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3X0-104 exam Dumps Source : Linux Security, Privacy and Ethics (Level 1)
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Test appellation : Linux Security, Privacy and Ethics (Level 1)
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: 122 real Questions
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At a Senate hearing this week in which US lawmakers quizzed tech giants on how they should travel about drawing up comprehensive Federal consumer privacy protection legislation, Apple’s VP of software technology described privacy as a “core value” for the company.
“We want your device to know everything about you but they don’t judge they should,” Bud Tribble told them in his opening remarks.
Facebook was not at the commerce committee hearing which, as well as Apple, included reps from Amazon, AT&T, Charter Communications, Google and Twitter.
But the company could hardly believe made such a pretense had it been in the room, given that its business is based on trying to know everything about you in order to dart you with ads.
You could shriek Facebook has ‘hostility to privacy‘ as a core value.
Earlier this year one US senator wondered of trace Zuckerberg how Facebook could dash its service given it doesn’t impregnate users for access. “Senator they dash ads,” was the almost startled response, as if the Facebook founder couldn’t believe his luck at the not-even-surface-level political probing his platform was getting.
But there believe been tougher moments of scrutiny for Zuckerberg and his company in 2018, as public awareness about how people’s data is being ceaselessly sucked out of platforms and passed around in the background, as fuel for a sure slice of the digital economy, has grown and grown — fuelled by a uniform parade of data breaches and privacy scandals which provide a glimpse behind the curtain.
On the data scandal front Facebook has reigned supreme, whether it’s as an ‘oops they just didn’t judge of that’ spreader of socially divisive ads paid for by Kremlin agents (sometimes with roubles!); or as a carefree host for third party apps to party at its users’ expense by silently hovering up info on their friends, in the multi-millions.
Facebook’s response to the Cambridge Analytica debacle was to loudly pretense it was ‘locking the platform down‘. And try to paint everyone else as the rogue data sucker — to avoid the obvious and awkward fact that its own traffic functions in much the selfsame way.
All this scandalabra has kept Facebook execs very diligent with year, with policy staffers and execs being grilled by lawmakers on an increasing number of fronts and issues — from election interference and data misuse, to ad transparency, hate speech and abuse, and besides directly, and at times closely, on consumer privacy and control.
Facebook shielded its founder from one sought for grilling on data misuse, as UK MPs investigated online disinformation vs democracy, as well as examining wider issues around consumer control and privacy. (They’ve since recommended a social media levy to safeguard society from platform power.)
The DCMS committee wanted Zuckerberg to testify to unpick how Facebook’s platform contributes to the spread of disinformation online. The company sent various reps to kisser questions (including its CTO) — but never the founder (not even via video link). And committee chair Damian Collins was withering and public in his criticism of Facebook sidestepping close questioning — adage the company had displayed a “pattern” of uncooperative behaviour, and “an unwillingness to engage, and a want to hold onto information and not disclose it.”
As a result, Zuckerberg’s tally of public appearances before lawmakers this year stands at just two domestic hearings, in the US Senate and Congress, and one at a meeting of the EU parliament’s conference of presidents (which switched from a behind closed doors format to being streamed online after a revolt by parliamentarians) — and where he was heckled by MEPs for avoiding their questions.
But three sessions in a handful of months is soundless a lot more political grillings than Zuckerberg has ever faced before.
He’s going to necessity to find used to awkward questions now that lawmakers believe woken up to the power and risk of his platform.
What has become increasingly limpid from the growing sound and fury over privacy and Facebook (and Facebook and privacy), is that a key plank of the company’s strategy to fight against the climb of consumer privacy as a mainstream concern is misdirection and cynical exploitation of cogent security concerns.
Simply put, Facebook is weaponizing security to shield its erosion of privacy.
Privacy legislation is perhaps the only thing that could pose an existential threat to a traffic that’s entirely powered by watching and recording what people sequel at vast scale. And relying on that scale (and its own murky pattern design) to maneuver consent flows to acquire the private data it needs to profit.
