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050-663 exam Dumps Source : Integrating Novell eDirectory and energetic Directory
Test Code : 050-663
Test appellation : Integrating Novell eDirectory and energetic Directory
Vendor appellation : Novell
: 136 actual Questions
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Novell Integrating Novell eDirectory and
EUC with HCI: Why It concerns
you're amenable for managing 15,000 person bills and 20,000 computer systems in your enterprise. it is 9 a.m. on Monday. execute you know where your users' computers are? if you're working for a regular enterprise, very nearly definitely you execute not. "British Telecom lately audited their IT assets and located that they'd 20,000 greater computer systems than they thought," says Dave Bingham, Consulting Director, Fujitsu Consulting UK. Now it is a sedate methods administration problem!
Many businesses are sinking beneath the cross of their present legacy community identification, access manage, and provisioning techniques. one of the warning signs that you just could tolerate an issue:
clients cannot bethink full their passwords as a result of each application requires its own authentication
listing counsel is out of date, or incomplete
Ex-employees quiet tolerate access to local/far flung community functions
It takes on ordinary, 22 steps to create a original worker e-mail tackle
Little or no auditing of debts and privileges, including cross application comparisons to trap a actual tang of consumer moves
Redundant administration aspects and no pre-dependent delegation policies
Proprietary entry, authentication, and provisioning APIs for every software
As vast and minuscule businesses alike fight to manipulate IT belongings and charges, global network id administration systems are looking increasingly eye-catching. The Forrester neighborhood predicts most Fortune one hundred businesses could exist enforcing these programs to reduce TCO (total freight of possession), dispose of guide/legacy programs, and streamline company techniques.
What execute Novell, id administration and LDAP (lightweight directory entry Protocol) ought to execute with any of this? is that this the identical moribund traffic generic for the ripen NetWare, NDS (Novell listing provider), and GroupWise product lines? yes, a revitalized Novell is aggressively pursuing the community identity administration and listing capabilities market with a original technology of LDAP-based mostly products and technologies. by structure on Novell's traditional strengths in directory administration and de-coupling these items from their flagship NDS NOS product, it is hoping to compete directly with iPlanet, Oblix, crucial route, Microsoft, and other identity administration providers. The following few years may exist a battleground for community identification providers and consultants as they battle to establish themselves during this original industry. allow us to elect a greater extensive study Novell's LDAP implementation and listing carrier items to peruse why you should exist significantly considering the fact that them in order for you an traffic scale LDAP equipment.
Why Novell and LDAP?Novell realized it necessary an open typical for its front-conclusion software application. LDAP become the glaring alternative as a result of Novell had traditionally based both the NetWare and NDS systems on the X.500 protocol and LDAP was originally designed as the X.500 entrance conclusion. In March 1999, Novell launched a copy of open source LDAP as a fragment of its SDK (utility developer's package) indicating its full usher for the LDAP general. at the time Kurt Zeilenga, chief architect of the OpenLDAP venture, mentioned, "global adoption of technologies requires that developers tolerate entry to open and reusable code. we're contented that Novell has chosen to utilize OpenLDAP application and has made its adjustments available to the neighborhood so full can besides benefit. They seem forward to working with Novell in furthering open source LDAP utility." It certainly had the complete assist of the developer community.
besides the fact that children LDAP has been round as a typical protocol in view that 1995 unless lately it has been a strictly lower back-office traffic network carrier. up to now, the most efficient open common for directories changed into X.500, introduced in 1988. in view that X.500 changed into OSI model based, LDAP become designed to duty a translation protocol between the TCP/IP and OSI models. because it is probably the most open and elastic of the entire community capabilities protocols, the network identity management group has embraced it because the core expertise to connect user and machine identity information collectively into one seamless complete. it is now the de facto ordinary for most principal identity management capabilities applications. Openwave and iPlanet both utilize LDAP because the underlying tackle directory expertise for enterprise email services items. LDAP is an established, mighty, scalable open listing ordinary -- a very pleasing answer.
