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74-409 exam Dumps Source : Server Virtualization with Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center
Test Code : 74-409
Test denomination : Server Virtualization with Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center
Vendor denomination : Microsoft
: 99 existent Questions
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Microsoft Server Virtualization with Windows
credit score: Microsoft
In February 2018, Microsoft officers announced they deliberate to create the home windows Defender superior risk insurance policy (ATP) attainable for windows 7 and home windows 8.1. The centered start date for regularly occurring availability on those systems turned into summer season 2018. On February 22, Microsoft officers blogged that home windows Defender ATP Endpoint insurance arrangement changed into now frequently obtainable for windows 7 and 8.1.
What changed into the holdup? I've requested Microsoft for comment, but no notice lower back yet. The February 22 weblog apportion up asserting availability stated that given that public preview, Microsoft has been working with customer to "validate, finetune and refine the provider." update: a corporation spokesperson talked about that statement in the blog is entire that Microsoft will share on the timing.
here's what they accomplish subsist cognizant of. home windows Defender ATP can assist supply assault detection and investigation on supported home windows versions. home windows Defender ATP offers preventative coverage; publish-breach detection and automatic investigation and response. in addition to windows 10, the latest list of supported windows customer types now comprises windows 7 provider Pack (SP) 1 enterprise; home windows 7 SP1 seasoned; home windows 8.1 commercial enterprise and home windows 8.1 pro.
home windows Defender ATP is constructed into windows 10 enterprise. Defender ATP is diverse from windows Defender, Microsoft's free antivirus provider it truly is bundled into a lot of windows versions. Defender ATP (codenamed "Seville" is a publish-breach carrier, hypothetical to advocate commemorate threats which hold made it past different defenses, give users capability to investigate breaches and present counseled responses.
starting with the windows 10 tumble Creators update, Microsoft officers entire started describing home windows Defender ATP as a set of equipment, which comprises Defender application purloin supervision of, Defender outfit purloin supervision of, and Defender Antivirus.
Microsoft is planning to drop attend for home windows 7 on January 14, 2020, however will proceed to provide safety updates for that version of home windows for three additional years for consumers who purchase prolonged security Updates or purchase the nevertheless-as-yet-unavailable windows virtual computer provider. Microsoft will imbue users who want to buy prolonged safety Updates per device and may imbue these working home windows 7 seasoned more than home windows 7 enterprise.
when you've got been following my blog, you doubtless understand that I write lots of step-by using-step guides for structure SQL Server Failover Cluster cases (FCI) on Azure, from SQL Server 2008 throughout the lastest. here are some hyperlinks to net you entire started, but really there is very itsy-bitsy incompatibility in the configuration between the distinctive versions of home windows and SQL Server, so I assume you might subsist able to determine it out regardless of what versions you utilize.
STEP-by-STEP: a way to CONFIGURE A SQL SERVER FAILOVER CLUSTER illustration (FCI) IN MICROSOFT AZURE IAAS #SQLSERVER #AZURE #SANLESS
STEP-via-STEP: a way to CONFIGURE A SQL SERVER 2008 R2 FAILOVER CLUSTER case IN AZURE
What I haven't addressed is what to accomplish about MSDTC. Microsoft addressed that listed here posted perquisite here.
although, that article/video only addresses SQL Server 2016 and later. The first rate information is that most of that tips can too subsist applied to SQL Server 2008/2012/2014. unless I hold time to accomplish a remedy step-by means of-step ebook i wished to jot down some basic notes, extra as a reminder to myself, however you might find this tips useful as well meanwhile.
The steps below anticipate you hold already created a SQL Server FCI in Azure and clustered the DTC useful resource. Reference the courses above for the details on these steps. The steps below truly simply ingredient the weight balancer configuration required in Azure to create this work.
Create Load Balancer for MSDTC
The MSDTC resource would require its own load balancer. as a substitute of growing a new load balancer, they will add a brand new frontend to the weight balancer that should already subsist configured for the SQL Server FCI. Of path this frontend IP tackle should vigorous the cluster IP address linked to the clustered MSDTC resource.
For the backend pool simply reuse the existing pool that you simply created that contains the SQL cluster nodes.
you'll exigency to create a new health probe committed to the MSDTC useful resource. The port you expend needs to subsist distinct than the one you used for the SQL useful resource, so don’t expend 59999. as a substitute probably expend something fancy 49999.
