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/systems/apple2

Note: Files on brownvm.brown.edu are stored by serial number. For a human- readable directory, forward e-mail with the text "INDEX APPLE2-L" or "INFO REFCARD" (no subject) to brown@brownvm.brown.edu.

Other FTP Sites:

ftp://cs.bu.edu/PC/APPLE

ftp://cuvmb.cc.columbia.edu/KERMA

ftp://ftp.apple.com/dts/aii

ftp://ftp.cc.utexas.edu/gifstuff/apple

ftp://headcrash.berkeley.edu/pub/Apple2

ftp://info2.rus.uni-stuttgart.de/afs/umich.edu/group/itd/archive

ftp://iskut.ucs.ubc.ca/pub/apple

ftp://j.cc.purdue.edu/kermit/appleII

ftp://jyu.fi/pub/apple2

ftp://pindarus.cs.uiuc.edu/pub/apple2

ftp://slab.slip.uiuc.edu/apple2

ftp://syr.edu/software/kermit/appleII

ftp://trantor.ee.msstate.edu/files/appleII

ftp://ucrmath.ucr.edu/PC/apple2

ftp://watsun.cc.columbia.edu/kermit/a

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/emulators/apple2/DiskImages/

ftp://methan.chemie.fu-berlin.de/pub/doc/faq

ftp://ftp.hawaii.edu/incoming/apple2

ftp://relay.cs.toronto.edu/pub/lists.1989

ftp://watsun.cc.columbia.edu/kermit/a

ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/hamradio/apple2

ftp://ftp.uu.net/apple2

ftp://ftp.uu.net/systems/apple2

Archives of C.S.A2 Newsgroups: =============================== wuarchive.wustl.edu /usenet/comp.sources.apple2 (complete!) /usenet/comp.binaries.apple2 ?ftp.tohoku.ac.jp /pub/news/comp.binaries.apple2 hp4nl.nluug.nl /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) mcsun.eu.net /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) nic.funet.fi /pub/archive/comp.sources.apple2 (complete?) relay.cs.toronto.edu /pub/lists.1989 (1989 only)

If you Enjoy a Shell account, you can employ 'archie' to find ftp sites with a particular file.

Q#5 What archivers result I requisite to know about?

There are two programs you will requisite to Enjoy an live close with to acquire software off the net. They are BinSCII and ShrinkIt. ShrinkIt is relish PKZIP on the PC, or STUFFIT on the mac.: It puts multiple files into one compressed archive. This way, you can acquire the program, documentation and related files in one swoop. Unfortunately, USENET can only manipulate text, not 8-bit binary information. Thus the requisite for BinSCII, which can raise a file (usually a ShrinkIt file) and rotate it into a succession of purposeless letters, numbers and punctuation. This text travels thru USENET to you, where you requisite BinSCII to rotate back into data that the computer can actually use.

Q#6 More about BinSCII

When turning a binary file into text, BinSCII will output a succession of files. Each file contains a segment of the original program encoded in BinSCII format. These segments are miniature enough to live posted or e-mailed without clogging the network. (Actually, they are usually posted 3 at a time to deliver bandwidth). [NB: A BinScii text file is by a long shot larger than the original binary file.] On FTP sites, these will live 'blah.BSQ', but on USENET, you give them your own title when you deliver a posting.

When re-creating a binary file from the BinScii segments, full one has to result is collect full the segments and dash them through BinScii. Each segment has a header that tells BinScii what to do. BinSCII is bright enough to wade through full extraneous text (i.e. newsgroup headers, etc) and find the segments. It does not matter what order the segments are in, and the segments can live in different files. The only thing you Enjoy to bethink is that BinScii does not check to behold if full of the segments Enjoy been accounted for. If there are segments missing, the program will not work, or you will acquire a 'file corrupted' mistake when unshrinking.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/archivers/binscii.exe

GS users can employ GSCII+, an NDA version of Binscii. GSCII+ can also encode/decode several other formats.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/archivers/gscii.bsc

For those with Shell accounts, you can employ SciiBin (decode-only version of BinSCII) to reduce your download time. You will requisite to compile this on your Unix box (ask for allay from a local Guru), then dash your BinScii files (from comp.binaries.apple2) through it. You will now Enjoy the original (smaller) file. This works Great if there is a NuFX archive in the BinSCII file, but can cause problems if BinSCII was applied directly to ProDos executable files. In this case, you will Enjoy to download the BinSCII file.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/unix/sciibin.c

If you requisite a Unix BinSCII encoder, Bsc will result the trick.

ftp://cco.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/source/bsc.aaf

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/unix/bsc.aaf

Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives

ShrinkIt is an Apple II program which takes one or more Apple II ProDOS files or disks and 'archives' them into a sole file (called a NuFX archive). It also stores full the vital ProDos information, such as filetype and auxtype. Usually these files are denoted by putting a ".SHK" extension on the archive. ShrinkIt can also shrink an entire disk into a file (extension ".SDK"), but this should only used when the disk is not ProDos. ShrinkIt is also a menu driven utility that not only compresses and extracts, but it can also format disks, copy files, etc.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/archivers/shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc

If you Enjoy a GS, you will want the GShk, which is even more of a wonder utility than it's 8-bit counterpart. Files encoded with GShk are usually smaller than those encoded with ShrinkIt, but can still live extracted with ShrinkIt (except files with resource forks. Watch those drill documents if you want Apple //e's to read it!).

If you can't dash Shrinkit because you Enjoy a ][+, you can employ ShrinkIt+, UnShrinkIt+ and Autounshrink.

Q#8 Executioner

Executioner is an older format that is only used to dole BinSCII (otherwise you would Enjoy a catch-22!). It usually has a "CALL -151" at the top (if not, delete everything above it), and doesn't employ punctuation relish BinSCII does.

To translate an Executioner text file to an Apple II file required that you delete the mail headers/trailers, translated the newlines into carriage returns, download the file to your Apple II and from Applesoft Basic, kind the command 'EXEC &ltfilename>' where &ltfilename> is the title of the file you downloaded.

Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf)

Apple Archive Format was invented as a measure pass to post source code to comp.sources.apple2. The C and Basic source code to aaf unpackers are available on the various FTP sites, in aaf format. Fortunately, files in aaf format can live turned back into source code with a simple text editor. Just demolish the file up into component files and remove the first character of each line.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/unix/aaf

Q#10 Net measure formats

There are several formats that are used widely on the Internet. The most common in FTP sites are tar (.tar) and compress (.Z). To undo a Tape Archive, kind 'tar -xvf filename.tar'. To undo a compress, kind 'uncompress filename.Z'. Since tar does not produce the file smaller, and compress can only compress 1 file, many times you will find files that are 'tarred an feathered'. They Enjoy a '.tar.Z' extension. Just dash uncompress then un-tar the result. Other USENET groups will employ uuencode (.uu) to forward binaries. Just kind 'uudecode file.uu'. BinSCII is better than uuencode because 1> It stores the ProDos filetype. 2> It splits the file into manageable 12K chunks. 3> It does a CRC checksum on each chunk.

Most of these 'Unix' measure formats are available on the Apple. behold the table below.

Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes

ProDos keeps some information about a file's type. Files can live text (TXT), binary (BIN), executable (SYS), fonts (FON), etc. Most other file systems result not Enjoy a residence to store this information, so it may acquire 'lost' when you upload the file. Similarly, when you download a file, you may not know the file type. Most comm programs will employ some default. For NuFX archives, this is not a titanic deal, since you can still unpack an archive if the filetype is wrong (and the archive protects the filetype of the files inside the archive). For other files, you may requisite to change the file's type. One utility I recommend is File mention Zapper II.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/fazz.2.3.bsq

|Type| NuFX | Bin | uuen-| com- |.ZOO | Bin | LZH/| Stuff| ARC | Other| Program | | | SCII | code | press | | Hex | LHA | -It | | | --------|-|------|------|------|-------|-----|-----|-----|------|-----|------| Binscii |e| | X | | | | | | | | | Shrinkit|e| X | | | | | | | | | | DeArc |e| | | | | | | | | D | | Angel[1]|e| | | | X | X | | X | | X | .ZIP | GShk |g| X | | | D | D | | | D | D | | GSCII+ |g| | X | X | | | D | | | | .AAF | sscii |x| | X | X | | | X | | | | | PMPUnzip|x| | | | | | | | | | .ZIP | LHext |x| | | | | | | D? | | | | BSC |c| | E | | | | | | | | | Nulib |c| X | | | | | | | | | | SciiBin |c| | D | | | | | | | | | (Key: E = Encode only, D = Decode only, X = Encode and Decode) (Type: e = Apple //e, g = GS Only, x = GS EXE file, c = C Source code) [1] Angel is pretty Buggy, but it's worth a try. Program Format Author --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nulib v3.21 C Andy McFadden (fadden@uts.amdahl.com) SciiBin v3.10 C Marcel Mol, Dave Whitnet, Bruce Kahn Bsc v1.2 C Neil Parker Executioner A Glen Bredon BinSCII v1.0.3 A David Whitney (davewh@microsoft.com) ShrinkIt v3.3 A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) (Un)ShrinkIt+ A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) AutoUnShrink A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) GShk v1.1 G Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) GSCII+ 2.3.1 G Darek Taubert (dat33228@uxa.cso.uiuc.edu) Format: C - Distributed as source code written in C. A - Executable, runs on most Apple //s. G - Executable, runs on GS only.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/dearc

Q#12 What result the file extensions mean?

Many times, people result filename extensions (extra characters at the cessation of a filename) to denote what kind of file it is. please note that these are just accepted standards. If a file does not witness it's type, your guess is as well-behaved as mine. The following is a table of some common filename extensions. behold the previous section (on archivers) for programs that will deal with these files.

Extension What is it? (What program result I use?) --------- --------------------------------------------------------------- .aaf [TEXT] Apple Archive Format for source code (aaf.unpacker) .ACU Applelink Conversion Utility (Shrinkit) .ARC ARC Archive (IBM ARC, GS Shrinkit, //e Angel or DeArc2E) .CPT Compactor Pro archive (Compactor Pro on a Mac only) .BSC [TEXT] BinScii file. (BinScii) .BSQ [TEXT] BinSCII'ed NuFX file. (BinScii--then Shrinkit) .BXY NuFX archive with a Binary II header. (Shrinkit) .BNY BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .BQY NuFX or Binary II with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .BNX NuFX with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .exe [TEXT] Executioner file. May only toil in DOS 3.3. behold above. NB: .EXE also means IBM executable program.. .GIF Graphics Interchange Format: Compressed picture. (IIGIF for //e, many programs for full other computers) .HQX [TEXT] Mac BinHex file. (BinHex on Mac or GSCII+ on GS) .JPG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .JPEG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .LZH LZH Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .LHA LHA Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .QQ BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .SEA Self-extracting archive (Might live Mac, Might live Shrinkit archive) .SIT Mac StuffIt archive. (Stuffit on Mac or GS ShrinkIt) GS Shrinkit will not decode StuffIt Deluxe files. .SHK NuFX archive. (Shrinkit) .SDK NuFX with a shrunk disk image. (Shrinkit) .tar Unix Tape Archive (Unix 'tar -xvf', GS EXE tar) .txt [TEXT] An ASCII text file: usually english text. .TIFF Graphics format (GS SHR Convert) .uu Unix uuencode file [TEXT] (//e uudecode, Unix uudecode) .ZOO IBM Zoo Archive (GS Shrinkit or IBM ZOO program, //e Angel) .ZIP IBM Zip Archive (GS EXE Unzip, IBM PKUNZIP, Unix unzip, //e Angel) .Z Compressed file (GS Shrinkit, Unix uncompress, //e Angel)

All of these types, except the ones marked [TEXT] are BINARY files. Binary files cannot live sent over e-mail, posted to the newsgroups or FTP'd in text mode. You must FTP them in binary mode (see the section on FTP). You can download either with kermit, X-,Y- or Z-Modem.

Generally, anything labeled as 'Archive' above will hold multiple files, and even subdirectories. Most archivers are also compressed the files to produce the all smaller than the sum of it's parts. (only in computers ;)

Sometimes you will find multiple filename extensions. Simply raise the filename extensions apart one at a time and you should live able to reconstruct the original file. (i.e. somefile.bsq.tar.Z would mean: uncompress, untar, unbinscii, then unShrink to acquire the original file!)

Q#13 How result I narrate what kind of file this is? 2/8/95

Here is a sample of what file formats witness like, in case you acquire stuck. View the file in an editor (or employ the UNIX "head" command). Once you Enjoy identified the file, behold the previous section (on filename extensions) for what to result next.

BinSCII: (.BSC, .BSQ)

FiLeStArTfIlEsTaRt ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789() GBINSCII AQhmAAAAA8)4MIAI02DA9ARMQEDtAQhmAIVZ gYITA6u7xADA0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwYURzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN CFUOFR0QxAjR0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwAQRzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN

NuFX (Shrinkit Archive) (.SHK)

NuFilei][![/#NuFX_&lt:c[[[ H`F-fGSCII~[ cRJ0)fNN^P)3'A2p6SF6X#GPd&lt9#'LC^08N7n\NB7Dd!eMN&ampeYX0Am=fXp dsPAsp7rh`I'NS0ALAfi2)2ysGEQ$k9CP%L9

uuencoded file (.uu)

begin 666 nonsense.junk M4W5N3U,s4F5L96%S92 T+C$s\%-$4U0V,"Ds(SsZ(%1U92!/8W0s.2 Q,CHS M...3HT.2!%1%0s,3DY, HT4F5L96%S92 T+C$s4F5L96%S92 T+C$s

Executioner (.exe)

CALL-151 E00:38 A5 FF D0 32 D8 20 8E FD AD 30 BF 8D 6A 0E 20 00 BF C7 6D 0E 0D 80 02 E18:D0 1D 20 00 BF C5 69 0E B0 15 AD 81 02 29 0F AA E8 8E 80 02 A9 2F 8D 81 A90885A420732090242039FB2058FCA200BD9220F00620EDFDE8D0F5200CFDA9 008DF2038DF3038DF4036CFCFFE6A4A5A4C96F90CFA9008DFCBFA9018DFDBFA0 A90885A420732090242039FB2058FCA200BD9220F00620EDFDE8D0F5200CFDA9

====================================================================== This FAQ is available on-line at apple2.archive.umich.edu (see FTP) CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio. Non-profit distribution encouraged. Mail me at: dmag@umich.edu From: dmag@caen.engin.umich.edu (Dan DeMaggio) Newsgroups: comp.sys.apple2,news.answers,comp.answers Subject: comp.sys.apple2 - Frequently Asked Questions (and answers) Part 2 of 2 Followup-To: comp.sys.apple2 Reply-To: dmag@umich.edu Summary: What you requisite to know about the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroups Approved: news-answers-request@MIT.Edu Archive-name: apple2/part2 Last-modified: 05 Dec 1994 Version: 4.25

Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I

The original Apple was not much more than a board. You had to supply your own keyboard, monitor and case. It sold for $666.66, but now they are worth much more as a collector's item.

Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+

The computers that started the Apple II line. They Enjoy the 6502, competence to result towering and Low rez color graphics, sound, plus they Enjoy 7 expansion slots to add peripherals. Surprisingly, the ][+ can dash some of today's software. For instance, I've dash Davex and FredWriter under ProDOS. You can even dash AppleWorks if you Enjoy more than 128K and a program called PlusWorks.

Recommended configuration: 16K language card (in slot 0 with a ribbon cable running to the RAM), an 80-column video card (not the same as a //e 80-column card), shift key modification (a wire running from shift key to game port), modified character ROMs to result lower case. You can add recollection in various ways, but programs that require 128K probably will not work, no matter how much RAM you have. You can also add accelerators relish the Rocket/Zip.

Q#17 The Apple //e

The //e comes in two flavors: Enhanced and Unenhanced. Apple makes an Enhancement kit that will upgrade an unenhanced to enhanced by replacing 4 chips (CPU [65C02], Video ROM [MouseText], and fresh Monitor/Applesoft ROMs). Most current software require an Enhanced //e, and sometimes 128K too. The current operating system is ProDos (Version 2.0 or so). The Apple //e is still useful for three major reasons: 1) It runs AppleWorks, a simple to use, yet sophisticated Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database. 2) There are many Apples in schools, so there is a ton of educational software for it. 3) It is was and will always live a _Personal_ computer. You can learn as miniature or as much as you want, and nothing stops you from learning about every nook and cranny in it. question any titanic title programmer in MS/DOS or Mac where they scholarly to program. Most of them taught themselves on a well-behaved ol' Apple //. well-behaved programs for an Apple //e: AppleWorks 4.0 (Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database from trait Computers), Copy ][+ (file utility from Central Point), ProTerm 3.0 (communications/terminal emulator from InSync), PrintShop (sign/card/banner printer from Broderbund).

Recommended configuration: Extended 80 Column card (gives you 128K) or RamWorks (512K to 1MB RAM). Enhancement kit if it was an Unenhanced //e. A hard Drive is recommended if you employ a lot of different programs. You can also hasten it up with an accelerator (like the Rocket Chip, Zip Chip or TransWarp).

Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+

The //c and //c+ are 'luggable' versions of an Enhanced //e, with many built-in 'cards'. Included are 2 serial ports, a mouse port, a 3.5" disk port and 128K of RAM. The //C+ has a built-in accelerator that runs at 4 MHz. Even though they don't Enjoy slots, you can still add extra recollection (there's margin under the keyboard) and a hard drive (through the disk port--a bit tedious by ordinary standards, but usable. (Hard to find though.. Was made by Chinook). The //c and //C+ dash just about everything that an Enhanced //e runs. The //C and //C+ cannot connect to an AppleTalk network.

Recommended configuration: 1 MB RAM, 3.5" drive, maybe a hard drive.

Q#19 The Laser 128EX

While not made by Apple, this clone is a cross between the //c and an Enhanced //e. It is as luggable as a //c and has built-in 'cards', and an accelerator. It also has a slot to expand. If you want to add a card, you may Enjoy to disable the internal UDC (for 3.5" drives) or the internal 1MB recollection expansion. Runs almost everything that the //c and //e runs.

Q#20 The Apple IIGS

The GS represents a giant leap in the Apple // line. It can still dash //e software, but has a better processor (16-bit), a fresh super-hires graphics mode, a toolbox in ROM (just relish the Mac) and a 32 oscillator Ensoniq sound chip. It can not only dash ProDos, but it can also dash GS/OS, a sophisticated operating system very much relish the Macintosh's OS. The original GS ROM 00 (I assume they full Enjoy the Woz signature) one or two chips upgraded to boot/run current software. The ROM 01 had 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB. Although there were a few ROM changes, the current system software will toil patch the toolbox ROMs to witness identical.

Recommended configuration: 1.25 MB lets you boot up GS/OS and employ most programs. With 2 MB, you will Enjoy margin for Desk Accessories. travel for 4 MB if you want a RAM disk (useful if you don't Enjoy a hard drive) or result a lot of Graphics work. Adding a hard drive is highly recommended. You can also hasten it up with a TransWarp GS or Zip GS.

Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card

This is a card that fits in inevitable Macs that lets one dash Apple //e software. It is actually more relish a //c because the card is not expandable relish a //e. There is a residence on the back of the card to plug in a UniDisk 5.25" and a joystick. Because the graphics are handled by the Mac, animation may live tedious if you don't Enjoy a decent Mac.

Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's:

Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit?

A: That indicates how titanic the chunks of data are that the CPU can manipulate. The Apple IIGS is a 16-bit machine and full previous Apple ]['s are 8-bit. This is one of the reasons you cannot dash GS software on a //e.

Q#25 How can I narrate what version my computer is?

A: Apple //e:

The major division is between the Enhanced and unenhanced models. witness at your computer while re-booting. If it says "APPLE ][", it is not enhanced. The enhanced computers will sing "Apple //e". You can upgrade it yourself by getting the Apple //e Enhancement kit. (It contains 4 chips to supersede on your motherboard.) Many newer programs will not toil unless you Enjoy an Enhanced //e. The //c, //c+, GS, and Laser 128 incorporate these enhancements.

You can behold what version of the //e you Enjoy by looking for the serial number on the motherboard (in the back, by the power-on led). If it is 820-0064-A, you may Enjoy a motherboard that can't result double-hires. Serial #s relish 820-0064-B or 820-0087-A are un-enhanced (without the kit). If you Enjoy the grey Apple //e with the built-in keypad, then you also have: One 128K ROM IC replaced the two 64K Monitor ROM ICs (the CD and EF ROMs), Two 64Kx4 RAM ICs replaced the eight 64Kx1 RAM ICs, The single-wire shift-key mod, and an Extended 80-Column Card.

The Apple //e comes in two video standards: PAL (Australia, Europe, etc) and NTSC (USA, Japan?, etc.) If the AUX slot is on the side of the motherboard near the power supply, you Enjoy an NTSC model, whereas if it is in line with slot 3, you Enjoy a PAL model. (Thanks to Steve Leahy for this one) The PAL revisions are: [Thanks to Dave Wilson for this]

week 26 1983: 820-0073-A (c) 1982 / B-607-0664 Colour killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB. week 38 1983: 820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264 Colour killer switch near RHS of PCB. full chips socketed. week 7 1985: 820-0073 (c) 1984 / B-607-0264 PCB marked for enhanced ROMs & 65c02 (may Enjoy ragged ROMs and 6502). RAM & some TTL soldered in. Layout same as above.

Apple //GS:

There are 3 major versions of the GS: Check the initial power-up screen. It will sing ROM 01, ROM 03. If it does not sing either, you Enjoy the Original (Woz Signature edition). You must upgrade it in order to dash current system software. The ROM 01 has 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB on the motherboard. full the enhancements of the ROM 03 (except the 1MB, of course) can live added to the ROM 01 simply by booting up with current system software.

Apple //c:

Go into Basic and kind "PRINT PEEK (64447)" and press return. If it says 255, you Enjoy a very ragged //c. behold your dealer about getting an upgrade (tell them that the Apple authorization number is ODL660). If it says 0, you can connect a 3.5" drive, but you don't Enjoy the recollection expansion connector. If it says 3 You Enjoy the recollection expansion. If it says 4, you Enjoy the latest model of the //c. If it says 5, you Enjoy a //c+.

Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][?

A: Larry W. Virden maintains The Apple II Programmer's Catalog of Languages and Toolkits. It's archived on several FTP sites. (The main one first)

ftp://idiom.berkeley.ca.us/pub/compilers-list/AppleIICatalog

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/programming.languages.