Novell NDS and LDAPHow has that changed Novell's items? First, let us show on the details of how the NDS gear has fully included LDAP. NDS eight provides powerful LDAP aid by enabling access directly to a NDS facts shop. This affords the best of each worlds -- open standards for listing entry while leveraging Novell's safety strengths similar to strong authentication and server-server replication. This improved support includes:
LDAP services are Put in through default, which potential that LDAP shoppers can transparently entry NDS objects the usage of SSL with out requiring any further client software.
capacity to write down directly to LDAP schema. To change an LDAP-NDS mapping, fade to the ConsoleOne (Novell's Java-based mostly server/workstation administration application) monitor and select LDAP neighborhood Object. confiscate click this expostulate and elect houses. that you could then fade to the refer map or class Map tab to add/regulate/delete the applicable object.
Full auxiliary category guide, which capability if an NDS or LDAP expostulate is a member of multiple expostulate classes, it inherits the attributes of full these expostulate courses. note there are three default auxiliary courses in NDS.
eDirectory - Novell's directory provider ProducteDirectory, which developed from NDS, is a listing provider this is scalable, extensible, and unreasonable efficiency. in fact, Novell has publicly proven that eDirectory can manage greater than one thousand million objects in a lone tree. This potential a long way exceeds what most traffic networks or e-groups will ever require. some of eDirectory's significant components fancy world printing capabilities are included into NetWare 6.
FeaturesSome of eDirectory's original or enhanced elements included in version 8.7 - codenamed "Falcon" are:
Full assist on varied structures, Netware, home windows NT/2000, and UNIX flavors (Linux, AIX, and Solaris). here is excellent intelligence for multi-platform agencies.
eDirectory has full usher for replication (multiple allotted copies of the directory in case of failover) and portioning (splitting directory logically to assist decentralized administration and greater community efficiency). this is mainly vital in a 7x24, five 9s, mission significant deployments.
Full assist of LDAP over SSL/TLS (relaxed Socket Layer & Transport Layer safety protocols). This duty is awfully vital in the net-based mostly features arena.
helps SNMP monitoring. each directory monitoring and administration consoles are available. ConsoleOne is a Java-primarily based for servers/workstations, and iMonitor is a web-based mostly monitoring and diagnostics for full traffic eDirectories.
IManager is a web-primarily based listing manager that performs operations on listing objects, including access, advent, directory portioning, and replication.
It comprises an import/export utility using LDAP directory Interchange layout (LDIF) for simplified ports and integration with legacy systems. It can exist completed from either the command line or the ConsoleOne or iManager items.
directory StructureHere is a quick overview of the Novell directory structure from accurate to bottom. Novell calls its directories "container objects."
TREE (once called [ROOT]) is the confiscate of the listing hierarchy and includes full objects within the directory. basically used to award or traverse global rights.
corporation consists of full objects for an organization or enterprise. This comprises the Administrator person. a rustic expostulate can besides exist created at this degree for extra refinement.
ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT (OU) - is an extra subdivision of a company constitution (akin to divisions, geographical, and so on). users are created at this degree.
area (DNS Domains) - enables eDirectory interplay with DNS for region of functions.
DirXMLDir XML gives bi-directional and Meta-listing capabilities between e-listing and other enterprise and legacy methods. The techniques communicate by directly processing XML documents. DirXML runs on lots of systems -- Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and windows NT/2000, however requires eDirectory 8.5 or later. at the instant accessible DirXML drivers encompass:
LDAP Directories - IPlanet/Netscape listing Server, crucial course InJoin directory, IBM SecureWay
digital Messaging - Groupwise, Lotus Notes, Microsoft alternate
business functions - Peoplesoft, IBM WebSphere MQ, Oracle, IBM DB2, and Sybase
operating device Domains - NT, energetic listing, NIS
Delimited text - Miscellaneous
DirXML ComponentsBetween eDirectory/DirXML there are two different types of statistics flows.
writer Channel - Sends records from quite a few programs to eDirectory.
Subscriber Channel.- Sends records from eDirectory to a variety of programs.
DirXML Driver - Handles the verbal exchange between DirXML engine and the application but no longer the rule processing. This comprises receiving the XML document and translating it into a group of instructions, which might exist then despatched to the applicable data save. exist watchful that DirXML 1.1 now not requires eDirectory and DirXML working on the server permitting far off drivers to exist dynamically loaded.
DirXML Engine - translates directory activities such as add, adjust, or delete to an XML document. Translation includes processing numerous filters, suggestions, and style sheets to achieve the preferred outcomes.
Objects - eDirectory operations contain inevitable key objects, DirXML-DriverSet, DirXML-Driver, DirXML-publisher, and DirXML-Subscriber.
