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How much money does LPI generate via its operations?
over the past year, LPI has decreased its debt from US$1.35b to US$791.86m – this contains each the existing and lengthy-time term debt. With this debt payback, the current money and short-term funding tiers stands at US$112.16m , able to installation into the company. On genuine of this, LPI has produced US$384.91m in working money movement over the equal time duration, resulting in an operating money to complete debt ratio of forty eight.sixty one%, sense that LPI’s working money is enough to cowl its debt. This ratio can moreover live an indication of operational effectivity as a substitute for recrudesce on assets. In LPI’s case, it is able to generate 0.49x cash from its debt capital.
Can LPI pay its short-time term liabilities?
LPI’s most recent US$277.42m liabilities, it appears that the company is not capable of meet these duties given the degree of current property of US$235.38m, with a existing ratio of 0.85x beneath the prudent plane of 3x.
NYSE:LPI ancient Debt June twenty seventh 18
Is LPI’s debt degree acceptable?
LPI is a comparatively incredibly levered enterprise with a debt-to-equity of 89.96%. this is now not individual for a mid-cap company given that debt tends to live reduce-charge and now and then, greater attainable. No matter how excessive the business’s debt, if it may possibly with no exertion cover the activity payments, it’s regarded to live efficient with its consume of excess leverage. a corporation generating income after interest and tax as a minimum 3 times its internet interest funds is regarded financially sound. In LPI’s case, the ratio of 3.34x means that interest is appropriately covered, which skill that debtors may live willing to loan the traffic more funds, giving LPI considerable headroom to develop its debt facilities.
LPI’s excessive cash insurance capability that, youngsters its debt degrees are excessive, the enterprise is able to utilise its borrowings efficiently with a view to generate cash circulation. youngsters, its low liquidity raises issues over whether latest asset management practices are safely implemented for the mid-cap. sustain in intelligence I haven’t regarded different factors such as how LPI has been performing in the past. I betoken you continue to analysis Laredo Petroleum to net a far better image of the inventory by :
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June 5, 2000Web posted at: 10:19 a.m. EDT (1419 GMT)
by Joe Barr
(IDG) -- I should live studying. I should live in a classroom. I should live cramming for my exam. But I'm not. I'm sitting here at my computer dutifully writing this column, even though I know that at about this time next week, I'll live in Austin, Texas, taking the first of two plane 1 LPI Linux certification exams. I know I'm not going to Do very well, but that's OK; I'm not obligated to humiliate myself by revealing my score. After taking both exams for plane 1, however, I should acquire a pretty agreeable thought of what is considered an acceptable plane of learning for a junior Linux system administrator.
Linux certification is an thought that has been around for a long time and is now coming to fruition. There are two primary entities working to provide Linux professionals with credentials. The first is SAIR; the second is LPI, the Linux Professional Institute. If you are not intimate with Linux certification, I recommend Eileen Cohen's excellent analysis, which appeared in LinuxWorld earlier this year. The URL is given below in the Resources section of this article.
The goals of the two primary groups are very similar. The primary dissimilarity is that SAIR is a for-profit corporation offering both testing and training, while LPI is a nonprofit organization focusing exclusively on testing. Wave Technologies, which recently purchased SAIR, is in fact a major provider of IT training.
Both LPI and SAIR search to foster Linux in the enterprise. Each has impeccable credentials of its own. Some of the brightest lights in the open source world serve on SAIR's advisory board. LPI is simply a Part of the Linux community doing something that needs to live done.
Evan Leibovitch, who has been involved with Unix and Linux for a long time, and who has written about Linux for the past five years, is one of the founders of the LPI. Evan asked recently if I would dote to select the first-level LPI exam, currently in beta. I hesitated a day before accepting the offer, for no judgement other than terror of failing.
At first I hoped that I would live able to select the test online, but the exams are only given in controlled environments, so that people don't rate it an open reserve test or acquire proxies select the exam for them. But VUE (Virtual University Enterprises), which administers the certification exams for LPI, has three locations in the Austin area, so finding a nearby testing heart was not a problem. I'm booked for 10:30 a.m. on May 31. speculate agreeable thoughts for me.