Q#27 Adding Hardware:

Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices?

A: Yes. behold the section on SCSI in this FAQ.

Q#29 Can I employ Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][?

A: In general, no. Apple's 3.5" drive has logic to sense which machine it is hooked up to (Apple II or Macintosh) and it works accordingly. Most 3rd party drives don't bother to result in Apple II champion in their drives. The Mac monitors cannot live used with the ][ line, not even the GS. Some may toil if you hook them up to a UDC instead of an Apple 3.5" card. ragged style Mac 800k drives are very slow.

Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e?

A: Yes, full the above connections Enjoy regular serial or parallel connections. The tricky Part is getting them to result what you want. The DeskJet, for sample will print very nice-looking text with regular ragged "PR#1". But if you want to change the font or print graphics, you may Enjoy to purchase some software. One excellent program for these types of printers is PublishIt 4. You won't believe the output you can acquire from a //e. For AppleWorks fans, there is the program called SuperPatch. Among it's patches is a wintry DeskJet 500 printer driver. You can print sideways, and change fonts with daily AppleWorks commands. The Deskjet driver is built in to AW 4.0.

Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS?

A: On the GS, you can hook up a LaserWriter via AppleTalk or direct serial connection. A GS program can typically print to a LaserWriter if it's connected to the GS via AppleTalk. If you acquire a DeskJet, or PaintJet, etc, you can hook them up via the serial port. But in order to employ them effectively, you will want Harmony from Vitesse (better) or Independence (cheaper) from Seven Hills. They are fresh printer drivers for GS/OS programs only. If you want to print from an 8-bit program, behold the previous question.

Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it result OCR?

A: Yes and Yes. (OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition -- the competence to transmogrify a scan into text) Just pick up a Quickie scanner (by Vitesse) and InWords (by WestCode Software). You can scan 4" columns (you must Enjoy 512K to 1 Meg) and can even paste them together to produce 8" scans. Then you can employ InWords to "read" text and result it into a text file or AppleWorks Word Processor file.

Q#33 Can a Disk ][ live used on a GS smartport?

A: Yes. convene Jameco Electronics (Phone: 1-800-831-4242) S20 PIN HEADER TO DB19-PIN CONNECTOR MODULE ADAPTS II/II+ DRIVES FOR APPLE IIC. Part NO: 10022 PRODUCT NO.: AAM APPLE IIC ADAPTER $3.95

Q#34 What's the scoop on the fresh HD 3.5" drive?

A: In order to result towering Density on the Apple //, you will requisite both the towering Density 3.5" drive and the fresh Apple 3.5" controller. If you don't Enjoy both, you will only live able to result regular density. Of course, you will also requisite towering Density Disks.

Once you Enjoy collected the above items, you are in for a pleasant surprise. ProDos 8 programs not only recognize it, but most programs format and recognize HD disks just fine. You can even boot off of a HD disk, allowing plenty of margin for GS/OS Desk Accessories and such.

There are a few drawbacks: You cannot boot copy-protected software or (or some FTA demos.) You can't daisy-chain a 5.25" of a HD card. Also, it takes up a slot, even on the GS.

Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard.

A: Redmond Cable has an ADB Y-connector cable for separating your mouse from the side of your keyboard (also can live used to toil around a failing ADB port on the keyboard). behold the 'Resources' section of this FAQ.

Q#36 File Transfer:

Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac?

A: Here's a summary: [Note that you can always result transfers by modem or Null Modem]

Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh

  • Apple File Exchange (comes with Mac system software) allows you to copy to/from ProDos (3.5") disks.
  • There's the IIe Emulation Card that fits into the LC, LC II, LC III, Performa 400 and the Color Classic. The card has a port for a 5.25" drive, from which you could copy things to/from the Mac.
  • The ProDos File System Manager is an init (available via FTP) that allows you to employ ProDos 3.5" disks as if they were daily Mac disks. [You will Enjoy to download the entire disk to acquire that one file.] ftp://ftp.apple.com /aii/lc.iiecard
  • A //e to Imagewriter cable can office as a null-modem to connect serial ports. employ communication software on both ends.
  • Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- Macintosh

  • The programs A2FX and HFSLink will allow you to read Mac disks in 3.5", 3.5" HD, or even a HFS hard drive. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/a2fx.8.bsq
  • ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/util/hfslink.b3.bsq

  • See Mac -> //e question about null-modems Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM
  • If the computers are near enough, acquire a null-modem cable and communication software with file-transfer capability for both computers.
  • See below about CrossWorks.
  • Also, behold the question on the CTI drive. Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- IBM
  • Also, behold the question on the CTI drive.
  • Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh

  • See above for //e to Mac, or below for Mac to GS Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- Macintosh
  • GS/OS 6.0 will read and write Mac disks just fine if you Enjoy the HFS FST installed. (See the resources section for info on how to acquire GS/OS)
  • Note that you want to read towering density (HD) disks, you will requisite BOTH the Apple HD 3.5" drive AND the HD 3.5" Drive Controller Card.
  • See also notes about null-modem above
  • Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM

  • The Applied Engineering PC Transporter has a utility to copy files from MS/DOS to/from ProDos (regardless of disk size). Unfortunately, the PCT often has problems and AE is unwilling to actively champion the card.
  • Also, behold the question on the CTI drive.
  • There is always null-modem cables. (see above) Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- IBM
  • If you Enjoy a fresh Apple towering Density 3.5" Drive and towering Density 3.5" controller card, then you can employ GS/OS 6.0.1's MSDOS FST to read IBM 3.5" disks. Note that Apple 5.25"s don't Enjoy the hardware to read/write IBM 5.25" disks.
  • Also, behold the question on the CTI drive.
  • There is always null-modem cables. (see above) Q#46 What's the CTI Drive?
  • A: The CTI drive allows you to hook up IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives (no towering Density champion yet) to your Apple II. [IBM drives are cheaper] Some software is included to read MS/DOS disks on your Apple. Otherwise, ProDos and GS/OS recognize them relish daily drives. behold CTI's address in the resources section. also behold SSH systems in the resource section.

    Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE hard Drives?

    A: There's a card called Turbo IDE, does DMA, is as hastily as a RamFAST SCSI card. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details relish technical specs, pricing, and S/H procedure.

    Q#48 How result I employ stuff I Enjoy transferred to/from an IBM/Mac?

    A: In general, only inevitable types of files can live usefully transferred back-and-forth between computers. One thing that you CANNOT result is dash programs designed for another kind of computer. But often you can transfer data files between similar programs (Spreadsheets) on different platforms. Here are some pointers:

    One helpful hint is that full computers can read text files. Most word processors can deliver your file as text and import as text. But with text files, you will loose full your formatting (font type, centering and so-forth). For spreadsheets, saving as DIF will produce conversion a breeze. Databases can live saved as tab-delimited records. (Note that in AppleWorks, you Enjoy to travel to Print to deliver in these formats). witness for options relish "Import" or "Export" (or "Save As" in the Mac world).

    If you want to result better, there are several options available. A commercial program called MacLinkPlus can result some conversions. Some Claris programs result conversions automatically. Also, AFE can transmogrify between some kinds of documents (For sample AppleWorks Word Processor to MsWorks) if you Enjoy the right translator.

    ftp://sumex-aim.stanford.edu/info-mac/util/afe-appleworks-msworks.hqx

    For IBM folk,The CrossWorks program can transmogrify between many Apple and IBM formats, and even comes with a universal null modem cable. Alternately, If you employ AppleWorks a lot, you can acquire SuperWorks for the IBM, a clone of AppleWorks. It can import AppleWorks files directly. For graphics, SuperConvert can transmogrify between full Apple-specific graphics formats and many Mac, Amiga and IBM specific formats. It can also deliver as GIF, which is a universal standard.