Filters -- determine which attributes akin to identify or address will exist affected for this inevitable channel session.
Object mapping -- friends an expostulate in the eDirectory schema with an expostulate within the external application.
Matching -- Determines the attributes and values in eDirectory and the corresponding software that requisite to suit earlier than growing an affiliation attribute.
Create expostulate -- Specifies the refer and values that requisite to exist in region earlier than a original expostulate or list is created.
Placement -- Specifies the position in the application the objects are kept. diverse rules are customarily used.
XSLT vogue sheets - contour the XLST transformation rules that transforms instructions or directory pursuits present in the XML documents.
Developer ServicesAdditional capabilities and products Novell presents principally designed to assist builders include:
customized DirXML Drivers -- Written in either C++ or Java. The Java drivers requires JDK 1.1.7b or later. developers can utilize DSTrace facility and DirXML hint log for debugging.
XML Interfaces for C++ - enables the developer to Put in writing messages to DSTrace facility and DirXML track log.
LDAP Extensions and manipulate for JNDI (Java Naming and listing Interface).
test Server for LDAP
eDirectory sort Libraries for C and Java - Used to operate operations corresponding to question or add on a LDAP listing. fragment of the Novell Developer kit (NDK), it makes utilize of open source code from the OpenLDAP venture.
Some CautionsNovell is relocating the remedy route by way of porting the kit to varied platforms, but if you actually requisite to tolerate a completely integrated gadget, exist positive to nonetheless exist the usage of the other Novell products at the side of eDirectory. however eDirectory has some exceptional facets that profile it less demanding to enhance commercial enterprise scaled directory functions primarily based functions, it remains at coronary heart an NDS based mostly product. it will probably toil optimal for you in case you already tolerate a NetWare installing and a few familiarity with the Novell approach to community based enterprise services. Tony Neal, IT manager at Marriott alien Inc. views Novell LDAP support as "another piece of the protocol perplex for you to tie every thing collectively, with NDS as the precise engine underneath". It isn't transparent when talking to Novell what number of of their eDirectory installations are in fact original valued clientele and not simply extra revenue to the latest Novell client base.
a number of years again Novell took a significant misstep after they proposed a brand original suitable-stage .dir district for the internet. The proposed .dir domain changed into a so-called chartered district and would tolerate required .dir candidates to exist entirely compliant with LDAP 2000, an LDAP conformance check subsidized via DIF. Novell claimed that organising the .dir district become crucial since it would assure the category of web sites that would utilize it. The proposed district immediately met with group resistance and become right away withdrawn. "Why is each person looking to ICANN to rubber-stamp their enterprise fashions?" preeminent Rick Wesson, CEO of Alice's Registry, in Santa Cruz, Calif., a consultancy for ICANN-permitted registrars. "Novell wants to create a LDAP (lightweight directory entry Protocol) root, nonetheless it would not want a TLD to try this. it could possibly build the identical infrastructure under the existing DNS domains."
Is Novell keen about LDAP?Novell has been energetic with two rising IETF standards agencies. These efforts will cramped question discontinue up in future Novell internet, working equipment, and directory products.
SAML (safety fact Markup Language) 1.0 makes it viable for purposes to partake authentication information. In July, Novell participated in a SAML Interoperability discussion board as fragment of the Burton group. although, the only signal-on reply remains a piece-in-growth.
The identical community OASIS (corporation for the advancement of Structured recommendation requisites) that oversees SAML besides is growing the UDDI (everyday Description, Discovery and Integration) specification. UDDI comprises a protocol for describing internet functions and queries about agencies/items. Novell sponsored engineers authored a draft schema to vicinity UDDI recommendation in an LDAP listing.
Liberty Alliance is making a "federated" id authentication protocol, known as "a clique of believe", that permits clients to transparently navigate between affiliated companies. There are a number of safety access issues nonetheless to exist determined before this becomes reality. It is not transparent what knowledge this schema has over latest certification programs, fancy PKI.
Novell developers are engaged on the next release of Netware code named "Nakoma." it will involve more advantageous DirXML usher for tighter integration between NetWare, Novell Portal functions, and legacy corporate directories that require listing-based mostly identity and access features. present projected availability is summer 2003.
Some enhancements that are a fragment of "task fate" the generic Novell eDirectory and directory enhancement pains include:
UDDI server due through 12 months-conclusion.
the long race version of eDirectory might exist greater dynamic with improved rules-based "determination-making" about individuals, and listing facts.