Only robust privacy laws could bring Facebook’s self-serving house of cards tumbling down. User growth on its main service isn’t what it was but the company has shown itself very adept at picking up (and picking off) potential competitors — applying its surveillance practices to crushing competition too.
In Europe lawmakers believe already tightened privacy oversight on digital businesses and massively beefed up penalties for data misuse. Under the region’s novel GDPR framework compliance violations can attract fines as high as 4% of a company’s global annual turnover.
Which would stand for billions of dollars in Facebook’s case — vs the pinprick penalties it has been dealing with for data ill-treat up to now.
Though fines aren’t the real point; if Facebook is forced to change its processes, so how it harvests and mines people’s data, that could knock a major, major cavity birthright through its profit-center.
Hence the existential nature of the threat.
The GDPR came into favor in May and multiple investigations are already underway. This summer the EU’s data protection supervisor, Giovanni Buttarelli, told the Washington Post to await the first results by the terminate of the year.
Which means 2018 could result in some very well known tech giants being hit with major fines. And — more interestingly — being forced to change how they approach privacy.
One target for GDPR complainants is so-called ‘forced consent‘ — where consumers are told by platforms leveraging powerful network effects that they must accept giving up their privacy as the ‘take it or leave it’ charge of accessing the service. Which doesn’t exactly scent enjoy the ‘free choice’ EU law actually requires.
It’s not just Europe, either. Regulators across the globe are paying greater attention than ever to the utilize and ill-treat of people’s data. And also, therefore, to Facebook’s traffic — which profits, so very handsomely, by exploiting privacy to build profiles on literally billions of people in order to dart them with ads.
US lawmakers are now directly asking tech firms whether they should implement GDPR style legislation at home.
Unsurprisingly, tech giants are not at every lone keen — arguing, as they did at this week’s hearing, for the necessity to “balance” individual privacy rights against “freedom to innovate”.
So a lobbying joint-front to try to water down any US privacy clampdown is in plenary effect. (Though besides asked this week whether they would leave Europe or California as a result of tougher-than-they’d-like privacy laws not a bit of the tech giants said they would.)
The situation of California passed its own robust privacy law, the California Consumer Privacy Act, this summer, which is due to near into favor in 2020. And the tech industry is not a fan. So its rendezvous with federal lawmakers now is a limpid attempt to secure a weaker federal framework to ride over any more stringent situation laws.
Europe and its GDPR obviously can’t be rolled over enjoy that, though. Even as tech giants enjoy Facebook believe certainly been seeing how much they can find away with — to favor a expensive and time-consuming legal fight.
While ‘innovation’ is one oft-trotted angle tech firms utilize to wrangle against consumer privacy protections, Facebook included, the company has another tactic too: Deploying the ‘S’ word — security — both to fend off increasingly tricky questions from lawmakers, as they finally find up to hurry and start to grapple with what it’s actually doing; and — more broadly — to withhold its people-mining, ad-targeting traffic steamrollering on by greasing the pipe that keeps the personal data flowing in.
In recent years multiple major data misuse scandals believe undoubtedly raised consumer awareness about privacy, and establish greater emphasis on the value of robustly securing personal data. Scandals that even appear to believe begun to repercussion how some Facebook users Facebook. So the risks for its traffic are clear.
Part of its strategic response, then, looks enjoy an attempt to collapse the distinction between security and privacy — by using security concerns to shield privacy hostile practices from faultfinding scrutiny, specifically by chain-linking its data-harvesting activities to some vaguely invoked “security purposes”, whether that’s security for every lone Facebook users against malicious non-users trying to hack them; or, wider still, for every engaged national who wants democracy to be protected from fake accounts spreading malicious propaganda.
So the game Facebook is here playing is to utilize security as a very broad-brush to try to defang legislation that could radically shrink its access to people’s data.
