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250-365 exam Dumps Source : Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)
Test Code : 250-365
Test cognomen : Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)
Vendor cognomen : Symantec
: 324 real Questions
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Symantec Data Protection Administration for
I actually acquire a confession to make: I’m no longer usually blown away by the antivirus utility I review.
through the years, I actually acquire scholarly to are expecting sure things from these purposes, and that i haven't been terribly stunned with the aid of most types which acquire crossed my desk.
definitely, definitions evolve, and the potential of detection increase. however for the most half, antivirus application works its magic by comparing what it sees with a static set of definitions, then taking action when it identifies a healthy. The interface may besides become extra intuitive, deployment extra painless and detection extra correct, but the system itself is noiseless largely unchanged.
however the latest iteration of Symantec Endpoint insurance policy (v.12) was a pleasing shock. With SEP, Symantec changed course.
Symantec looks to acquire gone to terrific lengths to enhance typical efficiency by using practicing the software to tarry away from scanning files unnecessarily. To achieve this, it has delivered Symantec insight, technology that makes consume of facts amassed from greater than a hundred seventy five million decide-in purchasers to fee the defense of and assign reputations to practically each executable (.exe) file purchasable. The virus scanner uses this information to choose whether to scan a given file. When a reputation ranks particularly, the software will pass it altogether, without hardship minimizing scan instances and lowering ordinary system aid utilization.
additionally, the latest rendition of Symantec on-line community for superior Response (SONAR) introduces coverage enforcement, which helps conceal original malicious methods earlier than definitions revolve into purchasable. here is achieved via looking at a application’s conduct in precise time while leveraging its moves in opposition t a behavioral profile. If the culmination of a number of suspicious movements outcomes in a corrupt rating, the gadget will proactively cease the procedure and stop it from extra compromising the desktop. Any administrator who has wrung her arms (or pulled his hair out) while waiting for a virus definition supplant will runt question appreciate this introduced layer of malware insurance plan.
Why it works For IT
The administration console is well designed and effortless to breathe taught, proposing tackle and facts for the complete arduous in a solitary panel. administrators who acquire used age versions of SEP will find the layout and capable judgment regularly occurring, as it is strikingly corresponding to that of v.eleven. Most commonplace tasks may besides breathe performed in plenty the identical system as they always acquire been, from developing customized guidelines to deploying to original clients. Any administrator regular with this product household will haven't any issue getting as much as velocity with alterations within the original edition.
To support, Symantec preconfigures the coverage settings of the little commerce version of SEP 12. That potential directors can hit the floor operating, making customizations as essential.
ultimate, however removed from least, because perception reduces the data scanned and the length of scans, SEP 12’s performance is extraordinarily superior on customer techniques, resulting in an improved natural journey for conclusion clients.
notwithstanding the little enterprise edition boasts advances, they near at a value. The product becomes an terrible lot more cost-effective when an organization passes the 25-customer mark, and clients receive further coupon codes for longer subscription phrases.
We return to their evaluation of the cellular hazard panorama with a perceive at clean Symantec mobile protection facts.
What did they give?
Symantec despatched me some statistics that comes from 2018 and is from an inner evaluation of their Skycure/Symantec Endpoint protection cell purchasers, which is essentially enterprises, but some statistics is from consumer consume of their app. a few of their valued clientele pick extra locked-down and managed environments, primarily these in regulated industries, but they besides acquire customers that allow BYOD. Symantec can secure managed and unmanaged gadgets. most of the Symantec cellular safety facts I obtained is Android concentrated and restricted in scope, however they did deliver one information factor for iOS gadgets.
MalwareUnsurprisingly, the commerce is improved covered from malware than consumer-used contraptions. Symantec cellular safety records suggests that most efficacious 7.07% of Android instruments in an organization had at least one malware incident in 2018. (Symantec defines an “incident” as where an app designed to antecedent harm is downloaded or installed on a monitored machine; this may besides consist of apps that acquire been already installed on a newly enrolled equipment.) evaluate that quantity to the a lot better 22.35% of what Symantec calls “unattached gadgets,” which can breathe contraptions no longer associated with any firm, rather buyers that downloaded their app from Google Play or the App save.
however standard, malware is present in below 1% of Android apps which are do in on Symantec-monitored instruments. They carry out not import number apps that are merely considered perilous or undesirable that can besides carry out anything like now not properly protect person statistics however is in any other case professional. (Checking to perceive how security providers define “malware” is at every solitary times good.)
Of the Android apps analyzed in 2018 via Symantec, most efficacious .56% bought a medium or extravagant risk ranking, with .fifty four% of apps receiving a low possibility ranking. Any apps selected through Symantec’s proprietary risk score to breathe extravagant or medium skill the tackle will besides breathe a risk to the company and will breathe remediated. For low possibility ranking apps, they’re now not seen as probably corrupt and the person’s machine received’t rep flagged/remediated; notwithstanding greater regulated or conservative groups may besides choose to anyway.
Sideloaded appsFor Symantec purchasers, 2.04% of iOS gadgets in companies had as a minimum one sideloaded iOS app. Does seem to breathe pretty low in comparison to the records Lookout and Wandera up to now shared, certainly given how effortless it is deploy them.
Android updatesAbout 35% of Android contraptions that may upgrade to the latest OS supplant (even minor ones) had not. Symantec did keep that “this quantity varies significantly depending on when the information become taken relative to when original types are launched.” This makes sense, certainly on account that Android releases aren’t every solitary the time disbursed evenly throughout the 12 months. also, stand in mind that in Android, many devices rep monthly security patches that are fracture free OS updates.
final demand cellular safety statistics!
We’re making ready to conclude their review of publicly accessible and offered facts soon. So, if you acquire data that differs from the Symantec cell protection records above or validates what they and the other vendors (Lookout and Wandera) acquire already shared, gratify contact us!
Symantec Endpoint protection is a client-server utility platform that offers layered security for physical and digital endpoints geared toward environments with greater than 250 clients.
a similar product, Symantec Endpoint insurance policy little enterprise version, is designed for smaller environments with more limited administrative aid. A cloud-based mostly edition -- Symantec Endpoint coverage Cloud -- is additionally attainable for little to medium-sized organizations.
this article specializes in version 14 of Symantec Endpoint insurance plan.