"Saturn" is a Novell pains to profile eDirectory and iChain (identity-driven net access) suitable with the freedom Alliance specification. "Saturn" reportedly might exist accomplished by year-end.
Dynamic identification capabilities and access will exist granted in response to the software.
In conclusion, Novell has been working complicated to position itself in the forefront of the LDAP construction group. Novell has leveraged its expertise with X.500 and NDS to create a magnificent set of gear using LDAP and the NDS architecture. when you are thinking about tremendous-scale identity management purposes and besides you tolerate already got some familiarity with the Novell ambiance, eDirectory might exist just the toolkit you should build your utility.
Beth Cohen is president of Luth desktop specialists, Inc., a consulting commemorate that specialize in IT infrastructure for smaller businesses. She has been in the trenches aiding company IT infrastructure for over twenty years in a yoke of distinct fields including architecture, building, engineering, application, telecommunications, and research. She is presently writing a reserve about IT for the minuscule traffic and pursuing an assistance Age MBA from Bentley school.
Hallett German is an IT advisor who's experienced in enforcing sturdy IT infrastructures with an emphasis on digital messaging and directories. he is the founding father of the Northeast SAS clients neighborhood and former President of the REXX Language association. he is the writer of three books on scripting languages.
» discern full Articles with the aid of Columnist Beth Cohen
within the early 90s, Novell had right here certifications attainable: CNA-certified Novell Administrator, CNE-certified Novell Engineer, and the ECNE-business licensed Novell Engineer (the MCNE-grasp CNE has due to the fact that changed the ECNE). The CNA, CNE, and MCNE are nonetheless available. moreover, Novell has the CDE-licensed listing Engineer, the CNI-licensed Novell teacher, and the MCNI-grasp licensed Novell instructor. Novell's CIP-certified information superhighway skilled certification has these days merged with Prosoft's CIW. i'll discuss the CIW options in an upcoming article. additionally, as a result of here's not a trainer's forum, i cannot tackle the CNI or MCNI. if in case you tolerate a question in regards to the CNI or MCNI, believe free to drop me an email or post a remark, and i can exist pleased to reply. I can besides exist reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. If adequate activity is expressed, I can exist contented to manipulate many of the a variety of trainer alternatives that exist within the present IT market, including the CNI and MCNI, in a future essay.
The CNA is the entry-level Novell certification. The CNA is designed for those setting up workstations, managing users and corporations, administering a printing atmosphere, and automating network access. it is a one-examine, one-course certification. depending on the operating device that you simply guide, you could win the CNA in NetWare 5, IntraNetWare, and GroupWise 5. The CNA in NetWare 3 and GroupWise four might exist retired at the discontinue of 2001. if you're administering a GroupWise 5.5 ambiance (GroupWise is Novell's e mail equipment), you can besides win the CNA.
The CNE is one in every of Novell's Premier certifications. reckoning on the CNE tune that you pursue, you are going to elect either six or seven checks. The CNE is designed for networking gurus who are amenable for preserving their networks up and running. These are the individuals charged with designing a TCP/IP internetwork and designing a directory functions implementation. There are 5 tracks which are presently offered, two of which will exist retired on the discontinue of 2001. These tracks are NetWare 5, GroupWise 5 and IntraNetWare. (The NetWare 3 and GroupWise four tracks may exist retired.) with a view to win the NetWare 5 CNE, you must flood six checks: a) NetWare 5.1 Administration; b) NetWare 5.1 advanced Administration; c) NetWare 5.1 Design and Implementation; d) Networking applied sciences; e) provider and support; and f) one non-compulsory. The electives involve a) computer administration with ZENworks; b) desktop management with ZENworks for computers three; c) internet protection management with BorderManager; d) network administration the usage of ManageWise 2.7; e) network administration the utilize of ManageWise 2.6; f) TCP/IP for Networking specialists; g) Integrating NetWare and windows NT; or h) GroupWise 5.5 Administration. IntraNetWare and GroupWise 5.5 CNEs tolerate one test to elect in addition to their previous CNE requirements: either the NetWare 5.1 advanced Administration peruse at various or the NetWare 4.11 to NetWare 5.1 update examination. This requirement is because Novell wants full legacy CNEs to improve their core knowledge to the NetWare 5.1 platform.