Here, for example, is Zuckerberg responding to a question from an MEP in the EU parliament asking for answers on so-called ‘shadow profiles’ (aka the personal data the company collects on non-users) — emphasis mine:
It’s very notable that they don’t believe people who aren’t Facebook users that are coming to their service and trying to scrape the public data that’s available. And one of the ways that they sequel that is people utilize their service and even if they’re not signed in they necessity to understand how they’re using the service to prevent dismal activity.
At this point in the meeting Zuckerberg besides suggestively referenced MEPs’ concerns about election interference — to better play on a security concern that’s inexorably close to their hearts. (With the spectre of re-election looming next spring.) So he’s making profitable utilize of his psychology major.
“On the security side they judge it’s notable to withhold it to protect people in their community,” he besides said when pressed by MEPs to reply how a person who isn’t a Facebook user could delete its shadow profile of them.
He was besides questioned about shadow profiles by the House Energy and Commerce Committee in April. And used the selfsame security justification for harvesting data on people who aren’t Facebook users.
“Congressman, in common they collect data on people who believe not signed up for Facebook for security purposes to prevent the kind of scraping you were just referring to [reverse searches based on public info enjoy phone numbers],” he said. “In order to prevent people from scraping public information… they necessity to know when someone is repeatedly trying to access their services.”
He claimed not to know “off the top of my head” how many data points Facebook holds on non-users (nor even on users, which the congressman had besides asked for, for comparative purposes).
These sorts of exchanges are very telling because for years Facebook has relied upon people not knowing or really understanding how its platform works to withhold what are clearly ethically questionable practices from closer scrutiny.
But, as political attention has dialled up around privacy, and its become harder for the company to simply negative or fog what it’s actually doing, Facebook appears to be evolving its defence strategy — by defiantly arguing it simply must profile everyone, including non-users, for user security.
No matter this is the selfsame company which, despite maintaining every lone those shadow profiles on its servers, famously failed to spot Kremlin election interference going on at massive scale in its own back yard — and thus failed to protect its users from malicious propaganda.
Nor was Facebook capable of preventing its platform from being repurposed as a conduit for accelerating ethnic loathe in a country such as Myanmar — with some truly tragic consequences. Yet it must, presumably, hold shadow profiles on non-users there too. Yet was seemingly unable (or unwilling) to utilize that intelligence to assuage protect actual lives…
So when Zuckerberg invokes overarching “security purposes” as a justification for violating people’s privacy en masse it pays to request faultfinding questions about what kind of security it’s actually purporting to be able deliver. Beyond, y’know, continued security for its own traffic model as it comes under increasing attack.
What Facebook indisputably does sequel with ‘shadow contact information’, acquired about people via other means than the person themselves handing it over, is to utilize it to target people with ads. So it uses intelligence harvested without consent to accomplish money.
Facebook confirmed as much this week, when Gizmodo asked it to respond to a study by some US academics that showed how a piece of personal data that had never been knowingly provided to Facebook by its owner could soundless be used to target an ad at that person.
Responding to the study, Facebook admitted it was “likely” the academic had been shown the ad “because someone else uploaded his contact information via contact importer”.
“People own their address books. They understand that in some cases this may stand for that another person may not be able to control the contact information someone else uploads about them,” it told Gizmodo.
So essentially Facebook has finally admitted that consentless scraped contact information is a core portion of its ad targeting apparatus.
Safe to say, that’s not going to play at every lone well in Europe.
Basically Facebook is adage you own and control your personal data until it can acquire it from someone else — and then, er, nope!
Yet given the compass of its network, the chances of your data not sitting on its servers somewhere seems very, very slim. So Facebook is essentially invading the privacy of pretty much everyone in the world who has ever used a mobile phone. (Something enjoy two-thirds of the global population then.)
In other contexts this would be called spying — or, well, ‘mass surveillance’.
It’s besides how Facebook makes money.
And yet when called in front of lawmakers to asking about the ethics of spying on the majority of the people on the planet, the company seeks to justify this supermassive privacy intrusion by suggesting that gathering data about every phone user without their consent is necessary for some fuzzily-defined “security purposes” — even as its own record on security really isn’t looking so shiny these days.
