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C2010-591 exam Dumps Source : Fundamentals of Applying Tivoli Service Delivery and Process Automation Solution
Test Code : C2010-591
Test cognomen : Fundamentals of Applying Tivoli Service Delivery and Process Automation Solution
Vendor cognomen : IBM
: 85 existent Questions
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IBM Fundamentals of Applying Tivoli
IBM Tivoli utility is an business system administration platform with specialized accessories personalized for IT administrators that control midsize and commercial enterprise statistics facilities.
The Tivoli brand of items includes dozens of utility as a carrier packages for IT infrastructures. essentially the most central and demanding programs for tackle administration are Tivoli Storage supervisor (TSM), Tivoli Monitoring and IBM Workload Automation.
TSM is an enterprise backup and records safety utility. Its modular product structure presents statistics storage and safety flexibility for different environments. Smaller organizations genesis with Storage manager, while better agencies customarily select the Storage manager extended version with more catastrophe healing and tape and disk guide. Storage manager can furthermore interface with VMware for virtual environments via its vStorage API, and may back up to VMware's vCloud. It additionally interfaces with digital servers running Microsoft's Hyper-V.
The application can furthermore breathe managed either from the TSM Operations core or from VMware vCenter.
Tivoli Monitoring utility, like Storage manager, has several options for implementation. where Storage supervisor ensures facts protection, Tivoli Monitoring ensures infrastructure efficiency via featuring a single, brief-look view of skill usage, efficiency and fitness. The application's built-in analytics engine makes it feasible for directors to tune a given workload's useful resource consumption to steer clear of inefficient provisioning.
Tivoli Monitoring for virtual Environments is a version of the software exceptionally tailor-made to virtual techniques, and it incorporates a unique predictive analytics algorithm. The what-if evaluation role allows for IT gurus to rush models the employ of actual performance statistics to check how most suitable to installation their digital infrastructure.
IBM Workload Automation rounds out the leading programs management suite with utility that mixes Tivoli Workload Scheduler with a cloud-useful resource supervisor to create greater automation and streamline administrative initiatives. like Tivoli Monitoring, Workload Automation has a simulation and forecasting add-on so directors can model workflows to gauge aid consumption and time of entirety. Workload Automation integrates with Tivoli carrier Automation supervisor to install and exploit cloud computing features.
Budgeting for Tivoli
When it involves pricing and availability, every product is as pleasing because the service it presents. Tivoli Storage manager is a household of items, with Storage manager as its flagship application. a scholarship insurance map and recuperation edition -- Storage manager FastBack -- is purchasable for a free trial. the plenary Storage supervisor software is around $forty four.50 for a 10 processor price unit (PVU) license. however, a client license charges around $83.75.
IBM's Tivoli Monitoring suite additionally presents a variety of options. The Tivoli Monitoring product is a capture-all monitoring device for an organization's IT infrastructure, and charges round $437 per useful resource value unit (RVU) license. An RVU license is corresponding to a PVU license, but relies upon the variety of processors used. Tivoli Monitoring for digital Environments is unavoidable to virtual servers and hypervisors, and costs $511 per RVU license.
In contrast to the different two, Tivoli Workload Automation is a single utility kit, and starts at round $54.50 for a ten-job license.
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Fundamentals of Applying Tivoli Service Delivery and Process Automation Solution
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This chapter explains why devices must talk to each other in home automation systems. It furthermore covers how they communicate (the protocols) and what triggers events that lead to actions.
This chapter is from the engage
The home automation process involves changing the existing state or condition of a device, an appliance, a system, or an electronic component from an internal or external stimulus or event, by a person taking an action, or as the result of the movement of time. To achieve that state change through automation, a control message must breathe sent to the device to breathe acted on. The condition or state changes can breathe a simple switching to an on-or-off status, or can breathe a more tangled adjustment such as dimming to a preset level; and that device modification can breathe an incremental on or variable or both. The control messages are sent via any one of a number of defined home automation protocols.
From infancy they test various methods and learn ways to control others to meet their needs. Crying is typically the first, then sounds, and before long they are crawling and affecting about and can originate to merit things occur on their own. Over time their individual skill set builds and they can interact with plenary the things around us. The simplest control routine is human intervention, flipping a switch to circle on a light, for example. You know which switch to use, what it controls, and which direction to circle the target device, in this case a light, on or off. The process or steps for turning a light on or off includes the following mental and physical steps: disturbed–decide–poise–act–receive feedback–adjust if needed–feedback–satisfied. The nonhuman intervention automation process mirrors the steps a person would take. The total home automation process is similar except that the system can execute everything but resolve what to do. The deciding is left to the human, who must set up parameters in foster for consistent automated operation.