Novell has recently introduced the necessities for the original NetWare 6 CNE tune. As of this writing, NetWare 6 CNEs may tolerate seven assessments to flow: a) eDirectory Administration with NetWare 6; b) CompTIA's community + examination; c) NetWare 6 superior Administration; d) NDS Design and Implementation; e) provider and guide; f) TCP/IP for Networking experts; and g) computer management for ZENworks with pcs three. Novell is additionally planning different changes to the CNE certification on the way to revolve around the concept of proficiency Certificates. verify Novell's net web page http://www.novell.com/education/certinfo/ for establishing particulars.
One question that arises as Novell exhibits the NetWare 6 CNE necessities is the following: when you are already pursuing the NetWare 5 CNE, should you conclude it, or in case you watch for the NetWare 6 music to roll out? based on Novell's historical past, you probably tolerate made an investment of time and money in the NetWare 5 music, conclude it. that you can assume that both the NetWare 5 and NetWare 6 tracks may exist accessible as certification alternatives once the NetWare 6 track rolls out for a significant period. if you win the NetWare 5 CNE, Novell's past checklist has proven that you will only should elect a lone update exam. I needed to elect a lone update examination when IntranetWare got here out as a way to improve from NetWare 4.1 when NetWare 5.0 got here out and when NetWare 5.1 rolled out. here's now not Microsoft, for which you should elect an additional seven checks to upgrade from NT 3.fifty one to four.0; then you definately must elect yet another seven tests if you betide to improve from NT 4.0 to home windows 2000.
The MCNE is designed for those people who are amenable for integrating NDS with the structures of different carriers. The MCNE song is present process a major overhaul. up to July 31, 2001, Novell had six tracks that ended in the MCNE. These tracks protected administration, Connectivity, Messaging, internet/Intranet options, NetWare and UNIX Integration, and NetWare and windows NT Integration. i used to exist capable of win the MCNE in management, Connectivity, Messaging, and NT Integration. constructive April 15, 2001, Novell streamlined the six tracks into a lone MCNE song. To win the MCNE now, candidates should tolerate the NetWare 5 CNE after which ought to hasten 4 tests: one core requirement and three electives. The core requirement is TCP/IP for Networking authorities. The three electives can exist any three of the following: a) GroupWise 6 superior Administration; b) GroupWise 5 internet entry and Connectivity edition 2; c) Integrating NetWare and windows NT; d) Integrating NDS eDirectory and energetic directory; e) community administration the utilize of Managewise 2.7; f) information superhighway security management with BorderManager; g) desktop administration with ZENworks; h) computer administration with ZENworks for pcs 3; or i) Managing NetScape commercial enterprise Server for NetWare. Novell besides recently introduced extra alterations to the MCNE song when NetWare 6 rolls out. The adjustments will involve two CompTIA assessments. master CNE candidates should exist required to hasten CompTIA's Server+ and IT project+ tests. master CNEs upgrading from NetWare 5 might exist required to circulate the IT assignment+ exam as a continuing certification requirement. assess Novell's web website http://www.novell.com/training/certinfo/ for the most up-to-date advice.
The CDE, one of Novell's latest certifications, is designed for superior usher folks who deserve to understand how to integrate and troubleshoot listing-service issues. The seat of attention of this certification is the vigour of listing functions, in spite of the mother or father platform: NetWare, UNIX, or W2K. NetWare 5 CNEs can win the CDE by passing two tests: a) the superior NDS tools and Diagnostics test; and b) the listing technologies peruse at various. The advanced NDS gear and Diagnostics check has a written and useful element. Microsoft MCSEs, Cisco CCIEs and CCNPs, and IBM certified consultants can additionally win the CDE. They requisite to circulate the two in the past outlined assessments and two additional assessments. these checks are: a) NDS Design and Implementation; and b) Microsoft's Designing windows 2000 directory functions or NetWare 5.1 Administration for Cisco and IBM individuals. Microsoft folks can elect from Integrating NDS eDirectory and windows NT or the Microsoft Designing windows 2000 directory services verify. I haven't yet pursued or earned the CDE. Many who've sat during the ILTs and corresponding assessments tolerate instructed me that the CDE exams are a actual examine of your potential and useful competencies. here is probably the most few Novell certifications that I execute not at present grasp. it is my intent to pursue it someday this yr as a result of I accept as loyal with it's going to continue to multiply my earning talents, and it will proceed to validate my current skill set. i will exist able to assist you exist watchful of the way it goes.