I'm always amazed and a diminutive in awe of what the people in the Linux community select it upon themselves to do. LPI is no exception. Now about 1,000 strong, and less than two years old, it is finishing beta testing on its plane 1 certification program as I type. You should live able to rate your LPI plane 1 certification as early as this summer. labor is already underway on the plane 2 exams, and a third level, for senior administrators, will follow.
Evan has been involved with Unix for many years, and with Linux since 1995. As a journalist, he has written about both, and he currently writes a weekly column on Linux for ZDNet. He told me that he can soundless recall when he first got hooked by Linux. It was at the November 1995 Unix Expo in fresh York, following Novell's announcement that it was selling its Unix interests to SCO. Evan said, "I spent most of the relaxation of the day at the booths of Caldera and Red Hat, which had very tiny booths at that show. And basically that was the start of my getting hooked."
The current LPI organization is blended from two sunder mailing lists and a third Linux community certification project, Digital Metrics. Evan was not satisfied with simply writing about Linux and became an energetic member of the community. He helped to institute CLUE, the Canadian Linux Users Exchange, and it was from CLUE's general mailing list that the first roots of the LPI appeared.
Evan said that someone on the list asked what Linux needed to rate it into the mainstream. The admit that came up most often was certification, and soon the topic warranted a list of its own. Among the early participants on the list was Dr. Tobin Maginnis, founder and president of SAIR.
In 1998, Dan York wrote an article about certification in the Linux Gazette, and it generated enough interest that a mailing list formed around it as well. Not long afterwards, one of Linux's roving ambassadors, Jon "maddog" Hall, introduced Evan and Dan. The result was a merger of the lists and the formation of LPI.
LPI has made worthy strides since its formation a year and a half ago. For one thing, members acquire rethought how LPI would ply the problem of testing for distribution-specific knowledge. Originally, LPI planned to present two tests, one general and one distribution specific. Candidates would acquire complete had to select the common exam, and then pick the distribution for which they wanted to live tested in Part two.
But as LPI members looked more closely at the feedback received from the community about the types of things that a junior, intermediate, and advanced Linux admin should know, they discovered that the places where the distributions were different -- primarily their installation and selection of GUI -- weren't areas that needed to live tested that deeply.
Instead, the people at LPI acquire designed one section of the second exam to deal with differences between dpkg and RPM package management. Evan said, "It was not reasonable to acquire an exam that would cover basic admin tasks that didn't deal with package management." But he added that if you know only dpkg and not RPM, or vice versa, you will live able to pass.
If I'm not totally humiliated by the exam, I'll select the second Part as well and provide as many details about it as I'm allowed. I can't report on any specific questions, of course, but I'll cover topics, toughness, and the test environment.
Looking towards the future, LPI plans to acquire the second plane of testing, for the intermediate Linux system administrator, available in less than a year. No timetable has been set for the third-level test, which will live released sometime after the second. Evan moreover told me that LPI is working closely with the Linux touchstone foundation (LSB), so that when LSB finalizes its specification, it becomes the foundation for the LPI testing.
Will SAIR and LPI ever merge? I don't believe it would live a sinful thing if they did, but I personally don't view how it can happen. A founding principle of LPI was the separation of training and testing, and SAIR is owned by a training firm. So in certification, just dote so many other aspects of Linux and the open source community, they are blessed with choice.
My select on complete of this is that folks dote Evan and Dan and complete the others who acquire contributed time, money, ideas, or pains to LPI are doing complete the relaxation of the Linux community a very worthy service. The enterprise is keen not only for Linux itself, but for qualified professionals to administer it. The certification of a pool of Linux professionals can only relieve to precipitate its deployment.
Linux struggles to net beuond the WebJune 2, 2000Troubleshooting the Linux wayMay 17, 2000Two Linux standards groups combine into oneMay 10, 2000Security solid warns of Red Hat Piranha 'back door'April 27, 2000Linux livin' great on mainframeApril 5, 2000
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More than 20 years after Linus Torvalds developed Linux, this operating system remains a genuine obligate in the computing industry. While Linux is not widely used on desktops (making up about 3 percent of the overall desktop operating system market partake in October 2017, according to NetMarketShare), it is extraordinarily stout on the web server side, where it enjoys a market partake of more than 50 percent (W3Techs).
