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David Linthicum | SOA cloud computing relationship leaves some folks in a fog
by artery of David S. Linthicum, special to GCN
Mar 09, 2009
the entire babel about cloud computing has left many in the govt perplexed about the relationship between provider-oriented architectures and cloud computing. indeed, essentially the most typical question I bag at the present time is: “How will their solid movement from SOA to cloud computing?” That’s simply now not logical.
Cloud computing is a hype-fueled hit. almost bar not any government suggestions know-how provider providers are retooling for cloud computing, including CSC and Booz Allen Hamilton, and government corporations are deploying projects to leverage cloud computing substances. on the equal time, basically the entire equal groups which are getting into cloud computing maintain SOA or SOA-linked initiatives under method. here is why i am getting so many questions around the relationship between SOA and cloud computing.
Let’s bag back to the fundamentals. SOA, at its essence, is an architectural sample that in fact predates the SOA buzzword. It’s about breaking an architecture bar not any the artery down to a useful primitive, understanding the tips and behaviors, and edifice it up again the consume of provider interfaces that are abstracted into a configuration layer to create and, greater importantly, re-create traffic solutions. Very basic point.
Cloud computing is a sort of solution, a manner of making a gadget in which some or bar not any of its IT substances exist within some third-birthday celebration cloud computing useful resource, corresponding to Amazon EC2 or force.com. therefore, cloud computing is anything that may hold portion of or bar not any of an structure. The core change is that the device is prolonged to substances that you just don’t personal or host in the community.
placing this greater with no trouble, SOA is bar not any concerning the procedure of defining an IT solution or architecture, whereas cloud computing is an architectural choice. for this reason, SOA can’t bag replaced via cloud computing. definitely, most cloud computing solutions are going to subsist defined through SOA. They don’t compete -- they're complementary notions.
Making the misperception worse are recent analyst feedback and weblog posts that discuss cloud computing because the next evolution of SOA, which is additionally no longer logical. In essence, the people who acquire those statements, I’m finding, usually don’t subsist cognizant of a lot about both of these topics.
Don’t bag me incorrect, the circulation to cloud computing is a very edifying factor and has been a long time in coming. I’ve been chief govt officer of two cloud computing organizations, and the executive expertise officer of an extra. The capability to leverage IT materials, as a provider, will acquire computing extra attainable for bar not any companies, together with the government.
however bar not any methods are not perquisite for cloud computing, there are lots of instances where this fresh know-how, based upon a very extinct theory (time-sharing), will deliver much-mandatory effectivity and cost reduction to government companies. I’m joyful to spy the number of cloud computing projects being described by artery of the executive these days, however I’m just a limited bit worried by means of the amount of misinformation available.
The position of SOA in cloud computing is systemic. The skill to create a a success cloud computing retort skill having an counsel-, provider-, and procedure-degree realizing of the issue area. Then, wreck the architecture down into features which are decomposed and normalized, after which contour core enterprise methods that leverage these capabilities. eventually, which you could choose the technology solution, and cloud computing is one other weapon for your architectural arsenal to create a a success instance of a SOA.
one more issue to retain your eye on perquisite here is the indisputable fact that SOA, while being an architectural sample, is additionally a technique. therefore you should retain your traffic architecture and the consume of SOA in pellucid view as you analyze any fresh know-how or strategy coming down the pike. The expertise will at bar not any times subsist changing, whereas your architecture may quiet subsist quite strong.
concerning the Authors
David S. Linthicum, a former commercial chief know-how and chief executive officer and technology professor, leads a consulting company specializing in SOA, enterprise architecture, and internet 2.0. he's writer of traffic application Integration, amongst different books.
What cloud providers don't know about provider-oriented structure might restrict their capability to subsist a success.
There are three massive myths about the consume of service-oriented architecture (SOA) within cloud computing. furthermore, there is a stigma that appears to subsist attached to SOA that causes some confusion as neatly. As they remedy these misconceptions about SOA, cloud providers will notice that the two models maintain an abominable lot in typical.
fable #1: SOA is useless
every limited thing in the cloud is an API or a provider. it subsist a service-oriented mannequin, no remember what you requisite to designation it.
