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050-695 exam Dumps Source : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8
Test Code : 050-695
Test appellation : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8
Vendor appellation : Novell
: 70 actual Questions
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Novell Novell eDirectory Design and
David Clarke covers eDirectory testing targets for Novell route 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking.
This chapter is from the ebook
This chapter covers prerogative here testing pursuits for Novell direction 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:
identify simple listing service tasks.
establish regular directory service uses.
Describe how a directory is structured.
identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.
identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.
identify and relate the composition of eDirectory.
determine and relate eDirectory kick courses.
determine the circulate and design of the eDirectory tree.
NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory eight.6, the optimal edition to date of Novell's world-class listing service.
eDirectory is the realm's leading directory carrier. It provides a unifying, move-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing entire foremost components of your community. eDirectory scales to the greatest network environments, together with the internet. because it is in response to the X.500 typical, eDirectory supports light-weight listing entry Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext switch Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming ambiance.
eDirectory can reclaim and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It additionally provides the groundwork community service for entire NetWare servers and community materials. really, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network provider offered by means of NetWare 6.
With entire this in intellect, i'm bound you might conform that eDirectory administration is one among your key duties as a Novell CNA (certified network Administrator). in this chapter, you'll explore four essential training concerning eDirectory administration:
Introduction to directory features—you will open with a quick introduction to the basics of listing functions, together with some yardstick makes exhaust of and how a directory is structured.
understanding eDirectory 8.6—then you definitely'll learn the structure of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and evaluate it to its predecessor, Novell directory features (NDS).
using eDirectory Objects—you are going to dig into the fundamentals in the back of eDirectory's three styles of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.
implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—eventually, you're going to study naming conventions utilized in eDirectory, including naming context guidelines and inheritance.
As that you may see, there's a lot to breathe taught during this chapter and when it breathe entire carried out, you're going to breathe an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's salvage begun!
check pursuits lined:
establish basic listing carrier initiatives.
identify ordinary listing carrier uses.
Describe how a directory is structured.
determine the role and benefits of eDirectory.
The directory provider is among the most primary network functions provided by artery of entire NetWare 6 servers. in fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between entire servers in a huge NetWare 6 network. As such, listing provider administration is one of your key obligations because the community administrator.
As its appellation implies, the listing carrier offers entry to a database, known as eDirectory, that incorporates entire substances for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the directory carrier, including capabilities for replication and distribution. directory is capitalized in this case to distinguish it from the listing (or folder) within the file system. in fact, these two "directories" outline the two notable roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File rig Administrator (directories and info) and eDirectory Administrator (The listing).
The listing provider is your pal. it could possibly look a minute intimidating originally, however in the event you salvage to know the directory service (and eDirectory, for that rely), it breathe in reality enjoyable. really.
How listing services Work
A listing provider classifies entire community supplies prerogative into a finite variety of objects. These objects can breathe prepared with the aid of feature, place, size, classification, or color—it would not rely. The factor is, a directory provider organizes network resources independently from their physical areas. for example, servers are equipped in accordance with function. Then users are positioned within the appropriate containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity as a result of users are near the resources they need. When a person logs in to the community, the person can access any kick within the Tree, in spite of its region. This provides a slick capacity for managing not best clients, however additionally entire their hardware and functions. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in existence), it is most advantageous to area user objects and their materials (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in shut proximity to each and every different.
A directory provider performs a pair of fundamental tasks, including prerogative here:
Connecting disparate techniques—A directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous techniques to enable them to participate yardstick administration. In brand current company world, such systems are required not handiest to converse with each different, but additionally to participate suggestions and exhaust universal capabilities to meet the objectives of the firm.
fulfilling the needs of the person, corporation, and company—The community ought to breathe supple enough to give a set of wonderful features in keeping with individual wants.
Emulating entire company relationships—The community requisite to breathe capable of making unavoidable that trusted relationships are constructed and maintained between people, business, the business's intranet, and the entire over the world web.
Coordinating assistance move—tips may furthermore emanate both from the traffic (procedural) or from the community (technical). A directory service coordinates suggestions circulation, no breathe counted what the source or classification of counsel.
making unavoidable assistance availability—A directory provider gives a artery for making entire community suggestions available to users, instruments, functions, or different supplies.
A listing and a Relational Database management device (RDBMS) are two part entities with different capabilities. even if a directory is a group of suggestions, it doesn't replace the common RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one an extra, despite the fact that they serve different purposes.
customarily, a listing service may breathe used in prerogative here ways:
Organizing facts—A listing provider organizes statistics or counsel for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory retailers entire consumer, server, printer, and different network machine suggestions.
getting access to information with ease—comparable to the file-and-folder device used on a computer, a listing service makes guidance about network components available to clients, contraptions, and applications. A listing service offers personnel with international entry to community resources. companies and organizations furthermore exhaust listing services to provide consumer authentication and authorization for using these community supplies and features. For companies with gigantic numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing consumer information required via some applications. (Such purposes are described as listing-enabled.) From the person's aspect of view, a directory service gives a worldwide view of entire community resources, corresponding to users, purposes, functions, gadget elements, and instruments.
proposing security—A listing provider uniquely identifies network components, locates network objects when required, supports powerful safety facets, and controls the consumer access to network substances.
featuring features to purchasers—For groups taking odds of the features of electronic company transactions, directory capabilities can befriend prepare multiple databases while assisting to mesh disparate network systems. This provides greater management of methods between valued clientele, employees, and provide-chain partners. The ensuing advantages are as follows: reduced expenses for administration and hardware, sooner access to facts and tips, and restful community entry with advanced vice tolerance.