WASHINGTON, DC – APRIL 11: Facebook co-founder, Chairman and CEO trace Zuckerberg prepares to testify before the House Energy and Commerce Committee in the Rayburn House Office building on Capitol Hill April 11, 2018 in Washington, DC. This is the second day of testimony before Congress by Zuckerberg, 33, after it was reported that 87 million Facebook users had their personal information harvested by Cambridge Analytica, a British political consulting firm linked to the Trump campaign. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
It’s as if Facebook is trying to heave a page out of national intelligence agency playbooks — when governments pretense ‘mass surveillance’ of populations is necessary for security purposes enjoy counterterrorism.
Except Facebook is a commercial company, not the NSA.
So it’s only fighting to withhold being able to carpet-bomb the planet with ads.
Profiting from shadow profiles
Another specimen of Facebook weaponizing security to erode privacy was besides confirmed via Gizmodo’s reportage. The selfsame academics found the company uses phone numbers provided to it by users for the specific (security) purpose of enabling two-factor authentication, which is a technique intended to accomplish it harder for a hacker to bewitch over an account, to besides target them with ads.
In a nutshell, Facebook is exploiting its users’ cogent security fears about being hacked in order to accomplish itself more money.
Any security expert worth their salt will believe spent long years encouraging web users to whirl on two factor authentication for as many of their accounts as workable in order to reduce the risk of being hacked. So Facebook exploiting that security vector to boost its profits is truly awful. Because it works against those valiant infosec efforts — so risks eroding users’ security as well as trampling every lone over their privacy.
It’s just a double whammy of awful, terrible behavior.
And of course, there’s more.
A third specimen of how Facebook seeks to play on people’s security fears to enable deeper privacy intrusion comes by pass of the recent rollout of its facial recognition technology in Europe.
In this region the company had previously been forced to draw the plug on facial recognition after being leaned on by privacy conscious regulators. But after having to redesign its consent flows to near up with its version of ‘GDPR compliance’ in time for May 25, Facebook used this opening to revisit a rollout of the technology on Europeans — by asking users there to consent to switching it on.
Now you might judge that asking for consent sounds okay on the surface. But it pays to remember that Facebook is a master of murky pattern design.
Which means it’s expert at extracting outcomes from people by applying these manipulative murky arts. (Don’t forget, it has even directly experimented in manipulating users’ emotions.)
So can it be a free consent if ‘individual choice’ is set against a powerful technology platform that’s both in impregnate of the consent wording, button placement and button design, and which can besides data-mine the conduct of its 2BN+ users to further inform and tweak (via A/B testing) the design of the aforementioned ‘consent flow’? (Or, to establish it another way, is it soundless ‘yes’ if the tiny greyscale ‘no’ button fades away when your cursor approaches while the substantial ‘YES’ button pops and blinks suggestively?)
In the case of facial recognition, Facebook used a manipulative consent flux that included a brace of self-serving ‘examples’ — selling the ‘benefits’ of the technology to users before they landed on the screen where they could choose either yes switch it on, or no leave it off.
One of which explicitly played on people’s security fears — by suggesting that without the technology enabled users were at risk of being impersonated by strangers. Whereas, by agreeing to sequel what Facebook wanted you to do, Facebook said it would assuage “protect you from a stranger using your photo to impersonate you”…
That specimen shows the company is not above actively jerking on the chain of people’s security fears, as well as passively exploiting similar security worries when it jerkily repurposes 2FA digits for ad targeting.
There’s even more too; Facebook has been positioning itself to draw off what is arguably the greatest (in the ‘largest’ sense of the word) appropriation of security concerns yet to shield its behind-the-scenes trampling of user privacy — when, from next year, it will initiate injecting ads into the WhatsApp messaging platform.
These will be targeted ads, because Facebook has already changed the WhatsApp T&Cs to link Facebook and WhatsApp accounts — via phone number matching and other technical means that enable it to connect distinct accounts across two otherwise entirely divide social services.