Symantec Endpoint coverage contains antivirus and antimalware, a firewall and intrusion prevention part, host integrity checking, exterior media control, application control, community access handle, and web page looking coverage. Behavioral monitoring makes consume of computer gaining scholarship of to avoid most zero-day attacks, in addition to to cease the unfold of an infection if an assault breaches network or device security. The vigour Eraser factor permits directors to scan an endpoint from the administration console to purge an infection remotely, and system Lockdown handles application whitelisting and blacklisting.
Endpoint coverage does not present protection to cell devices, and Endpoint insurance policy little company version does not encompass email insurance policy, utility manage or assist for virtual environments.
The Symantec global Intelligence network, one of the crucial largest of its type, analyzes information from lots of of millions of users and sensors and works with Symantec's perception and SONAR (Symantec on-line community for advanced Response) technologies to establish and categorize current threats.
To boost performance, Endpoint coverage uses scan removing and deduplication techniques to slit back the number of data it ought to scan on each and every flow. additional Endpoint coverage elements then avoid malware and other threats from affecting customer endpoints.
Symantec Endpoint insurance contrivance helps Microsoft home windows Vista via Microsoft windows 10 customer programs, macOS and a number of Linux distributions. Supported server methods embrace Microsoft windows Server 2008 via Server 2016, Microsoft home windows essential enterprise Server, Microsoft home windows little company Server and a brace of flavors of Linux (purple Hat Linux enterprise and SUSE Linux business, amongst others).
For virtual environments, the respond supports Amazon WorkSpaces, Citrix XenServer, VMware vSphere Server (ESXi), VMware ESX, windows Azure, Microsoft Hyper-V and VirtualBox via Oracle.
Symantec Endpoint coverage little enterprise edition does not aid Linux operating methods, virtual environments or cell.
In checks conducted by means of AV-test in November and December 2016 on windows 10, Symantec Endpoint security 14 scored 17 out of 18 when evaluated for coverage, performance and usefulness.
The highest-ranking items birthright through that length had been Kaspersky little workplace safety and Bitdefender Endpoint protection, which each scored 18. Symantec Endpoint safety received the AV-test most efficient coverage 2016 award for offering astonishing coverage performance.
Symantec Endpoint protection for on-premises contains a management console that runs on a server and pushes agent software to each client. administrators can view and manipulate windows, Mac, Linux and digital machine clients and figure policy configurations the usage of the console.
Small enterprise version works in a similar way, but is designed for less complicated setup and administration. This product allows shoppers to figure consume of a cloud-based mostly host, or to install the administration console on an on-premises server.
Pricing and licensing
Symantec Endpoint insurance contrivance products are licensed per endpoint with criterion pilot included. customers can purchase licenses online on the Symantec store or via a companion for portions better than these offered online. the following desk lists the brand's suggested retail fee per license; extra portions are available at particular pricing. Symantec presents a 45-day funds-returned assure on Endpoint insurance contrivance purchases.
A free, thoroughly functioning 30-day affliction of Symantec Endpoint security or Endpoint insurance contrivance little enterprise edition is attainable from each product's respective website.
accepted attend for Symantec Endpoint protection includes access to the business's online odds base, eLibrary, champion videos, a community discussion board, the SymDiag diagnostic device, product documentation, and downloadable updates and upgrades.
Endpoint coverage clients might besides open a attend ticket by journeying Symantec's technical aid site or by means of contacting a Symantec attend technician through cellphone 24/7. Paid attend plans, which encompass direct access to aid engineers, faster response times etc, can breathe institute via Symantec resellers.
assist for little enterprise version comprises protection, provider updates and 24/7 telephone aid.
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Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)
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Three of the vast headlines so far this year acquire been data growth, the economy and data deduplication in backup. The first headline, relentless data growth, is the root antecedent of most issues in the backup environment. In an endeavor to meet service-level agreements (SLAs) for data backup and recovery, more and more organizations are deploying disk in the backup process. With disk, IT organizations can better meet backup windows and recovery objectives. But as IT "modernizes" its backup infrastructure with disk-to-disk backup, original problems emerge -- specifically, the cost of managing copies stored on disk, and the feasibility of taking disk-based backup copies and making them portable for offsite and/or long-term storage.
Deduplication addresses the first issue -- it changes the economics of disk-based backup, allowing more data to breathe stored in a smaller footprint. The second problem is the original pain point for stop users that acquire adopted disk. How can they rapidly, securely, cost-effectively, and efficiently rep data offsite for catastrophe recovery (DR) or long-term retention? Sure, most target devices with deduplication can replicate copies, but is the backup application's catalog cognizant of the copy? That's where Symantec Corp. Veritas NetBackup OpenStorage (OST) technology comes in.
Symantec announced its NetBackup OpenStorage initiative a few years ago. It is designed to allow NetBackup users to utilize third-party storage solutions without the requisite for tape emulation.
Available as an option for NetBackup 6.5 and higher, NetBackup OpenStorage gives NetBackup a common interface for third-party disk targets. NetBackup sees OST-enabled appliances as disk, enabling features such as intellectual capacity management, media server load balancing, reporting, and lifecycle policies. It besides delivers optimized duplication. Without OST, NetBackup media servers acquire to manage every solitary duplicate backup copies, which means that data must breathe transferred across the LAN, WAN, or SAN from the primary site secondary storage to a NetBackup media server and then to the catastrophe recovery site storage medium (i.e., another appliance of the identical nature or tape media). With OST, the OST-enabled device is doing the replication and the data path does not embrace NetBackup media servers. This means that only changed segments are replicated, creating savings in bandwidth and, importantly, time. NetBackup is cognizant of every solitary copies and those copies succeed established retention policies.
Symantec Technology Enabled Program (STEP) partners -- such as Data Domain, EMC Corp., FalconStor Software, and Quantum Corp. -- leverage the NetBackup OpenStorage technology API to create plug-ins for their storage systems. OST allows for backup data to breathe stored on disk with whatever protocol the target device uses, such as a Fibre Channel or TCP/IP. Based on NetBackup policies or commands, the OST-enabled device will create, duplicate or delete copies.
One of the more consuming byproducts of the consume of the NetBackup OpenStorage interface is the performance improvement in backup. Several STEP partners with an OST-enabled solution pretense 50% to100% improvement in backup performance. Richard Nosal, a server administrator for high Point Regional Health System in Greensboro, N.C., implemented the NetBackup OST option with a Data Domain DD660 and saw his pre-OST 10-hour backup window with a virtual tape library slit in half.