IT professionals invest considerable time learning about server computing for everything from installation, configuration, maintenance and virtualization to application back and so forth. This moreover means that many IT professionals are working with and around Linux operating systems daily, often alongside Windows and various UNIX OS brands as well.
The best of the Linux certifications vie for considerable mindshare among IT professionals and present an engrossing mingle of distribution (or brand) agnostic credentials alongside some pretty formidable vendor-specific credentials. There are multiple well-elaborated certification ladders available to those interested in learning, using and mastering the Linux operating system environment and complete the many bells and whistles it supports.
The results of a job search they conducted on several accepted job posting sites pomp which Linux certifications employers are looking for when hiring fresh employees. While results vary from day to day (and job board to job board), this recites those Linux-related certifications that employers were seeking.
Job Board Survey Results (in alphabetical order, by certification)
GCUX (SANS GIAC)
Oracle Linux OCA
Oracle Linux OCP
RHCA (Red Hat)
RHCE (Red Hat)
RHCSA (Red Hat)
Linux system administrators and engineers can expect tolerable earnings in the low-70s and upward, depending on the job role. PayScale lists $70,194 as the tolerable salary for Linux system administrators ($49,000/low and $100,000/high). tolerable earnings for Linux system engineers were reported at $78,571 ($61,000/low to $100,000/high), while senior Linux system engineer salaries averaged $101,097, with low earnings at $77,000 but some receiving more than $140,000 on the towering end. Glassdoor reports earnings for Linux system administrators averaging $71,144, Linux system engineers at $103,312 and senior Linux system engineers at $128,022.
GCUX: GIAC Certified Unix Security Administrator
The Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) program is Part of SANS, a highly regarded source of instruction and research in the information security field. SANS moreover provides breaking news, operates a security alert service and serves on complete kinds of government, research and academic information security task forces, working groups and industry organizations.
The SANS GIAC program encompasses more than 35 information security certifications across several categories, such as cyber defense, penetration testing, incident response and forensics, management, audit, legal, developer and industrial control systems. The GIAC Certified UNIX System Administrator (GCUX) falls under the Cyber Defense category, and aims at professionals who install, configure, monitor and audit both Unix and Linux systems.
GIAC certifications must live renewed every four years by earning 36 continuing professional flavor (CPE) credits. In addition, credential holders must pay a certification maintenance fee of $429 every four years.
GCUX Facts & Figures
GIAC Certified Unix Security Administrator (GCUX)
Prerequisites & Required Courses
None; SEC506: Securing Linux/Unix training recommended (classroom, on demand, self study or private; $6,210)
Number of Exams
One exam (75 questions, two hours, minimum passing score 68 percent)
Cost per Exam
$1,699 without training (called a GIAC certification attempt; includes two free practice exams)$729 as Part of a training course$729 retake fee$429 certification renewal
Practice tests available on the GIAC exam preparation page (two tests included in exam fee; additional practice tests are $149 each). No GCUX-specific study guides found; GIAC recommends searching for self-study materials based on the GCUX objectives' learning areas and getting practical experience.
Linux+ (CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI)
CompTIA exercises extraordinary certification clout at the entry plane in many IT niches. This non-profit organization has shown itself as willing to team up with more focused IT organizations, associations and consortia to combine their own market gain and visibility with niche smarts and theme matter expertise on loan from various partners.
One worthy example is the organization's partnership with the Linux Professional Institute (LPI), which resulted in the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI credential. This unique certification replaced the original CompTIA Linux+ certification in 2010 and uses the identical two exams required for LPIC-1 certification.
As a result of this partnership, IT professionals who are sedate about Linux can rate both the Linux+ credential and the LPIC-1 at the identical time. Candidates must first rate the Linux+ credential and then submit a request to CompTIA asking that their results live sent to LPI to obtain the LPIC-1 certification. CompTIA exam records are confidential, so candidates must request that their records live forwarded to LPI when taking the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI exams.