One-off devices to discharge some of many home automation steps or functions hold been around for some time, but with limitations that are not present in a completely automated computer-controlled environment. This chapter gives a basic understanding of how a novice home automation hobbyist can leverage diverse protocols and elect from myriad available products and technologies to control plenary the automation functions on one central home automation platform.
Reasons for Using Automated Control
The requisite for home automation technology comes from wanting to merit a change in the condition of something: turning on a light or lowering the thermostat, for example. This requisite for change arises from four basic categories: time, need, event, and communication. In many cases, your home automation platform can assume these actions based on the identical stimuli that would spur a human to action with petite or no requisite for human interaction.
Time-based actions include actions based on a set amount of time passing, such as turning off a bedroom television after an hour of employ so that the viewers can nod off and not worry, or actions based on a set time of day, such as turning on the coffee maker at the identical time each morning. Time-based controls can breathe employed on any recurring interval, whether hours, day, week, day of week, and so on.
Need-based events are just that, events that hold to occur simply because they want them to. When your home gets too cold, you raise the temperature on the thermostat; when it gets too dark, you circle on a light. Not plenary events can breathe scheduled, so your home automation platform has to breathe able to process need-based actions as well. Human participation in initiating the control action can breathe an smooth mouse click or two away or can breathe done by voice command with the HAL platform.
Event-based actions are triggered based on an event, either predetermined or accidental. For example, you might set your thermostat to circle on the heat when the temperature dips too low, or hold a trigger on your air handler shut off power to the unit if water is detected in the water pan.
Threaded through plenary of these prior circumstances to one degree or another is the wish they plenary hold to remain informed. Some conditions, events, and actions they want to know about as mercurial as possible. Other events they don’t requisite to know about but want handled as efficiently as feasible and without their knowledge, In some circumstances they want to breathe able to find out later, by looking at a log entry, that the situation was handled. For specimen they might want to breathe notified by email to their smart phone if an aging parent called during their absence from the house.
The feedback loop is a very desirable and primary feature of a modern home automation system for those of us who want or requisite to remain informed. Fortunately, unlike many products currently in employ for home automation, the HAL platform has the capacity to advocate us informed not only of those things happening in and about the home, but furthermore of financial, weather, and communication information gathered from the Internet or localized weather equipment. They live in an age when the accelerate of access to information and communication is unparalleled, so leaving some of the recurring chores of keeping informed and in touch though leveraging some simulated intelligence in their home automation can expand their own communication productivity and at the identical time free us to focus on other primary matters.
The staunch beauty of the core automation product line discussed in this engage is that the HAL software “communicates commands and processes device feedback” in enough of the commonly current home automation protocols that it is feasible to automate nearly every electrical, mechanical, and electronic device in your home environment.
The next section introduces highlights of the four very current home device control protocols and standards. As a hobbyist, you’ll find that it is primary to know that there are differing protocols and that some are more suitable for unavoidable tasks. By bringing diverse protocols into your home automation solution, you can hold the best overall system with the lowest overall cost of implementation. Because the HAL software operates at the application layer in the control model, you are not locked into any particular protocol, brand of hardware products, or technology. It is truly a solution that allows combining best of the protocol breeds.
Protocols and Standards
When setting up processes to breathe completed with home automation technology, there are some apropos details to deal with for whatever protocol your control devices are using, but only during the initial setup or installation phase. After you hold completed the device setups within the HAL software you will interact with HAL with language and words not protocols, but some readers will want to know about how those interactions assume place. This section gives an concept of what is going on in the background to accomplish your control strategy.
Home automation standards are the set criteria for how home automation devices respond to a control signal and discharge a function. There are many home automation standards, some of an open nature and others proprietary in nature.
Many consumers believe that implementing home automation is too expensive and available only to the very wealthy or technologically literate. Fortunately, the reality is that a complete home automation system is well within the gain of the ordinary home owner, provided that they hold some spare time and a budget to build out a system. HAL software makes for a cohesive platform by integrating these various standards and protocols under one digital “roof.” Not only does it act as the protocol communicator, but it furthermore translates the users’ needs into actions. After the devices and protocol interfaces are properly set up to labor with HAL, the HAL software does the machine-level translating of the command to the physical. By using HAL software to control the various physical-layer communications, a home can hold multiple types of devices installed and working together, even to the point of having a switch of one nature activate a device of another, each using different control protocols.
The next few sections highlight some details of how the protocol adapters communicate with the devices.