From a customary point of view, listing services can furthermore supply digital provisioning, more desirable protection, client profiling, digital wallets, automated notification methods, customized internet interfaces, and virtual inner most networks (VPNs).
A digital deepest community (VPN) frequently is used to switch exquisite enterprise suggestions across an untrusted network (such as the web) in a secure style (customarily by encapsulating and encrypting data).
So, what attain you suppose? Is a listing carrier for you? Who knows—you might even fancy it.
As you sustain in mind, the directory carrier offers access to the eDirectory database, which consists of entire components for the entire network. What precisely does eDirectory look like? From the backyard, it feels fancy a large cloud hovering over your network. On the internal, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure corresponding to the internet domain gadget. it truly is, soar on the WWW Root and increasing to ".com" domains and finally to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is talked about because the listing guidance Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for applications of their dialogue.
suppose of the tree as really being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree kick (referred to as the Tree Root) and builds from there. next, it sprouts container objects, which might breathe branches reaching toward the sky. ultimately, leaf objects provide network performance to users, servers, and the file gadget. As that you may note in design three.1, the tree analogy is alive and smartly.
figure three.1 The figurative listing features tree.
The actual eDirectory tree is made up of logical community objects. eDirectory objects define logical or physical entities that deliver organizational or technical characteristic to the community. As you will note later during this chapter, they arrive in three flavors:
The Tree Root is the very accurate of the eDirectory tree. since it represents the hole porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately an image of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and condo different container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container kick carries different objects, it is known as a parent object.
ultimately, leaf objects are the actual or logical network resources that give technical capabilities and network performance. Leaf objects outline the bottom plane of the eDirectory structure. you will breathe taught concerning the most entertaining leaf objects later in this chapter.
The structure of the listing is governed through a collection of rules collectively typical because the listing schema. These suggestions outline the category of statistics, the syntax of that facts, and the objects the directory can contain. Schema suggestions plunge into two broad categories:
Object sort definitions—These define the classification of objects and the attributes of those objects.
Attribute definitions—These define the constitution (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. with ease pointed out, the ascribe charge is the actual content material or data.
bear in humor after I instructed you that eDirectory changed into based on the X.500 typical? earlier than you depart tree hiking and learn the dynamics of eDirectory, pilfer a brief study that typical to note what that entire ability. I consider you're going to spot some extraordinary similarities between X.500 and what you may Have simply erudite about listing functions.
figuring out X.500
X.500 is an international regular for naming capabilities. a entire lot of traffic standards, akin to DNA (Digital community structure), exhaust X.500 with their personal naming services to provide address-to-name determination and listing services. This allows these allotted machines to exist in a titanic hierarchical management equipment.
X.500 organizes network components (reminiscent of users and servers) into a globally accessible listing. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, getting access to, and the usage of suggestions stored in a directory database. in fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of here X.500 points:
Scalability—enormous databases can breathe subdivided into smaller listing rig agents (DSAs). A DSA can signify either a solitary corporation or multiple businesses, and its contents could breathe disbursed throughout discrete directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.
Replication—This characteristic permits the listing database, or parts thereof, to breathe replicated on backup directory servers determined entire through the community.
Synchronization—as a result of X.500 must maneuver a loosely coupled, allotted database, each and every server Have to breathe able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. listing database updates can breathe made both at the customary master database (master-shadow association) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In both case, X.500 propagates directory database alternate tips to entire servers conserving replicas of the database or a DSA.
The X.500 listing is represented with the aid of a directory guidance Tree (DIT) and directory tips basis (DIB). at the least one of those should sound typical. The DIB carries objects (or nodes) and their linked houses and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that befriend in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects symbolize individual network entities, akin to servers, printers, and so on. consult with determine three.2 for an illustration of the X.500 listing structure.
The guidelines that verify the class of suggestions that can breathe saved within the DIB are held in the directory's schema. (Now this should breathe sounding definitely popular.) each and every kick in an X.500 DIT has a special identify that is referred to as its individual name, or DN, (it's, comprehensive identify). each kick can furthermore even breathe referred to by means of a relative uncommon name, or RDN, (it's, partial name).
listing database entry is managed by a DSA running on a aboriginal server. users entry the database via a directory user Agent (DUA). DUAs can breathe found in command-line, types-based, and browser-fashion interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other the usage of the listing entry Protocol (DAP). furthermore, DSAs can furthermore talk with one one more the exhaust of the listing system Protocol (DSP), listing tips Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the directory Operational Binding administration Protocol (DOP).
determine three.2 X.500 directory structure.
Now that you simply breathe cognizant of the area listing capabilities got here from and usually how they travail in NetWare 6, it breathe time to attain some tree mountain climbing! sounds fancy that fun I promised you, would not it?
EUC with HCI: Why It concerns
you are answerable for managing 15,000 person money owed and 20,000 computer systems for your business. it's 9 a.m. on Monday. attain you know the area your clients' computer systems are? if you're working for a customary enterprise, well-nigh definitely you attain not. "British Telecom recently audited their IT property and found that that they had 20,000 greater computer systems than they thought," says Dave Bingham, Consulting Director, Fujitsu Consulting UK. Now it is a significant systems management problem!