Thing is, WhatsApp got chubby on its founders vow of 100% ad-free messaging. The founders were besides privacy and security champions, pushing to roll e2e encryption birthright across the platform — even after selling their app to the adtech giant in 2014.
WhatsApp’s robust e2e encryption means Facebook literally cannot read the messages users are sending each other. But that does not stand for Facebook is respecting WhatsApp users’ privacy.
On the contrary; The company has given itself broader rights to user data by changing the WhatsApp T&Cs and by matching accounts.
So, really, it’s every lone just one substantial Facebook profile now — whichever of its products you sequel (or don’t) use.
This means that even without literally reading your WhatsApps, Facebook can soundless know plenty about a WhatsApp user, thanks to any other Facebook Group profiles they believe ever had and any shadow profiles it maintains in parallel. WhatsApp users will soon become 1.5BN+ bullseyes for yet more creepily intrusive Facebook ads to quest their target.
No private spaces, then, in Facebook’s empire as the company capitalizes on people’s fears to shift the debate away from personal privacy and onto the self-serving notion of ‘secured by Facebook spaces’ — in order that it can withhold sucking up people’s personal data.
Yet this is a very perilous strategy, though.
Because if Facebook can’t even deliver security for its users, thereby undermining those “security purposes” it keeps banging on about, it might find it difficult to sell the world on going naked just so Facebook Inc can withhold turning a profit.
What’s the best security rehearse of all? That’s super simple: Not holding data in the first place.
Between the halls of Congress and the drive trail, Jared Polis stopped by a downtown Denver skyscraper on a recent Saturday morning to partake some recommendation with a group of military veterans trying to smash into the digital startup economy.
The jiffy was quintessential Polis.
It was portion tech, portion entrepreneurial, portion government, portion philanthropy. And his message to the dozens gathered there with open laptops and bite-sized breakfast burritos was simple: Your understanding is the most notable portion of the startup process.
“It starts with a vision and a plan,” he said. “It’s notable to find the understanding right.”
This fall, Coloradans will show Polis, 43, if he has the birthright ideas to be the state’s next governor. He and Republican situation Treasurer Walker Stapleton are competing to succeed Gov. John Hickenlooper, a current centrist Democrat who is term limited.
The charismatic whiz kid who grew up to be a multimillionaire entrepreneur and congressman believes Colorado is ready to accomplish substantial leaps on renewable energy, health care and early childhood education. Stapleton and other Republicans believe largely spent the year attempting to paint Polis as a “Boulder liberal” whose ideas are “radical.”
A Polis victory, based on the promises of expanding situation services, would trace a whirl for the state’s electorate, said Ryan Winger, a data analyst for Magellan Strategies, a Colorado-based Republican polling firm.
“If Colorado elects a governor enjoy Jared Polis, it would hint we’re stirring away from being center-right on fiscal issues,” he said.
Polis will be the first person to show you his ideas are “bold” — it’s literally his drive slogan and a sort of personal mantra. But the Democrat, who would become the first openly gay man elected governor of a situation and a father of two with a longtime press-shy partner, insists his drive promises are what voters want.
The limited public polls so far appear to back up that claim. Polis has led Stapleton by at least seven points in public polls released this fall.
“We’ll be able to assuage bewitch their situation to the next level,” Polis said.
The less pronounced question for voters about Polis’ candidacy may be whether he has the personality to be the “convener in chief” he claims he will be.
From the genesis of his political career, Polis has been a self-funded candidate who hasn’t had to pander to anyone to withhold his drive coffers full. It’s just the opposite: Critics in both parties believe wondered if he can effectively work with the state’s traditional power brokers — the very selfsame people who, over nearly two decades of self-propelled activism, believe felt Polis’ wake.
U.S. Rep. Jared Polis, the Democratic candidate for governor, addresses the Patriot Boot Camp to partake some of his traffic strategies and successes on Sept. 29. Polis helped start Patriot Boot Camp, which is a nonprofit that helps train military veterans in starting their own companies. (Photo By Kathryn Scott, Special to The Denver Post)
“One of the strongest ethical compasses”
To understand Polis the politician, you necessity to understand Polis the person, those closest to the congressman say. While his opponents remark Polis as temperamental and stubborn, his allies remark him as passionate and committed.