Earning the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI requires candidates to pass two exams. The first covers system architecture, installation and package management, GNU and Unix commands, devices, file systems and touchstone file system hierarchies. The second exam digs into command shells, scripting and data management, user interfaces and desktops, administrative tasks and activities, basic system services, networking fundamentals and security topics.
The Linux+ credential is sound for life.
CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI Facts & Figures
CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI
Prerequisites & Required Courses
Recommended: CompTIA A+, CompTIA Network+ and 12 months of Linux administration experience
Number of Exams
Two exams: LX0-103 and LX0-104 (60 multiple-choice questions each, 90 minutes, 500 required out of 200 to 800 scale to pass)
CompTIA maintains a list of training materials and additional study options including links to study guides, exam crams, practice tests, online and classroom training, CertMaster and more. Additional third-party review materials may live institute on Amazon.
LPI (Linux Professional Institute) Certifications
The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) came into being in October of 1999, almost one decade after Linus Torvalds began his pioneering efforts on the Linux kernel. Since then, LPI has become one of the leading certification providers on Linux topics and technologies. Given the organization's distribution-agnostic approach to Linux, it offers excellent coverage of a platform that's available in many forms and flavors in today's marketplace.
The LPI Certification (LPIC) program is available in three sunder levels:
LPIC-1: Linux Administrator —A junior-level Linux certification with no prerequisites. Candidates must pass two exams that cover basic Linux skills, including installing and configuring Linux on a workstation, working at the command line, performing basic maintenance tasks, and making LAN or internet connections. While you can obtain the LPIC-1 credential directly from LPI, candidates should consider obtaining the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI credential first, which qualifies you for both the Linux+ and LPIC-1 credentials.
LPIC-2: Linux Engineer — An advanced-level Linux certification that requires an energetic LPIC-1 certification. Candidates must pass two exams that cover significant Linux skills and topics. The first exam covers the kernel, system startup, file system and devices, advanced storage administration, network configuration, system maintenance and capacity planning. The second exam covers web services, file sharing, network client management, email services, system security and troubleshooting, and domain title servers.
LPIC-3: Linux Enterprise Professional Certification — A senior-level Linux certification that requires an energetic LPIC-2 and passing any single exam in the 300 series. sound exam IDs currently involve 300: Mixed Environment, 303: Security and 304: Virtualization and towering Availability. The Mixed Environment exam covers Samba (domain integration, user and group management, title services, partake configuration and so forth), plus OpenLDAP and working with Linux and Windows clients. The Security exam covers network, operations and application security, as well as cryptography and access controls. towering availability cluster storage and management, along with virtualization, are covered in the Virtualization and towering Availability exam.
In addition to the LPIC-1, 2 and 3 credentials, LPI moreover offers an entry-level credential, the Linux Essentials Professional evolution Certificate (PDC). Linux Essentials focuses on foundational skills, such as creating and running simple scripts, restoring compressed backups and archives, working with the command line, Linux operating system basics, FOSS, and users/groups and file permissions for public and private directories. Linux Essentials is a worthy way to net started while gaining the skills and learning needed for the more challenging LPIC credentials.
LPI's newest certification is the LPIC-OT DevOps Tools Engineer, which recognizes the efficient consume of tools for collaboration during system and software development. There are no prerequisites, and the single exam lasts for 90 minutes and has 60 questions.
The LPIC credentials are worthwhile for IT pros whose chosen Linux distributions Do not warrant their own certification programs, and for those seeking broad, vendor- and distribution-neutral coverage of Linux topics, tools and technologies. They are accepted among IT staffers and in some exact among IT employers.
LPIC-1, LPIC-2 and LPIC-3 Facts & Figures
LPIC-1: Linux Administrator
LPIC-2: Linux Engineer
LPIC-3: Linux Enterprise Professional
Prerequisites & Required Courses
LPIC-1: None, Linux Essentials recommendedLPIC-2: energetic LPIC-1 certificationLPIC-3: energetic LPIC-2 certification plus completion of one of the 300 succession specialty examsTraining is recommended but not required
Number of Exams
LPIC-1: Exam 101-400 and Exam 102-400
LPIC-2: Exam 201-450 and Exam 202-450LPIC-3: One of the 300 succession exams:
Cost per Exam
$200 per exam. Exams administered by Pearson VUE. Linux ID required to register.
