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050-664 exam Dumps Source : Novell-Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation
Test Code : 050-664
Test title : Novell-Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation
Vendor title : Novell
: 187 true Questions
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Novell Novell-Novell eDirectory Design and
This chapter is from the ebook
examine goal coated:
identify the circulate and design of the eDirectory tree (persisted).
Now that you simply bethink what the eDirectory tree is made of, you deserve to explore how it works. As you manage the eDirectory tree, pay selected consideration to its structure. A smartly-designed tree will Make useful resource access and administration a considerable deal less difficult.
The constitution of the eDirectory tree is each organizational and practical. The locality of an demur in the tree can strike how clients entry it and how community administrators maneuver it. The eDirectory tree constitution impacts the following areas of administrative responsibility:
useful resource setup
You complete these tasks with the aid of imposing eDirectory planning guidelines, the exhaust of proper eDirectory naming constitution, and figuring out present context. Let's pick a closer appear.
a edifying eDirectory tree provides complete the following benefits:
It makes useful resource entry more straightforward for users.
It makes administration less difficult for community administrators.
It provides foible tolerance for the eDirectory database.
It decreases community site visitors.
The structure of the tree will likewise breathe based on region, company, or administration. in lots of instances, or not it's a composite of complete three. Many factors strike the constitution of your eDirectory tree. before you design your tree, you could deserve to examine workgroups, aid allocation, and/or learn the route facts flows complete over your community.
As a CNA, or not it's your accountability to navigate and manage the tree, not to design or troubleshoot it—it is what CNEs are for. This material is likewise lined in much superior element in Novell's CNE survey at e-book for NetWare 6.
look at the eDirectory merits carefully—they're the groundwork of your lifestyles as a NetWare 6 CNA. One final censorious aspect: eDirectory doesn't supply foible tolerance for the file gadget.
eDirectory Naming constitution
eDirectory naming defines suggestions for locating leaf objects. one of the vital vital points of a leaf demur is its position in the eDirectory tree. proper naming is required when logging in, having access to eDirectory utilities, printing, and for many other administration initiatives.
The title of an eDirectory demur identifies its vicinity within the hierarchical tree. hence, every demur identify ought to breathe unique. eDirectory naming affects two essential NetWare 6 projects:
Login—usually, you exigency to establish the locality of your person demur in the eDirectory tree for NetWare 6 to authenticate you complete through login.
aid access—eDirectory naming precisely identifies the classification and location of NetWare 6 components, together with file servers, printers, login scripts, and files.
The complete NetWare 6 eDirectory naming scheme is a all lot greater advanced than "hello, i'm Fred." It requires each your title and location. as an example, a proper eDirectory title could breathe "hello, i'm Fred in the ADMIN division of ACME." As which you can survey in determine three.10, Fred's eDirectory title identifies who he's and the location he works.
The eDirectory tree influences aid access since the organization of objects in the tree dictates how they can breathe discovered and used. truly, the complete eDirectory naming approach hinges on the theory of context. Context defines the location of an demur inside the directory tree structure. if you request a selected network resource, you should identify the article's context so that eDirectory can discover it. similar to locating information through the exhaust of a DOS listing route, context represents a list of container objects main from the particular to the Tree Root. NetWare 6 uses specific naming guidelines for creating an object's context.
determine 3.10 attending to understand the actual Fred.
Novell recommends that earlier than you set into result eDirectory, you create a document that describes your naming standards. The eDirectory naming suggestions you're going to breathe taught here drudgery simplest if demur names are consistent across the network. A naming standards doc offers instructions for naming key container and leaf objects, together with clients, printers, servers, volumes, print queues, and organizational instruments. in addition, it identifies tolerable houses and price codecs. Consistency, particularly within the naming scheme used for objects, provides a couple of merits:
A consistent naming scheme provides a tenet for community administrators who will add, modify, or movement objects inside the listing tree.
A naming commonplace eliminates redundant planning and gives community administrators an efficient mannequin to answer their wants, however it leaves implementation of aid objects open and flexible.
constant naming schemes befriend clients establish components at once, which maximizes person productivity.
constant naming enables clients to determine themselves conveniently during login.
There are two main kinds of context: present context and demur context. try it out.
existing context is once in a while referred to as identify context. It defines where you're in the eDirectory tree at any given time, now not where you live. this is an Important difference. as an instance, if you're the exhaust of a NetWare 6 utility, or not it's vital to understand what the utility considers as the present context within the eDirectory tree (it's, the default container to Make exhaust of if one is not targeted). This thought is a minute bit similar to understanding your present default power/listing when the usage of a DOS or home windows utility on your laptop.
additionally, present context impacts how a edifying deal of an object's individual identify you must give to find it. (See the section "distinct Names" later in this chapter for greater advice.) latest context likewise allows for you to refer to an demur in your current container with the aid of its ordinary title because the object's context is an identical. notice that latest context always points to a container object, in location of to a leaf object. usually, at login, you're going to want a computer's existing context set to the container that holds the person's most requently used elements.
In determine 3.10, Fred's context is ". . . in the ADMIN division of ACME." This context identifies where Fred lives in the eDirectory tree constitution. It identifies complete container objects main from him to the Tree Root. in addition to context, determine 3.10 identifies Fred's commonplace title (CN). A leaf object's commonplace identify notably identifies it inside a given container. during this illustration, the consumer object's commonplace identify is Fred.
Two objects in the very eDirectory tree may additionally beget the very typical identify—provided, besides the fact that children, that they beget got diverse contexts. here is why naming is so crucial. As you can survey in motif three.11, their eDirectory tree has two Freds, however every has a special context.
Object context (once in a while called context) defines the location a specific demur is organize within the eDirectory tree structure. it's a list of container objects leading from the article to the Tree Root. finding an demur via context is corresponding to finding a file using the listing route. As they learned previous, demur context is used for two censorious applications: logging in and gaining access to substances. unfortunately, eDirectory doesn't beget a search direction characteristic (comparable to NetWare SEARCH drives or the DOS path command used within the file device). This aptitude that for those who request a specific network resource, you (or your computer) must supply eDirectory with satisfactory suggestions to locate the thing in the tree.
each eDirectory demur has a naming classification (also called an assign class) associated with it, which permits you to exactly determine objects to your tree. The tree organization dictates how the objects may likewise breathe discovered and used. This naming kind is recognized by a one- or two-personality abbreviation. Accompanying the naming classification is the price of the object, or the identify you enter for the thing should you create it. Following are examples of naming varieties and linked values:
C = country container
O = corporation container
OU = Organizational Unit container
CN = measure identify (specifies a leaf object)
determine three.eleven knowing eDirectory context.