The closing step is to create the load balancing rule for MSDTC. Create a new rule and reference the MSDTC frontend that they simply created and the latest backend. subsequent they exigency to create a brand new load balancing rule. on the grounds that MSDTC uses ephemeral ports, which is a ample range of ports, in case you create the rule you exigency to select the box that claims “HA Ports”. and finally subsist inescapable Direct Server return is enabled.
replace MSDTC Cluster IP resource
identical to their SQL Server Cluster IP handle, they should elope a Powershell command so one can for the MSDTC cluster IP useful resource to respond to the health probe they just created that probes port 49999. It too sets the subnet masks of that MSDTC cluster IP address to 255.255.255.255 to reserve away from IP tackle conflicts with the load balancer frontend they setup that shares the identical address.
# define variables $ClusterNetworkName = “”
# the cluster community denomination (Use Get-ClusterNetwork on windows Server 2012 of better to learn the denomination of the MSDTC useful resource) $IPResourceName = “”
# the IP address resource identify of the MSDTC useful resource $ILBIP = “”
# the IP tackle of the interior Load Balancer (ILB) and MSDTC resource
# if you're the usage of windows Server 2012 or better:
Get-ClusterResource $IPResourceName | Set-ClusterParameter -numerous @address=$ILBIP;ProbePort=49999;SubnetMask="255.255.255.255";network=$ClusterNetworkName;EnableDhcp=0
# if you are the expend of home windows Server 2008 R2 expend this:
#cluster res $IPResourceName /priv enabledhcp=0 handle=$ILBIP probeport=59999 subnetmask=255.255.255.255
confirm it's working!
you could expend DTCPing or evanesce into allotment features and appear to subsist under computer systems>My computers>dispensed Transaction Coordinator the Place subsist sure you contemplate a native DTC and a clustered DTC. Any distributed transactions should quiet issue in the clustered DTC, not the native DTC. check out this video for an illustration of how to create a allotted transaction for trying out.
here's a brief and soiled ebook, however for the skilled user it can net your MSDTC useful resource up and running in Azure. I’ll subsist publishing a minute step-with the aid of-step ebook in the near future. in the meantime, in case you net caught don’t falter to attain out to me on Twitter @daveberm
Dave Bermingham has been an IT knowledgeable because 1991. In 2004 he begun labor at SIOS expertise and started to focus on exorbitant availability and catastrophe recovery options for windows and Linux purposes. He has been a Microsoft MVP when you deem that 2010 with a current focal point on exorbitant availability for SQL server and other applications running in the Azure, AWS and Google Cloud. He too keeps the blog Clustering for Mere Mortals where he writes many step-by way of-step publications and different resources in the zone of his potential. that you would subsist able to commonly locate him talking at SQL Saturday routine and different conferences, frequently on exorbitant availability and catastrophe healing options for SQL Server.
creating a selfmade VPN that you simply control and access in your personal phrases is not as problematic as you may believe.
graphic: Funtap, Getty photos/iStockphoto
in keeping with a 2019 document from Amerisleep, some forty three% of laborers in the u.s. create money working from home or different remote Place at some aspect entire the way through the direction of a 12 months. Telecommuting, working from the road, and the typical gig economy are entire trappings of the coincident collaborative, cell, and at entire times connected enterprise workforce.
although, while there are measurable benefits to a remotely linked group of workers, there are additionally colossal security hazards to mitigate. for instance, maintaining and securing the transmission of sensitive information throughout the information superhighway between your domestic office network and the better enterprise network requires, at minimal, a digital deepest community (VPN). in many cases, the VPN is supplied by way of the commercial enterprise, however an unbiased contractor working in the gig economy may must provide VPN services for themselves.
With the aid of cloud computing functions fancy Microsoft Azure, creating a do-it-yourself VPN that you simply control and access on your own terms isn't as intricate as you may feel. entire it takes is a virtual laptop working the preempt software. This tutorial suggests you how to installation your own DIY VPN using an Azure VM operating as a SoftEther VPN server.