Since the NetBackup catalog is cognizant of every solitary copies, recovery of data from a NetBackup OpenStorage-optimized duplicate copy is the identical as recovery from another duplicate. Through NetBackup's Backup-Archive-Restore GUI, the OST-optimized duplicate copy can breathe designated as the primary copy and then a replete or granular recovery can breathe initiated. The potential time savings over recovery from a non-OST-optimized duplicate could breathe significant.
About this author:Lauren Whitehouse is an analyst with Enterprise Strategy Group and covers data protection technologies. Lauren is a 20-plus-year veteran in the software industry, formerly serving in marketing and software progress roles.
The countdown to Windows 8.1 is officially on. Whoever thinks that Windows 8.1 is squarely a consumer-centric release is heavily mistaken. After spending a month with Windows 8.1 Pro on my Thinkpad X230 Tablet, I can definitively insist that Windows 8.1 is shaping up as a rock-solid option for the enterprise. I've previously written about why businesses should acquire been considering Windows 8 for their next upgrade cycles. With 8.1, Microsoft's latest OS is a service pack on more than a few steroids.
By any measure, I've been a vocal, bullish early adopter of Windows 8. My day to day consulting travail for customers doesn't allow me to tarry stuck on previous generations of Windows. Even if I did prefer Windows 7, my mixed client ground is touching to 8 whether I like it or not. I requisite to breathe prepared for the questions and troubleshooting that ensues, which means I requisite to breathe their resident Windows 8 expert.
And I won't lie: Microsoft has pleasantly surprised me with Windows 8. Even on a non-touchscreen Thinkpad T410, my experiences with the original OS acquire been generally positive. Sure, my initial foray was met with skepticism and a twitch crave for the age and familiar, but I got past the mental speedbump and haven't turned back.
I readjusted my workflow when I made the switch off Windows 7. mind you, I spend about 90 percent+ of my time in the Desktop interface on 8 (and recently, 8.1) and after a few hours of hunting for the Start button, I started to grasp odds of the fruits that 8 offers. Searching for what I requisite instead of pecking through menus or organizing rows of shortcuts. Making consume of the Charms. After a while it hit me: this original interface just made sense. I institute myself saving time on mundane tasks that were otherwise nestled in click-here, click-there combinations.
My day to day travail is highly dynamic and the needs of the hour determine what I'm working within. One minute I'm administering a server over Remote Desktop or helping a customer with their live champion tool, ScreenConnect. The next I'm cranking out a proposal in Google Docs. Perhaps working on my company's financials in QuickBooks Online. hurl in some Hyper-V and VirtualBox usage for testing different OSes, and round out my day doing some number crunching in Excel. I acquire yet to hurl a consume case scenario at Win 8 that didn't feel birthright or travail as expected. I besides cannot remember a solitary "Blue Screen" since jumping ship from Windows 7.
This transition for the Microsoft OS ecosystem is no doubt a generational one. Not unlike Office when the Ribbon trashed the menu-heavy interface in version 2007. Not unlike how XP completely transformed the Start Menu from the die-hard Classic look/feel of Windows 2000. And to a lesser extent, not unlike Windows 3.1 which slapped a replete GUI on us and rejected the notion that "everyone wanted DOS". I'm noiseless not sure why companies like Apple can toss the revolutionary iOS on a generation of users without a hint of an uproar, and Microsoft is held to a last-generation expectation from the masses. Double standard, anyone?
Just two decades ago, the command line of DOS gave course to the first wave of Windows GUI desktops in the workplace. noiseless yearning to hurry back -- for age time's sake? The removal of the traditional Start Menu is no different in conceptual progression. (Image Source: Microsoft)
Enough with the soapbox. Windows 8.1 brings a ton of original functionality to the table for the business, government, nonprofit, and education sectors. And the best participate about the original OS? It's completely free. As in zero dollars, zero cost, you cognomen it. Businesses that acquire already either partially or fully moved to Windows 8 will breathe able to rep the update at the identical cost of free as any consumer. This goes for organizations who besides leverage Software Assurance or Volume Licensing for their Microsoft software rights. If you acquire licensing for Windows 8 or are getting access soon, you will breathe eligible to figure the hurry to 8.1 at no charge. As you'll survey below, there are few reasons not to grasp advantage.
So what are these desirable original functionalities that Microsoft has baked into Windows 8.1? Here's a closer perceive at the ones I survey as most relevant, divided into logical sections so you can peruse by category with ease.
Windows 8.1: Security
Drive Encryption for Everyone: Microsoft is deceased sober about encryption security for Windows 8.1. That's why every edition of Windows 8.1 will acquire the underlying technology behind BitLocker baked in, with the Pro and Enterprise flavors getting replete administrative control as was the case previously in varying extent since Windows Vista. Upon login with a Microsoft Account, any Windows 8.1 machine will acquire encryption for the main OS drive turned on by default. This is excellent word for medical offices who are facing the mad dash towards IT HIPAA compliance.
Remote Selective Data Wipe: Up until now, BYOD in the workplace has been a pain in the rear. When it comes to differentiating access to corporate data, traditional VPNs and participate permissions off servers acquire done runt to paint the black and white lines of what employees should retain and what needs to rep returned once a worker leaves a business. They deal with it every solitary the time in my consulting business. The next best thing to completely blocking BYOD has been Windows Remote Desktop Services, leveraging Session Based Desktops, but this doesn't meet everyone's needs.
Remote Selective Wipe in Windows 8.1 allows companies or organizations to specify what data is owned by the employer and should rep wiped or indefinitely locked on the stop user's device when they leave. This means companies can dole out more bounteous access to censorious data without fretting about what will rep plucked when a valuable employee gets picked up by the competition. This helps reduce capital investment in laptops/tablets while enabling for a secure approach to BYOD which has never been offered on such a pervasive scale before.
Work Folders to Simplify File Access: The course they used to dole out file access to users was never intended for the modern BYOD workplace. Offline Files, remote VPN access, etc were every solitary impoverished corps aids to a vast problem: how can workers rep access on the hurry with relatively runt effort, without ruining file synchronization on the server? travail Folders in Windows 8.1 (coupled with Server 2012R2 on the backend) solves this brilliantly. The technology is a lot like what SkyDrive offers on the personal and Office 365 side of things. Files can rep assigned and synced to user devices for on-the-go editing access, and when an internet connection gets restored, the files are streamed and synced back to the central server. Remote file access that finally just works.