Because everything in home automation relies on electrical signals of one sort or another that carry a message to merit the changes for us, they are limited degree by the physics or physical properties of electricity as discussed in Chapter 1, “Home Wiring and Electrical Fundamentals.” Electrical signals can breathe of an analog or a digital nature. By using electrical, radio waves, or infrared light signals as their avenue or routine of communication along the home automation control pathways, they are limited only by the physical properties of those signals. With electric power they can channel it to execute work. By manipulating the properties of electricity they hold the faculty to communicate information to their advantage. They can employ this communication property not only to control electrical and electronic things but furthermore mechanical things like doors, locks, vents, and valves. This is accomplished by using the electrical controls and solenoids as their assistants to execute the labor from simple but highly defined message packets to control that work.
To borrow a page from biology, the control communication (electrical or wireless) pathway has to either sense and react to stimulus with a response or initiate a communication that will elicit a response or an action from a controlled device. Therefore, at the control pathway flat or sensory flat at the most primitive layer, there are only a few things that can occur with an electrical current to initiate or convey messages:
It can breathe turned off or on. Example: Voltage/no voltage.
It can breathe off, variable in voltage and/or current or frequency, or plenary on to the maximum. Example: high/low voltage; high to low frequency.
It can breathe measured within a low or high purview for voltage, current, or frequency to compare or match desired presets. Example: 95 VAC to 130 VAC: ordinary household voltage.
The sensed changes can breathe associated with time or timing cues to identify message start or near points.
These changes in the physical state are detected at the physical flat (hardware, media level) and are interpreted as coded messages high up the application stack. They are used within the devices to execute the state change defined in the message.
Imposing Messages on the Physical Media
At the most basic physical flat of the electrical wires or a wireless communication path, the medium used can carry an imposed signal of either an analog or a digital nature. The communication can breathe a one-way street; that is, sent only and received, or it can breathe twoway, with returned or reverse-direction message packets sent over the transmission medium from controller to device and back from the device to the controller. When an analog mode is used to communicate, the signal can breathe made to vary in amplitude or frequency so the resultant signal changes can carry frames of data.
In digital communications mode the signal can breathe chopped into time slices in which the amplitude of the signal is measured and is considered on or off in that time frame based on its strength, or measured as high or low in a time frame. These on/off states or high/low states of the electrical current or radio signal in digital mode are sensed or sent as changes in voltage, current, or frequency. They are used to depict zeros and ones or other numbers and are used as binary values that translate into data or information or are used as timing pulses to divorce and advocate track of chunks of the message. These representations of zeros and ones (or numbers) can breathe used at the remote near to depict anything necessary to discharge the desired actions or convey the sought-after information. Parts of the message packets identify the target devices or plenary the devices or a group of devices through the encoding scheme used in the protocol. Timing pulses are used to define the genesis and near of the remonstrate communication so the communication packets maintain whole message integrity or are resent in two-way systems until the whole data packet is acknowledged.
One-way protocols cannot guarantee whole message delivery. A feature called “checksum” can breathe implemented as a section of a protocol to test the message for completeness and integrity by running a math formula against the packet’s data bit and comparing that to the checksum value sent with the message packet. These fundamentals are implemented in various innovative ways, but at the most basic flat the communication occurs because of these simple property state changes at the electrical signal flat regardless of the physical media (wire, wireless, infrared, or fiber) used for the transmission of data. In the OSI seven-layer networking model this media layer is referred to as the physical layer. To execute the home automation projects in this book, you execute not hold to delve too deeply into how networking and communications are accomplished or understand them fully. Awareness of some features of protocols covered in this rapid overview should breathe sufficient for trusting that unique control messages can breathe sent and received successfully to merit the home automation device-level processes role to your benefit.
The four protocols of primary interest used in this book’s projects include X-10, UPB, INSTEON, and Z-Wave. There are other protocols as well and likely there might breathe innovators in the future that will create other useful ways to communicate from controller to device. Some people talk about the network of things, a concept in which everything in your personal universe is identified by a unique communication’s address, such as an IPV6 address, and everything is connected and reachable though that address. They are not quite there yet, even though many of the pieces are in place. They can, however, communicate prerogative now to the components that matter most to us by using these protocols.
In X10 the data message frames are imposed on an AC current carrying wire at the point where the electrical power is dropping from 120 volts positive down to zero and before the second half of the sine wave that is affecting in the opposite direction begins its half cycle.
The frequency of the transmission is 120KHz, and it occurs for only a very short span of time at a specific point in the 60-hertz current cycle, known as the zero crossing point.
There are 16 available House codes A though P, and 16 available Device codes 01 through 16, allowing for a maximum device matter of 256 for X-10 devices.