This misconception owes its roots to a 2009 weblog with the aid of then-Burton community analyst Anne Thomas Manes titled "SOA is lifeless; long live features." despite the fact, there's something an abominable lot more profound in this commentary than what the first half of the title suggests. we're relocating to using features, however it truly is the groundwork of SOA. Manes' competition is that SOA is perceived as advanced and elaborate to remember, and they should contour it with an easy pattern: using services. "but in bar not any probability this is the problem: The acronym got within the means. people forgot what SOA stands for," she wrote.
this article continues to hang-out the dialogue on every occasion I mention SOA in the context of cloud computing. provider providers and buyers alike believe SOA a long-lifeless self-discipline and technology set. really, SOA should quiet subsist regarded the groundwork upon which to build and consume cloud-primarily based systems.
every thing within the cloud is an software programming interface or a service. or not it's a carrier-oriented model, no signify what you are looking to designation it or despite even if you believe SOA is dead.
We requisite and should consume SOA-based tactics to attain the desired status of cloud services, mainly when you respect that that SOA is set the usage of services correctly, in proper sequence and with a proper design. or not it's about turning enterprise- and infrastructure-centric cloud features into targeted company solutions where volatility exists in a configurable area.
If cloud consumers consume your capabilities efficiently to reach their desires, that you could promote extra capabilities and acquire greater money. SOA isn't dead. it's really alive and smartly, and it's using your gains.
fable #2: SOA is complicated
here's completely untrue. SOA isn't complicated. It acquired mired in an extended, educational discussion about 10 years in the past, however now it's again to truth. SOA is set breaking systems down to their portion elements and edifice them lower back up once again as sets of services that can furthermore subsist shaped and reformed into company solutions through composite purposes and company manner layers. on account of this, SOA-based tactics tender clients sooner time-to-market as smartly as the capacity to perquisite now trade capabilities for enhanced agility.
Like SOA, cloud computing additionally goals to give sets of functions that can furthermore subsist formed and reformed into enterprise options. here's why most cloud-primarily based functions consume composite features, equivalent to storage, compute, information, middleware and different capabilities you may additionally find in Platform as a service or Infrastructure as a carrier environments. The view of assembling these capabilities in the context of an utility or enterprise manner is furthermore what SOA is bar not any about. no longer so advanced anymore, is it?
fable #three: SOA is a know-how
SOA is whatever thing you do, now not whatever you purchase. or not it's a pattern of architecture that means that you can grasp reliance of programs of functions and thus deliver more agile, expandable enterprise solutions. whereas many individuals associate SOA with know-how comparable to enterprise carrier buses and other forms of so-referred to as "SOA expertise," SOA become definitely on no account about know-how.
When vendors sold SOA as a know-how -- including these items branded as "SOA in a container" -- they typically did not carry the cost. these utility architects who used SOA as an strategy, equivalent to these providers that create cloud-primarily based functions at the present time, discovered that drawing near construction through the consume of low- and excessive-level capabilities made the construction of company solutions and applications faster and less complicated.
i believe the concept of SOA will proceed to grow within the rising world of cloud computing, no signify number what they want to summon it. but acquire no mistake: SOA is not useless, or not it's no longer complicated and it's in no artery a expertise.
the consume of capabilities is foundational to most public clouds, and successful cloud suppliers grasp into account how those capabilities might subsist used in the context of a company answer. These services will become materials of methods that are only a group of features. It simply makes sense to incorporate optimal practices into the design, progress and deployment of those techniques. and that's the understanding what SOA is definitely about.
about the writer: David "Dave" S. Linthicum is a senior vice chairman at Cloud expertise companions, a Boston-based mostly cloud consultancy. he's an internationally recognized cloud industry knowledgeable, and he is the author and co-creator of 13 books on computing, together with the foremost-promoting business application Integration. Linthicum speaks at many main expertise conferences on cloud computing, service-oriented architecture, traffic application integration and commercial enterprise architecture.