Many businesses are sinking below the weight of their existing legacy community identity, entry handle, and provisioning methods. probably the most warning signals that you just might Have a problem:
clients can not stand in humor entire their passwords as a result of each utility requires its personal authentication
directory assistance is out of date, or incomplete
Ex-personnel nonetheless Have access to local/far off community functions
It takes on general, 22 steps to create a current worker electronic mail address
Little or no auditing of debts and privileges, including cross application comparisons to salvage a actual experience of person movements
Redundant administration elements and no pre-based delegation guidelines
Proprietary entry, authentication, and provisioning APIs for each application
As large and minuscule businesses alike battle to maneuver IT property and costs, global network identification management systems are looking more and more pleasing. The Forrester neighborhood predicts most Fortune a hundred groups may breathe implementing these techniques to nick back TCO (total charge of ownership), eliminate guide/legacy programs, and streamline company techniques.
What attain Novell, identification administration and LDAP (lightweight listing access Protocol) ought to attain with any of this? is this the equal moribund traffic chummy for the ripen NetWare, NDS (Novell directory carrier), and GroupWise product traces? yes, a revitalized Novell is aggressively pursuing the network identity management and directory features market with a current technology of LDAP-based mostly products and technologies. by means of constructing on Novell's traditional strengths in listing management and de-coupling these items from their flagship NDS NOS product, it is hoping to compete at once with iPlanet, Oblix, notable route, Microsoft, and other identity administration providers. The next few years might breathe a battleground for community id vendors and consultants as they fight to set up themselves during this current industry. allow us to pilfer a extra extensive gawk at Novell's LDAP implementation and directory provider products to gawk why get positive to breathe critically given that them if you requisite an enterprise scale LDAP equipment.
Why Novell and LDAP?Novell realized it needed an open common for its front-end software utility. LDAP become the evident choice as a result of Novell had historically based mostly each the NetWare and NDS methods on the X.500 protocol and LDAP became at the soar designed because the X.500 entrance end. In March 1999, Novell launched a replica of open supply LDAP as a allotment of its SDK (software developer's package) indicating its full aid for the LDAP normal. on the time Kurt Zeilenga, chief architect of the OpenLDAP venture, referred to, "global adoption of applied sciences requires that builders Have entry to open and reusable code. they are blissful that Novell has chosen to get exhaust of OpenLDAP application and has made its changes available to the group so entire may furthermore benefit. They flaunt ahead to working with Novell in furthering open supply LDAP software." It evidently had the complete befriend of the developer neighborhood.
besides the fact that children LDAP has been round as a common protocol on account that 1995 until these days it has been a strictly returned-workplace commercial enterprise community service. prior to now, the simplest open yardstick for directories changed into X.500, introduced in 1988. considering X.500 changed into OSI mannequin based mostly, LDAP become designed to serve as a translation protocol between the TCP/IP and OSI models. since it is essentially the most open and supple of entire the community features protocols, the community id management neighborhood has embraced it as the core know-how to connect consumer and laptop id tips together into one seamless whole. it's now the de facto typical for many principal id management services functions. Openwave and iPlanet each exhaust LDAP as the underlying tackle directory know-how for commercial enterprise electronic mail functions items. LDAP is a longtime, potent, scalable open directory regular -- an extremely alluring solution.
Novell NDS and LDAPHow has that modified Novell's products? First, let us gawk at the particulars of how the NDS device has totally incorporated LDAP. NDS eight gives robust LDAP assist by artery of enabling entry without retard to a NDS data shop. This affords the best of both worlds -- open standards for listing access while leveraging Novell's protection strengths akin to potent authentication and server-server replication. This more advantageous befriend includes:
LDAP capabilities are installed by using default, which skill that LDAP purchasers can transparently access NDS objects the exhaust of SSL without requiring any extra client software.
capability to jot down without retard to LDAP schema. To exchange an LDAP-NDS mapping, depart to the ConsoleOne (Novell's Java-based mostly server/pc administration software) betray and elect LDAP community Object. rectify click on this kick and elect houses. you can then depart to the ascribe map or sort Map tab so as to add/modify/delete the acceptable object.
Full auxiliary sort assist, which capability if an NDS or LDAP kick is a member of diverse kick courses, it inherits the attributes of entire these kick classes. notice there are three default auxiliary courses in NDS.
eDirectory - Novell's listing carrier ProducteDirectory, which evolved from NDS, is a directory carrier that is scalable, extensible, and lofty performance. definitely, Novell has publicly tested that eDirectory can maneuver more than one billion objects in a solitary tree. This capacity some distance exceeds what most enterprise networks or e-groups will ever require. a few of eDirectory's fundamental accessories fancy international printing functions are included into NetWare 6.
FeaturesSome of eDirectory's current or enhanced points covered in version 8.7 - codenamed "Falcon" are:
Full back on multiple systems, Netware, home windows NT/2000, and UNIX flavors (Linux, AIX, and Solaris). here is remarkable information for multi-platform firms.
eDirectory has full guide for replication (dissimilar dispensed copies of the directory in case of failover) and portioning (splitting listing logically to back decentralized administration and more advantageous community performance). this is particularly notable in a 7x24, five 9s, mission notable deployments.