    You can also play Mac sounds resources (the sort you withhold in the system folder as alert sounds) with IISound.

    Q#49 How result I acquire wintry Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS?

    A: Find the program "Resource Spy"

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/pub/apple2/gs/util/resource.spy.bsq

    Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of graphic images?

    A: There are quite a few:

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/graphics/iic.patch.for.iigif

  • MACDOWN is also freeware and lets you result the same with MacPaint pics.
  • A ProDos 8 version of The Graphics Exchange (don't know much about it). [The following software only toil on an Apple IIGS]
  • The Graphics Exchange converts between many formats of graphics.
  • Prizm v1.0 Converts .GIFs, Amiga IFFs, Raw Files, and some other types to Greyscale (very fast), 16 colors, 256 colors, and 3200 colors! Size of picture limited by availabe RAM (Avail from titanic Red Computer Club, ~$40)
  • SuperConvert loads full GS formats, plus GIFS and other non-GS specific formats and saves in full GS formats (including Finder Icon files). It has more dithering options than most of the other programs, but you may Enjoy to play with it to find the best one.
  • SHRConvert is the earlier, shareware, predecessor to SuperConvert. It does a pretty well-behaved job on the types of graphics it supports. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/graphics/shrconvert.2.1.bsq
  • Platinum Paint is a commercial program that can import full GS formats plus MacPaint. It can only deliver in SHR and Apple Preferred. Version 2.0 can produce Animations too!
  • ShowPic 6 is a shareware NDA that can array most GS formats. You can also deliver the resulting graphic as a IIGS SHR painting. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/gsos/nda/showpic.6.0.bsq
  • Dream Grafix supports full 3200 color picture types and also 16 color and 256 color pictures. This is a very impressive commercial paint program with its 3200 color support. Note: 'All GS formats' includes Superhires (type $C1 and $C0), hires, double-hires and PrintShop/PrintShop GS.
  • Q#51 I Enjoy an ragged CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How result I acquire it into ProDos?

    A: The //e system software, the DOS3.3 FST (GS/OS System 6), and Copy ][+ can full transmogrify Dos 3.3 files into ProDos. This is only helpful for text files, graphics, and some Basic programs. For ProDos, CPM, Pascal, Dos 3.3, try the program Chameleon. You Enjoy to employ the 'force disk as ProDOS' option to employ your hard drive.

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/util/chameleon.bsq

    Q#52 How result you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk?

    A: ProDos has no problems with this, as long as you copy by files. Note that ProDos can only Enjoy 51 files in the main directory. If you try to exceed that, it will give you a cryptic 'Disk Full' error. If there really is space left on the disk, you can copy full the files into a subdirectory to acquire around the 51-file limit. In theory, you can result an unlimited number of files in a Subdirectory, but in practice, you should circumscribe them to a few hundred.

    Q#53 different problems:

    Q#54 How result I acquire out of Basic (that miniature "]" prompt and flashing cursor?

    A: kind the word "BYE" and press return. Now acquire out the Apple manual 'A handle of BASIC' and read it.

    Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII?

    A: GSCII is a Great program, but has two subtle problems: First, it won't toil correctly if you extract to a HFS disk (so extract to a ProDOS disk). Also, it won't set the size correctly on S16 files. This should only live a problem when downloading Shrinkit GS. In that case, employ BINSCII. The leisure of the time you will live extracting .SHK files, which don't keeping about extra bytes at the end.

    Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives?

    A: AppleWorks will decline to print to a slot that has a disk device. In the past, this worked well because if you try to print to a slot that has a disk controller in it, you will re-boot. But now, this can cause problems when a disk device is 'mapped' into your printer slot (due to a limitation in ProDos, you can only Enjoy 2 drives per slot. Extra partitions on your hard drive will live re-mapped to other slots). If you Enjoy a RamFast, you can re-map the drives to different slots. Otherwise, (for AW 3.0) employ this patch:

    POKE 768,128: POKE 769,10 BSAVE APLWORKS.SYSTEM,TSYS,A$300,L2,B$AE3

    If you didn't understand that, e-mail me, or witness into John Link's SuperPatch program, which includes many more patches.

    Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date.

    A: It's probably your battery. If you Enjoy a ROM 03 GS, you just pop it out an acquire another. On the ROM 01, you will requisite a Slide-On Battery Replacement Kit from Night Owl Productions. behold address in 'Resources' section.

    Q#58 I'm getting mistake XXX. What's it mean?

    A: Some common errors and their cause:

    ProDos Errors: UNABLE TO LOAD PRODOS - You can't boot a disk unless it has ProDos and a something.SYSTEM file on it (Pre-1.9 ProDOS) $27 I/O Error. Possibly a ghastly disk? Verify it with Prosel or Copy II Plus $44 Path not found (You gave an invalid directory name) $45 Volume not found (you didn't kind in the right disk name) $46 File not found (you didn't kind a sound filename) GS/OS errors: 0911 Either your GS is overheating, or the ADB port is having problems 0301 ghastly TransWarp 0308 behold 8021 8020 Either random TransWarp, or SCSI (try using different SCSI connector) 8021 If you acquire this at random times and you Enjoy a HS Apple SCSI, it's probably a version conflict. Install the SCSI drivers from your GS/OS disk, not your HS Apple SCSI disk.

    Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem?

    A: Check the following: 1) Your software may requisite interrupts enabled. Examine duck Switch 2-6 on your Super Serial Card. 2) If you Enjoy an unenhanced //e, you requisite to enhance your //e. 3) If you Enjoy a //c, it may live one of the ones that had a serial port problem. Talk to your dealer about upgrading it for 2400 baud support.

    Q#60 Where result I acquire champion for AE boards now that they are closed?

    A: Bruce BABB, ex-AE bench tech, is offering champion out of his home for customer champion of AE's boards. He also hints that another company is opening that will sell many of the Apple II products the AE made. You can compass Bruce via Email at 76004.1575@compuserve.com

    Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e?

    A: Yes, it's called 2qwk!. To employ 2qwk! you must patch prodos to allow filenames sent by MS-DOS machines. The beta version is available now on grind and caltech.

    Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems

    Some programs are incompatible with CloseView. Symptoms are the mouse wipes out everything it moves over. Remove CloseView or inactivate it in the system folder. May still cause troubles if active, but set to 'off'. behold GS Technote #91.

    EasyAccess is also incompatible with some applications, (especially on ROM 01). Symptoms are a locked keyboard, and not being able to reboot. Remove it or produce it inactive.

    Missing features of system 6? Perhaps you just used simple install, which doesn't install full the bells and whistles. Try clicking on customize and add the nifty things relish Calculator, Find File, HFS FST, etc. You can also read the Shortcuts file on SystemTools2 for some Great keyboard shortcuts.

    Finder icons that match by title and Enjoy a leading wildcard require uppercase letters. For example, a title relish "[star].txt" never matches, but "[star].TXT" works fine (it matches regardless of a file's actual capitalization). (This was accidental; the 5.0.4 Finder did not keeping about capitalization in icon files.)

    Two misconceptions about System 6: The A2.RAMCARD is not for the GS's /RAM5. It only works with "slinky" (i.e. measure slot) cards. Also, the DOS 3.3 FST has nothing to result with MS-DOS.

    Q#64 Tips & Hints

    The AppleShare logon programs Enjoy always looked for a folder named "Mail" inside your user folder whenever you log onto a user volume. If there's any items in there, they present a dialog that says "You Enjoy mail." Under SSW 6.0, that also sends a SysBeep2 request so you can acquire the sound of your choice.