His newest booklet is Cloud Computing and SOA Convergence on your business: A Step-by artery of-Step guide. His traffic journey comprises tenures as chief expertise officer and CEO of a few a hit utility companies and upper-level administration positions in Fortune 100 organizations. additionally, he changed into an associate professor of laptop science for eight years and continues to lecture at essential technical colleges and universities, together with the tuition of Virginia, Arizona status university and the university of Wisconsin.
be cognizant SOA? carrier oriented architecture? It become bar not any of the rage eight to 10 years in the past, and held their attention for a very edifying chunk of time. Then cloud computing came along and the theory of SOA sort of fell off the radar for many in IT.
however, did it in fact? You may subsist shocked to locate that it’s playing simply as huge a role, however the semantics maintain modified.
first of all, I’m not at bar not any point in regards to the consume of SOA within the context of cloud computing. again in 2008, I wrote a ebook entitled: “Cloud Computing and SOA Convergence to your commercial enterprise: A Step-by means of-Step book.” I should additionally mention my many SOA-related blogs, articles, and speaking hobbies across the evolving consume of SOA as cloud computing began to upward thrust in hype-driven activity.
one of the crucial largest concerns with SOA is that it’s so complex. plenty infatuation cloud computing, it’s defined in a different artery depending upon whom is doing the talking. For their applications, let’s contour SOA as: A strategic framework of technology that enables bar not any interested methods, interior and out of doors of an organization, to expose and access well-defined features, and counsel positive to those functions, that may subsist moreover abstracted to procedure layers and composite functions for solution building. If this sounds a worthy deal infatuation cloud computing, you’re correct, and that’s the core factor of this publish.
The aspect to subsist cognizant about SOA is that the “A” is for architecture. SOA is a pattern of architecture, whatever thing you do. It’s no longer some thing you buy, which became the core confusion around SOA as the technology vendors tried for decades to tightly brace SOA with their products.
It was not extraordinary to listen to the time age “SOA in a field” or “SOA device” from the greater enterprise players. Many agencies tried to buy this magical SOA expertise, and the results were lower than stellar.
Public and private clouds are built around the consume of capabilities (typically web capabilities), or APIs, to entry their core substances equivalent to storage, compute, and statistics. They leverage these cloud computing features in any variety of alternative ways to answer the wants of the company software we’re trying to guide.
The greater efficacious thought perquisite here is that we’re capable of promptly configure and reconfigure these functions to assist the altering needs of the enterprise. for this reason, using services provides the cost of enterprise agility, which is the skill to adjust promptly to the altering nature of the business.
So, if it appears that the consume of cloud computing additionally capacity they may quiet leverage SOA methods and patterns, you’re spot on. despite the fact, you are going to infrequently hear the time age “SOA” in IT shops these days. indeed, many IT pros retain away from using the term “SOA” as a result of they notice it as old-fashioned and with years of bags. I’ve even been told now not to point out it in the company of some individuals due issues they maintain got with the term “SOA.”
You don’t must travel some distance to locate statistics that believe the premise that SOA is a buzzword on its manner out. As that you may notice through the determine which tracks the number of SOA jobs in the marketplace at any given time, the heyday of the “S note” became about 2010/2011, and it’s fallen off the radar ever due to the fact that.
variety of “SOA” job postings from 2006 to these days. source: indeed.com
What’s occurring today is that SOA is alive and neatly, and residing in the cloud. certainly, they leverage features to access cloud computing substances, they merge and well those functions to create solutions, and they maintain to tender protection to and govern those services with a view to acquire them valuable. It’s a SOA, because it’s classically described.
The danger is to now not leverage what we’ve realized through the years round SOA highest quality practices and most advantageous technologies as they define SOAs on cloud-based mostly elements. lots of those that Put into effect cloud-based mostly systems don’t grasp into account the basics of SOA. as a result, they're unavoidable to iterate lots of the equal blunders of the previous.