Full befriend of LDAP over SSL/TLS (secure Socket Layer & Transport Layer security protocols). This function is terribly vital within the web-primarily based functions area.
supports SNMP monitoring. both listing monitoring and management consoles can breathe found. ConsoleOne is a Java-primarily based for servers/workstations, and iMonitor is an internet-primarily based monitoring and diagnostics for entire company eDirectories.
IManager is a web-based mostly directory manager that performs operations on listing objects, including access, creation, listing portioning, and replication.
It includes an import/export utility the usage of LDAP listing Interchange structure (LDIF) for simplified ports and integration with legacy methods. It can breathe done from both the command line or the ConsoleOne or iManager items.
directory StructureHere is a short overview of the Novell directory constitution from exact to backside. Novell calls its directories "container objects."
TREE (as soon as referred to as [ROOT]) is the suitable of the directory hierarchy and incorporates entire objects in the listing. primarily used to supply or deny global rights.
organization incorporates entire objects for an organization or enterprise. This contains the Administrator person. a rustic kick can furthermore breathe created at this stage for more refinement.
ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT (OU) - is an extra subdivision of an organization structure (akin to divisions, geographical, and so on). clients are created at this stage.
area (DNS Domains) - allows eDirectory interplay with DNS for region of functions.
DirXMLDir XML offers bi-directional and Meta-directory capabilities between e-directory and different enterprise and legacy systems. The methods communicate by without retard processing XML documents. DirXML runs on numerous systems -- Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and windows NT/2000, but requires eDirectory 8.5 or later. presently obtainable DirXML drivers include:
LDAP Directories - IPlanet/Netscape listing Server, faultfinding course InJoin directory, IBM SecureWay
digital Messaging - Groupwise, Lotus Notes, Microsoft trade
business applications - Peoplesoft, IBM WebSphere MQ, Oracle, IBM DB2, and Sybase
working rig Domains - NT, energetic directory, NIS
Delimited textual content - Miscellaneous
DirXML ComponentsBetween eDirectory/DirXML there are two different types of statistics flows.
writer Channel - Sends facts from quite a lot of methods to eDirectory.
Subscriber Channel.- Sends statistics from eDirectory to a variety of techniques.
DirXML Driver - Handles the communique between DirXML engine and the utility but now not the rule processing. This includes receiving the XML document and translating it into a group of instructions, which might breathe then sent to the appropriate information store. note that DirXML 1.1 not requires eDirectory and DirXML operating on the server permitting far flung drivers to breathe dynamically loaded.
DirXML Engine - interprets listing events akin to add, regulate, or delete to an XML document. Translation involves processing various filters, suggestions, and charm sheets to achieve the desired influence.
Objects - eDirectory operations accommodate unavoidable key objects, DirXML-DriverSet, DirXML-Driver, DirXML-writer, and DirXML-Subscriber.
Filters -- determine which attributes equivalent to appellation or tackle could breathe affected for this specific channel session.
Object mapping -- pals an kick within the eDirectory schema with an kick within the exterior application.
Matching -- Determines the attributes and values in eDirectory and the corresponding utility that should suit before developing an affiliation attribute.
Create kick -- Specifies the ascribe and values that should breathe in area earlier than a current kick or record is created.
Placement -- Specifies the area in the utility the objects are kept. assorted rules are usually used.
XSLT vogue sheets - define the XLST transformation guidelines that transforms commands or listing movements found in the XML documents.
Developer ServicesAdditional capabilities and products Novell presents peculiarly designed to befriend developers encompass:
personalized DirXML Drivers -- Written in either C++ or Java. The Java drivers requires JDK 1.1.7b or later. developers can exhaust DSTrace facility and DirXML hint log for debugging.
XML Interfaces for C++ - makes it viable for the developer to attach in writing messages to DSTrace facility and DirXML trail log.
LDAP Extensions and control for JNDI (Java Naming and listing Interface).
examine Server for LDAP
eDirectory sort Libraries for C and Java - Used to operate operations equivalent to question or add on a LDAP listing. allotment of the Novell Developer rig (NDK), it makes exhaust of open source code from the OpenLDAP mission.
Some CautionsNovell is relocating the appropriate path through porting the kit to distinctive systems, but if you really requisite to Have a totally integrated equipment, recall to nevertheless breathe the exhaust of the different Novell products along with eDirectory. despite the fact eDirectory has some noteworthy facets that get it less difficult to foster traffic scaled listing features primarily based functions, it continues to breathe at heart an NDS based mostly product. it will probably travail choicest for you if you already Have a NetWare installing and some familiarity with the Novell approach to network primarily based traffic functions. Tony Neal, IT manager at Marriott overseas Inc. views Novell LDAP aid as "one more piece of the protocol mystify for you to tie every minute thing collectively, with NDS because the actual engine underneath". It isn't transparent when speaking to Novell how many of their eDirectory installations are basically current shoppers and not just additional earnings to the latest Novell client base.
just a few years lower back Novell took a major misstep once they proposed a brand current correct-level .dir domain for the cyber web. The proposed .dir domain become a so-called chartered domain and would Have required .dir candidates to breathe wholly compliant with LDAP 2000, an LDAP conformance gawk at various backed via DIF. Novell claimed that organising the .dir area turned into faultfinding since it would assure the class of web sites that would exhaust it. The proposed area instantly met with group resistance and was prerogative away withdrawn. "Why is every person looking to ICANN to rubber-stamp their enterprise models?" said Rick Wesson, CEO of Alice's Registry, in Santa Cruz, Calif., a consultancy for ICANN-accredited registrars. "Novell wants to create a LDAP (light-weight listing access Protocol) root, however doesn't want a TLD to attain this. it may possibly build the equal infrastructure below the present DNS domains."