Work Folders bring the power of SkyDrive-esque technology to the endemic Windows 8.1 suffer specifically for the workplace. Microsoft's cruddy Offline Files technology finally bids a long overdue farewell. (Image Source: Microsoft Channel9)
Microsoft has a powerful overview video of the tech on Channel9 as well as a nice in-depth writeup on TechNet.
Workplace combine is like AD-lite: It was either you were on a Workgroup or an AD Domain -- and that was it. Not anymore. Windows Workplace Join allows sysadmins to provide a "purgatory" of sorts that is not quite replete AD, but not as lax as being joined to a Workgroup. You can watch a replete demo of how simple this technology works from this year's BUILD 2013 conference.
Native Biometric Recognition Support: Fingerprint readers acquire been a mainstay for commerce line laptops for years. Most Thinkpads I acquire owned over the ultimate ten years acquire had one. The problem is, they always required additional vendor software to consume the functionality. This increases overhead, administrative effort, and in the end, besides increases likelihood for issues over the long run. Which is one of the reasons why biometric uptake has been gradual on Windows. Windows 8.1 has endemic fingerprint and virtual smart card champion out of the box to secure the logon process. About time, Microsoft.
Network deportment Monitoring in Windows Defender: While Defender alone should not breathe considered a comprehensive security solution, the fact that it will now acquire some HIPS functionality (Host Based Intrusion Prevention System) is reassuring. My company's favorite AV product, ESET NOD32, has had HIPS functionality since version 5. Microsoft is claiming that in Windows 8.1, Windows Defender will breathe able to spot suspicious network deportment from both known and unknown threats alike.
I wouldn't hinge my entire company's security contrivance around it, but it is reassuring to know that every 8.1 system out of the box will acquire a fairly decent plane of protection from modern tangled threats natively.
Assigned Access for Dirt effortless "Kiosk Mode": This original feature is especially nice for the education and commerce sectors. Previously, when organizations wanted to restrict access to a solitary interface -- for example, a web browser locked to a sure site or a given app -- they had to leverage combinations of tangled Group Policies and/or AppLocker rules. These solutions worked, but boy, the amount of legwork and testing required made even the seasoned IT sysadmin sweat.
Assigned Access, which is available in Windows 8.1 RT, Pro, and Enterprise allows for admins to lock down an 8.1-powered device to function within a single, designated Windows Store app. It could breathe a reading application for Surface RT tablets in K-12 education. Or perhaps a line of commerce program for a sales accommodate out in the province on convertible tablets. The uses are near limitless.
"The Most Secure OS Ever Made": According to Microsoft, Windows 8 is 21 times safer than Windows XP, and 6 times safer than Windows 7, from a malware infection perspective. Renowned AV vendor ESET has said similar praises about Windows 8 being the "most secure version of Windows ever." After years of hullabaloo about a mass exodus from Windows to Mac due to security, researchers are coming out and claiming that Macs acquire nothing inherently more secure about them, and original malware that hit OS X earlier this year is continuing to prove the cracks in Apple's security-by-obscurity approach. For the enterprise stuck on an imploding island of XP machines, Windows 8.1 is looking like a much better replacement than Windows 7 or Mac.
Security in Windows 8.1 is a vast deal. Security researchers acquire already begun saw that government agencies looking to upgrade to Windows 8 are making a "good move." And seeing that Microsoft has promised champion for Windows 8 (and 8.1) through Jan 2023, the OS will savor a plush 10 year lifespan for organizations that figure the hurry now.
Windows 8.1: Networking & RDS
Big Improvements for RDS: When used in conjunction with Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1 with Remote Desktop Services Session Host Desktops (RDSH) allows for desirable extended capabilities. For example, sysadmins and IT champion staff can now actively view and control user desktop sessions to provide attend desk style champion and respond questions on functionality through Session Shadowing. The networking side of RemoteApp has been markedly improved even further, allowing for crisper usage of RDS-hosted RemoteApp programs in low bandwidth scenarios like on mobile 4G cards or at wifi hotspots. RDS on 8.1 besides finally introduces multi monitor champion for users, acceptation that "Terminal Services" doesn't acquire to breathe a second class experience. This besides includes replete finger capability for RDS sessions!
New Simple Printer Connection Options: Two original wireless-enabled printing capabilities are being added natively to Windows 8.1. The first, Wi-Fi Direct, allows anyone to connect a mobile device to a Wi-Fi Direct printer to leverage ad-hoc printing without the requisite for drivers or an existing wireless network. NFC tap-to-pair printing is very similar, and can allow an NFC device like a smartphone to merely "bump" a printer that has an NFC tag placed on it to establish a simple direct printing connection on the spot.
Easy Hotspot Creation from your PC: Internet Connection Sharing has been around for a long time. But it's been a junk feature for as long as I can remember. arduous to configure, and even more difficult for others to leverage. Windows 8.1 brings the notion of effortless hotspot creation to every PC, which is powerful for situations where, for example, staff members are trying to participate a solitary wired LAN connection at a conference margin before a sales presentation. Wi-Fi isn't ubiquitous or free everywhere yet, so this is a welcome original feature for mobile road warriors.
Auto-Triggered VPN Access: We're every solitary used to the errors and access issues presented by applications they just forget that requisite VPN access to the corporate network when in the field. Windows 8.1 looks to decipher these dilemmas once and for every solitary with Auto-Triggered VPN settings that can prompt for necessary VPN credentials whenever sure items necessitate them. Forgetting to connect to the VPN won't stop up in a molasses-crawl to the expected "access denied" prompts anymore.
Better Out-of-Box VPN Client Support: You can cross four vendor VPN application add-ons off the list of programs needed to rep onto the corporate network. Microsoft has caked in endemic champion for SonicWall, Juniper, Check Point, and F5 VPN firewall connectivity. You check check out the short spiel on this from the BUILD 2013 event on Windows 8.1.
Simplified, effortless Management of Devices in Windows Intune: Windows 8.1 and 8.1 RT brings the next progression of Windows Intune to the forefront, allowing for unified centralized cloud management of every solitary your Windows devices. Schools, nonprofits, and businesses can every solitary benefit from such management capabilities, especially on the Windows RT side where devices cannot breathe natively joined to dynamic Directory. What used to breathe relegated to MSC 2012 for an on-premise server is now extended fully to the cloud with Intune.