Study guides, courseware learning packs, eLearning courses, exam crams, practice tests, online and classroom training, Linux Academy subscriptions and more are available at LPI Exam Preparation, LPI Marketplace and Amazon.
Oracle Linux OCA & OCP
When Oracle bought Sun Microsystems in 2010, it acquired a wealthy and abysmal Unix tradition. Oracle started phasing out Solaris pretty much immediately after finalizing the Sun acquisition.
Today, Oracle offers associate- and professional-level certifications based on Linux rather than harking back to any kind of Unix roots. These certifications retain enough of their Sun roots, however, so that courses are not mandatory preambles to taking the exams for the two Oracle Linux certifications currently available.
As with other vendor-specific Linux certifications, Oracle's are most appealing to those who labor with or around that distribution, or who wish to labor for employers who consume those distributions.
OCA and OCP Facts & Figures
Oracle Certified Associate (OCA), Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System AdministratorOracle Certified Professional (OCP), Oracle Linux 6 System Administrator
Prerequisites & Required Courses
OCA: No prerequisites. Recommended training: Oracle Linux System AdministrationOCP: OCA Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator or Linux Administrator Certified Associate (now retired). Recommended training: Oracle Linux System Administration
Number of Exams
OCA: One exam, 1Z0-100 Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administration (150 minutes, 80 questions, 61 percent to pass)OCP: One exam, 1Z0-105 Oracle Linux 6 Advanced System Administrator (150 minutes, 97 questions, 61 percent to pass)
Oracle offers online and in-class training for its credentials, with hit-or-miss coverage for them on the aftermarket. Start with Amazon searches — check exam IDs 1Z0-100 and 1Z0-105 to net a sense for what's available.
Red Hat RHCSA, RHCE & RHCA
If there's one major star in the vendor-specific Linux certification firmament, it's got to live Red Hat. The company has major market presence and sedate duration as a commercial provider of Linux platforms and technologies.
Red Hat offers a typical administrator > engineer > architect certification ladder. Unlike many other such programs, however, it offers highly regarded and valued credentials at each rung, along with demanding and hands-on oriented exams and an excellent training curriculum to match. complete exams for the following Red Hat certifications are performance based and last two hours or longer.
The giveaway for Red Hat certifications is that complete approach with acronyms that start with RH, as follows:
Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) — This foundation certification vets essential skills in handling files, working at the command line and using system documentation, along with managing systems (boot-up, identifying processes, start/stop virtual machines, controlling services), configuring storage partitions and analytic volumes, and more.
Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) — This cornerstone certification is designed to test and validate the skills and learning necessary to labor as a senior-level Linux system administrator. Topics covered involve advanced IP routing and services, managing runtime kernel behavior, working with iSCSI, automating maintenance tasks with shell scripts and working with networking services for Web, FTP, NFS, SMB, SMTP, SSH and more. An RHSCA is a prerequisite for the RHCE.
Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) — Red Hat's pinnacle certification takes the RHCE or Red Hat Certified JBoss Developer (RHCJD) as a prerequisite, and moreover requires candidates to rate at least five certificates of expertise within one of the concentrations: Datacenter, Cloud, DevOps, Application Platform or Application Development. Expertise areas involve OpenStack, hybrid cloud storage, JBoss administration, platform as a service (PaaS), deployment and systems management, virtualization, clustering and storage management, server hardening and performance tuning. Each certificate requires passing a performance-based exam, which lasts up to six hours. Candidates who pass six or more exams rate the designation of RHCA plane II. This is a grueling, expensive and time-consuming credential to earn, but it's valued highly.
Because Red Hat Linux is widely used in the traffic world, it makes an excellent choice for those interested in a more platform-focused path into the Linux world. Of course, for those who already labor with or around Red Hat, it is a natural certification choice as well.
RHCSA, RHCE and RHCA Facts & Figures
Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA)Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA)
Prerequisites & Required Courses
RHCSA: No prerequisitesRecommended training:
Windows system administrators: Red Hat System Administration I (RH124) (5 days, $3,200) and II (RH134) (4 days, $3,200)
Red Hat System Administration III (RH254) ($3,200)
RHCA: RHCE or RHCJD, plus at least five certificates of expertise (for the DevOps concentration, the Red Hat Certified Developer may live substituted for RHCE) Recommended training varies by concentration.