SEE: assessment chart: VPN service providers (Tech pro analysis)
Azure virtual computer
This illustration assumes you hold already got a sound Microsoft Azure subscription. Open the digital community zone in the Azure Portal and create a typical VM the usage of default settings apart from one inescapable detail. You want to expend the SoftEther VPN photograph to your virtual laptop, which could subsist apportion in on the windows Server 2016 Datacenter working device. For an entire step-via-step elope through of a way to create this digital computer in Azure, check out a way to create and install a digital computer in Microsoft Azure.
As an choice, that you may select to create a basic home windows 10 VM after which down load the SoftEther VPN software to that VM from the web site. both components will work, however the first formula should quiet redeem you a while within the brief time era whereas the 2nd way might redeem you some cash in the future.
as soon as your VM is deployed, you'll should log in to configure the SoftEther VPN. Navigate to the virtual laptop component to Azure and locate the preempt VM, click it and press the connect link. you'll down load a far flung connection file, double-click on that file to log in to your VM. insist "sure" or "adequate" to the prompts and enter your administrative username and password.
in case you attain the computer, double click the SoftEther VPN application icon and connect to the server. you should definitely contemplate anything fancy determine A. the first time you start the utility, you're going to enter a short nascence up sequence the Place you are going to configure your VPN.
figure A: SoftEther VPN Server manager connection settings
The next web page ( determine B) items you with a few checkboxes with a purpose to activate your VPN security protocols. you should definitely click each the remote entry VPN server and the site-to-web page VPN Server or VPN Bridge containers to spark off these features. in your home office, you aren't more likely to exigency the advanced configuration.
figure B: Checkboxes which will spark off your VPN protection protocols.
subsequent, you're going to drag on to the Dynamic DNS setting screen proven in pattern C. create sure you change the denomination of your Dynamic DNS to whatever more memorable than the assigned DNS.
figure C: Dynamic DNS surroundings screen.
The next configuration monitor will inquire in case you wish to permit Azure Cloud VPN features, as shown in determine D. this is a free provider and is an outstanding first option to your VPN server, youngsters, you may additionally exigency to expend one more server software fancy OpenVPN. For their illustration, they can allow the Azure VPN.
figure D: allow Azure Cloud VPN capabilities.
The next disclose within the brief setup system will inquire you to create a new consumer account ( pattern E). click the Create consumer button and supply a denomination and password for a user. that you would subsist able to expend this configuration screen to establish credentials for any person else who can too exigency to entry your domestic workplace VPN server.
determine E: Create a new person account.
at the bottom of the create consumer brief setup monitor (figure E), you'll too want to trade the default local bridge to Microsoft Ethernet adapter.
When the quick setup is finished, you are going to arrive at the VPN administration console disclose shown in determine F. This where that you could address entire of the capabilities administration responsibilities you will hold for your domestic office VPN server.
figure F: VPN management console display.
At this aspect, there is just an extra configuration monitor to verify and ensure. click the IPsec/L2TP button and substantiate that both upper containers are checked off and enabled on the configuration monitor, as proven in pattern G. These settings will enable your smartphones to connect with your domestic workplace VPN.
figure G: Configuration screen.
domestic office VPN
Your new home office VPN is now able to serve. recall to subsist able to connect to it the usage of the applicable IP tackle listed on the administration screen. you could additionally add and subtract users to your VPN during the VPN administration console.
word, your Azure virtual computer isn't free, and you will subsist charged for it when it is active. The can imbue will differ a bit counting on the specifics of your VM, however in their example, costs ran about $1 per day. To redeem some cash, create sure to cease the server in case you shouldn't hold it and reactivate it when you do.
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Server Virtualization with Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center
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J. Peter Bruzzese, Ronald Barrett and Wayne Dipchan
Scenario/Problem: In any IT infrastructure, performance of the servers is expected to meet specific thresholds. The selfsame is remedy for virtual machines. How can you monitor the performance of your virtual infrastructure and expend the information you obtain to attend troubleshoot any issues you may subsist facing?