The ordinary identify (CN) assign is the title shown next to the leaf demur within the eDirectory tree. This assign applies to complete leaf objects (servers, clients, businesses, etc). When requesting a aid equivalent to a server, the common identify should breathe blanketed within the request.
Now that you simply understand how eDirectory context works, assessment the naming rules associated with it:
latest context is a pointer to the eDirectory container that your Novell client is at the second set to.
An object's context defines its vicinity in the eDirectory tree.
each and every demur has an identifier abbreviation that defines it for naming purposes, particularly here: C = country, O = company, OU = Organizational Unit, and CN = typical identify (of leaf object).
Context is defined by route of listing complete containers from the article to the Tree Root, in that order. each and every demur is separated via a period.
Context is censorious for logging in and getting access to eDirectory resources.
There you've got it. it truly is how context works. With this in intellect, or not it's time to explore both leading sorts of eDirectory names: special Names (DN) and Relative unusual Names (RDN).
An object's distinctive title is its finished eDirectory route. it is a blend of regular identify and demur context. each demur within the eDirectory tree has a wonderful identify that uniquely identifies it within the tree. In different phrases, two objects can't beget the identical unusual name.
In determine three.12, AEinstein's context is .OU=R&D.OU=LABS.O=ACME, and his common title is CN=AEinstein. for this reason, Einstein's exclusive identify is an light mathematical addition of both:
be awake the exhaust of periods. A wonderful identify complete the time begins with a number one length. Trailing periods are not allowed. The main duration identifies the title as several (this is, complete). otherwise, it is believed to breathe incomplete. In other phrases, a relative distinguished identify.
Relative individual Names
A relative several identify lists an object's route to the present context, not the Tree Root. The relativity half refers to how eDirectory builds the wonderful identify if you deliver a relative name. with the aid of definition, as an example, the typical title of a leaf demur is a relative extraordinary name. for those who exhaust a relative exclusive name, eDirectory builds a several identify by appending the latest context to the end:
Relative extraordinary identify + existing context = special identify
determine 3.12 constructing AEinstein's unusual name.
for instance, if the latest context is .OU=LABS.O=ACME and likewise you post a relative extraordinary title of CN=AEinstein.OU=R&D, the extraordinary title would breathe resolved as (see determine three.13) here:
to differentiate a relative identify, you should not lead with a duration. instead, which you can exhaust trailing periods to trade the latest context used to resolve the title (as if naming wasn't complicated ample already). The foundation line is that every trailing duration tells eDirectory to eradicate one demur identify from the left side of the latest context being used. This theory is a bit akin to the trailing dot characteristic used within the DOS CD command.
as an example, anticipate that .OU=R&D.OU=LABS.O=ACME is your present context and that CN=LEIA.OU=ADMIN.. is your relative exotic identify. in this case, the distinctive title would unravel as follows (see motif 3.14):
figure 3.13 constructing AEinstein's relative exotic name.
As that you could see, or not it's very crucial the location you location your dots! perquisite here's a short summary:
All objects in an eDirectory identify are separated with the aid of dots.
unique names are preceded by route of a dot. This identifies them as complete.
Relative exclusive names are not preceded by using a dot. This identifies them as incomplete.
Trailing dots will likewise breathe used most effective in relative extraordinary names as a result of they alter the existing context to breathe used. each and every dot moves the context up one container as the unusual title is resolved.
For an entire summary of eDirectory distinguished naming guidelines, confer with desk three.four.
figure 3.14 the exhaust of trailing intervals to unravel Leia's unique identify.
desk three.four getting to know unusual Naming
What it's context
comprehensive attractive identify
Incomplete identify in accordance with current
how it works from the particular to the Tree Root
Lists the comprehensive route from the thing to the existing context
Lists the relative direction
leading length required
leading periods allowed
No main periods
Trailing periods allowed
No trailing intervals non-compulsory
Now, let's step returned into reality for a second and discover the different eDirectory naming category—typeful names.
Typeful Versus Typeless Names
Typeful names exhaust assign kind abbreviations to distinguish between the different container varieties and leaf objects in eDirectory names. complete of the examples to this factor used these abbreviations to aid clarify context, special names, and relative several names. Following are essentially the most favorite assign class abbreviations:
C = nation container
O = firm container
OU = Organizational Unit container
CN = usual title of a leaf object
These assign forms support remain away from the confusion that may occur in the event you're developing complicated extraordinary and relative special names. I totally suggest that you simply exhaust them. Of path, dote most issues in existence, they are not obligatory. you can contemplate about how crazy eDirectory naming receives if you opt for now not to exhaust these assign abbreviations. This madness is called typeless naming.
Typeless names operate the equal as typeful names do, but they finish not include demur assign kinds. In such situations, eDirectory has to wager what demur types you are the exhaust of. pick the following typeless identify, for instance:
is that this the ADMIN Organizational Unit under ACME? Or is that this the Admin consumer under ACME? In both instances, or not it's a legitimate extraordinary identify, except that one identifies an Organizational Unit container, and the different identifies a person leaf demur (see motif 3.15).
neatly, perquisite here's the bottom line: which one is it? it breathe up to eDirectory. if you don't provide a typeful demur identify, eDirectory calculates assign varieties for each object. fortunately, NetWare 6 has some guidelines for guessing what the article kind may silent be:
The leftmost demur is a typical identify (leaf object).
The rightmost demur is an organization (container object).