“Jared Polis has one of the strongest ethical compasses of anyone I know,” said friend Elliot Fladen, a solicitor and libertarian who says he often disagrees with Polis’ policy positions. But “that character he has of doing the birthright thing for his family, his friends, his constituents, his community — it’s what politics is missing today.”
Polis’ interests in politics and his personal principles began forming at an early age.
“His whole life he’s been very, very sensitive and compassionate,” said Susan Polis Schutz, Polis’ mother. Susan Schutz and Polis’ father, Steve Schutz, lived in Colorado when Polis was born but later moved to California. The brace started Blue Mountain Arts, a greeting card company, which they would later sell for hundreds of millions of dollars.
When Polis was 11, he spoke out against plans to develop a canyon near his family’s home. His testimony at a city council meeting changed the minds of council members. It was the first time Polis realized government could sequel profitable by voters, Schutz recalls.
In middle school, Polis and his classmates visited an orphanage in Mexico. The children there had no books, paper or pencils. It was there he realized not everyone was as fortunate as him.
It’s that sustain that Schutz credits for inspiring Polis to dash for the situation board of education when he was just 25 and to later open a network of charter schools for immigrant students.
Those experiences could besides assuage define one of Polis’ more infamous outbursts. In 2013, he exploded on the floor of Congress when a Republican leader sanctioned another Democrat for recognizing a group of people in the country illegally who were in the House gallery.
“You judge they want to be spending their time here, Madam Speaker?” he asked. “Is that what you think? … I want you, Madam Speaker, to address the judgement that they are here! They are here because their government is tearing apart their families, Madam Speaker!”
Fladen, Polis’ friend, said that jiffy could easily be misconstrued.
“The GOP has used this jiffy as a purported specimen of Jared not having the birthright temperament for being governor,” Fladen said. “They believe it wrong. This shows why Jared is the birthright choice. Because they want a governor who will not be indifferent when the defenseless are trampled upon by the government, but a governor who will become righteously impassioned.”
Andy Cross, The Denver Post
Jared Polis gives two thumbs up and a conquest speech at the Colorado Association of School Boards in 2000 after being elected an at-large member of the situation Board of Education. (Denver Post file photo)
“He’s a uncanny rich guy”
One thing Democrats and Republicans disagree on: Jared Polis is no regular politician. His immense wealth, accumulated in large portion during a string of successes in the early days of the internet and now estimated as high as $387 million, allows him to play outside the conventional political structure.
While Polis has long championed progressive causes such as legalizing marijuana and a single-payer health keeping system, he besides has a stalwart libertarian streak that pops up from time to time. For example, he wrote a policy paper suggesting the U.S. Postal Service should be privatized. He’s besides a member of the Liberty Caucus, a tiny organization of federal lawmakers — mostly Republicans — who back individual and privacy rights. He railed against the national debt, calling it one of the nation’s biggest national security issues.
“He’s a uncanny rich guy,” said Jon Caldara, president of the Independence Institute, a free-market judge tank in Denver. (Caldara besides writes a regular column for The Denver Post.) “That’s why so many Democrats loathe him.”
U.S. Rep. Ken Buck, a Republican colleague in Congress who represents most of the state’s Eastern Plains, establish it more diplomatically.
“Jared is difficult to identify in a lot of different ways,” he said. “He’s difficult to predict.”
In Congress, Polis was a champion for public education. He has said that one of his greatest achievements was helping write the Every Student Succeeds Act, which won bipartisan back and was signed into law by President Barack Obama in 2015. More recently, Polis has besides been a member of the Problem Solvers caucus, which has worked on health care, transportation and immigration. However, not a bit of the bills from the bipartisan group has received votes in either chamber.
Polis besides takes credit on the drive trail for helping meander Obama’s signature Affordable keeping Act through the Rules Committee.