    If you don't want to behold your icons on boot, set bit 1 (i.e. the 2nd LSB) of BRAM Location $5F. live sure not to mess with the other bits. employ the toolbox calls!

    The FinderExtras folder goes in the same folder as the Finder (generally the System folder).

    If you don't relish yellow folders in the Finder you can change the byte at offset +65 in the Finder resource with kind $C001 and ID 1. Change the $E0 to whatever you want (the first digit is the default folder foreground color, and the low nibble is for the silhouette color). Only folders that result not already Enjoy a color recorded in a Finder.Data file acquire the default color.

    Q#65 If you Enjoy a RamFast

    The RamFast and ProDos 2.0.1 both try to result re-mapping of drives to unused slots. This can cause problems, mostly when launching and returning from ProDos 8 applications (crashes or wants you to insert disk). Solution: Configure the RamFast not to re-map. If you Enjoy a RamFAST with a ROM revision less than 2.01a, you requisite to acquire a newer ROM from CVT. Otherwise, V2.01c allows setting Slot Priority Allocations to 0 which will let ProDos deal with them. V3.0 allows you to choose between RamFast mapping (works now) and ProDos 8 mapping. If you can't wait, you can Patch ProDos 2.0 not to re-map slots. witness for "10 BF C9 A5 D0 07" and change the $A5 to $00 (should live byte $1A3 in the 5th shroud of the file). Hack at your own risk.

    Q#66 If you Enjoy a Vulcan or AE towering Density disk

    Due to problems with the Vulcan, when booting, it asks for your System Disk. Just result the Vulcan driver on your boot disk, boot it, and then launch the installer. Alternately, result the driver on the installer disk and boot it. (but you Enjoy to delete some of the installer scripts first) For the AE towering Density Drive, live sure to remove Apple's 3.5" driver when putting on AE's.

    Q#67 If you Enjoy ProSel

    Rename start to something else before running the installer, or else the Finder won't live installed. Believe me, you don't want to miss out on Finder 6.0!

    Q#68 If you Enjoy an AMR 3.5"

    If the computer hangs (mostly at the measure File dialogue box) with no disk in the drive, try putting one in. What's happening is that GS is reading the status from the drive, and the drive won't return anything unless there is a disk in the drive. Just stick a disk in and full will live fine. If it really annoys you, either deactivate the 3.5" driver (get IR so you can double-click to re-activate it) or simply withhold a disk in the drive at full times. This is not a problem under ProDos 8.

    Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note

    There is a problem with the HFS FST, but only GSCII seems to live affected. When de-binscii-ing files, result the output onto a ProDos volume, not an HFS one.

    [ Mega-thanks to Dave Lyons & friends for these. ]

    Q#70 What to result with an Apple ][? 2/8/95

    Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][?

    A: hard Drives, Scanners, Video Digitizers, Laser Printers, Video Overlay Cards, Tape backups, Inkjet Printers, 24 pin Dot Matrix Printers, EPROM Burners, AppleTalk Networks, towering Density 3.5" drives, serial cards, parallel cards, audio Digitizers, CP/M boards (Z-80 processor), an IBM-on-a-card, 9600 baud modems, D/A and A/D cards, joysticks, mice, graphics tablets, handle screens, extended keyboards, track balls, several Megabytes of RAM, Real-time clocks, (cheap) IBM disk drives and of course, Users!

    This list is by no means exhaustive: This is just what I personally Enjoy done. full of it is available NOW, and can live done on any Apple //e. In the very near future, you will live able to hook up:

    EitherTalk Networks, DSP boards, and cheap FAX modems.

    Q#72 What can you result with an Apple ][?

    A: As if the above weren't impressive, how about: Optical Character recognition, Desktop publishing, Integrated Spread sheet, Database and Word Processing, Interactive fiction adventure games, Arcade trait games, Educational games, Programming, Telecommunications, Inventory, Accounting, Money Management, and that's not even scratching the surface.

    Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers?

    A: GS bitmapped fonts, Mac Disks, MacPaint pictures, GIF pictures, just about any Mac/PC SCSI device (Hard Drives, Tape backup), Mac sounds with IISound (sounds are stored in the resource fork), many archive formats (like uudecode), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega-fast modems w/ MNP5), etc.

    Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers?

    A: Mac bitmapped fonts, Mac Icons, Mac and Windows TrueType fonts, Mac Disks, Amiga Mod songs, MacPaint pictures, MacWrite documents, GIF pictures, WordPerfect documents, just about any Mac SCSI or ADB device (including hard Drives, Pen Mice, etc), Mac sounds, Many archive formats (.uu, .zip, .arc, .sit, .hqx, etc), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega- hastily modems w/hardware MNP-5), IDE hard drives (check out a card called "Turbo IDE". Mail J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details)

    If you are interested in doing any of the above, feel free to e-mail me (dmag@umich.edu). Someday, maybe I'll fill in the specific software or hardware you requisite to result any of the above. If you Enjoy any additions, let me know too!

    Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95

    Listed below are some places to acquire information about the Apple II. You should also try your local user group (and the user group library), friends, relatives, library, school, FTP sites, books, and etc. One well-behaved book is "The all Internet Users sheperd & Catalog" by Ed Kroll, published by O'Reilly & Associates Inc.

    Q#76 Apple II Groups

    You can become an associate in the Apple Developer Program for $350 (for Mac and Apple II) or a mere $150 (for Apple II only) by calling 1-408-974-4897. That gets you Develop magazine, Apple Technical notes, the Apple Developer CD, discounts on Apple products, and more! If you want to license Apple Software for distribution with your product you can acquire information by calling 1-408-974-4667. (Note: You requisite a license to dole Apple System Software, including ProDOS, and the Installer.)

    USUS (Keith Frederick (Secretary), P.O. Box 1148, La Jolla, CA 92038) is an international non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and influencing software standards to aid in the development of portable software. They Enjoy a big software library including a lot of source code (for almost every language or computer).

    NAUG, the National AppleWorks Users Group (313-454-1115, 313-454-1965 FAX, 615-359-8238 BBS) is a group devoted to that wonder program, AppleWorks.

    Q#77 Getting Parts & Software

    Redmond cable (206-882-2009) makes and sells full sorts of custom cables.

    Quality Computers (800-777-ENHAnce or 313-774-7200, 313-774-7740 Tech Support, 313-774-2698 FAX) not only sells Apple II products, but maintains a list of user groups and publishes an informative newsletter geared towards educators (called Enhance). They also published AppleWorks 4.0! To acquire a QC catalog and a free subscription to Enhance, just call! Contact QC (on GEnie), QualityCom (on AOL) or quality@pro-quality.cts.com.

    Alltech (800-995-7773 orders, 619-721-2823 FAX, 619-721-7733 Technical Support/inquiries) sells full kinds of replacement parts for Apple II's. They are also pretty knowledgeable about the II. and inquiries)

    Sun Remarketing (800-821-3221) also sells used Apples parts and books.

    Parkhurst Micro Products (510-837-9098) sells ANSITerm, a GS-only communications program that supports X/Y/Z-Modem (plus variants), Kermit, VT-100, Color ANSI, and offers features relish a text editor, a big scrollback buffer, and macros.

    Sequential Systems (800-759-4549 or 303-666-4549,800-999-1717 tech, 303-666-7797 BBS) announced software for the GS that will let you employ many (but not all) CD-ROMs. Audio, still Pictures and searching text are supported. Contact SEQUENTIAL@genie.geis.com

    The titanic Red Computer Club, (402-379-4680) or BRCC, (formerly the titanic Red Apple Club, sells full kinds of well-behaved software that you can't acquire anywhere else. (including discontinued games, etc.)