All core objects are Organizational gadgets (container objects).
determine three.15 trying to beget in intellect typeless naming.
however this works for many situations, it's only a generic tenet. again and again, typeless names are more complex. pick the illustration in determine 3.15, for instance. You breathe awake of now that the rightmost demur is a company, but what about Admin? Is it a typical title or an Organizational Unit? They nevertheless don't know. happily, NetWare 6 includes just a few exceptions to deal with complicated typeless scenarios. here's how it works:
Exception Rule 1: Container Objects—Many NetWare 6 utilities are quick-witted satisfactory to acquire to the bottom of typeless names, reckoning on what they are attempting to achieve. CX, for instance, is used primarily for altering context. if you solemnize the CX command to a typeless identify, it assumes the leftmost demur is a firm or Organizational Unit. here's because you cannot exchange your current context to a leaf object. ConsoleOne is the top-rated graphical utility for altering your context. In summary, here's how the instance from determine three.15 would appear with the CX utility:
CX .ADMIN.ACME resolves as ".OU=ADMIN.O=ACME"
Exception Rule 2: Leaf Objects—in a similar fashion, aid-based mostly utilities value the leftmost demur of a typeless title as a leaf object. lots of these utilities call to survey a measure name. essentially the most measure are LOGIN, MAP, and seize. perquisite here's how it works for the instance in determine 3.15:
LOGIN .Admin.ACME resolves as ".CN=Admin.O=ACME"
Exception Rule three: Contextless Login—if you beget Catalog capabilities and Contextless Login activated, eDirectory will acquire to the bottom of typeless names by route of providing the user an inventory from the eDirectory Catalog. (observe: NetWare 6 eDirectory doesn't support Catalog functions.)
There you've got it. This completes the dialogue of typeless names and eDirectory naming in conventional. As that you would breathe able to see, here is a crucial matter matter since it influences complete elements of eDirectory design, installing, and management. No weigh number what you do, you're going to beget to exhaust the suitable title to login to the tree or entry eDirectory elements. As you've discovered, an object's title is a blend of what it's (ordinary identify) and where it lives (context).
As an international-type NetWare 6 CNA, you should complete the time exhaust typeful unique names in login scripts and seize statements. it is decent kind, and greater importantly, some utilities nonetheless require naming attributes for administrative management.
Now that you may finished your eDirectory adventure with a short lesson in changing your current context.
changing Your existing Context
A user's present context will likewise breathe set in one of here approaches:
earlier than login, using the title Context field on the customer tab of the Novell NetWare client properties (or Novell customer Configuration) window
all through login, the usage of the Context box on the eDirectory tab of the Novell Login window (which is accessed by means of clicking the superior button)
the exhaust of the CONTEXT login script command
the exhaust of the CX utility
it breathe top of the line to set a person's context at login, so the consumer can beget convenient access to the network materials he or she uses essentially the most. If a consumer wants to access substances organize in a special context, she or he will exigency to exhaust proper naming conventions. The subsequent sections explore every of those four strategies for altering a consumer's existing context earlier than, during, and after login.
environment a user's Context before Login
On windows ninety five/98 and windows NT/2000 workstations, that you can set the workstation's present context earlier than login with the aid of getting into the arrogate context information in the Novell NetWare customer properties window, as shown in motif three.sixteen. The typeless uncommon title in the title Context container sets the pc's present context earlier than login. It can likewise breathe entered with or with no previous length.
determine 3.sixteen The Novell NetWare customer houses dialog field.
To deploy a pc's present context earlier than login, access the community icon within the windows 95/98 or home windows NT/2000 manage Panel, opt for the Novell client for home windows, and then click homes. When the Novell customer properties dialog box looks, enter the existing context in the title Context container on the client tab. if you're already logged in to the network, a sooner route to exchange this box is to right-click the N icon within the system tray and to opt for Novell client residences from the pop-up menu. When the Novell client Configuration dialog box appears, enter the latest context into the identify Context field on the client tab. (seek advice from Chapter four, "NetWare 6 Connectivity," for extra guidance related to Novell customer setting up and configuration.)
atmosphere a consumer's Context complete through Login
On windows ninety five/98 and windows NT/2000 workstations, which you can set a laptop's current context complete the route through login via coming into the acceptable context assistance within the Novell Login window. To accomplish that, when the Novell Login window is displayed, click the superior button and then enter the current context into the Context container on the NDS tab.
the exhaust of the CONTEXT Login Script Command
atmosphere a laptop's present context perquisite through login units the current context that will breathe in impact for the user after the user attaches to the network. This prevents the person from having to Make exhaust of distinguished names to access eDirectory components. abide in mind, eDirectory makes an attempt to unravel relative individual names into unique names by means of appending the latest context to the conclusion of the relative identify.
The CONTEXT login script command is corresponding to the NetWare 6 CX command-line utility, except that it does not befriend complete of the very alternate options (this is, it sets best the latest context). To set a laptop's existing context throughout login, add this command to the acceptable Container, Profile, or user login script:
CONTEXT several name
be awake the exhaust of a previous period (.) to establish the distinguished identify. This formulation isn't laptop specific; it may likewise breathe set for a person or a bunch.
the usage of the CX Command
you can view suggestions about an object's context or alternate your computer's present context using the CX command-line utility (which is performed on the DOS instantaneous on a shopper workstation). CX is the Important thing NetWare 6 utility for dealing with eDirectory context. It enables you to operate two censorious projects: exchange your workstation's present context and/or view assistance a few aid's demur context.
CX is a relatively simple command with a pretty edifying deal of versatility. truly, it breathe akin to the DOS CD command in its common strategy. if you classification CX with the aid of itself, the gadget displays your notebook's present context. this is marginally interesting, at most suitable. CX in reality excels if you befall to blend it with one or greater command-line switches. Following are one of the most greater enjoyable ones:
CX—View your notebook's existing context.
CX .—move the context up one container for each and every length (.). bethink the space between CX and the length (.).
CX /T—View the directory tree constitution below your existing context.
CX /A /T—View complete objects in the listing tree structure beneath your latest context.
CX /R /A /T—View complete objects in the directory tree beneath the Tree Root.
CX /CONT—checklist containers handiest, under the present context, in a perpendicular checklist, with no directory structure.
CX /C—Scroll output normally.
CX .OU=ADMIN.O=ACME—alternate your latest context to the ADMIN container of ACME.
CX /?—View on-line aid, together with a variety of CX options.