So, SOA is alive and smartly, and dwelling in the cloud. The time age “SOA” is falling in popularity, but the pattern of structure is more general today than it ever was, thanks to the soar of cloud computing.
I’m not unavoidable if this makes me satisfied, perplexed, or unhappy. perhaps I respect bar not any three.
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A seal inside the CIA headquarters in McLean, Virginia. File photo from 3/3/2005. (Photo by Brooks Kraft LLC/Corbis via Getty Images)
The U.S. Intelligence Community (IC) is stirring at lightning hurry to harness the advantages of migrating its networks to the cloud, enabling faster data consolidation, broader access to time-sensitive information and operationally significant network integration.
Working closely with Amazon Web Services, IC entities maintain been pursuing a multi-faceted, multi-year initiative to trek its networks to the cloud, an effort which appears to maintain already massively transformed operations into a new, improved era.
Through its $600 million deal with Amazon going back to 2013, IC leaders are citing successes when it comes to a compass of cloud-enabled developments, to embrace a much-increased skill to analyze legacy systems, integrate fresh ones and rework information networks, senior intelligence leaders describe. Amazon Web Services is credited with edifice the CIA’s C2S cloud to gather, access and organize data.
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A report from Bloomberg quotes the CIA’s Director of Digital Innovation Sean Roche speaking at an Amazon Conference, proverb cloud migration has been “nothing short of transformational,” adding that it has “transformed their skill to build fresh capabilities.”
In a manner consistent with Roche’s comment, an often-discussed phenomenon seems to inform the propel for faster commercial cloud migration -- namely that multi-year government developmental programs can elope the risk, in some instances, of generating technical systems which might subsist obsolete by the time they are completed. Commercial innovation, therefore, using an open architecture framework, is intended to allow faster, wide-sweeping upgrades more consistent with the most current and impactful innovations. Commercial security solutions can bring advantages in other respects as well, such as allowing networks to download the most advanced patches or fixes on a faster time frame. At the selfsame time, Cybersecurity experts often acquire the point that government-inspired innovations, security practices and advances can bring advanced solutions to commercial systems. In fact, an exemplar blend, developers emphasize, is to merge government plans, concepts and technological breakthroughs with elements of rapid private sector progress.
The multi-faceted cloud initiative includes data consolidation, reducing the hardware footprint, cyber “hardening” weapons systems and efforts to connect satellite ground terminals more seamlessly with one another; the key concept, of course, is to enlarge access to otherwise disparate pools of information, share data quickly and give intelligence analysts and combatant commanders options more rapidly. furthermore of worthy significance, cloud-improved AI applications can execute real-time analytics and reach expeditiously decisions by comparing fresh input against a vast database. Drawing upon a two-fold cloud migration strategy which seeks to maximize both decentralized nodes and centralized servers, cloud-enabled operations can achieve seemingly limitless advantages.
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There are a variety of respects in which cloud migration, fortified by AI, changes the paradigm for cybersecurity and data access. In one sense, cloud-based systems could potentially enlarge security challenges if intruders are able to more broadly access large data systems through fewer points of entry. Yet, at the selfsame time, cloud-enabled virtualization can network many security-oriented software applications and other measures able to much more quickly detect anomalies, guard broad networks and counter intrusions. By leveraging cloud technology, this kind of software can simultaneously protect multiple nodes in a more ubiquitous, far-reaching manner. Finally, given the presence of extremely advanced government develop cybersecurity applications, blending commercial and government initiatives may prove to subsist the best conceivable strategy.
Therefore, cloud migration is widely understood to involve a particular paradox; while cloud technology can enable more seamless or ubiquitous virtualized security systems, it can furthermore bring the risk of exposing larger amounts of data to potential intruders should an bombard subsist met with initial success.