Is Novell concerned with LDAP?Novell has been lively with two rising IETF specifications groups. These efforts will no doubt turn out to breathe in future Novell internet, working gadget, and listing items.
SAML (security statement Markup Language) 1.0 enables functions to participate authentication tips. In July, Novell participated in a SAML Interoperability forum as allotment of the Burton community. however, the one sign-on reply continues to breathe a work-in-progress.
The identical neighborhood OASIS (corporation for the progress of Structured tips requirements) that oversees SAML furthermore is growing the UDDI (typical Description, Discovery and Integration) specification. UDDI comprises a protocol for describing web capabilities and queries about groups/items. Novell subsidized engineers authored a draft schema to region UDDI assistance in an LDAP directory.
Liberty Alliance is making a "federated" id authentication protocol, referred to as "a circle of believe", that allows for clients to transparently navigate between affiliated groups. There are various protection access issues nevertheless to breathe determined earlier than this turns into truth. It is not transparent what learning this schema has over present certification methods, fancy PKI.
Novell developers are working on the next unlock of Netware code named "Nakoma." it will embrace more desirable DirXML back for tighter integration between NetWare, Novell Portal capabilities, and legacy company directories that require directory-primarily based identity and access features. present projected availability is summer time 2003.
Some enhancements which are a allotment of "project destiny" the universal Novell eDirectory and directory enhancement application include:
UDDI server due with the aid of 12 months-conclusion.
the long quicken version of eDirectory may breathe greater dynamic with enhanced rules-primarily based "decision-making" about americans, and listing records.
"Saturn" is a Novell application to get eDirectory and iChain (identity-pushed net entry) suitable with the liberty Alliance specification. "Saturn" reportedly might breathe accomplished by year-end.
Dynamic identity features and access can breathe granted according to the software.
In conclusion, Novell has been working complicated to area itself within the forefront of the LDAP pile community. Novell has leveraged its learning with X.500 and NDS to create a powerful set of tools the exhaust of LDAP and the NDS structure. when you are sober about significant-scale identification administration functions and furthermore you already Have some familiarity with the Novell environment, eDirectory might breathe just the toolkit you should construct your utility.
Beth Cohen is president of Luth laptop consultants, Inc., a consulting ensue that specialize in IT infrastructure for smaller companies. She has been in the trenches supporting enterprise IT infrastructure for over two decades in a few different fields including structure, development, engineering, application, telecommunications, and research. She is presently writing a publication about IT for the minuscule enterprise and pursuing an suggestions Age MBA from Bentley college.
Hallett German is an IT advisor who is experienced in implementing sturdy IT infrastructures with an emphasis on electronic messaging and directories. he's the founding father of the Northeast SAS clients community and former President of the REXX Language affiliation. he's the writer of three books on scripting languages.
» note entire Articles via Columnist Beth Cohen
November 17, 1999Web posted at: 2:29 p.m. EST (1929 GMT)
by means of Jana Sanchez
LAS VEGAS (IDG) -- Novell has introduced a version of NDS (Novell listing services) that runs on the home windows NT, Novell NetWare and sun Microsystems' Solaris working programs.
available now, the NDS eDirectory is a directory platform that allows for the user to collect, sustain and converse assistance about clients, consumers and traffic companions.
moreover the three platforms that are available now, the directory will furthermore travail with Linux and Compaq's Tru64 Unix OS within the first half of next year.
Novell is touting NDS e-listing as an e-commerce device on the artery to allow businesses to participate assistance with its companions and suppliers.
"Extranet equals additional travail ... as opposed to create a VPN (digital inner most community) you are sharing tips using open protocols fancy SSL (relaxed sockets layer) and LDAP (light-weight directory entry protocol)," pointed out Paul Corriveau, NDS product advertising and marketing supervisor, in an interview.
the current listing is being placed as a product that e-commerce providers can exhaust to build up highly personalized profiles to offer customized services to valued clientele.
one in every of Novell's customers, introduced here, is CNN Interactive, so one can exhaust the know-how to store consumer profiles for its web web site. When clients log onto the directory by the exhaust of CNN's internet site, they'll acquire customized news, services and advertising, Corriveau observed.
"building this contour of personalized counsel as a artery to target purchasers is the actual magnitude of directories," pointed out Dana Gardner, an analyst with Aberdeen community in Boston. "by means of having potent directories, agencies can target particular individuals and present the features these individuals need."
"it's entire about loyalty -- creating relationships and customized capabilities is the most efficient artery to build loyalty," Corriveau talked about.
"consumers odds since the counsel about their desires and wishes can furthermore breathe provided to a titanic variety of product and repair providers," Gardner spoke of.
through the exhaust of eDirectory you could allow partners to access your directory the exhaust of a browser by means of LDAP, Corriveau said. The partners should not Have to Have eDirectory.
privateness considerations are furthermore addressed by the listing, Corriveau referred to. "eDirectory has developed-in access controls so that you can get a determination how a entire lot counsel companions share."