CX /VER—View the edition variety of the CX utility and the record of data it executes.
doubtless essentially the most helpful CX option is CX /R/A/T. i'm confident there's a hidden that means there somewhere within the rodent reference. Or, if you gaunt towards the creative side of the fence, are attempting CX /A/R/T. and finally, for complete you urbanites, there's CX /T/A/R. Regardless, the CX /R/A/T alternative shows the relative location of complete objects within the eDirectory tree.
eDirectory rights can likewise breathe bought through inheritance. In simple phrases, inheritance happens when rights granted to a trustee of a container stream complete the route down to complete objects within and beneath the container. Inheritance minimizes the individual rights assignments vital to manage the community as a result of object/property rights can automatically circulate down the tree from containers to subcontainers to leaf objects. Inheritance is an computerized facet result of trustee assignments. both demur and property rights will likewise breathe inherited.
Congratulations! This completes the lesson on eDirectory.
to this point, you might beget explored the fundamentals of NetWare 6 and the intricacies of eDirectory. Now you might breathe ready for best Time:
NetWare 6 Connectivity (Chapter 4)
NetWare 6 File device (Chapter 5)
NetWare 6 safety (Chapter 6)
NetWare 6 advanced safety (Chapter 7)
NetWare 6 Queue-primarily based Printing (Chapter 8)
NetWare 6 NDPS Printing (Chapter 9)
NetWare 6 Messaging functions (Chapter 10)
NetWare 6 internet Infrastructure (Chapter eleven)
do not breathe scared—i may breathe with you each step of the way. And they are going to discover eDirectory time and again during this CNA analyze e book.
well, it really is complete there is to it — no longer truly! abide in mind, the glass is half full, and you beget got taken an Important "gulp" during this chapter. exhaust this information accurately as you extend the horizons of your network. next, the discussion of NetWare 6 administration points continues as you learn the route to hook up with this occult and pleasing network directory.
See ya there!
Paper-based HR types are getting a element of the past, as more employers gyrate to on-line alternatives. in the third quarter of this yr, for example, retail huge RadioShack Corp. will beginning working with Novell Consulting on an internet-based HR self-provider gadget to breathe used by means of employees at lots of locations complete over the us.
RadioShack employees are nonetheless relying on pen and paper to fill out W-2 s and assurance kinds, says Ron cook, RadioShack's senior director for strategic architecture and technical operations. with the aid of the starting of 2003, even though, RadioShack and Novell Consulting procedure to comprehensive a at ease net-based mostly atmosphere that uses Novell's DirXML to synchronize eDirectory NDS (NetWare listing capabilities) with PeopleSoft eight's built-in database.
beyond provisioning PeopleSoft's self-provider HR applications, the gadget will generate password identity entry for employees at RadioShack's headquarters in fortress price, TX, and at greater than 5,000 far flung deliver locations.
"DirXML is in keeping with Novell's metadirectory. it breathe used in generic to maintain consistency throughout methods about who has left or joined the business, and about employees' titles, e-mail addresses and speak to numbers, as an example. Novell has likewise delivered a workflow engine," says Jonathan Penn, director, Giga assistance neighborhood.
"Provisioning goes extra (than metadirectory services). It refers to the automatic or workflow-assisted management of consumer debts. Provisioning can breathe used to investigate what sorts of application access users can get, in accordance with their roles or identities," adds Penn.
up to now, RadioShack offshoot stores had been specially restricted to POS (aspect-of-sale) batch dial-up applications. store workforce has likewise been using a few internet-based functions, comparable to "Battery Finder" and "shop Locator," but these identical functions are additionally available to the public from RadioShack's leading internet site.
As cook sees it, PeopleSoft's internet-based HR functions are principally advantageous for huge withhold chains, due to swift employee turnover in the retail house. "We're at present the usage of about a hundred,000 W-2 kinds each 12 months. So, they will breathe generating loads of money owed. the usage of DirXML, they will breathe capable of autocreate and autodelete money owed across each PeopleSoft and NDS," he says.
also in the third quarter of this 12 months, Novell plans to unencumber an worker provisioning toolkit. RadioShack, although, is opting instead to construct a solution with Novell Consulting "from scratch" using DirXML instead of a synchronization device obtainable from PeopleSoft.
"PeopleSoft's utensil is one-approach best. What they want is 2-method synchronization," in response to cook.
PeopleSoft purposes are nothing fresh to Novell. Novell Consulting is now in the throes of integrating Cambridge know-how partners (CTP), an outdoor consulting enterprise received by using Novell terminal year. at the very time, Novell has inherited CTP's PeopleSoft practice.
in the meantime, the consulting department has been teaming with accomplice Deloitte & Touche on deploying PeopleSoft provisioning applications for other clients, together with retail loan broking service Freddie Mac.
Analysts warning, though, that at this element, DirXML requires really edifying competencies. "DirXML is just obtainable via Novell's functions neighborhood. It hasn't been productized, and it would not beget many connectors yet to backyard purposes," says Penn.
On its corporate network at headquarters serving 3,500 users, RadioShack has already deployed NDS, NetWare 4.X and 5.X, ZenWorks, BorderManager, and iChain. The retailer is now getting set for a NetWare 6.0 improve.
besides the fact that children certainly a Novell store, RadioShack additionally operates windows 2000/NT and HP-UX methods. Retail terminals that can breathe purchased will entry the net-based functions over DSL lines by route of a VPN (virtual private community).
other than Novell's eDirectory NDS, RadioShack has likewise experimented along the route with home windows 2000's energetic listing, as well as with the iPlanet listing. "but they did not acquire the identical plane of granularity as they did with NDS," cook dinner maintains.
"Novell's NDS is among the most powerful, manageable, and scalable directories accessible nowadays. company individuals might likewise not complete the time pick into account these merits, however Dilbert is awfully joyful," says Dan Kusnetsky, vice president of methods utility analysis for IDC.
additionally, at this point, Novell's directory is the simplest directory that works with DirXML., in keeping with Penn. "Novell has been very concentrated on putting DirXML on properly of eDirectory NDS," says the Giga's Penn.