But Polis’ investments in the health keeping industry, including a company he helped start before going to Congress, have raised eyebrows. Polis denied any contest of interest. Still, Polis’ wealth, blind dependence and numerous traffic interests have been repeatedly attacked by the GOP this fall. His drive has said that the congressman has complied with every rule in D.C. and pledged to sequel so as governor.
Polis likes to shriek his independent wealth means he isn’t indebted to the special interests that assuage pay for many politicians’ campaigns and drive policy debates.
Party leaders and lobbyists “know that I don’t work for them,” he said in an interview. “Honestly, I judge that was portion of Donald Trump’s attraction to voters, is that people felt that he was somebody who wouldn’t be beholden to the traditional power structure to quake things up. And I judge that’s portion of my appeal.”
Caldara, who remembers when in the early 2000s Polis would convene in to his late-night radio expose to argue every lone sorts of topics, agreed that Polis has Trump-esque qualities. He, though, likened Polis to Trump based on both men’s tendency to fluctuate on positions.
“He’ll shriek he stands for one thing and then two months later it is something else,” Caldara said. “Here’s a guy who wanted to privatize the post office and did nothing with it. He’s been pro-gun, and now he’s taking on the NRA.”
Caldara isn’t the first person to hint Polis talks out both sides of his mouth, but Polis dismisses these claims.
“It doesn’t accomplish sense to me,” he said. “I’m pretty passionate about where I stand on things. I don’t judge there’s any question where I stand on issues.”
Jared Polis, who has played baseball since he was a child, practices with other Democratic members ahead of the annual congressional charity baseball game against Republicans. (File photo)
“Polis had profitable intentions, but …”
Polis first splashed onto the state’s political scene in 2000, when he spent about $1.2 million of his own money to narrowly win an at-large seat on the situation Board of Education. Four years later, he successfully pooled his resources with three other left-leaning millionaires to assuage elect more Democrats to the situation legislature.
But it was Polis’ back of Amendment 41 in 2006 that really pitted him against the state’s power brokers — in both parties.
Amendment 41, which was approved by voters, limited gifts to elected officials, situation employees and their families, and banned lawmakers from lobbying for two years after leaving office. It besides created a novel ethics commission to investigate complaints.
The law’s effects — and unintended consequences, which were widely foretold — were immediately felt. A ruling from the state’s attorney common found that situation employees could not accept monetary awards for service, nor could their children accept scholarships to college.
Since then, the courts and the very commission the amendment created have issued guidance that has diluted the law as it was originally interpreted. A dozen years later, political watchers wonder given that lobbyists soundless hold immense clout at the legislature whether the law has made much of a difference.
“Since that time, everyone has adjusted,” said Paula Noonan, a longtime political observer. “Polis had profitable intentions, but it hasn’t worked the pass it was intended.”
Kathryn Scott Osler, The Denver Post
In a joint word conference inside the situation capitol, Gov. John Hickenlooper, right, and U.S. Rep. Jared Polis, announced the formation of a job favor to craft legislation to minimize contest over the siting of oil and gas facilities in Colorado. (Denver Post file photo)
“He was certainly determined”
In 2013, during an uptick in oil and gas production, Polis declared himself the kisser of the anti-fracking movement in a five-minute documentary posted on YouTube.
He made the video after drillers erected a towering well across the street from his family’s home in Berthoud. At the selfsame time, numerous communities in Polis’ congressional district were discussing a variety of different fracking bans, and lawsuits were making their pass through court.
A year later, after the situation legislature failed to near up with a compromise to appease both the oil and gas industry and local communities worried about safety issues, Polis went to work funding nine different ballot measures that would drastically change the industry.
His goal was not to ban fracking but to protect local control, he said at the time.
Months of violent negotiations among Polis, Hickenlooper, and the oil and gas industry followed. At times, it appeared voters would be asked to wade through competing ballot questions to settle the outcome. Hickenlooper, who was running for re-election that year, and his allies worried the measures would harm Democrats at the ballot box.