In an try to salvage application vendors to better purposes for eDirectory, Novell is making a gift the listing to any ISV (unbiased software providers). The ISVs can download it and exhaust it to foster their purposes and that they can bundle a limited eDirectory license with their utility.
Novell furthermore announced the availability of NDS company version, an utility that sits on prerogative of NDS e-directory that integrates network materials across varied systems.
NDS eDirectory is $2 per consumer and NDS corporate version is $26 per person.
Jana Sanchez is London bureau chief for the IDG word carrier.
Novell plans to outcluster home windows NTSeptember 13, 1999NetWare 5.0 pulls entire of it togetherAugust 3, 1999Novell and Microsoft conform on XML-based standardJuly 14, 1999
linked IDG.net studies:
Comdex: Novell CEO unveils NDS eDirectory(IDG.internet)Novell jumps into e-commerce arena with eDirectory(InfoWorld electric)NetPro helps directory management(InfoWorld electric)community log-ins eased through NDS(InfoWorld electric)lost NDS characteristic muddles NetWare/Win 2000 administration(InfoWorld electric)repute of NDS-energetic listing integration is noiseless up within the air(InfoWorld electric)Migration device eases road from NDS to active listing(InfoWorld electric powered)NDS eight.0 presents competent community awareness(Civic.com)
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Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8
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This chapter is from the engage
This chapter covers the following testing objectives for Novell Course 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:
Identify basic Directory Service tasks.
Identify common Directory Service uses.
Describe how a Directory is structured.
Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.
Identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.
Identify and relate the composition of eDirectory.
Identify and relate eDirectory kick classes.
Identify the tide and design of the eDirectory tree.
NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory 8.6, the greatest version to date of Novell's world-class directory service.
eDirectory is the world's leading Directory service. It provides a unifying, cross-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing entire major components of your network. eDirectory scales to the largest network environments, including the Internet. Because it is based on the X.500 standard, eDirectory supports Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming environment.
eDirectory can store and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It furthermore provides the foundation network service for entire NetWare servers and network resources. In fact, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network service offered by NetWare 6.
With entire this in mind, I'm positive you would conform that eDirectory management is one of your key responsibilities as a Novell CNA (Certified Network Administrator). In this chapter, you will explore four notable lessons regarding eDirectory management:
Introduction to Directory Services—You'll open with a brief introduction to the basics of Directory services, including some common uses and how a Directory is structured.
Understanding eDirectory 8.6—Then you'll explore the architecture of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and compare it to its predecessor, Novell Directory Services (NDS).
Using eDirectory Objects—You'll dig into the basics behind eDirectory's three types of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.
Implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—Finally, you'll learn about naming conventions used in eDirectory, including naming context rules and inheritance.
As you can see, there's a lot to learn in this chapter and when it's entire done, you'll breathe an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's salvage started!
Test Objectives Covered:
Identify basic Directory Service tasks.
Identify common Directory Service uses.
Describe how a Directory is structured.
Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.
The Directory Service is one of the most fundamental network services provided by entire NetWare 6 servers. In fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between entire servers in a large NetWare 6 network. As such, Directory Service management is one of your key responsibilities as the network administrator.
As its appellation implies, the Directory service provides access to a database, called eDirectory, that contains entire resources for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the Directory service, including capabilities for replication and distribution. Directory is capitalized in this case to differentiate it from the directory (or folder) in the file system. In fact, these two "directories" define the two major roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File System Administrator (directories and files) and eDirectory Administrator (The Directory).
The Directory service is your friend. It may look a minute intimidating at first, but when you salvage to know the Directory service (and eDirectory, for that matter), it's actually fun. Really.
How Directory Services Work
A Directory service classifies entire network resources into a finite number of objects. These objects can breathe organized by function, location, size, type, or color—it doesn't matter. The point is, a Directory service organizes network resources independently from their physical locations. For example, servers are organized according to function. Then users are placed in the appropriate containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity because users are near the resources they need. When a user logs in to the network, the user can access any kick in the Tree, regardless of its location. This provides a slick means for managing not only users, but furthermore entire their hardware and applications. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in life), it is best to area User objects and their resources (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in nearby proximity to each other.
A Directory service performs several basic tasks, including the following:
Connecting disparate systems—A Directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous systems to allow them to participate common management. In today's traffic world, such systems are required not only to communicate with each other, but furthermore to participate information and exhaust common services to meet the objectives of the organization.
Satisfying the needs of the user, organization, and business—The network must breathe supple enough to provide a set of unique services based on individual needs.
Emulating entire traffic relationships—The network must breathe capable of ensuring that trusted relationships are built and maintained between people, business, the company's intranet, and the World Wide Web.
Coordinating information flow—Information may emanate either from the traffic (procedural) or from the network (technical). A Directory service coordinates information flow, no matter what the source or sort of information.
Ensuring information availability—A Directory service provides a means for making entire network information available to users, devices, applications, or other resources.
A Directory and a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) are two part entities with different functions. Even though a Directory is a collection of information, it does not replace the traditional RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one another, even though they serve different purposes.
Typically, a Directory service may breathe used in the following ways:
Organizing data—A Directory service organizes data or information for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory stores entire user, server, printer, and other network device information.