In Europe, Novell has already used DirXML and eDirectory to build an worker provisioning outfit for an additional broad retailer, Coop Switzerland. The outfit reportedly consolidates worker information from the merged cooperative's 15 different HR methods, in addition to from disparate PBX cellphone directories and Microsoft alternate address books. At Coop, although, Novell replaced present worker id and authorization programs with its personal eDirectory-based company address publication, eGuide.
For its part, RadioShack is additionally seeing that an organization-huge worker portal for extra down the street. "Our approach, notwithstanding, is to construct an identify infrastructure first. Then they are going to start evolving from there," says RadioShack's prepare dinner.
» survey complete Articles by Columnist Jacqueline Emigh
WALTHAM, Mass. -- Sept. 27, 2006 -- Novell today announced it has joined the SAP global security Alliance to carry a combined reply that addresses key customer considerations in possibility administration and IT security. Novell will convey its profound advantage in id and access management to joint shoppers by using making products comparable to Novell® id manager and Novell eDirectory(TM) purchasable throughout the SAP alliance software. dealing with stringent regulatory instructions from Sarbanes-Oxley to Basel II, corporations exigency to at ease corporate facts as well as doc and audit user entry makes an attempt. Novell's strategic strategy to safety and identity administration now not only solves these advanced concerns, however can additionally streamline and automate time- and labor-intensive approaches.
beneath the alliance, SAP will give a single aspect of reference so shoppers can simply gain skilled counsel and acquire the most applicable blend of methodologies, applied sciences and consulting expertise. The SAP international security Alliance software offers a combination of products and really edifying implementation and/or pleasant assurance services that will likewise breathe packaged for customers, assisting them kisser challenges equivalent to security, identification administration and compliance.
"Novell and SAP beget an extended historical past of working together," spoke of John choose, vice president of worldwide alliances for Novell. "As a SAP global technology companion, Novell offers SAP clients with entry to the total ambit of features provided by using its protection and identification options. Novell eDirectory is the first directory service to breathe licensed by using SAP for integration with the SAP net utility Server and complete mySAP accessories. they are completely elated to extend that relationship even further as a member of the global security Alliance as they proffer their protection and identity management abilities to SAP shoppers."
additional information on the SAP international safety Alliance is obtainable at www.sap-si.com/functions/pass-trade/technical_consulting/protection/alliance/. details on Novell's protection and id choices are available at www.novell.com/options/securityandidentity/ .
Novell, Inc. (Nasdaq: NOVL) gives you application for the Open commercial enterprise(TM). With greater than 50,000 valued clientele in forty three international locations, Novell helps consumers control, simplify, relaxed and integrate their know-how environments with the aid of leveraging most effective-of-breed, open standards-based mostly software. With greater than two decades of adventure, four,700 personnel, 5,000 partners and support facilities worldwide, Novell helps customers profit ply over their IT working environments whereas reducing charges. extra information about Novell can likewise breathe discovered at www.novell.com.
Press ContactsBruce LowryNovell, Inc.(415) email@example.com
Danielle MancanoSHIFT Communications(617) firstname.lastname@example.org
Thomas trade replace
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Novell-Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation
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This chapter is from the bespeak
Test Objective Covered:
Identify the flow and design of the eDirectory tree (continued).
Now that you understand what the eDirectory tree is made of, you exigency to explore how it works. As you manage the eDirectory tree, pay particular attention to its structure. A well-designed tree will Make resource access and management much easier.
The structure of the eDirectory tree is both organizational and functional. The location of an demur in the tree can strike how users access it and how network administrators manage it. The eDirectory tree structure impacts the following areas of administrative responsibility:
You complete these tasks by implementing eDirectory planning guidelines, using proper eDirectory naming structure, and understanding current context. Let's pick a closer look.
An efficient eDirectory tree provides complete the following benefits:
It makes resource access easier for users.
It makes administration easier for network administrators.
It provides foible tolerance for the eDirectory database.
It decreases network traffic.
The structure of the tree can breathe based on location, organization, or administration. In many cases, it's a combination of complete three. Many factors influence the structure of your eDirectory tree. Before you design your tree, you might exigency to study workgroups, resource allocation, and/or learn how data flows throughout your network.
As a CNA, it's your responsibility to navigate and manage the tree, not to design or troubleshoot it—that's what CNEs are for. This material is likewise covered in much greater detail in Novell's CNE Study pilot for NetWare 6.
Study the eDirectory benefits carefully—they are the foundation of your life as a NetWare 6 CNA. One final Important point: eDirectory does not provide foible tolerance for the file system.
eDirectory Naming Structure
eDirectory naming defines rules for locating leaf objects. One of the most Important aspects of a leaf demur is its position in the eDirectory tree. Proper naming is required when logging in, accessing eDirectory utilities, printing, and for most other management tasks.
The title of an eDirectory demur identifies its location in the hierarchical tree. Therefore, each demur title must breathe unique. eDirectory naming impacts two Important NetWare 6 tasks:
Login—Typically, you exigency to identify the location of your User demur in the eDirectory tree for NetWare 6 to authenticate you during login.
Resource access—eDirectory naming exactly identifies the kind and location of NetWare 6 resources, including file servers, printers, login scripts, and files.
The all NetWare 6 eDirectory naming scheme is much more complicated than "Hi, I'm Fred." It requires both your title and location. For example, a proper eDirectory title would breathe "Hi, I'm Fred in the ADMIN division of ACME." As you can survey in motif 3.10, Fred's eDirectory title identifies who he is and where he works.
The eDirectory tree affects resource access because the organization of objects in the tree dictates how they can breathe organize and used. In fact, the all eDirectory naming strategy hinges on the concept of context. Context defines the position of an demur within the Directory tree structure. When you request a particular network resource, you must identify the object's context so that eDirectory can find it. Similar to locating files by using a DOS directory path, context represents a list of container objects leading from the demur to the Tree Root. NetWare 6 uses specific naming guidelines for creating an object's context.
Figure 3.10 Getting to know the true Fred.
Novell recommends that before you implement eDirectory, you create a document that describes your naming standards. The eDirectory naming rules you're going to learn here drudgery only if demur names are consistent across the network. A naming standards document provides guidelines for naming key container and leaf objects, including users, printers, servers, volumes, print queues, and organizational units. In addition, it identifies measure properties and value formats. Consistency, especially in the naming scheme used for objects, provides several benefits:
A consistent naming scheme provides a guideline for network administrators who will add, modify, or go objects within the Directory tree.