There are seven change state commands to issue to one-way X-10 devices—on, off, dim, bright, plenary lights on, plenary lights off, and plenary units off—which are plenary sent via a 4-bit code.
There are seven additional command/info settings available to employ in the devices and controllers capable of two-way X-10 communication: status on, status off, status request, pre-set dim, hail, hail acknowledge, and the extension code (or extension code itself).
The minimalist data messages sent as X10 communications are referred to as data frames and must include a start code signifying that an X10 command is about to breathe sent, a one-letter code signifying the “house” the command belongs to, and one role code. The binary for that could recognize like 1110 01001011 0001, carrying the information message start, house code epistle K, and command “all lights on.” It is a simple but limited protocol but is credited with genesis a trend in home automation implementation that did not require rewiring or additional control wiring.
Universal Powerline Bus is considered much more liable than X-10. UPB communication messages are sent at speeds of a purview of 120 to 240 bits per second.
In 60-cycle AC circuits each half cycle takes 8 1/3 milliseconds to occur. The UPB pulses are spikes in voltage placed on the power line at a precise time in each half cycle, the timing of which conveys a value from 0 to 3. Two bits of data are contained in each half cycle, and the data bits from four half cycles are grouped together and carry 8 bits of digital data, a UPB byte.
These bytes are combined into UPB communications packets sized between 7 and 25 bytes for interpretation and employ by the device. Each message packet contains a preamble, a packet header, the data message, and a checksum byte followed by an acknowledgment frame. The header packets contain the information about network ID, device ID, source ID, and a packet control word. The data messages furthermore contain the instructions for the device to perform.
One animated element and what makes UPB different is that the information about the device ID, network ID, and so forth is stored in nonvolatile recollection registers within the device.
INSTEON products operate by two communications over the media: over the home’s wiring system and over a preset radio frequency. The devices forward the INSTEON protocol signals, extending the network purview for up to three hops; the signal originally sent is hop matter zero (0). The three-hop circumscribe prevents endless looping of the command signals.
If the original signal is 0, then the first rebroadcast is hop 1; if the next device adds hop matter 2, and the next device hop matter 3, there are no more hop counts. So the original signal sent from the first device can travel though three layers of devices to the fourth device layer out in the remote network.
The RF signals are sent at frequencies of 915MHz in the U.S. The power-line protocol is transmitted at 131.65KHz over the wire.
INSTEON plays well with X10 devices although their protocols are different.
INSTEON is a dual-band communications protocol, significance that its digital signals can travel over the home’s wiring system and over radio frequencies.
There are about 200 available products that discourse and understand INSTEON communications. Not that anyone would ever employ that many but the core protocol can advocate more than 16 million devices per network.
The measure and smallest INSTEON message is composed of the following: from address (3 bytes), to address (3 bytes), flag (1 byte), command (2 bytes), and redundancy check (1 byte).
Z-Wave is a wireless protocol and is very much a networking protocol supporting trait two-way communication, much like the Wi-Fi that supports your computers’ connections to wireless networks. It operates at frequencies below 1GHz so it is mostly free from interference from the higher frequency Wi-Fi networks. A flat of encryption of the data is supported to advocate the communication between the devices secure and intact. Because it is at its core a networking protocol, it can advocate a version of IPV6 device addressing. It is a proprietary protocol but is supported by nearly 160 manufacturers making Z-Wave-compatible devices worldwide. There are nearly 700 available devices that discourse and/or understand Z-Wave wireless messages.
A home Z-Wave network can advocate 232 devices, and more than one network can breathe bridged together at a higher layer to advocate more than 232 devices. This is rarely done in automated homes for two reasons. First, controlled device counts above 100 are rare, and second, other technologies can breathe used and might proffer advantages in specific applications. When using HAL software as the hub command center, you are not limited to a specific technology as your home automation solution.
The Network ID (or Home ID) uses 4 bytes (32 bits) of the control message.
The Node ID uses 1 byte (8 bits) of the control message.
A single Network or Home ID can contain a total of only 232 nodes because some of what would breathe node IDs are co-opted for messages or performing exceptional functions. One has to accept that node IDs are identified from 000001 to 11101000 in binary or 0x1 to 0xe8 in hexadecimal.
Z-Wave’s approved radio frequency operating purview for the U.S. and Canada is set to 908.4MHz.
The devices emit low-power radio waves and the maximum transmit/receive ranges are considered to breathe 90 feet in buildings to 300 feet outdoors in the clear. Z-Wave presents a agreeable option for controlling something located in outbuildings supplied or powered by a different electrical service because of the potential to transmit signals via radio wave to 300 feet.