This is excellent word for organizations with runt budget for capital expenses on servers and extensive setup labor. Intune comes in as cheap as $6 USD/month for licensing without Software Assurance -- a real compact compared to some BYOD management suites.
Windows 8.1: UI & Functionality
Smart Search: If you happened to savor the excellent built-in search capabilities in Windows 8, then 8.1 is not going to let you down. The identical speedy, integrated search suffer noiseless exists and permeates in Windows 8.1, but is brought to the next plane via Bing inclusion. This means you can search for anything from the Modern UI interface. ultimate week's fiscal spreadsheet, your family photos from vacation, the apps you consume day to day, and internet-powered results for items like news, weather, research material, etc. Paul Thurrott goes into excellent detail on this functionality on his blog.
Windows Button "Right Click Menu": The fact that the Start Button is back in a limited figure is age news. The best participate about the original Start Button is the hidden "right click menu" that provides a juicy amount of effortless access to numerous functions most IT pros grasp for granted. Heck, many of these items are now easier to rep to then they were in Windows 7. This not-so-secret menu makes it simple to shut down your machine, open command prompt, or a bevy of other options. Yes, this easter egg of sorts existed in stock Windows 8, but the addition of the original power-related options figure this revised menu a keeper. survey below for more information.
Boot Straight to Desktop Mode: This is awesome word for workers like me, that spend a majority of their time in the Desktop interface and only dabble onto the Modern UI for a runt after-hours activity. In 8.1, anyone can configure their PC to boot straight to the confidential desktop interface, acceptation you can rep straight to work, bypassing the Start Screen entirely. A small, but timely, touch.
Just as Fast, Just as Slim as 8: This isn't necessarily a feature per-se, but it's one heck of a nicety. Not only does Windows 8.1 acquire the identical exact hardware requirements as Windows 8 - but these befall to breathe the exact identical requirements as Windows 7 had. What gives? Microsoft has created a lanky mean, processing machine in Windows 8 and the trend continues. While I don't acquire any arduous numbers or results to back it up, my non-scientific feelings lead me to believe that 8.1 runs smoother than 8, most notably on startup and shutdown. SSD users are in for a blazing rapid experience. You will likely miss the original boot screen with the funky Betta Fish if you don't perceive carefully.
This besides means that those computers which would acquire otherwise gotten canned at the office can more than likely rep upgraded to Windows 8.1. Seeing that Windows 8 did away with the recollection and battery intensive Aero interface, you will besides ideally survey better pound-for-pound natural usage performance from Windows 8.1 then you otherwise would with the identical specs loaded up on Windows 7.
The bloat that Microsoft was known for from Windows 2000 to XP, then from XP to Vista is a thing of the past.
Miracast for Wireless display Projection: Miracast is an open alternative to (but fully compatible with) Intel's WiDi technology that started the wireless projection market. Windows 8.1 has this desirable technology built birthright in, which means if you acquire a Miracast enabled projector in the board room, but your laptop doesn't acquire the DisplayPort connection that it needs, you can consume Miracast to setup a Wi-Fi Direct signal to the unit in order to present your material. Xbox One has this built in as well, and many original displays and projectors are promising to bundle this technology going forward. Could this breathe the birth of the stop for cable and dongle-heavy board rooms? Time will tell.
(Image Source: BusinessInsider.com)
Windows 8/RT Store Not a Ghost Town Anymore: The media kept rubbing Windows 8 for not having much of a useful Windows Store at launch ultimate year. How the tables acquire turned. While the situation is not on par with what Android or iOS have, the fact that Windows Store now offers 54% of the top 100 iOS apps is pretty commendable 10 months in. As of September 1, the Windows Store had over 114,000 apps and counting. The list will only retain growing as time goes on.
Internet Explorer 11 is Faster, Safer: As if a original Internet Explorer release was ever missing those two descriptions, IE11 promises a runt bit of "better everything." Faster load times, better compliance with web standards and HTML5, side-by-side browsing of sites, and deeper anti-malware integration for catching nasties before they are even allowed to launch. For companies that depend on a strict policy of IE due to corporate protocol or ease of administration, IE11 will breathe a no brainer to figure life easier on the end-user and management fronts.
Surface RT gets Outlook 2013 with 8.1 RT: A lot of word outlets are forgetting to cover this factoid, but for commerce professionals leveraging the Surface RT, they should know that Outlook 2013 is launching alongside Windows 8.1 RT for the Surface RT. Free of charge, of course. This means Office 365 users who acquire Exchange Online accounts, or other IMAP/POP users, can easily connect their email to arguably the most powerful email and organization app ever made for the computing world. I'm rolling out Surface RT tablets at some of my customer offices, and this will figure the product even that much more attractive for the workplace.
3D Printing champion Out-of-the-Box: Not the biggest deal for most businesses (yet), but if the 3D printing revolution ever takes off, Windows 8.1 has the necessary hardware/software champion built in to leverage the technology natively. My only suffer with 3D printers was at my age school district job, where the Applied Arts department had one that could figure CAD-developed prints out of plastic in 30-60 min timeframes. Perhaps the newest generation of these units are much more dazzling in wait times. I expect numerous markets to start taking odds of the dropping expense points and improving technology to bring their once fanciful creations to life.
Multi Monitor champion that Rocks: I thought my dual screen capabilities were awesome in stock Windows 8, but 8.1 just takes it to a all original level. Dragging and dropping individual Modern UI apps to different screens is fully supported for the first time. The Start Screen can breathe accessed via Charms that travail on any screen now. The taskbar can breathe fully extended over a solitary set of monitors as well. And the plane of customization that is now inherently provided for snapping and resizing Modern UI apps and your Desktop interface are limitless. Multi monitor workstations will greatly benefit from Windows 8.1 -- further creating screen begrudge among your coworkers.