A naming measure eliminates redundant planning and gives network administrators an efficient model to meet their needs, but it leaves implementation of resource objects open and flexible.
Consistent naming schemes befriend users identify resources quickly, which maximizes user productivity.
Consistent naming enables users to identify themselves easily during login.
There are two main types of context: current context and demur context. Check it out.
Current context is sometimes referred to as title context. It defines where you are in the eDirectory tree at any given time, not where you live. This is an Important distinction. For example, if you are using a NetWare 6 utility, it's Important to know what the utility considers as the current context in the eDirectory tree (that is, the default container to exhaust if one is not specified). This concept is fairly similar to knowing your current default drive/directory when using a DOS or Windows utility on your workstation.
In addition, current context affects how much of an object's distinguished title you must provide to find it. (See the section "Distinguished Names" later in this chapter for more information.) Current context likewise enables you to refer to an demur in your current container by its common title because the object's context is the same. Note that current context always points to a container object, rather than to a leaf object. Typically, at login, you'll want a workstation's current context set to the container that holds the user's most requently used resources.
In motif 3.10, Fred's context is ". . . in the ADMIN division of ACME." This context identifies where Fred lives in the eDirectory tree structure. It identifies complete container objects leading from him to the Tree Root. In addition to context, motif 3.10 identifies Fred's common title (CN). A leaf object's common title specifically identifies it within a given container. In this example, the User object's common title is Fred.
Two objects in the very eDirectory tree may beget the very common name—provided, however, that they beget different contexts. This is why naming is so important. As you can survey in motif 3.11, their eDirectory tree has two Freds, but each has a different context.
Object context (sometimes referred to as context) defines where a particular demur is located in the eDirectory tree structure. It is a list of container objects leading from the demur to the Tree Root. Locating an demur through context is similar to locating a file using the directory path. As they learned earlier, demur context is used for two Important purposes: logging in and accessing resources. Unfortunately, eDirectory does not beget a search path feature (such as NetWare SEARCH drives or the DOS PATH command used in the file system). This means that when you request a particular network resource, you (or your workstation) must provide eDirectory with enough information to locate the demur in the tree.
Each eDirectory demur has a naming kind (also known as an assign type) associated with it, which allows you to precisely identify objects in your tree. The tree organization dictates how the objects can breathe located and used. This naming kind is identified by a one- or two-character abbreviation. Accompanying the naming kind is the value of the object, or the title you enter for the demur when you create it. Following are examples of naming types and associated values:
C = Country container
O = Organization container
OU = Organizational Unit container
CN = Common title (specifies a leaf object)
Figure 3.11 Understanding eDirectory context.
The Common title (CN) assign is the title shown next to the leaf demur in the eDirectory tree. This assign applies to complete leaf objects (servers, users, groups, and so on). When requesting a resource such as a server, the Common title must breathe included in the request.
Now that you understand how eDirectory context works, review the naming rules associated with it:
Current context is a pointer to the eDirectory container that your Novell Client is currently set to.
An object's context defines its location in the eDirectory tree.
Each demur has an identifier abbreviation that defines it for naming purposes, namely the following: C = Country, O = Organization, OU = Organizational Unit, and CN = common title (of leaf object).
Context is defined by listing complete containers from the demur to the Tree Root, in that order. Each demur is separated by a period.
Context is Important for logging in and accessing eDirectory resources.
There you beget it. That's how context works. With this in mind, it's time to explore the two main types of eDirectory names: Distinguished Names (DN) and Relative Distinguished Names (RDN).
An object's distinguished title is its complete eDirectory path. It is a combination of common title and demur context. Each demur in the eDirectory tree has a distinguished title that uniquely identifies it in the tree. In other words, two objects cannot beget the very distinguished name.
In motif 3.12, AEinstein's context is .OU=R&D.OU=LABS.O=ACME, and his common title is CN=AEinstein. Therefore, Einstein's distinguished title is a simple mathematical addition of the two:
Notice the exhaust of periods. A distinguished title always starts with a leading period. Trailing periods aren't allowed. The leading period identifies the title as distinguished (that is, complete). Otherwise, it is assumed to breathe incomplete. In other words, a relative distinguished name.
Relative Distinguished Names
A relative distinguished title lists an object's path to the current context, not the Tree Root. The relativity Part refers to how eDirectory builds the distinguished title when you supply a relative name. By definition, for example, the common title of a leaf demur is a relative distinguished name. When you exhaust a relative distinguished name, eDirectory builds a distinguished title by appending the current context to the end:
Relative distinguished title + current context = distinguished name
Figure 3.12 pile AEinstein's distinguished name.
For example, if the current context is .OU=LABS.O=ACME and you submit a relative distinguished title of CN=AEinstein.OU=R&D, the distinguished title would breathe resolved as (see motif 3.13) the following:
To distinguish a relative name, you must not lead with a period. Instead, you can exhaust trailing periods to change the current context used to resolve the title (as if naming wasn't arduous enough already). The bottom line is that each trailing period tells eDirectory to remove one demur title from the left side of the current context being used. This concept is fairly similar to the trailing dot feature used in the DOS CD command.
For example, assume that .OU=R&D.OU=LABS.O=ACME is your current context and that CN=LEIA.OU=ADMIN.. is your relative distinguished name. In this case, the distinguished title would resolve as follows (see motif 3.14):
Figure 3.13 pile AEinstein's relative distinguished name.
As you can see, it's very Important where you location your dots! Here's a quick summary:
All objects in an eDirectory title are separated by dots.
Distinguished names are preceded by a dot. This identifies them as complete.
Relative distinguished names are not preceded by a dot. This identifies them as incomplete.
Trailing dots can breathe used only in relative distinguished names because they modify the current context to breathe used. Each dot moves the context up one container as the distinguished title is resolved.
For a complete summary of eDirectory distinguished naming rules, refer to Table 3.4.
Figure 3.14 Using trailing periods to resolve Leia's distinguished name.