Each Z-Wave network begins with at least one primary controller and a controlled node. novel devices are brought into the network by a process called inclusion (or taken out by exclusions). After the network is set up, secondary controllers can combine and can breathe brought into the network.
Two types of device nodes can assume on one or more of three characteristics:
Controllers—Control other Z-Wave devices.
Slaves—Are controlled by other Z-Wave devices.
Routing Slaves—Pass messages to nearby neighbors, thereby extending the purview of control of the entire network but adding modest time delays for the routing table lookups and retransmissions to each next available neighbor in turn.
Z-Wave presents two clear advantages because it is wireless. The first handicap is that you can control devices that are on nearby alternative wiring systems. The second is that you can employ a handheld remote to control Z-Wave devices, again thanks to its wireless communication media.
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UC4 Offers Agent for Integrating Web Services
Product brings Web services into automated workload management framework
By Kurt Mackie
UC4 Software GmbH unveiled a product on Wednesday aimed at bringing Web services into an automated workload management framework.
The novel UC4 Agent for Web Services supports WSDL and SOAP protocols and integrates with UC4's V8 automation engine, which was released in May. The product supports legacy on-premises applications, virtualized applications and applications running in cloud-based environments. It can furthermore labor with any service-oriented architecture software at the front end, according to company officials.
UC4, based in Wolfsgraben, Austria, provides bright service automation software for companies with "complex IT and business processes," including big datacenters running multiple applications. In addition to addressing automation needs with Web services with its novel product, UC4 is looking more toward cloud computing, which represents an evolving target at this point.
"We're finding that the [cloud] standards really aren't that well entrenched," said Matthew Busch, UC4's product marketing executive, in a phone interview. "Each cloud provider is providing their own set of standards and APIs to labor with it, and that's causing a lot of vicissitude in the marketplace. What we're providing with the UC4 Agent for Web Services is a tool that will breathe able to communicate and labor with plenary of the different API sets that are going to breathe provided by plenary of the various delivery models."
Software-as-a-service providers execute provide APIs, said Fred Kohout, UC4's chief marketing officer. Moreover, infrastructure-as-a-service and platform-as-a-service companies are either providing or starting to provide a set of APIs that are Web service-enabled. However, many organizations trying to leverage cloud computing resources are soundless on their own.
"Right now with cloud environments, what we're finding is that it is very much a situation in which you hold to build your own," Busch explained. "If you hold to build and manage it on your own, they view UC4 Agent for Web Services as a tool to help you build standardized integrations and standardized processes to help manage the software that you are running as a service -- or the platform or the infrastructure."
The poke toward automation to effectively manage cloud computing resources is section of an industry trend, according to Kohout. For instance, Cisco Systems acquired Tidal in May, along with Tidal's Enterprise Scheduler and bright Automation technologies. In December, Microsoft acquired Opalis Software and its IT process automation technology with the concept of integrating it into Microsoft System center products.
"We view that automation becomes the next captious section of how you deliver a well-operating datacenter and how you optimize IT resources with and against your business requirements," Kohout said.
Microsoft plans to employ Opalis' technology to integrate with other infrastructure management products, such as solutions from BMC Software, CA, HP and others, according to its announcement. UC4 sees its solutions as being complementary to Opalis' software, according to Busch, who described Opalis' software as "a workflow enabler for the datacenter."
"Opalis is only concerned with the runbook in the datacenter, which is more of the infrastructure management," Busch said. "From UC4's perspective, they are working with not only the infrastructure and some of the automation of the infrastructure, but really with a lot of the application and business processes that are associated with it."
UC4's solution helps automate those processes using a graphical user interface. petite to no scripting is required, but IT personnel execute requisite to hold the scholarship of the API and the functions enabled, according to Busch.
UC4 is considered to breathe a "value leader" among workload automation software providers, according to Enterprise Management Associates' (EMA's) "Workload Automation: Q1 2010" report. The EMA WLA Radar Report institute UC4 to breathe in the identical top category as BMC Software and Orsyp. The report describes 13 software companies with "very promising solutions." However, not anything of them "has yet reached the pinnacle of maturity," according to the report's author Andi Mann. Job scheduling is the most advanced feature, but vendor solutions soundless requisite labor in terms of IT process automation, resource optimization, business integration and predictive analytics, according the report.
A November 2009 Forrester Research report ranked CA as the leader among workload automation software vendors, followed by BMC, ASG, IBM Tivoli and UC4. The report, "Market Overview: Workload Automation, Q3 2009," suggests that the next evolutionary step for workload automation software vendors will breathe to "integrate workload automation with business service management."
Kurt Mackie is senior news producer for the 1105 Enterprise Computing Group.