    Chuck Orem (PO Box 1014, Benton City, WA, 99320-1014 USA) distributes a 5.25" disk with a terminal program (Comm.System 2.5), Shrinkit 3.4, BinSCII 1.0.3, UU 1.1, Sneeze 2.2 and UnShrink 2.1 in ready to dash format. also included are full the docs for the above programs, plus Zlink (in archived format). The disk is distributed for $2, to cover postage and materials. Contact Chuck for more information at: corem@pro-greens.cts.com or progreens@delphi.com

    Digisoft (digisoft@aol.com) has a CD called Golden Orchard that is full of Apple II-specific programs. 18MB is accessable from 8-bit //e's, the leisure is in HFS partitions that can live accessed with GS/OS System 6. Cost is around $60.

    Edlie Electronics (800-645-4722 or 516-735-3330) is selling "The ProDOS User's Kit". It seems to live your basic ProDOS operating system and a manual. I doubt that it's a current version, but it's worth a witness if you requisite ProDOS on 5.25". Heck, for $1.95, you can't travel wrong. [there is a minimum order, and I Enjoy never tried it... Let me know if you try it.]

    Washington Apple Pi (301-681-6136, 301-593-0024 BBS [7 bits, odd parity]) has an extremely dynamic Apple /// Special Interest Group. They Enjoy 250 PD disks and Enjoy funded a fresh revision of the OS. Contact Dave Ottalini at 72457.2401@Compuserve.com

    Educational Resources (800-624-2926) sells educational programs for the II.

    MECC (800-685-MECC) is a well-known educational software shop.

    The Cynosure BBS (410-549-2584 Settings: 8 data bits, No parity 1 stop bit, up to 14400 bps) has a license to dole system Apple software (ProDos and GS/OS). Contact Doug Granzow at dig@pro-cynosure.cts.com

    You can also acquire system software off of Apple Computer's FTP site. It is maintained by DTS in their spare time. Thanks guys!

    ftp://ftp.apple.com/aii/sys.soft/

    The Apple User Group Connection (800-538-9696 ext 500) can narrate you the closest Apple II (or Macintosh) User Group. (Check trait Computers too..)

    Resource-Central (913-469-6502, FAX: 913-469-6507) publishes an 8-page monthly newsletter. It's miniature but packed with information. It has technical discussions and philosophical discussions. It is also available on disk, with many PD/SW programs each month. Resource Central also publishes many monthly disks, including ones for HyperStudio users, TimeOut users, HyperCard users, and probably others. full are on 3.5" disk only. They also Enjoy taken over APDA's job of keeping the latest and greatest from Apple and some 3rd party vendors. They Enjoy programming tools and manuals not available anywhere else (like the Video Overlay Card development kit, instrument 35/SynthLab docs, etc). Contact A2-CENTRAL, UNCLE-DOS, or DENNIS.DOMS on GEnie.

    Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons

    SSH Systems (Write to: SHH SYSTEME, Dipl. Ing. Joachim Lange, Bergstrasse 95, 82131 Stockdorf, Germany) is selling a card for your Apple that will allow you to employ cheap IBM drives for storage. price is around $100. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com.

    Night Owl (913-362-9898) makes a slide-on battery for ROM 01 GS's. You requisite a replacement if the time and system settings travel back to their defaults whenever you rotate the computer off.

    Conversion Technology (801-364-4171) sells a drive that allows you to hook up cheap IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives to you Apple II.

    Silicon Systems (714-731-7110) makes that 22 pin duck DTMF decoder chip that Apple-Cat modem owners are always looking for. Part #: SSI 75T201 - Integrated DTMF Receiver.

    Q#79 Periodicals & Books

    Quality Computers and Resource Central (previously mentioned above) also publish periodicals.)

    Shareware Solutions II (166 Alpine Street, San Rafael, CA 94901) is a fresh Apple II magazine with the latest scoops, written by long time Apple II writer Joe Kohn. Mail joko@crl.com for details. You can also finger him, or check out his WWW homepage (see FTP).

    Adam Barr (barr@railnet.nshore.org) and Cindy bailiwick (former InCider/A+ editor) are starting a fresh Apple II newsletter, only this one is only available via e-mail.

    GS+ Magazine (800-662-3634 orders, or 615-843-3988 or 913-469-6507 FAX) is published bi-monthly, as a magazine and as an accompanying disk. They are a Great source for unique programs, which are not available anywhere else. They also Enjoy reviews of fresh software. Of course, it's GS specific. Contact: GSPlusDiz (on AOL orDelphi), JWANKERL (on GEnie), or jwankerl@pro-gonzo.cts.com.

    Hyperstudio Network (609-446-3196) is a quarterly newsletter about HyperStudio. They result out an annual 'Best of HyperStudio' disk of stacks, and Enjoy discounts on HyperStudio accessories. They even result some teacher-oriented stuff.

    Computist (P.O. Box 110846, Tacoma, WA 98411) is a publication devoted to gathering and distributing information on removing copy protection from Apple II software.

    Softdisk and Softdisk GS (800-831-2694 or 318-221-8718) are monthly disk magazines containing a variety of software (PD/SW, clip art, reviews, etc). Softdisk is available on 5.25" or 3.5" disks. Softdisk GS is available only on 3.5" disks. Contact zak@aol.com.

    Q#80 Misc Resources

    If you requisite a IIc upgrade, it should live free. Try a few Apple dealers or convene Apple to search help. The number is 1-800-767-2775 (SOS-APPL).

    Sequential Systems (1-800-759-4549 customer service 1-800-999-1717 technical support) Enjoy taken over CVTech's products.

    Larry Beyer (312-735-9010) likes to fix InnerDrive hard drives.

    Apple has a toll-free customer assistance line for handling sales questions and user concerns. This toll-free line is not designed to live a technical champion hotline, but instead is an extension to the comprehensive Apple customer relations effort. The Customer Assistance heart is open Monday through Friday from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific time by dialing 1-800-776-2333.

    A fresh ShareWare-Fee payment service has been established for info, write to:

    Some Assembly Required shareware@uwo.ca OR 1132 Adelaide St. N. #719 hackett@gaul.csd.uwo.ca London, Ontario N5Y 2N8 Canada

    Email suggestions to dmag@umich.edu. As always, let me know of any mistakes, updates, corrections, additions, etc.