However, this is precisely the kind of challenge expert cloud developers, such as Amazon Web Services and Microsoft, are poised to address. Furthermore, given the efficacious scope of cloud-oriented security practices and technologies, Amazon's cloud migration efforts are reportedly already increasing security. For instance, it can enlarge data sharing within protected networks, while keeping them sunder from more vulnerable systems. Also, cloud-enabled security “fixes” can instantly reach entire networks in real-time. In addition, AI and machine learning are rapidly evolving to the point wherein algorithms can interpret "context" to a greater degree and analyze variables thought to subsist more subjective --such as speech patterns or language nuances -- provided there is some kind of precedent or existing information against which to organize and interpret fresh data.
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Commercial cloud technology is already increasing security for US military members and extending added security to the very edge of tactical combat operations by bringing secure networks -- such as SIPRnet -- to handheld devices such as smartphones and tablets. This enables dismounted soldiers, on-the-move in forward locations, to engage in more secure networking while in combat. It certainly goes without proverb that this is something of worthy potential capitalize to the IC.
In fact, this - and the benefits of more dispersed, yet secure mobile networking, was anticipated in a 2013 essay from the United States Army Command and general Staff College. “Clear delineations exist between the permanent networks in garrison locations and the temporary, portable networks employed in tactical environments,” states the essay, called “The Military Applications of Cloud Computing Technologies.” (Maj. Dallas Powell Jr.)
Cloud technology can furthermore expedite helpful kinds of computer automation by offering much wider reach, among other things. For instance, Air compel developers are using advanced computer automation to replicate human behavior online for the specific purpose of luring and tracking potential intruders. Algorithms can create online activity which resembles that of an individual user, leading intruders to speculate they are tracking a person when, in fact, they themselves are being tracked.
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Also, AI can subsist used to execute real-time analytics on incoming traffic which may hold malware, viruses or any kind of attempted intrusion. If the source, characteristics or discernable pattern of a cyberattack are identified quickly, cyber defenders are better positioned to respond. The cloud offers an chance to concurrently execute these functions across vast numbers of interconnected “nodes.”
By facilitating improved satellite ground terminal interoperability and network data sharing, cloud-based systems can furthermore hurry up SATCOM connectivity and allow command and control technology to expedite directives to satellites, industry developers maintain explained.
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In yet another instance, the Navy is working with CISCO to leverage AI-empowered cloud technology to tender instant connectivity between ship-based networks, command and control and on-board systems such as engines, developers explain. The concept, now being explored through laboratory prototypes, is to consume AI and cloud-enabled real-time analytics to measure on-board systems against a historical database filled with information of worthy relevance to ship technologies.
Kris Osborn is a Senior Fellow at The Lexington Institute - The Lexington Institute
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In the tech industry, it can sometimes feel infatuation the cloud is old news -- but a fast-growing crop of firms are proof that opportunities in cloud services are just getting started.
One such company is Okta (OKTA) , which sells software for identity management on a subscription basis. Okta's technology helps businesses to integrate the various applications and devices used by their employees and their customers.
CEO Todd McKinnon says Okta's technology is "on the perquisite side of history" amid a rapidly-changing landscape of cloud apps and services used by businesses. A recent customer survey by Okta, for instance, organize that large companies are deploying 163 apps on average, with workers commonly using several apps at a time in the workplace, generating claim for an easier artery to integrate such services. In its December 2018 earnings report, Okta topped expectations on both earnings per share and revenue, and its stock is up 34% since the genesis of this year.
We caught up with McKinnon at Okta's San Francisco headquarters to talk about where cloud growth is coming from, what customers Okta is targeting next, and more. The interview has been condensed and lightly edited for clarity.
Let's start with the cloud. Just how much growth is yet to near for cloud companies and services?
I speculate the main thing that people miss is that the trend is very early. People speculate it's at the peak or that it's elope its course, but in terms of public markets and investors, the trend is quiet very early. If you spy at IT spend, it's $1 trillion -- and cloud revenue, if you add up Amazon (AMZN) , Salesforce (CRM) , Workday (WDAY) , is quiet just $200 billion. That's 20%. That's $800 billion in on-premise services [to be] replaced by cloud, but the trillion is furthermore going to bag bigger.