Prefer to consume a hybrid Desktop-Start Screen setup with your dual screens? Such original combinations, and more, are finally workable in Windows 8.1. Microsoft has taken multi-monitor champion to the next plane and truly created a customizable suffer worthy of what Windows 8.1 offers. (Image Source: Microsoft TechNet)
(Even) Better Battery Life: My day-to-day Thinkpad T410 got a boost of about 30-45 mins when I made the switch from Windows 7 to Windows 8 ultimate fall. Pretty significant. While I don't acquire as much data to back up a statement on Windows 8.1, naturally, Microsoft is saw that OS is taking vast odds of the power saving capabilities in Intel's Haswell platform. I'm itching to survey how the final RTM build handles my Thinkpad X230 Tablet as my original primary mobile workhorse, but the 8.1 Pro Preview has been giving me a solid 6 to 6.5 hrs of life on an 8 cell battery. Impressive for a pre-release, buggy iteration.
Hand-in-Hand SkyDrive Integration: It's no amaze that Microsoft is tightly combining the features of SkyDrive Personal into Windows 8.1. The cloud storage appliance is a worthy competitor to Google Drive; and heck, I consume it now for every solitary of my personal Office document storage because it just works cleaner than Drive due the fact that I can leverage Office Web Apps on the hurry when I requisite to. SkyDrive is now a persistent default redeem location for numerous functions and apps in Windows 8.1, going beyond what Office 2013 brought to the desktop in terms of pushing SkyDrive. Hey -- there's life beyond work, after all.
Auto call for finger Typing / Tablet Mode: For those using Windows 8 on tablets, like the Surface RT, typing in finger mode was a bit of a chore for a lack of proper auto predict. Windows 8.1 resolve this quite nicely. Now, you can continue typing and consume predictive suggestions from the OS with complete ease. This means that Surface RT users in the province within tablet mode shouldn't acquire to hurry into laptop mode that often anymore for short-spanned typing. Should figure Word 2013 a cinch to consume without the cover opened!
Windows 8.1 hits the market officially for everyone near October 17, and is a completely free update for all. My company will definitely breathe recommending 8.1 for both consumer and commerce usage as time goes on, especially if the wonderful improvements from the Preview translate into real-world benefit for stop users near October.
I'm calling it now: Windows 8.1 is the original Windows XP for the workplace. Just watch.
Derrick Wlodarz is an IT Specialist who owns Park Ridge, IL (USA) based technology consulting & service company FireLogic, with over eight+ years of IT suffer in the private and public sectors. He holds numerous technical credentials from Microsoft, Google, and CompTIA and specializes in consulting customers on growing charged technologies such as Office 365, Google Apps, cloud-hosted VoIP, among others. Derrick is an dynamic member of CompTIA's theme Matter Expert Technical Advisory Council that shapes the future of CompTIA exams across the world. You can compass him at derrick at wlodarz dot net.
This chapter, from Upgrading and Repairing Networks, 5e, looks at the network's logical and physical design to assist your planning when creating a original network.
This chapter is from the engage
Many types of networks were discussed in Chapter 1, "A Short History of Computer Networking," from ARPANET to TCP/IP. And in Chapter 2, "Overview of Network Topologies," you scholarly about the various topologies you can employ when designing and creating a local zone network (LAN), and they besides looked at some scenarios in which several networks were connected to figure a wide zone network (WAN). In this chapter, they will perceive at another aspect of creating a network: the network's logical and physical design. The physical aspects of your LAN will depend on the underlying physical transport technology—Ethernet or Token-Ring, for example, or possibly ATM, which is supported as a LAN protocol in products such as Windows 2000/XP, Windows Server 2003, and Linux. Depending on which technology you use, there will breathe one or more LAN topologies from which to choose.
Before you can open to design a physical network, however, you first must determine your needs. What services must you provide to your user community? What are the resources you'll need? If you acquire to compromise, what will it grasp to fill the most users or to provide the more principal services? You then will acquire to grasp into account network protocols, applications, network speed, and, most important, network security issues; each of these figures into a network's logical design. Another principal factor your management will probably accommodate you to consider is cost—you can't forget the budget. These factors figure up the logical design for your network. You first should choose what you requisite and what it will grasp to provide for those needs.
If you are creating a original network and purchasing original applications, you will probably spend most of your time considering the licensing and other fiscal costs (training users, network personnel, and so on). If you are upgrading older applications, several other factors near into consideration. Many applications that were coded using COBOL, BASIC, FORTRAN, and other languages that helped jumpstart the computer age may acquire built-in network functionality based on older proprietary network protocols. If this is the case with your network, you acquire to consider several things. What will it cost to update thousands of lines of code (or more) to more modern versions of the identical programming language? What will it cost to upgrade these programs to newer object-oriented languages? To redeem money, can you upgrade participate of your network and consume gateway hardware/software to connect to older network components?
Because of the costs associated with coding applications that were created many years ago, and the expenses that will breathe required to update them to modern programming languages, you may breathe forced to maintain legacy applications for a few years while replacement applications are designed and created. You may find a packaged application that can breathe used to supplant older programs. This problem will apply mostly to proprietary computer architectures, instead of Windows or Unix platforms. If you can simply figure minor changes and compile the source code so that it will Run on a newer operating system, your costs will breathe much less than if you acquire to re-create the applications your users requisite from scratch. Another cost associated with upgrading to original programs is training users and help-desk personnel.
When you contrivance a logical network design, you can start from one of two places. You can design and install a original network from scratch, or you can upgrade an existing network. Either way, you should gather information about several principal factors before you open the logical design. For example, depending on the services that will breathe provided to clients, you might requisite to resolve the workable traffic patterns that might result from your plan. Locate potential bottlenecks and, where possible, alleviate them by providing multiple paths to resources or by putting up servers that provide replicas of principal data so that load balancing can breathe provided. The following are other factors to consider:
Who are the clients? What are their actual needs? How acquire you determined these needs—from user complaints or from help-desk statistics? Is this data reliable?
What kinds of services will you provide on the network? Are they limited in scope? Will any involve configuring a firewall between LANs? And if so, that noiseless doesn't account for configuring a firewall to enable access to the Internet.
Will you requisite to allow an Internet connection for just your internal network's users, or will consume you requisite to allow outside vendors access to your network? One example that comes to mind is the Internet Printing Protocol (see Chapter 24, "Overview of the TCP/IP Protocol Suite"). What will it cost to evaluate what kindly of services user groups requisite to access from the Internet? Will you requisite to allow every solitary users to consume email—both within the internal network and through the firewall on the Internet? The identical goes for what sites users will breathe allowed to access using a network browser and other network applications. Will you acquire users who travail from home and require dial-in or VPN access through the Internet?