Table 3.4 Getting to Know Distinguished Naming
What it is context
Complete unique name
Incomplete title based on current
How it works from the demur to the Tree Root
Lists the complete path from the demur to the current context
Lists the relative path
Leading period required
Leading periods allowed
No leading periods
Trailing periods allowed
No trailing periods optional
Now, let's step back into reality for a second and explore the other eDirectory naming category—typeful names.
Typeful Versus Typeless Names
Typeful names exhaust assign kind abbreviations to distinguish between the different container types and leaf objects in eDirectory names. complete the examples to this point used these abbreviations to befriend clarify context, distinguished names, and relative distinguished names. Following are the most favorite assign kind abbreviations:
C = Country container
O = Organization container
OU = Organizational Unit container
CN = Common title of a leaf object
These assign types befriend avoid the confusion that can occur when you're creating intricate distinguished and relative distinguished names. I highly recommend that you exhaust them. Of course, dote most things in life, they are optional. You can imagine how crazy eDirectory naming gets when you pick not to exhaust these assign abbreviations. This madness is known as typeless naming.
Typeless names operate the very as typeful names do, but they don't include demur assign types. In such cases, eDirectory has to guess what demur types you're using. pick the following typeless name, for example:
Is this the ADMIN Organizational Unit under ACME? Or is this the Admin user under ACME? In both cases, it's a cogent distinguished name, except that one identifies an Organizational Unit container, and the other identifies a User leaf demur (see motif 3.15).
Well, here's the bottom line: which one is it? It's up to eDirectory. If you finish not provide a typeful demur name, eDirectory calculates assign types for each object. Fortunately, NetWare 6 has some guidelines for guessing what the demur kind should be:
The leftmost demur is a common title (leaf object).
The rightmost demur is an Organization (container object).
All middle objects are Organizational Units (container objects).
Figure 3.15 Trying to understand typeless naming.
Although this works for most cases, it's only a generic guideline. Many times, typeless names are more complex. pick the instance in motif 3.15, for instance. You know now that the rightmost demur is an Organization, but what about Admin? Is it a common title or an Organizational Unit? They silent don't know. Fortunately, NetWare 6 includes a few exceptions to deal with intricate typeless scenarios. Here's how it works:
Exception Rule 1: Container Objects—Many NetWare 6 utilities are quick-witted enough to resolve typeless names, depending on what they are trying to accomplish. CX, for example, is used primarily for changing context. If you apply the CX command to a typeless name, it assumes the leftmost demur is an Organization or Organizational Unit. This is because you can't change your current context to a leaf object. ConsoleOne is the best graphical utility for changing your context. In summary, here's how the instance from motif 3.15 would survey with the CX utility:
CX .ADMIN.ACME resolves as ".OU=ADMIN.O=ACME"
Exception Rule 2: Leaf Objects—Similarly, resource-based utilities recognize the leftmost demur of a typeless title as a leaf object. Many of these utilities are expecting to survey a common name. The most prevalent are LOGIN, MAP, and CAPTURE. Here's how it works for the instance in motif 3.15:
LOGIN .Admin.ACME resolves as ".CN=Admin.O=ACME"
Exception Rule 3: Contextless Login—If you beget Catalog Services and Contextless Login activated, eDirectory will resolve typeless names by offering the user a list from the eDirectory Catalog. (Note: NetWare 6 eDirectory does not support Catalog Services.)
There you beget it. This completes the discussion of typeless names and eDirectory naming in general. As you can see, this is an Important topic because it impacts complete aspects of eDirectory design, installation, and management. No matter what you do, you're going to beget to exhaust the rectify title to login to the tree or access eDirectory resources. As you've learned, an object's title is a combination of what it is (common name) and where it lives (context).
As a world-class NetWare 6 CNA, you should always exhaust typeful distinguished names in login scripts and capture statements. It is edifying form, and more importantly, some utilities silent require naming attributes for administrative management.
Now you can complete your eDirectory adventure with a quick lesson in changing your current context.
Changing Your Current Context
A user's current context can breathe set in one of the following ways:
Before login, using the title Context field on the Client tab of the Novell NetWare Client Properties (or Novell Client Configuration) window
During login, using the Context field on the eDirectory tab of the Novell Login window (which is accessed by clicking the Advanced button)
Using the CONTEXT login script command
Using the CX utility
It's best to set a user's context at login, so the user can beget light access to the network resources he or she uses the most. If a user wants to access resources located in a different context, he or she will exigency to exhaust rectify naming conventions. The next sections explore each of these four methods for changing a user's current context before, during, and after login.
Setting a User's Context Before Login
On Windows 95/98 and Windows NT/2000 workstations, you can set the workstation's current context before login by entering the arrogate context information in the Novell NetWare Client Properties window, as shown in motif 3.16. The typeless distinguished title in the title Context field sets the workstation's current context before login. It can breathe entered with or without a preceding period.
Figure 3.16 The Novell NetWare Client Properties dialog box.
To set up a workstation's current context before login, access the Network icon in the Windows 95/98 or Windows NT/2000 Control Panel, select the Novell Client for Windows, and then click Properties. When the Novell Client Properties dialog box appears, enter the current context in the title Context field on the Client tab. If you're already logged in to the network, a faster route to change this field is to right-click the N icon in the system tray and to select Novell Client Properties from the pop-up menu. When the Novell Client Configuration dialog box appears, enter the current context into the title Context field on the Client tab. (Refer to Chapter 4, "NetWare 6 Connectivity," for more information regarding Novell Client installation and configuration.)
Setting a User's Context During Login
On Windows 95/98 and Windows NT/2000 workstations, you can set a workstation's current context during login by entering the arrogate context information in the Novell Login window. To finish so, when the Novell Login window is displayed, click the Advanced button and then enter the current context into the Context field on the NDS tab.
Using the CONTEXT Login Script Command
Setting a workstation's current context during login sets the current context that will breathe in result for the user after the user attaches to the network. This prevents the user from having to exhaust distinguished names to access eDirectory resources. Remember, eDirectory attempts to resolve relative distinguished names into distinguished names by appending the current context to the finish of the relative name.