Can you elaborate more on where the cloud growth is coming from? International segments, replacement cycles, or something else?
There is an international component: Technology tends to travel from North America out, with some exceptions, but generally it goes from North America out. But I speculate the bigger deal is that bar not any of this technology took 30 years to install -- that's 30 years to bag an operating system created, a bunch of applications created and turned into traffic applications, and then a bunch of data Put in to elope a company. These things maintain long lifespans, and I speculate there's a mathematical relationship between how long it took to Put something in, and how long it takes to change it. And that's on the replacement side. That being said, there's a total ring of fresh stuff being built that's not a replacement. A edifying instance is Hertz rental car. They don't maintain 30 years of a worthy mobile app or a worthy website. They know that they'd better maintain an awesome website and app, and they're not going to buy an on-premise database; they're going to conclude it bar not any in the cloud. That's how they bag from $1 trillion to $1.5 trillion, with bar not any the fresh stuff being built.
I famous this trend of more and more apps, such as Alphabet's (GOOGL) G Suite and Microsoft (MSFT) and many others, being used concurrently in the workplace. What does this explosion of toil apps insinuate for Okta?
Fundamentally, we're about integration: They acquire things things toil together, whether that's different applications in your Workday, whether that's your phone and your computer with the network you want to log in to, or whether that's making positive that you can consume the selfsame identity and security infrastructure for your employees and your customers. So for us, if there was one company that did everything, with one set of engineers that built everything, with a super magical phone and network and security software and wifi routers bar not any together in one package -- if that existed, you wouldn't requisite Okta. But the reality is, they are the integration layer because no one company does it. And you're not going to buy your phone, computer, wireless access points, security firewalls, back-office systems and productivity apps bar not any from one company. Even the companies that try to conclude that, by buying up companies and putting it bar not any together -- they aren't even integrated. Oracle (ORCL) has bought bar not any these companies, and those things aren't even bar not any integrated; customers at Oracle maintain a sunder log-on for different Oracle applications. So my point is that to the degree that there are different vendors, technologies and platforms and you're trying to Put together your technology, we're critical. I speculate we're on the perquisite side of history there because that's the trend.
Since Okta builds integration technology that covers both the employee side and the customer side of businesses, has it gotten easier over time to pitch the value of what you conclude to prospective customers? conclude people 'get it' more easily?
For customers, it is much easier because their board or executives are saying: They requisite a better website, they requisite a mobile app. It's very visceral for them. And they bag a lot of information from their peers. We've been successful enough in customer identity over the past five or six years that their peers reference it out. Government has taken a while, but now it's happening a lot. They had to bag their head around it, and they maintain replacement cycles too. And they maintain mandates from the federal government to conclude fresh things in the cloud.
What are Okta's biggest priorities this year?
The spacious headline things are: It's to grow; we're a growth company. Customer identity is important, and this concept of helping companies to subsist more secure -- not just enabling them to maintain better apps and websites, but helping them to subsist more secure as well by getting everything in multi-factor, making positive the perquisite people maintain access to the perquisite things -- that's a spacious stress for us. And we're furthermore focused on making positive that we're successful with the largest organizations in the world. Okta has traditionally started from the mid-market and moved up, and now we're putting a spacious focus on the largest enterprises in the world. They can add a ton of value to those companies -- they maintain a lot of them, but they could conclude much more. They furthermore maintain a focus on making positive they can provide capabilities in the platform that are only feasible because of the number of users they have, and the number of logins and integrations -- a concrete instance of that is we're looking at ways to acquire it super easy for two companies that both maintain Okta to connect to each other. It's quiet too hard. Say, TheStreet has Okta and an advertising agency that you want to collaborate with is not using Okta, it's quiet too hard to link that up from a security perspective. So as we're getting more and more customers, they maintain the skill to acquire that super easy. So those are bar not any categories of things that are about connecting the users and the companies and the integrations on Okta together.