Number of Exams
RHCSA: One exam, EX200 Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) exam (2.5 hours)
RHCE: One exam, EX300 Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam (3.5 hours)
RHCA: Five exams total depending on whether you start as an RHCE or RHCJD (see below)
An RHCE must pass five exams from the following to achieve the RHCA:
EX210 — Red Hat Certified System Administrator in Red Hat OpenStack
EX220 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Hybrid Cloud Management
EX236 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Hybrid Cloud Storage
EX248 — Red Hat Certified JBoss Administrator (RHCJA)
EX270 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Container Administration (retired)
EX276 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Containerized Application Development
EX280 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Platform-as-a-Service
EX310 — Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack
EX318 — Red Hat Certified Virtualization Administrator
EX342 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Red Hat Enterprise Linux Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
EX401 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Deployment and Systems Management
EX403 – Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Deployment and Systems Management exam
EX405 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Configuration Management
EX407 — Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Ansible Automation
Red Hat skills assessments and other materials can live located on the training page. Red Hat Training includes multiple training options (online, classroom, self-paced, virtual, video and more). Red Hat Learning Subscription includes complete online courses in one package; prices vary by geography, candidates can expect to pay $5,500 for a Basic Subscription and $7,000 for a touchstone Subscription. Study guides are on Amazon.
Beyond the Top 5: More Linux Certifications
Outside the top five Linux credentials and programs covered in this article, there are other Linux certifications worthy of your time and attention.
The Linux Foundation, a membership-based organization, promotes the evolution of the Linux kernel through collaboration, conferences and education. The organization's little but respected certification program includes the Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) and the Linux Foundation Certified Engineer (LFCE).
IBM continues to present a handful of Linux-related certifications. One certification of interest is the Certified Advanced Database Administrator, which continues to live in exact for those running DB2 on Linux, Unix and Windows systems.
HPE offers a few certifications based on UNIX (which is similar to Linux) — the HP ASE –HP-UX 11iV3 Administrator V1 and the corresponding HP ATP credential. The HPE Certification and Learning website maintains a complete list of requirements and training for these and other HPE credentials.
In addition, HPE moreover offers a comprehensive Linux System Administration curriculum path consisting of courses for Linux/Unix administrators, fundamentals for Linux and Unix, enterprise system administration, network services, enterprise security administration and Linux troubleshooting. Candidates completing the HP Linux System Administration educational curriculum are prepared for the LPI plane 1 and 2 exams, SairLinux/GNU plane 1 exam and the Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam.
Many industry experts, including Steven J. Vaughn-Nichols, a long-time user and expert on Linux and Unix operating systems, content that certifications can live an essential ingredient in a job candidate's qualifications. But interviewers should moreover pay immediate attention to how many Linux systems candidates acquire set up, managed or used to net a sense of the scale and scope of their experience.
In other words, when you view a web hosting service advertising for Linux jobs, they're not looking for people who've installed and used Linux at home or in a little traffic setting; they're looking for professionals who've set up and managed Linux in a highly distributed and virtualized data heart environment, with lots of complex networking and services coming into the mix.
As other Linux certifications pop up, or as customary ones fade and fresh ones appear, IT pros would Do well to recall that, along with their certifications, they should moreover acquire compelling stories to recount about how they've deployed and managed Linux, and establish a significant sense of scale and scope for their on-the-job efforts.
What type/level of IT professional is Mike Myers' Linux+ Certification Passport aimed toward?The Linux+ exam is targeted at junior-level IT professionals with six to 12 months of flavor with Linux. This flavor is crucial, as many companies observe for it before they observe at certification in the hiring process. Mike Meyers' Linux+ Certification Passport is aimed at Linux professionals with flavor who just want a refresher focused on the Linux+ certification objectives as published by the Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA).
CompTIA built its objectives - and questions, based on input from their theme Matter Experts (SMEs), Linux administrators who acquire formed an understanding of the skills expected of a junior plane Linux administrator.