Novell, Inc. launched models of their NDS eDirectory and NDS corporate edition software for the Linux operating system the day past. NDS eDirectory has been praised for its skill to integrate latest mixes of Unix, NetWare, Linux, windows 2000 and home windows NT servers and shoppers below a lone directory constitution.
NDS eDirectory is described as a “full-carrier, open necessities-based mostly directory that's the basis for managing network substances throughout full leading working programs in a lone web environments.”
Novell believes that with the aid of “managing and securing components throughout the internet, NDS eDirectory eliminates the cavity between traffic and information superhighway, enabling Linux clients to construct and manipulate secure relationships with customers who requisite to utilize the web.”
“companies that are looking to harness the giant competencies of e-enterprise must associate with partners, suppliers and purchasers in a global of heterogeneous networks," said Dave Shirk, a Senior VP at Novell. "by using supplying eDirectory across predominant operating systems, including Linux, Novell offers companies the verve to transcend natural community boundaries and to create a cozy basis for conducting company across the web."
Licenses for NDS eDirectory can exist found for $2 USD per user. Licenses for NDS company edition are additionally accessible for $26 USD per consumer.
See Novell’s website for greater suggestions.
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Integrating Novell eDirectory and energetic Directory
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EUC with HCI: Why It Matters
You are amenable for managing 15,000 user accounts and 20,000 computers in your company. It is 9 a.m. on Monday. execute you know where your users' computers are? If you are working for a typical company, almost certainly you execute not. "British Telecom recently audited their IT assets and found that they had 20,000 more computers than they thought," says Dave Bingham, Consulting Director, Fujitsu Consulting UK. Now that is a sedate systems management problem!
Many companies are sinking under the weight of their existing legacy network identity, access control, and provisioning systems. Some of the warning signs that you might tolerate a problem:
Users cannot bethink full their passwords because each application requires its own authentication
Directory information is out of date, or incomplete
Ex-employees quiet tolerate access to local/remote network services
It takes on average, 22 steps to create a original employee e-mail address
Little or no auditing of accounts and privileges, including cross application comparisons to trap a loyal sense of user actions
Redundant administration points and no pre-established delegation policies
Proprietary access, authentication, and provisioning APIs for each application
As great and minuscule companies alike struggle to control IT assets and costs, global network identity management systems are looking increasingly attractive. The Forrester Group predicts most Fortune 100 companies will exist implementing these systems to reduce TCO (total cost of ownership), eliminate manual/legacy systems, and streamline traffic processes.
What execute Novell, identity management and LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) tolerate to execute with any of this? Is this the identical moribund company known for the ripen NetWare, NDS (Novell Directory Service), and GroupWise product lines? Yes, a revitalized Novell is aggressively pursuing the network identity management and directory services market with a original generation of LDAP-based products and technologies. By structure on Novell's traditional strengths in directory management and de-coupling these products from their flagship NDS NOS product, it is hoping to compete directly with iPlanet, Oblix, captious Path, Microsoft, and other identity management vendors. The next few years will exist a battleground for network identity vendors and consultants as they struggle to establish themselves in this original marketplace. Let us elect a more in depth peruse at Novell's LDAP implementation and directory service products to discern why you should exist seriously considering them if you requisite an enterprise scale LDAP system.
Why Novell and LDAP?Novell realized it needed an open standard for its front-end application software. LDAP was the obvious choice because Novell had historically based both the NetWare and NDS systems on the X.500 protocol and LDAP was originally designed as the X.500 front end. In March 1999, Novell released a copy of open source LDAP as fragment of its SDK (software developer's kit) indicating its full support for the LDAP standard. At the time Kurt Zeilenga, chief architect of the OpenLDAP Project, noted, "Global adoption of technologies requires that developers tolerate access to open and reusable code. They are pleased that Novell has chosen to utilize OpenLDAP software and has made its changes available to the community so full may benefit. They peruse forward to working with Novell in furthering open source LDAP software." It clearly had the full support of the developer community.