Reports at the time portrayed Polis as an immovable protest bargaining in less than profitable faith. Time and distance has tempered views of Polis held by some of those involved in the negotiations.
“He was certainly determined,” said Alan Salazar, one Hickenlooper’s top aides at the time. “He had a stalwart point of view and drew a line in the sand. (But) he was never unpleasant, never once.”
Ultimately, a compromise was reached. And while that might believe settled tensions with his colleagues in government, supporters of fracking bans were incensed. A day after Polis announced his agreement with Hickenlooper, protesters challenged Polis at a town hall.
“Our air and their water is not yours to gamble in a backroom,” one protester said.
Polis’ compromise soundless follows him. When he spoke at a gathering of oil and gas executives this past summer denouncing a ballot proposal to ban fracking 2,500 feet from homes, schools and parks, he was heckled by a tiny group of protesters.
AAron Ontiveroz, The Denver Post
Jared Polis awaits his introduction during a primary debate at the University of Denver on Monday, June 18, 2018. (Denver Post file photo)
“Ready for a problem solver”
Back in front of a friendlier crowd, Polis gave the veterans gathered in the Denver skyscraper another piece of recommendation that would appear to reply a lot of criticism about the candidate: Know what you’re profitable at and then compass yourself with people who accomplish up your deficiencies.
“I can be, to a fault, ahead of my time sometimes and always in a rush to accomplish things,” Polis said after the event, when he was asked about his own strengths and weaknesses. “I’m always trying to meander people faster. And my staff and those I compass myself with are always trying to gradual down a dinky bit.”
While Colorado has been on the forefront of many issues such as legalizing recreation marijuana, the state’s voters believe besides rewarded centrism in their candidates and incremental changes. Polis is betting his political career that they’re ready for someone bolder.
“Our situation is ready for a problem solver, for somebody who is a creative innovator,” Polis said, “for somebody who will challenge the power establishment on both sides of the aisle and the status quo, to ameliorate the trait of life and protect what makes Colorado great.”
Naperville District 203 is expected to adjust its information technology courses at the high schools to reflect current industry trends.
School officials on Monday presented the school board with a map to add three courses in the 2019-20 school year.
Jill Hlavacek, director of innovation and learning, said information technology systems 1 and 2 courses would be available to students in grades 9-12.
She said the first semester-long IT class would be a hands-on Look at the hardware and software used to power personal computers and information systems. Students would design, configure and install IT systems, as well as diagnose, troubleshoot, and repair issues.
The follow-up course, she said, would target more sophisticated IT systems, including computer networking principles, Linux, system security and computer forensics.
A year-long Project Lead the pass cybersecurity course would be open to grades 10-12, Hlavacek said.
She said it explores the tools and concepts of cybersecurity and allows students to create solutions that empower people to partake computing resources while protecting privacy.
Hlavacek said nationwide there’s a shortage of cybersecurity professionals, “and Illinois is particularly desperate.”
“With more than 300,000 cybersecurity jobs open in the United States talent gaps exist throughout the country,” she said.
Hlavacek said by offering courses to fill those positions, District 203 can find ahead of the curve.
The three courses will supersede the computer repair class and the LAN/WAN networking class.
Jayne Willard, second superintendent for curriculum and instruction, said the Career and Technical Education Department is ever-changing and driven by industry trends.
“As with every lone of their curricular areas, they constantly change, adapt, ameliorate and evolve. This is especially ethical with their CTE Department,” Willard said.
She said teachers embrace the continuous improvement process and strive to ensure relevant programming.
Work revising the Technology and Engineering Education Department started in 2017-18 and information technology, including cybersecurity, was a priority.
In the coming year, District 203 teachers and administrators will formalize the curriculum so the district has time to buy supplies and train teachers.
Hlavacek said the district will continue to push for certifications through the Computing Technology Industry Association, besides known as CompTIA. This could include the A+ certification for entry-level competency as a computer technician.
The school board is expected to sanction the map at its Oct. 15 meeting.