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The industry is seeing a huge upswing in the amount of data introduced by Internet of Things (IoT), edge computing, artificial intelligence (AI), virtual reality (VR)/augmented reality (AR), and other applications—on top of bar not any the traditional workloads associated with a service provider network—and 5G will only exacerbate the data explosion. What will the network infrastructure of the future spy like, and how will it wield these fresh demands? What are the benefits and risks associated with cloud-centric environments, and what role will the cloud play in network transformation?
In this interview, Kevin Shatzkamer—vice president of enterprise and service provider strategy and solutions at Dell EMC—discusses the role of cloud computing in 5G, the concept of cloud-generation mobility, and how cloud generation mobility tackles the challenge of ever-exploding data traffic.
SDxCentral: From your perspective, what role does cloud computing play in 5G?
Shatzkamer: Even today, cloud computing foundationally powers the vast majority of experiences that consumers and enterprises maintain on the Internet, whether we’re talking about gaming, companionable media, video, and so on. Going forward in a 5G world, as services and applications become driven by more real-time and interactive requirements— things infatuation Internet of Things (IoT), augmented reality (AR)/virtual reality (VR), connected vehicles, and smart cities—the role of cloud computing to deliver these differentiated experiences will subsist even more critical. These fresh services will not subsist driven by massively scaled, centralized data centers but intelligently distributed systems built at the network edge while quiet leveraging the operating principles of cloud computing.
We’re looking at a world where 5G and cloud computing are actually synonymous with each other. To meet the needs, expectations, and growth of the Internet from a mobile perspective— whether in terms of number of devices, the amount of traffic generated by those devices, the amount those devices will subsist moving, and the rate at which they move— cloud computing is essential. The status quo, the artery they built networks in the past, just doesn’t toil anymore. They maintain to bag to the fresh operating paradigm, the fresh service-delivery paradigm.
SDxCentral: You’ve used the term “Cloud Generation Mobility”— can you expand on how you define this and how it differs from 5G mobile?
Shatzkamer: I would define “Cloud Generation Mobility” as the skill to deliver fresh mobile experiences through a cloud operating model. I would compare the phrase with the “5G” term that they hear in the industry quite a bit—I speculate they’re one and the same. 5G represents the transformation of the access network to meet the needs, services and experiences that I talked about earlier. The 5G architecture is built foundationally on the cloud— cloud radio access network (RAN), edge cloud, NFV, service role chaining— these are bar not any cloud technologies intersecting with a telco operating model. It’s really the intersection of IT and cloud-like technology infusion into the network itself.
SDxCentral: The amount of traffic traveling over a given network has exploded and is unlikely to cease growing anytime soon. How does cloud-gen mobility address this issue?
Shatzkamer: When I talked about cloud generation mobility earlier, I talked about edge cloud specifically. If they spy at the law of large numbers in terms of how we’ve built the Internet, when the amount of anything has exploded, we’ve reacted the selfsame way. That reaction was to decentralize and deal resources.
When they saw too much content and requests for video on the Internet, they built the concept of the content-delivery network. When they saw DNS requests rising to levels that were unsustainable from yardstick DNS servers, they started to geographically Put DNS servers in place. Now, with the soar of services infatuation IoT, AR/VR, and connected vehicles, we’re reacting with this cloud-generation mobility model of edifice clouds at the edge. We’re taking the operating model of massively scaled, centralized facilities, and applying them to the edge.
SDxCentral: As networks become more distributed between the edge, core, and cloud, what fresh challenges arise?
Shatzkamer: That’s a worthy question. I speculate about the conversations they maintain with their customers from a telecommunications perspective. When they talk about the core, when they talk about the transformation of their existing facilities, the conversation is very technology-driven: When conclude I leverage virtual machines? How conclude I speculate about the networking stack? How conclude I speculate about SDN? When conclude containers near into play? How conclude these applications become more cloud-native?