Although LDAP has been around as a standard protocol since 1995 until recently it has been a strictly back-office enterprise network service. Previously, the only open standard for directories was X.500, introduced in 1988. Since X.500 was OSI model based, LDAP was designed to serve as a translation protocol between the TCP/IP and OSI models. Because it is the most open and elastic of full the network services protocols, the network ID management community has embraced it as the core technology to connect user and machine identity information together into one seamless whole. It is now the de facto standard for most major identity management services applications. Openwave and iPlanet both utilize LDAP as the underlying address directory technology for enterprise e-mail services products. LDAP is an established, robust, scalable open directory standard -- an extremely attractive solution.
Novell NDS and LDAPHow has that changed Novell's products? First, let us peruse at the details of how the NDS system has fully incorporated LDAP. NDS 8 provides robust LDAP support by allowing access directly to a NDS data store. This affords the best of both worlds -- open standards for directory access while leveraging Novell's security strengths such as strong authentication and server-server replication. This enhanced support includes:
LDAP Services are installed by default, which means that LDAP clients can transparently access NDS objects using SSL without requiring any additional client software.
Ability to write directly to LDAP schema. To change an LDAP-NDS mapping, fade to the ConsoleOne (Novell's Java-based server/workstation management software) screen and select LDAP Group Object. right click this expostulate and select Properties. You can then fade to the refer map or Class Map tab to add/modify/delete the confiscate object.
Full auxiliary class support, which means if an NDS or LDAP expostulate is a member of multiple expostulate classes, it inherits the attributes of full these expostulate classes. Note there are three default auxiliary classes in NDS.
eDirectory - Novell's Directory Service ProducteDirectory, which evolved from NDS, is a directory service that is scalable, extensible, and elevated performance. In fact, Novell has publicly demonstrated that eDirectory can manage more than a billion objects in a lone tree. This capability far exceeds what most enterprise networks or e-businesses will ever require. Some of eDirectory's major components fancy global printing services are incorporated into NetWare 6.
FeaturesSome of eDirectory's original or enhanced features included in version 8.7 - codenamed "Falcon" are:
Full support on multiple platforms, Netware, Windows NT/2000, and UNIX flavors (Linux, AIX, and Solaris). This is powerful intelligence for multi-platform enterprises.
eDirectory has full support for replication (multiple distributed copies of the directory in case of failover) and portioning (splitting directory logically to support decentralized administration and improved network performance). This is especially captious in a 7x24, five 9s, mission captious deployments.
Full support of LDAP over SSL/TLS (Secure Socket Layer & Transport Layer Security protocols). This feature is very significant in the web-based services arena.
Supports SNMP monitoring. Both directory monitoring and management consoles are available. ConsoleOne is a Java-based for servers/workstations, and iMonitor is a web-based monitoring and diagnostics for full company eDirectories.
IManager is a web-based directory manager that performs operations on directory objects, including access, creation, directory portioning, and replication.
It includes an import/export utility using LDAP Directory Interchange Format (LDIF) for simplified ports and integration with legacy systems. It can exist executed from either the command line or the ConsoleOne or iManager products.
Directory StructureHere is a brief overview of the Novell directory structure from top to bottom. Novell calls its directories "container objects."
TREE (once called [ROOT]) is the top of the directory hierarchy and contains full objects in the directory. Primarily used to award or traverse global rights.
ORGANIZATION contains full objects for an organization or enterprise. This includes the Administrator user. A COUNTRY expostulate can besides exist created at this even for more refinement.
ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT (OU) - is a further subdivision of an organization structure (such as divisions, geographical, etc). Users are created at this level.
DOMAIN (DNS Domains) - allows eDirectory interaction with DNS for location of services.
DirXMLDir XML provides bi-directional and Meta-directory capabilities between e-Directory and other enterprise and legacy systems. The systems communicate by directly processing XML documents. DirXML runs on a variety of platforms -- Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and Windows NT/2000, but requires eDirectory 8.5 or later. Currently available DirXML drivers include:
LDAP Directories - IPlanet/Netscape Directory Server, captious Path InJoin Directory, IBM SecureWay
Electronic Messaging - Groupwise, Lotus Notes, Microsoft Exchange
Enterprise Applications - Peoplesoft, IBM WebSphere MQ, Oracle, IBM DB2, and Sybase
Operating System Domains - NT, energetic Directory, NIS
Delimited Text - Miscellaneous
DirXML ComponentsBetween eDirectory/DirXML there are two different types of data flows.
Publisher Channel - Sends data from various systems to eDirectory.