Solution: After you hold installed the Hyper-V role, the Windows Performance and Reliability Monitor contains 24 specific counters for your Hyper-V environment. You can find minute information on what counters to glance at for specific resource issues at http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc768535.aspx. However, reserve in mind that performance monitoring of a virtual machine is different from monitoring of a physical machine. Just one case is CPU monitoring. CPU utilization needs to subsist monitored in three different places:
Virtual Machine: CPU utilization takes Place within the virtual machine. Hyper-V Manager provides CPU utilization details here; in addition, you can glance at the %Guest Runtime counter establish in the Hyper-V Hypervisor Virtual Processor section.
Hypervisor: CPU utilization too takes Place in the Hypervisor. You can monitor this by using the %Hyper Runtime counter, too establish in the Hyper-V Hypervisor Virtual Processor section.
Host Machine: CPU utilization too takes Place at the worker process plane on the host machine. You monitor these CPU cycles on the host server.
NOTE: For information on the Reliability and Performance Monitor contemplate Chapter 12, "Monitor Performance and Troubleshoot."
Utilize System center VMM
Scenario/Problem: Your virtual infrastructure is growing at a very snappily pace. You find that within a few months, you are going to hold more than 200 virtual machines in your environment, and the weigh will continue to grow. You exigency a appliance that will attend you to tarry in control of the virtual infrastructure.
Solution: The System center VMM, a allotment of the System center family of products used to manage IT infrastructure, enables you to purloin control and oversee the virtual infrastructure. It enables you to manage entire your virtual machines and physical hosts. If you are close with VMware, this appliance will compare with V-Center. An overview of some the benefits System center Virtual Machine Manager are:
Is specifically designed for Windows Server 2008
Supports Virtual Server and VMware
Optimizes performance and resources
Maximizes data center resources
Enables simple machine conversions
Effectively provisions new virtual machines
Enables organized placement of virtual machines
Enables delegation of virtual machine management
Integrates with PowerShell
NOTE: The following are some of the other members of the System center family:
System center Data Protection Manager
System center Operations Manager
System center Configuration Manager
These tools and System center VMM entire require the purchase of a license. You can find pricing and licensing information for the VMM at www.microsoft.com/ systemcenter/virtualmachinemanager/en/us/pricing-licensing.aspx.
Let's purloin a glance at the different components of System center VMM:
VMM server: This is the core process that communicates with the host servers.
Virtual machine host: Hosts can embrace the following:
Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V
Virtual machine library server: The library is a catalog of resources that are available to build virtual machines within VMM.
Virtual Machine Manager administrator console: This is a graphical user interface (GUI) you can expend to manage your virtual infrastructure.
Windows PowerShell command-line interface: You can expend PowerShell to automate administrative tasks.
VMM Self-Service Portal: This is a web-based interface that allows the delegation of structure virtual guests in a controlled environment.
Microsoft SQL Server: This is an information store of the virtual infrastructure that is contained in the Microsoft SQL Server 2005 database.
The following are some useful functions establish in the VMM, besides the skill to create new and clone virtual machines:
Convert physical server: You can transform a physical server to a virtual machine (P2V). This process captures an image of the source physical server's disk and then modifies the OS and drivers to subsist compatible with Hyper-V emulated devices. You can discharge either an online P2V or an offline P2V. The online P2V does not require the source machine to subsist shut down as it uses VSS to capture the disk information.
Convert virtual to virtual: This comes into play when (if) you settle to transform a VMware virtual machine to a Hyper-V virtual machine (V2V). There are two steps to performing this conversion:
Copy the .vmx file and entire the .vmdk files to the Virtual Machine Manager Library.
Run the transform Virtual Machine Wizard to identify the disk formats and virtual machine specifics and then transform the .vmdk files to .vhd files.
The VMM now prepares the virtual hard disks for the new virtual machine creation.
As you can see, the Service center VMM can ease your job of managing the virtual infrastructure as it grows. You can even drill down your management to individual virtual machines by performing the following tasks on them:
Start a virtual machine
Stop a virtual machine
Pause a virtual machine
Shut down a virtual machine
Save state/discard state
Connect to a virtual machine
If you hold System center Operations Manager and reporting turned on, you can generate reports via the Operations Manager to net a view of how your virtual infrastructure is doing and what you can accomplish to improve the space. The following are some of the reports that can subsist generated:
Virtualization Candidates: This report takes a glance at your environment and identifies physical servers that are top-notch candidates for virtualization
Virtual Machine Allocation: This report provides information on where virtual machines are allocated. This can subsist used to identify cost centers accountable for funding the virtual machine.