Accessing information easily—Similar to the file-and-folder system used on a computer, a Directory service makes information about network resources available to users, devices, and applications. A Directory service provides employees with global access to network resources. Businesses and organizations furthermore exhaust Directory services to provide user authentication and authorization for using these network resources and services. For organizations with large numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing user information required by some applications. (Such applications are described as Directory-enabled.) From the user's point of view, a Directory service provides a global view of entire network resources, such as users, applications, services, system resources, and devices.
Providing security—A Directory service uniquely identifies network resources, locates network objects when required, supports robust security features, and controls the user access to network resources.
Providing services to customers—For organizations taking odds of the features of electronic traffic transactions, Directory services can befriend organize multiple databases while helping to mesh disparate network systems. This provides better management of processes between customers, employees, and supply-chain partners. The resulting benefits are as follows: reduced costs for administration and hardware, faster access to data and information, and secure network access with superior vice tolerance.
From a universal perspective, Directory services can furthermore provide electronic provisioning, enhanced security, customer profiling, electronic wallets, automated notification systems, customized Web interfaces, and virtual private networks (VPNs).
A virtual private network (VPN) often is used to transfer sensitive company information across an untrusted network (such as the Internet) in a secure style (typically by encapsulating and encrypting data).
So, what attain you think? Is a Directory service for you? Who knows—you might even fancy it.
As you recall, the Directory service provides access to the eDirectory database, which contains entire resources for the entire network. What exactly does eDirectory gawk like? From the outside, it looks fancy a titanic cloud hovering over your network. On the inside, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure similar to the Internet domain system. That is, starting at the WWW Root and expanding to ".com" domains and eventually to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is referred to as the Directory Information Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for purposes of their discussion.
Think of the tree as actually being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree kick (called the Tree Root) and builds from there. Next, it sprouts container objects, which are branches reaching toward the sky. Finally, leaf objects provide network functionality to users, servers, and the file system. As you can note in design 3.1, the tree analogy is alive and well.
Figure 3.1 The figurative Directory services tree.
The actual eDirectory tree is made up of logical network objects. eDirectory objects define logical or physical entities that provide organizational or technical function to the network. As you will note later in this chapter, they arrive in three flavors:
The Tree Root is the very top of the eDirectory tree. Because it represents the opening porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately a picture of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and house other container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container kick contains other objects, it is called a parent object.
Finally, leaf objects are the physical or logical network resources that provide technical services and network functionality. Leaf objects define the lowest plane of the eDirectory structure. You'll learn about the most inviting leaf objects later in this chapter.
The structure of the Directory is governed by a set of rules collectively known as the Directory schema. These rules define the sort of data, the syntax of that data, and the objects the Directory can contain. Schema rules plunge into two broad categories:
Object class definitions—These define the sort of objects and the attributes of those objects.
Attribute definitions—These define the structure (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. Simply stated, the ascribe value is the actual content or data.
Remember when I told you that eDirectory was based on the X.500 standard? Before you depart tree climbing and explore the dynamics of eDirectory, pilfer a quick gawk at that yardstick to note what that entire means. I consider you'll spot some astounding similarities between X.500 and what you've just erudite about Directory services.
X.500 is an international yardstick for naming services. A variety of industry standards, such as DNA (Digital Network Architecture), exhaust X.500 with their own naming services to provide address-to-name resolution and directory services. This enables these distributed machines to exist in a large hierarchical management system.
X.500 organizes network resources (such as users and servers) into a globally accessible Directory. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, accessing, and using information stored in a directory database. In fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of the following X.500 features:
Scalability—Large databases can breathe subdivided into smaller Directory System Agents (DSAs). A DSA can portray either a solitary organization or multiple organizations, and its contents may breathe distributed across multiple Directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.
Replication—This feature allows the Directory database, or portions thereof, to breathe replicated on backup Directory servers located throughout the network.
Synchronization—Because X.500 must manage a loosely coupled, distributed database, each server must breathe able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. Directory database updates may breathe made either at the original master database (master-shadow arrangement) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In either case, X.500 propagates Directory database change information to entire servers holding replicas of the database or a DSA.
The X.500 Directory is represented by a Directory Information Tree (DIT) and Directory Information basis (DIB). At least one of those should sound familiar. The DIB consists of objects (or nodes) and their associated properties and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that aid in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects portray individual network entities, such as servers, printers, and so on. mention to design 3.2 for an illustration of the X.500 Directory architecture.
The rules that determine the sort of information that may breathe stored in the DIB are held in the Directory's schema. (Now this should breathe sounding really familiar.) Each kick in an X.500 DIT has a unique appellation that is referred to as its distinguished name, or DN, (that is, complete name). Each kick may furthermore breathe referred to by a relative distinguished name, or RDN, (that is, partial name).
Directory database access is managed by a DSA running on a local server. Users access the database through a Directory User Agent (DUA). DUAs are available in command-line, forms-based, and browser-style interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other using the Directory Access Protocol (DAP). Furthermore, DSAs may communicate with one another using the Directory System Protocol (DSP), Directory Information Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the Directory Operational Binding Management Protocol (DOP).
Figure 3.2 X.500 Directory architecture.
Now that you know where Directory services came from and generally how they travail in NetWare 6, it's time to attain some tree climbing! Sounds fancy that fun I promised you, doesn't it?