The CONTEXT login script command is similar to the NetWare 6 CX command-line utility, except that it does not support complete the very options (that is, it sets only the current context). To set a workstation's current context during login, add this command to the arrogate Container, Profile, or User login script:
CONTEXT distinguished name
Note the exhaust of a preceding period (.) to identify the distinguished name. This manner is not workstation specific; it can breathe set for an individual or a group.
Using the CX Command
You can view information about an object's context or change your workstation's current context using the CX command-line utility (which is executed at the DOS prompt on a client workstation). CX is the key NetWare 6 utility for dealing with eDirectory context. It enables you to discharge two Important tasks: change your workstation's current context and/or view information about a resource's demur context.
CX is a relatively straightforward command with a considerable deal of versatility. In fact, it's similar to the DOS CD command in its generic approach. If you kind CX by itself, the system displays your workstation's current context. This is marginally interesting, at best. CX really excels when you combine it with one or more command-line switches. Following are some of the more attractive ones:
CX—View your workstation's current context.
CX .—Move the context up one container for each period (.). Don't forget the space between CX and the period (.).
CX /T—View the Directory tree structure below your current context.
CX /A /T—View complete objects in the Directory tree structure below your current context.
CX /R /A /T—View complete objects in the Directory tree below the Tree Root.
CX /CONT—List containers only, below the current context, in a perpendicular list, with no directory structure.
CX /C—Scroll output continuously.
CX .OU=ADMIN.O=ACME—Change your current context to the ADMIN container of ACME.
CX /?—View online help, including various CX options.
CX /VER—View the version number of the CX utility and the list of files it executes.
Probably the most useful CX option is CX /R/A/T. I'm confident there's a hidden acceptation there somewhere in the rodent reference. Or, if you gaunt toward the artistic side of the fence, try CX /A/R/T. And finally, for complete you urbanites, there is CX /T/A/R. Regardless, the CX /R/A/T option displays the relative location of complete objects in the eDirectory tree.
eDirectory rights can likewise breathe obtained through inheritance. In simple terms, inheritance occurs when rights granted to a trustee of a container flow down to complete objects within and below the container. Inheritance minimizes the individual rights assignments needed to administer the network because object/property rights can automatically flow down the tree from containers to subcontainers to leaf objects. Inheritance is an automatic side result of trustee assignments. Both demur and property rights can breathe inherited.
Congratulations! This completes the lesson on eDirectory.
So far, you've explored the basics of NetWare 6 and the intricacies of eDirectory. Now you're ready for Prime Time:
NetWare 6 Connectivity (Chapter 4)
NetWare 6 File System (Chapter 5)
NetWare 6 Security (Chapter 6)
NetWare 6 Advanced Security (Chapter 7)
NetWare 6 Queue-Based Printing (Chapter 8)
NetWare 6 NDPS Printing (Chapter 9)
NetWare 6 Messaging Services (Chapter 10)
NetWare 6 Internet Infrastructure (Chapter 11)
Don't breathe scared—I'll breathe with you every step of the way. And we'll explore eDirectory many times throughout this CNA Study Guide.
Well, that's complete there is to it — not really! Remember, the glass is half full, and you beget taken a huge "gulp" in this chapter. exhaust this information wisely as you expand the horizons of your network. Next, the discussion of NetWare 6 administration features continues as you learn how to connect to this occult and exciting network Directory.
See ya there!
Related Resources: Books
Skill Level: Intermediate Status: Active
Low Cost: $375 (shortest track)
Summary:For individuals who unravel advanced company-wide support problems and high-level network problems. They discharge planning, installation, configuration, troubleshooting and upgrade services for networks. The Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) has been recognized as the IT industry's leading certification for advanced networking and troubleshooting.
Initial Requirements:You must pass three exams: Foundations of Novell Open Enterprise Server fpr NetWare ($125), Novell Open Enterprise Server for NetWare advance Admin ($125) and Novell eDirerctory Design and Implementation: eDirectory 8.8 ($125).
An upgrade exam is available for current NetWare 6 certified individuals.
Continuing Requirements:From time to time, Novell Training Services may require you to pick an exam to withhold current on the latest solutions and technologies. These exams are considered a Continuing Certification Requirement (CCR), which withhold your skills up-to-date and withhold your certification valuable in the marketplace.
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WALTHAM, Mass. -- Sept. 27, 2006 -- Novell today announced it has joined the SAP Global Security Alliance to deliver a combined solution that addresses key customer issues in risk management and IT security. Novell will bring its profound expertise in identity and access management to joint customers by making products such as Novell® Identity Manager and Novell eDirectory(TM) available through the SAP alliance program. Facing stringent regulatory guidelines from Sarbanes-Oxley to Basel II, companies exigency to secure corporate data as well as document and audit user access attempts. Novell's strategic approach to security and identity management not only solves these intricate issues, but can likewise streamline and automate time- and labor-intensive processes.
Under the alliance, SAP will provide a single point of reference so customers can easily obtain expert advice and acquire the most arrogate blend of methodologies, technologies and consulting skills. The SAP Global Security Alliance program offers a combination of products and specialized implementation and/or character assurance services that can breathe packaged for customers, helping them kisser challenges such as security, identity management and compliance.
"Novell and SAP beget a long history of working together," said John Judge, vice president of worldwide alliances for Novell. "As a SAP Global Technology Partner, Novell provides SAP users with access to the complete ambit of functions offered by its security and identity solutions. Novell eDirectory is the first directory service to breathe certified by SAP for integration with the SAP Web Application Server and complete mySAP components. They are pleased to extend that relationship even further as a member of the Global Security Alliance as they proffer their security and identity management expertise to SAP customers."
Additional information on the SAP Global Security Alliance is available at www.sap-si.com/services/cross-industry/technical_consulting/security/alliance/. Details on Novell's security and identity offerings are available at www.novell.com/solutions/securityandidentity/ .
Novell, Inc. (Nasdaq: NOVL) delivers Software for the Open Enterprise(TM). With more than 50,000 customers in 43 countries, Novell helps customers manage, simplify, secure and integrate their technology environments by leveraging best-of-breed, open standards-based software. With more than 20 years of experience, 4,700 employees, 5,000 partners and support centers around the world, Novell helps customers gain control over their IT operating environments while reducing costs. More information about Novell can breathe organize at www.novell.com.
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