Virtual Machine Utilization: This report discusses the resource utilization of virtual machines.
Host Utilization: This report summarizes host utilization figures, such as the number of virtual machines running on the host as well as host CPU, memory, and hard disk utilization.
Host Utilization Growth: This report discusses the growth on a specified host within a defined time period. Growth is presented in percentage and measures such things as number of virtual machines on the host and resource usage.
Prepare for new Features to Hyper-V in Windows Server 2008 R2
Scenario/Problem: Microsoft has definitely made mighty improvements to its virtual technology with Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V. However, it quiet has a way to evanesce when it comes to supporting virtual machines as well as VMware on ESX hosts. You want to stick with Microsoft products in your environment and exigency to know if its virtual technology is slated for improvements.
Solution: Windows Server 2008 R2 will provide many needed improvements to Hyper-V. The features they can glance forward to embrace the following:
Live Migration: This will enable guests' machines to drag from one host to another without application interruption. It is similar to V-Motion for VMware.
Support for 32 logical processors on a host server: This is twice the amount currently supported.
Hot add/remove of storage: R2 will provide the skill to add and remove virtual hard disks without downtime. This skill will subsist supported only with SCSI disks.
Second-level translation: You will subsist able to purloin odds of new processor features and lighten the load on the Hypervisor.
Dynamic memory: The recollection pool will subsist dynamically distributed to virtual machines. recollection can subsist allocated and unallocated, depending on use, with no service interruption.
With the addition of these features in R2, Microsoft will definitely subsist putting itself on the selfsame playing domain as VMware running on ESX. There will quiet subsist some margin for improvement, especially on the Linux advocate side.
In this chapter, they hold just touched on entire that is offered with Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V. To net more information, purloin a glance at www.microsoft.com/ windowsserver2008/en/us/hyperv-faq.aspx.
Implement and Utilize Hyper-V Installing and managing Hyper-V on Windows Server 2008 Server Core Using Hyper-V Manager to create virtual machines and hard drives Monitoring Hyper-V performance and utilizing System center VMM
Printed with license from Sams Publishing. Copyright 2009. Windows Server 2008 How-To by J. Peter Bruzzese, Ronald Barrett and Wayne Dipchan. For more information about this title and other similar books, delight visit Sams Publishing.
About the authors
J. Peter Bruzzese is a network specialist with eight years of experience in the information technology sector. Bruzzese helped configuration Clip Training LLC, which offers a variety of mini clips on topics from Windows operating systems to server applications.
Ronald Barrett is an independent consultant, trainer, author and tech speaker whose previous clients embrace Goldman Sachs, Microsoft, new Horizons and ONLC.com. Barrett has co-authored several books, including Administrator's usher to Microsoft Office 2007 Servers and contributes regularly to Redmond magazine.
Wayne Dipchan is the author of McSe Windows 2000 Directory Services Design and is a certified SQL database administrator. Dipchan is too a server expert for new Horizons, bear Stearns and generic Electric Company.
This course provides the training that can attend you prepare for the Microsoft Specialist Exam 74-409: Server Virtualization with Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center. You will learn the skills you exigency to deploy and manage a Microsoft Server Virtualization infrastructure in an enterprise environment. You will too find out how to configure, manage, and maintain Windows Server 2012 R2 Hyper-V and System center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager, including networking and storage services. And you will learn how to configure key Microsoft Server virtualization features, such as Generation 2 Virtual Machines, Replication Extension, Online Export, Cross-Version Live Migration, Online VHDX Resizing, and Live Migration Performance tuning, in addition to Dynamic Virtual Switch Load Balancing and virtual Receive Side Scaling (vRSS).
This course provides the training that can attend you prepare for the Microsoft Specialist Exam 74-409: Server Virtualization with Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center. You will learn the skills you exigency to deploy and manage a Microsoft Server Virtualization infrastructure in an enterprise environment. You will too find out how to configure, manage, and maintain Windows Server 2012 R2 Hyper-V and...
Posey's Tips & Tricks
System center VMM Library Availability for Unmanaged Hosts
By Brien Posey
System center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM) libraries can act as convenient repositories for entire of the various resources that are used in the creation of virtual machines (VMs). Libraries can store things such as ISO files, virtual hard disks and various types of templates.