Imagine I am one of your book's potential readers. What should draw me to Linux+ Certification Passport rather than online certification exam preparation services such as PrepLogic.com, UCertify.com or SelfTestSoftware.com?Most online certification exam preparation services focus solely on the questions. There are so many questions in CompTIA's exam pool that it's no longer possible to rely on memorized questions and answers in preparing for the exam. With the Linux+ Certification Passport, I've given the reader insight into the kinds of questions to expect, and the skills needed, for the exam. This specific information will relieve the reader pass the Linux+ exam, at least until the objectives undergo major revisions.
CompTIA, Red Hat, and the Linux Professional Institute (LPI) acquire done an excellent job battling the perception that Linux certifications can live passed with "braindumps." LPI's exams involve "fill in the blank" questions, which can't just live guessed. Red Hat's exams involve "hands on" scenarios which test the candidate's fundamental Linux skills under some rigorous time constraints. From the feedback I've seen, my RHCE Red Hat Certified Engineer Linux Study guide acquire helped a number of candidates practice those skills essential for RHCEs, as described in the public Red Hat exam prep guide.
So perceptions of the test itself acquire been changing; how would you content this has changed the certification arena in the past several years?As exact has grown for Linux professionals, the exact for certified professionals has grown correspondingly - after some initial skepticism.
I speculate the skepticism was based on perceptions from the Linux world with admiration to Microsoft certifications. The training wasn't an issue - it's the certification that held the stigma.
While the skeptics continue to complain, certification is gaining credibility as a measure of competence for Linux professionals.
And individual tests? How acquire they changed? What's next in certification?While CompTIA has done an excellent job keeping their exams up to date, I hope they involve a few "fill in the blank" questions in their next major revision.
Canonical has a fresh entry into the Linux certification realm, the Ubuntu Certified Professional (UCP) exam. Officially, it's an LPI exam, which builds on the LPIC plane 1 certification. I would not live surprised to view Canonical approach out with an Ubuntu Certified Engineer exam. It would probably involve hands-on questions, in the identical mold as the Red Hat Certified Engineer exam. I've moreover written a reserve on the UCP exam, Ubuntu Certified Professional Study Guide, which should live on the shelves in a yoke of months (August 2008).
As for other Linux certification exams, I haven't taken the SUSE exams developed by Novell, so I cannot observation on those.
I am disappointed that the SAIR exams acquire lost mindshare in the Linux community. They were created by some excellent Linux developers, but were never kept up to date, certainly not to the extent that the Linux+ exam was. As far as I know, other offerings, such as the online Linux exams from Brainbench, acquire not gained any significant mindshare among Linux professionals.
When did you select the Linux Certification exam? Did your memories of the exam inform how you wrote the book?I've taken the Linux+ certification exam three times. The first two times were in back of other projects - including one of my first books, Linux+ Exam Cram. Each time, I've done my best to rate confident that any questions I create are different from those questions I've seen on the exam. However, taking the exam helped me create questions of the identical degree of difficulty.
CompTIA, with the relieve of its SMEs, has done an excellent job keeping the Linux+ exam up to date. While the current objectives were created in 2004, the questions I saw when I took the exam in 2007 reflected information on the latest Linux distributions.
Which distributions Do you focus on most heavily in the book, and why? Which Do you view as being most valuable to a business?In 2004, CompTIA explicitly focused on four distributions when it developed the Linux+ exam: Red Hat, SUSE, Mandrake, and Turbolinux. complete of these distributions acquire evolved; so I used the Fedora 7, openSUSE 10, Mandriva 2007, and Turbolinux Celica releases to prepare Linux+ Certification Passport. Do you acquire any recommended study tips to retract along with the book?Does Linux require a different approach to learning than Do proprietary software certifications?
Mike Myers' Linux+ Certification Passport is dedicated to the Linux+ exam.
If you want to learn Linux, net a true Linux system. It's OK to install Linux on a Virtual Machine; in fact, the management of virtual machines is a skill in towering demand. Yes, getting CompTIA Linux+ -certified can relieve net you past the people who screen your résumé. If you actually practice the skills discussed in Linux+ Certification Passport, you're more likely to net through those interview questions and net the job you want.
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