As they trek that selfsame conversation to the edge, it shifts from technology-driven to an operations conversation: How conclude I start to speculate about an operating model in which I centralize my control plane and deal my user plane, or furthermore centralize my management plane? It’s a recognition that as they trek more toward the edge, facilities are more power-constrained and space-constrained. They’re often lights-out facilities: unmanned and unmanaged—there are no people to wield operations. So how conclude I speculate about remote operations and the capabilities that are required on the infrastructure to subsist able to manage these facilities remotely? Because every time I requisite to conclude a truck roll, every time I requisite to dispatch a person to a facility, the costs are dramatically higher than at my centralized core facilities where I maintain people working every day. Moreover, the skillsets and technical know-how between the people at my centralized core facilities and those needed for maintenance at the edge may vary greatly.
And then as they trek to the next layer of the edge—what they summon the far edge—the conversation can shift even further from operations to logistics. So the questions become: How conclude I start to wield multi-billion endpoints that are connected to my network? When I spy at the gateways and nodes that I requisite to set in my own managed domain, how conclude I bag them to the places they requisite to subsist when they requisite to subsist there so that I can tender the services my customers need?
SDxCentral: What is Dell EMC’s approach to solving those challenges?
Shatzkamer: When they spy across the landscape, it’s easy to notice why Dell EMC and Dell Technologies are so well positioned to play a core role in this cloud-generation mobility and 5G journey.
First, they bring the leading technology company to the table, with massive experience and expertise edifice out these clouds from an IT perspective. Second, we’re leading in terms of thinking about the operations, management, automation, and orchestration of this infrastructure and helping drive that transformation. And, third, Michael Dell has built a company that’s second to not any from a supply chain and support perspective. So, as they start to notice 5G, NFV and SDN scale, they maintain the skill to bring the logistics capabilities to the table to ensure that the infrastructure is ready and available for that scale.
It’s a complete mindset approach for Dell EMC to play a key role in this 5G transformation, and that includes working early on with service providers to define the capabilities of the infrastructure going forward, and how that infrastructure will subsist operated. It means not just being there at a time to deliver infrastructure but being a strategic partner with the telecommunications industry and their vendors to define what the next-gen infrastructure looks like. It means playing a key role in proofs of concept and what they summon first-off applications or first-off architectures that allow us to demonstrate technology readiness for the industry. It’s about playing a role in the design, architecture, and deployment of these end-to-end infrastructures. And finally, it means playing a role in helping out with the logistics and scale that’s required for this traffic to subsist successful.
SDxCentral: What cost advantages or risks are associated with cloud-centric environments?
Shatzkamer: When we’ve traditionally looked at the artery we’ve built infrastructure in the telecommunications environment, we’ve focused on the concept of five-plus-nines of availability—SLAs with very limited downtime. I speculate there’s a view in the industry that cloud-centric environments and cloud-based architectures are inherently unable to tender five-nines of availability. So, from an industry perspective they requisite to recognize that the statement is only valid if you don’t change the artery you operate your infrastructure. In that regard, as they start defining which SLAs are really required to tender those five-nines and speculate about it less from an individual node perspective and more from a service-availability perspective, I speculate we’ll start to realize the valid cost advantages.
As an industry today, they quiet build very siloed environments where we’re leveraging cloud-like technologies such as NFV. I speculate we’re often seen as being in this trough of disillusionment because they haven’t realized the cost advantages of cloud computing yet. Those advantages near when they start to Put multiple applications, multiple services, and multiple environments on top of shared infrastructure—creating a valid multi-tenant edge-core-cloud architecture. To conclude that, there’s a massive shift in terms of the operating structure of telecommunications companies and the skill sets within the across various departments of these service providers.
The risk in the industry perquisite now is that a lot of the available skill is being consumed by well-known large Web-tech companies at a time when the broader industry needs to notice that skill set subsist deployed, adopted, and readily available across their own operational environments as well.
SDxCentral: Any final thoughts?
Shatzkamer: I’m excited! The industry is facing a fresh set of challenges that infatuation minds maintain the skill to explore and innovate around. I’m furthermore excited from a consumer perspective that the fresh services and applications will become available to me—and my children! —as they start to notice these networks bag deployed and operated in the perquisite artery and more and more services bag deployed.
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