Libraries are handy because they allow entire of these resources to subsist made available in a solitary location for expend on entire of your managed hosts. But what about unmanaged hosts?
Earlier this afternoon, I was working on a project and something painfully obvious dawned on me that, for whatever reason, I had never really stopped to assume about. You can probably uncover where this is going but before I spell it out for you, I exigency to purloin just a second to uncover you about my lab environment.
Because I exigency to subsist able to test the various concepts that I write about, I maintain a fairly extensive lab environment in my home. I've got about half-a-dozen Microsoft Hyper-V servers and a pair of VMware servers, entire managed by SCVMM. The Hyper-V servers are entire domain-joined, as is my SCVMM server.
As odd as it may sound, I watch to reserve these servers powered-down most of the time. The servers create a lot of noise and they heat up my office, so it just makes life easier if I reserve those machines turned off when I am not using them. Of course, that does not subsist substantive that I never expend those servers; I power them up any time that I am doing something that requires the expend of multiple VMs. For small "quick and dirty" jobs, however, I simply fire up a VM using desktop Hyper-V on the Windows 10 machine that I am using to write this column perquisite now.
Now that you know about my lab environment, let's net back to my earlier realization. Earlier today, I was working on a column and needed to net a pair of quick screen-captures. Rather than purloin the time to boot up a Hyper-V server, I simply started a VM on my Windows 10 desktop. As it turned out, though, that VM wasn't running the software version that I thought that it was. As I downloaded the version that I needed, it occurred to me that I had apportion a lot of time and worry into setting up a library of resources within SCVMM, but had almost nobody of those resources immediately at my disposal for expend with desktop Hyper-V.
For those who might not hold experience working with SCVMM, it is essentially a appliance for aggregating your virtualization environment. You can link your Hyper-V hosts to SCVMM and create library contents available to any VM on any of your managed hosts.
The flip side to this is that my Windows 10 desktop is not a managed Hyper-V host. In fact, I fancy to reserve my lab environment isolated, so my Windows 10 desktop is not even a member of the selfsame energetic Directory forest as my lab machines. Even so, it is quiet possible to access and expend the library contents from an unmanaged host.
An SCVMM library is really nothing more than an SMB file share. If you glance at pattern 1, you can contemplate that I hold created a close Windows file share and given everyone read access (although users will quiet subsist required to enter a password).
Figure 1: I hold given everyone access to this file share.
Now, I can designate the share for expend as a library within SCVMM. To accomplish so, just evanesce to the Library workspace. Right-click on the library server and select the Add Library Shares option from the shortcut menu, as shown in pattern 2.
Figure 2: Right-click on the library server and select the Add Library Shares command from the shortcut menu.
As you can contemplate in pattern 3, the newly shared folder is available for inclusion in the library.
[Click on image for larger view.] pattern 3: The newly created share is available for inclusion in the library.
Keep in mind that I haven't done anything out of the ordinary. This is the close way of creating a library share. The judgement why I worked through the library share creation process is to underscore the conception that while it is smooth to assume of a library share as being an SCVMM component, a library share is really just a close file share. Sure, its contents can subsist managed through SCVMM, but those contents can too subsist accessed by an unmanaged host (such as a non-domain-joined system running desktop Hyper-V) by using the selfsame way that you would expend to connect to any other file share. entire you exigency is a password.
It is worth noting that if you are trying to access a library share from a part energetic Directory forest or from a non-domain-joined machine, then there is a chance that your DNS server may hold inconvenience resolving the share name. If that happens, then just substitute an IP address (\\<IP address>\share name).
Brien Posey is a 16-time Microsoft MVP with decades of IT experience. As a freelance writer, Posey has written thousands of articles and contributed to several dozen books on a wide variety of IT topics. Prior to going freelance, Posey was a CIO for a national chain of hospitals and health supervision facilities. He has too served as a network administrator for some of the country's largest insurance companies and for the Department of Defense at Fort Knox. In addition to his continued labor in IT, Posey has spent the ultimate several years actively training as a commercial scientist-astronaut candidate in preparation to Fly on a mission to study polar mesospheric clouds from space. You can succeed his spaceflight training on his Web site.