    Q#81 generic guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 generic troubleshooting
  • First, resist the temptation to install full your fresh toys at once. raise it one step at a time and test everything after adding each item. (i.e. dash the diagnostics and try your ragged programs.)
  • Leave the computer plugged in, but turned off when installing cards. handle the top of power supply before and often during your work. Better yet, employ a wrist strap tied to ground through a 1 Megaohm resistor.
  • When asking others for help, it is essential to know the EXACT mistake message you are getting. Also, live as specific as possible. epigram "It did not work" or "I could not acquire any farther" is not helpful. Exactly which screen did it stop at? Does it respond to any input at all? What had you done up to that point? Is it reproducible any other way?
  • Make sure you Enjoy the required components for the program. Does it require an Enhanced //e? More RAM? A part boot disk?
  • Never employ your original disks. produce a backups and store the write-protected originals in a safe place.
  • Be sure to withhold your disks away from stray magnetic fields emanating from phones, monitors and speakers.
  • If you Enjoy an accelerator, try to disable it or raise it out entirely. It may not live compatible with the fresh item.
  • Is the problem re-producible? If so, what are the MINIMUM actions to reproduce it?
  • Check full your cable connections. result not disconnect or connect any cables with the computer on.
  • Try pulling out other cards and disconnect your joystick. If you Enjoy a lot of cards, you might account a Heavy-Duty Power Supply from A.E. It supplies 6 Amps instead of a measly 2.5 Amps. Test the power supply with a voltmeter while the computer is on.
  • Call the manufacturer to behold if there is an upgrade or a fix.
  • Q#83 peril shooting and well-behaved maintenance
  • Try the system self-test: hold down the Control key, the Open Apple key, and the Option (or Solid Apple) key. Then press and release Reset. Lastly, let up on the other keys. Sit back and 'Watchen Der Blinken Lighten.'
  • Most RAM cards near with a recollection tester. Try running it in continuous mode for several hours, even if your RAM seems to live working.
  • Write down your configuration when you Enjoy it working (for future reference).
  • Verify your disk(s) with Copy ][+ or the Finder to behold if you Enjoy any ghastly blocks.
  • Q#84 GS peril shooting
  • Check your control panel settings: What is the startup slot set to? Is the slot set to "Your Card"? Check your RAM disk setting. Is it taking up full your memory? Try setting the hasten to daily if it's a non-GS program.
  • Take out or disable your INITS, CDAs, NDAs, and CDEVS. (With System 6, just hold down Shift while booting).
  • If you Enjoy a hard disk, try booting from a System Disk and/or re-install the latest system software. Many random problems can live traced to corrupted or improperly installed system software.
  • Never connect/disconnect an ADB device when the computer is on.
  • AppleWorks GS comes with a recollection tester (try it).
  • The TransWarp GS has a continuous test on the CDA (try it too).
  • Q#85 SCSI

    SCSI is a protocol (kind of relish serial or parallel) that lets you hook up several devices (up to 8) on a SCSI bus (a bus is just a succession of wires). You must give each device it's own unique ID number from 0-7. The SCSI card is usually set to 7. There are two types of SCSI cables: the 50 pin Centronics-type (like on parallel printers) or the 25-pin "D" connector. The 50-pin is the SCSI standard, the 25-pin is the Apple standard. On a SCSI chain, there must live a Terminator at each end. A Terminator is just a bunch of resistors. Some drives Enjoy internal terminators (3 miniature yellow-orange packs), and some drives near with an external terminator (a "plug" to result on the back of the drive). Also, somebody on the bus must supply terminator power (one of the SCSI lines). If There are any problems (multiple things with the same ID, too much termination or not enough, or no terminator power), you may live able to employ the drive, but your data will acquire corrupted. Most of the time, the computer will decline to recognize the drive.

    At first, there was the Apple Rev 'C' SCSI card (named after the final ROM version--all previous versions MUST live upgraded to toil with current software). There were several clones from the likes of CMS and Chinook. Then Apple came out with it's towering hasten DMA SCSI card. This has the competence to result Direct recollection Access to the RAM in your computer, which speeds things up. This created a lot of problems with cards that were not DMA compatible. CV Technologies also has a DMA SCSI card called the RamFast. This card has 256K or 1MB of on-board RAM to produce it even faster than Apple's card. It can also supply terminator power if you drive does not supply it. Both of the fresh cards champion things relish SCSI tape backup units, removable SCSI drives, SCSI CD-ROM, and of course SCSI hard drives. Both the fresh cards also require an Enhanced //e.

    Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system:
  • You can Enjoy multiple drives on one SCSI card, just produce sure you remove the termination on full the drives but the last one. This is because the newer SCSI cards are terminated (and they import as a SCSI device).
  • Always check that the cords are plugged in properly. Never connect/disconnect anything when the computer is on.
  • The computer will boot the hard drive with the highest SCSI ID, which should live ID 6.
  • Try letting the drive 'warm up' for 15 seconds before turning the computer on. The SCSI cards witness for drives only at startup, and may ignore any drives that are not ready.
  • Try turning off DMA. If this helps, you may Enjoy a non-DMA compatible card, such as the early versions of the TransWarp, early versions of the GS RAM, or any 8-bit accelerator. Alternately, try setting up a RAM disk for full but 4 MB. Some RAM cards can only result DMA in the first bank.
  • Check that each device has a unique ID. Most drives Enjoy a thumbwheel on the back to set the ID. Your SCSI card (yes, it counts too) is probably ID 7. Number your drives from 6 downwards for best compatibility. The IDs Enjoy nothing to result with what slot the card is in.
  • Is there a terminator at each cessation of the SCSI bus? (the DMA cards are terminated, and some drives are internally terminated.)
  • Try the software that came with the card. It may give helpful diagnostic messages (I.E. the Apple DMA SCSI utilities-- Does it sing "No Apple SCSI card found" or "No SCSI devices found"?)
  • Do you acquire the message "Unable to Load ProDos"? If so, it's booting your drive but you Enjoy no system software on it. Try hitting Control-Reset, then PR#5 (or PR#6) to boot a floppy. Then install the system software (i.e. ProDos or GS/OS).
  • In extreme cases, try reformatting the drive, repartitioning, and re-installing the System software.
  • If the drive access light blinks in a regular pattern before the computer is turned on, it is telling you that it has a hardware malfunction. It needs to live serviced.
  • Did you try re-installing the System software? Many times, the data on a drive will acquire corrupted if you dash the drive with improper terminators or conflicting SCSI ID's. Sometimes you will not notice the corrupted data until after you fix the problem. If re-installing the System software helps, it was probably a software problem, not a hardware problem.
  • The Apple HS DMA SCSI card requires an Enhanced //e. It will not toil on the older //e without an Enhancement Kit.
  • To really result a drive through it's paces, copy a LOT of stuff from one partition to another (copy the entire partition if you can). If there is a problem with DMA or SCSI ID's, it will probably present up as a different GS/OS error. (GS only)
  • Make sure you result not Enjoy the Apple SCSI drivers installed if you Enjoy a RamFast. It may cause random problems (they leave an interrupt handler dangling if they can't find their card.) (GS only)
  • Make sure you are booting the right slot. If the card is in slot 7, you can set the startup slot to Scan or 7. (GS only)
  • If you boot up and only 1 partition shows up, you requisite to install the SCSI drivers. (GS only)
  • If you boot up and it says "Drive XXX is already on the desktop" over and over: Probably a SCSI ID problem. (GS only)
  • If you add a CD-ROM, drivers are availiable from Trantor Systems LTD, 5415 Randall Place, Fremont, CA 94538 (415)770-1400 (GS only)
  • At least one device must supply terminator power to the bus (Pin 26). The Apple Cards result not supply this, and some drives don't either. Result: The drive won't live seen by any software.
  • Some CMS Platinum drives had pin 40 disconnected for obscure Mac compatibility reasons. This can cause problems with the Apple IIs.
  • Make sure you employ the drivers from GS/OS, and not the ones that ship with the Apple HS SCSI card. (Doesn't apply to RamFast).
  • To low-level format an AE Vulcan drive, travel into PART.MANAGER, waddle the highlight to "format" and kind "AE". Then sing yes to full the prompts.
  • CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu)



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    Operations & Process Management: Principles & Practice for Strategic ImpactOperations & Process Management: Principles & Practice for Strategic Impact
    By Nigel Slack, Alistair Jones
    Publisher : Pearson (Feb 2018)
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    ISBN13 : 9781292176130
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    By William Stallings, Lawrie Brown
    Publisher : Pearson (Aug 2017)
    ISBN10 : 0134794109
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    Subject : Computer Science & Technology
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    Urban EconomicsUrban Economics
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    Publisher : McGraw-Hill (Jan 2018)
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    Urban EconomicsUrban Economics
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