Related Resources: Books
Skill Level: Intermediate Status: Active
Low Cost: $375 (shortest track)
Summary:For individuals who decipher advanced company-wide back problems and high-level network problems. They perform planning, installation, configuration, troubleshooting and upgrade services for networks. The Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) has been recognized as the IT industry's leading certification for advanced networking and troubleshooting.
Initial Requirements:You must pass three exams: Foundations of Novell Open Enterprise Server fpr NetWare ($125), Novell Open Enterprise Server for NetWare foster Admin ($125) and Novell eDirerctory Design and Implementation: eDirectory 8.8 ($125).
An upgrade exam is available for current NetWare 6 certified individuals.
Continuing Requirements:From time to time, Novell Training Services may require you to pilfer an exam to sustain current on the latest solutions and technologies. These exams are considered a Continuing Certification Requirement (CCR), which sustain your skills up-to-date and sustain your certification valuable in the marketplace.
CNE Pay Chart:
See entire Novell Certifications
Vendor's page for this certification
Casselberry, FL (PRWEB) May 23, 2012
Zvetco Biometrics, a leader in fingerprint identity and authentication solutions, today announced that the City of Apopka has deployed the company’s P4500 biometric fingerprint reader and the Authasas® enterprise grade biometric software, to achieve compliance with CJIS mandates at situation and federal levels. The City of Apopka selected Zvetco and Viable Solutions, Inc. to provide and install a turn-key solution to secure mobile access to information, reduce helpdesk costs and simplify compliance with the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) mandate. With this installation, the City of Apopka delivers extremely lofty security and convenience through fingerprint scanning.
Within the current mandates, agencies must enforce unique IDs, sturdy passwords, and comply with the CJIS Advanced Authentication requirement by 2013. However, Advanced Authentication is required for any system upgrade performed after 2005. This means that instead of a 2013 deadline, the mandates must breathe met at the time of the upgrade. Agencies that are audited and don’t comply with the CJIS policy could breathe denied access to CJIS systems or countenance penalties.
The City of Apopka has chosen Zvetco Biometrics and their VAR, Viable Solutions, Inc. to deliver much needed biometric tools to achieve tense integration within a Novell eDirectory environment. In addition to their all-metal biometric readers, Zvetco provided Authasas®, advanced authentication software that enabled the first of its kindly connectivity with Novell eDirectory.
City of Apopka’s IT Supervisor, Robert Hippler, says, "Zvetco scanners are a cost efficient product that easily connects to their VDI and Physical workstations. With those in area they are able to deliver the current Authasas® Biometric Authentication to desktops, meeting and even exceeding the CJIS requirements."
"Zvetco’s Verifi fingerprint readers deliver on the promise to provide simple yet secure access to organizations’ networks and applications," said Zavi Cohen, CEO at Zvetco Biometrics. "It’s gratifying to note Zvetco solutions supporting government agencies’ needs for security and efficiency in their daily operations. He added, “The Zvetco solution can breathe utilized in a Novell environment as well as Windows active Directory. By deploying Zvetco’s Enterprise grade fingerprint readers the City of Apopka achieved noteworthy cost benefits when compared with traditional AFIS sort readers”.
Eliot Lloyd Lanes, CEO, and CTO of Viable Solutions, Inc. states, “We Have supported the City of Apopka for decades, and they Have worked with Zvetco Biometrics for many years. The City’s IT Director, Donald Kahrs was cognizant that Viable Solutions, Inc. has helped with pioneering efforts in the domain of Biometrics integration. So, when they needed to meet the CJIS requirements, they turned to us. They then looked to Zvetco Biometrics, who presented Authasas. During the project they built nearby ties with Authasas and together they Have now delivered a solution that will proper any current Novell and/or Microsoft environment with ease and cost effectiveness.”
About Zvetco Biometrics
Zvetco Biometrics is a manufacturer of best-in-class identity authentication hardware and provider of identity management solutions. Founded in 1999, Zvetco provides its customers in corporate enterprise, government, monetary services, healthcare, gaming, food services and point-of-sale with cost-effective network security tools that obviate identity theft, augment accountability and eliminate the cost and inconvenience of password-based access. Zvetco Biometrics' Verifi™ line of biometric products incorporates precision fingerprint-sensing technology into ergonomic computer peripherals that deliver unparalleled performance, reliability and convenience.
Verifi™ is a trademark of Zvetco Biometrics. Authasas® is a trademark of Authasas, a provider of advanced authentication software. entire other trademarks, registered trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.
Media Contact: Christy Elliott, Zvetco Media DirectorPhone: (407) 681-0111 Extension: 804Web site: http://www.zvetcobiometrics.com
About Viable Solutions, Inc.
Viable Solutions, Inc. is a world leader in networking and collaboration design, implementation, and support. They furthermore provide a secure, robust, and amenable private corporate cloud. Founded in 1986, Viable Solutions, Inc. provides its customers in entire manner of industry cost-effective design, implementation, and back tools and services (on premise or cloud baased) to meet and exceed their traffic process needs. Information about Viable Solutions, Inc. and its products and services by calling (407) 249-9600 option 2.
Media Contact: brand Grebinger, Sales ManagerPhone: (407) 249-9600 Extension: 502Web site: http://www.viable-solutions.com
Read the full myth at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/5/prweb9529543.htm