Can your users tolerate a runt downtime now and then due to network problems, or is it necessary to provide a high-availability network? Will you requisite clustered servers to provide for a high degree of uptime, or carry out your users' applications not suffer from a temporary loss of the consume of a server? To provide for maximum uptime, can you afford to build redundancy into your network? For example, Chapter 2 discusses redundant topologies that can breathe used to preclude a solitary point of failure from making the network (and its resources) unavailable. Chapter 11, "Network Attached Storage and Storage zone Networks," describes methods you can consume to mirror data at geographically far locations.
In an existing network, will you retain the current protocol or upgrade to a different protocol standard? If you create a network from scratch, what factors should strike your network protocol decision? Ethernet is the most Popular LAN technology in the world today. TCP/IP is the most Popular protocol suite that runs on Ethernet. Yet there are cases in which other technologies acquire their niches. consider the implications (such as champion costs and security) to maintain older, proprietary protocols.
Who Are Your Clients?
This seems like a very simple question. However, I'm not saying, "What are your clients' names and how well carry out you know their children?" I am referring instead to your scholarship of the job descriptions for the users on the network. You requisite to assess travail patterns for various departments so that you can appropriately plot servers, high-bandwidth links, and other such things in the commandeer physical location of the network. If most of the network traffic you expect to survey will near from the engineering department, you'll requisite to provide that department with a large data pipe. In Chapter 4, "Upgrading Strategies and Project Management," you'll find more information about surveying the user community to near up with a contrivance that places resources where they are needed.
What Kinds of Services or Applications Will the Network Offer?
Of course, everyone knows that the most principal function of a network today is to champion multiuser gaming. Seriously, though, you requisite to figure a list of the kinds of applications currently in use, as well as a list of those requested by users. Each application should acquire a written risk assessment document that points out potential security problems, if any. Typical network applications today embrace FTP, telnet, and, of course, browsing the Web. There are "secure" versions of these applications and there are versions that leave a door wide open into your network. Whatever list of applications you chose to champion over the network, retain in mind two things:
Is the application safe? Most applications today near in secure versions or can breathe used with a proxy server to attend minimize the possibility of abuse. Yet, as they every solitary acquire seen, even the largest corporations are targets at times, and those companies acquire the staff that should breathe able to preclude these things from happening. Because proxy servers are an principal component of firewalls, this theme is covered in greater detail in Chapter 45. If you want a secure network, this is highly recommended reading!
Does one application overlap another? Every user has his or her favorite application. Some people like one word processor, whereas others prefer a different one. But when dealing with applications or application suites (such as Microsoft Office), you'll find it better to figure a decision and stick with a solitary product if it can fill the needs of your users. They might not like it, and training might breathe necessary, but supporting multiple applications that carry out the identical thing wastes money and leads to confusion.
A commonly overlooked system for getting data files out of a network and onto the Internet is to simply forward the files as an attachment to an email. So if you reason you've blocked file transfers by disabling FTP access through the firewall, this example should prove that you really carry out requisite to carry out a thorough evaluation of any original application or service you will allow on the network. original applications should breathe justified with facts that prove why they are needed. If an existing application can breathe used to accomplish the identical goal, why carry out you requisite another application? Should you retire the older application and consume a newer one? Pay attention to the details. And don't forget to test original applications to ensure that they execute as expected. The identical goes for older applications—will they travail on the original or upgraded network?
Lastly, carry out you monitor network usage? carry out you want to permit users to spend their days browsing the Net, or checking personal email while at work? Many companies acquire policies that apply to using the telephone for personal business. carry out you overlook this situation when giving users email capability? Are you preventing access to sites that are obviously not business-related?
What Degree of Reliability carry out I Require for Each Network Link?
Just how much downtime is acceptable? For most users, the respond would breathe zero. principal components of your network, such as file servers, should acquire failing tolerance built in from the bottom up. In large servers, you'll find dual-redundant power supplies (each connected to a separate UPS), and disk arrays set up using RAID techniques to provide for data integrity in the event that a disk goes south. If a link between two offices needs to breathe up 100% of the time, you should contrivance for multiple links between the two sites to provide a backup capability. In this case, you besides can justify the cost of the extra link by using load balancing so that network response time is improved. And, if you are using multiple links to remote sites, it's always a capable understanding to acquire more than a solitary path to the site. At one site this author worked at, there were redundant power lines bringing electricity into the site—side-by-side. If a tree falls, will it bring down one or both of those power lines?
Another technology that can breathe used to provide an extra layer of redundancy, as well as high-speed access to storage devices, is the Storage zone Network (SAN). A SAN is a network that is separate from the LAN and contains only storage devices and servers that requisite to access those devices. Because the network bandwidth is not shared with LAN users, multiple servers can access the identical storage. If one server fails, other servers can breathe configured to provide redundant access to the data. Also, the identical RAID and other redundancy techniques used for storage devices that are directly attached to a server (such as the SCSI hardware and protocols) can breathe used on a SAN.
The terms RAID and UPS are principal in today's networks, as is the concept of load balancing and dual-redundant power supplies in large networks. You can find out more about RAID (Redundant Array Of Independent Disks) and UPSs (uninterruptible power supplies) by reading Chapter 5, "Protecting the Network: Preventative Maintenance Techniques." For more information about SANs, survey Chapter 11.
The age saw "If it ain't broke, don't fix it" doesn't apply to networks. You should always breathe proactively looking for potential solitary points of failure and doing something to fix them. By structure redundancy into the network design at the start, you'll redeem yourself a lot of grief in the future.
Chapter 5 can give you more suggestions about using clustering, backups, uninterruptible power supplies, and other techniques that can retain the network up and running.
Choosing a LAN Protocol
Today the de facto protocol of preference has to breathe TCP/IP. However, other protocols acquire their plot in some plumb markets. In this book, they talk about NetWare. NetWare has been around so long that you might find you acquire no preference when designing an upgrade but to retain using IPX/SPX, depending on the applications your network uses. However, even NetWare has moved toward using TCP/IP as the underlying protocol. This is basically the case for version 5.x and 6.x of NetWare. Older NetWare networks should upgrade, if possible, to one of these newer versions. If you will breathe connecting the network to the Internet, TCP/IP will breathe a necessity. Even if you don't expect to acquire an Internet connection, you'll find that choosing TCP/IP is a more practical preference today because most applications travail with it and there is a large market of trained professionals who can breathe hired to manage a network built on TCP/IP. NetWare 6.x provides backward compatibility with IPX/SPX for the most part, but newer features such as the iPrint—which uses the Internet Printing Protocol—require TCP/IP.
In addition to transport protocols such as TCP/IP and IPX/SPX, you must consider application protocols that can breathe used on the network. For example, to simplify administering configuration information for a large number of computers, you might want to consume the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), which is discussed in Chapter 28, "BOOTP and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)." If you want to provide a central cognomen resolution service, you might choose the Domain cognomen Service (DNS), which is covered in Chapter 29, "Network cognomen Resolution." If you are going to operate a Windows network that has pre–Windows 2000/XP clients, you might requisite to consume the Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) for backward compatibility.
So when thinking about a network protocol, remember that it's not just one protocol you requisite to worry about. After you've decided which protocols are necessary, research the security implications of each.
It's Virtually Universal: TCP/IP
For every solitary practical purposes, the criterion LAN protocol today is TCP/IP. This is partly due to the rapid growth of the Internet, and the necessity of most businesses of having a Web presence, as well as the large number of vendors that acquire adopted this protocol suite. If your LAN is noiseless using an older proprietary network protocol, you should seriously consider what it would grasp to upgrade to TCP/IP. Currently, TCP/IP version 4 is the most widely used protocol. In the future you can expect that the next version (IPv6) will start to find its course from the core of the Internet out to the edge, where your network resides. While technologies such as Network Address Translation (NAT) are widely employed to remedy the problem associated with the limited address space provided by IPv4, IPv6 will enable a much larger address space. Combine that with Network Address Translation, and the long-term bets are going to breathe on IPv6, or possibly some of the features that are participate of IPv6. In addition to giving you a larger address space, IPv6 includes other principal features. Those that will strike your network the most are security mechanisms, which will only become more principal as Internet commerce continues to grow.
For a minute introduction to TCP/IP, survey Chapter 24, "Overview of the TCP/IP Protocol Suite"; Chapter 25, "Basic TCP/IP Services and Applications"; and Chapter 27, "Troubleshooting Tools for TCP/IP Networks."
There is one very principal understanding you should consider TCP/IP as a LAN protocol: There are more trained professionals knowledgeable in TCP/IP than any other LAN protocol at this time. It is consuming to note that in Windows NT 3.51, the default network protocol was Microsoft's implementation of IPX/SPX (NWLink). In Windows NT 4.0 (and successive operating systems, from Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003), the default network protocol is TCP/IP.
If your network is composed of several operating systems, from Windows to NetWare to Unix and Linux, then the bottom line is that TCP/IP is the lowest common denominator that will allow the easiest connectivity and interaction between every solitary of these. Even Microsoft's now-legacy NetBIOS/NetBEUI protocols acquire been adapted to Run over TCP/IP.
Novell's NetWare Version 6.5
NetWare was perhaps the first attempt at seriously providing a LAN protocol that was effortless to use. The basic file and print services offered by early versions of NetWare were much better than other solutions available at that time. After it became established in the commerce community, NetWare became the network solution of preference in many commerce environments that used the PC. Microsoft countered this success with its LANManager products, which were besides marketed by other vendors in their own way, such as the Pathworks solution from Digital tackle Corporation.
Today NetWare is a totally revamped solution to LAN connectivity. It provides many original features that are addressed to specifically figure consume of the Internet, and allow mobile users to connect to their home networks, as well as to enable NetWare users to figure connections to outside networks. For example, the iPrint feature enables NetWare users to print to a printer on a remote network. For example, instead of sending a catalog that may breathe out of date in a month or so, you can consume iPrint to periodically forward specific information apropos to each customer, by printing it directly to the customer's printer.
And NetWare's iFolder allows mobile users to synchronize data stored on remote computers (such as a laptop computer) with the data stored on the company's network. Microsoft and other vendors present similar features. However, the point to remember is that if you already are a NetWare user, you don't acquire to hurl out your existing investment and hurry to a Microsoft network, or even a Unix/Linux environment. NetWare has changed as the market has changed, and you might find it less expensive to upgrade to NetWare 6.5 than to migrate to another platform. The bottom line involves not just the cost of migrating to another operating system, but the costs involved with retraining your network administrative personnel in original technology.
Because NetWare 6.5 is so tightly integrated with the IP protocol, and besides offers backward compatibility with IPX/SPX, admins for existing NetWare networks should consider upgrading to NetWare 6.5 as well as considering other options.
If you want to hurry to Linux, Novell makes it effortless by incorporating an enhanced version of NetWare 6.5 and SuSE Linux into its Novell Open Enterprise Server. Open Enterprise Server supports both Linux and NetWare-specific software and features, enabling you to hurry to Linux gradually.
Other LAN/WAN Protocols
The distinction between LAN and WAN (wide zone networking) protocols is birth to blur. Ethernet was once considered to breathe a LAN protocol. As time has passed, other technologies, such as Token-Ring, acquire become minor players in the LAN world. Yet the antithetical is wholehearted of Ethernet. It has grown from a modest specification endorsed by Intel, DEC, and other vendors, such that it now can breathe considered a WAN protocol. The capabilities introduced by current LAN technologies are birth to erode the differences between a LAN and a MAN (metropolitan zone network). When the fourth edition of this engage was published, Gigabit Ethernet was starting to drop into the inexpensive orbit of network topologies. That trend has continued and now 10Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) is frequently being used in enterprise data centers. Today you may breathe using 100BASE-T for connecting client computers to the network, and Gigabit Ethernet to connect network segments via the network backbone. In some cases your network might even breathe exclusively based on 10GbE.
What does this signify to a network administrator today? With 10Gigabit Ethernet, you can consume TCP/IP not only to create a local zone network backbone, but to extend that compass to a metropolitan zone network. And because TCP/IP is so intertwined with Ethernet, you can achieve an end-to-end MAN link that uses TCP/IP over faster Ethernet connections. Instead of employing more expensive solutions, such as SONET, you can now connect branch offices in the identical geographical zone using just TCP/IP.
You may not acquire to worry about installing expensive tackle used by SONET and other typical MAN protocols. Still, for the long haul—for example, between different cities—other protocols such as ATM and Frame Relay will near into play.
For more information about SONET, ATM, and Frame Relay, survey Chapter 15, "Dedicated Connections."