Subscriber Channel.- Sends data from eDirectory to various systems.
DirXML Driver - Handles the communication between DirXML engine and the application but not the rule processing. This includes receiving the XML document and translating it into a set of commands, which are then sent to the confiscate data store. Note that DirXML 1.1 no longer requires eDirectory and DirXML running on the server allowing remote drivers to exist dynamically loaded.
DirXML Engine - Translates directory events such as add, modify, or delete to an XML document. Translation involves processing various filters, rules, and style sheets to achieve the desired result.
Objects - eDirectory operations involve inevitable key objects, DirXML-DriverSet, DirXML-Driver, DirXML-Publisher, and DirXML-Subscriber.
Filters -- determine which attributes such as appellation or address will exist affected for this particular channel session.
Object mapping -- Associates an expostulate in the eDirectory schema with an expostulate in the external application.
Matching -- Determines the attributes and values in eDirectory and the corresponding application that must match before creating an association attribute.
Create expostulate -- Specifies the refer and values that must exist in position before a original expostulate or record is created.
Placement -- Specifies the location in the application the objects are stored. Multiple rules are typically used.
XSLT Style sheets - Define the XLST transformation rules that transforms commands or directory events found in the XML documents.
Developer ServicesAdditional services and products Novell offers specifically designed to aid developers include:
Customized DirXML Drivers -- Written in either C++ or Java. The Java drivers requires JDK 1.1.7b or later. Developers can utilize DSTrace facility and DirXML track log for debugging.
XML Interfaces for C++ - Allows the developer to write messages to DSTrace facility and DirXML track log.
LDAP Extensions and Control for JNDI (Java Naming and Directory Interface).
Test Server for LDAP
eDirectory Class Libraries for C and Java - Used to discharge operations such as query or add on a LDAP directory. fragment of the Novell Developer Kit (NDK), it uses open source code from the OpenLDAP Project.
Some CautionsNovell is moving the right direction by porting the package to multiple platforms, but if you really want to tolerate a fully integrated system, you should quiet exist using the other Novell products in conjunction with eDirectory. Although eDirectory has some powerful features that profile it easier to develop enterprise scaled directory services based applications, it is quiet at heart an NDS based product. It will probably toil best for you if you already tolerate a NetWare installation and some familiarity with the Novell approach to network based enterprise services. Tony Neal, IT manager at Marriott International Inc. views Novell LDAP support as "another piece of the protocol perplex that will tie everything together, with NDS as the actual engine underneath". It is not transparent when talking to Novell how many of their eDirectory installations are truly original customers and not just additional sales to the existing Novell customer base.
A few years back Novell took a sedate misstep when they proposed a original top-level .dir domain for the Internet. The proposed .dir domain was a so-called chartered domain and would tolerate required .dir applicants to exist fully compliant with LDAP 2000, an LDAP conformance test sponsored by DIF. Novell claimed that establishing the .dir domain was captious because it would guarantee the sort of sites that would utilize it. The proposed domain immediately met with community resistance and was quickly withdrawn. "Why is everyone looking to ICANN to rubber-stamp their traffic models?" said Rick Wesson, CEO of Alice's Registry, in Santa Cruz, Calif., a consultancy for ICANN-accredited registrars. "Novell wants to create a LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) root, but it doesn't requisite a TLD to execute that. It can build the identical infrastructure under the existing DNS domains."
Is Novell sedate about LDAP?Novell has been energetic with two emerging IETF standards groups. These efforts will no doubt discontinue up in future Novell web, operating system, and directory products.
SAML (Security Assertion Markup Language) 1.0 allows applications to partake authentication information. In July, Novell participated in a SAML Interoperability forum as fragment of the Burton Group. However, the lone sign-on solution remains a work-in-progress.
The identical group OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) that oversees SAML besides is creating the UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery and Integration) specification. UDDI includes a protocol for describing web services and queries about businesses/products. Novell sponsored engineers authored a draft schema to position UDDI information in an LDAP directory.
Liberty Alliance is creating a "federated" identity authentication protocol, called "a clique of trust", that allows users to transparently navigate between affiliated organizations. There are various security access issues quiet to exist determined before this becomes reality. It is not transparent what advantage this schema has over existing certification systems, fancy PKI.
Novell developers are working on the next release of Netware code named "Nakoma." It will involve enhanced DirXML support for tighter integration between NetWare, Novell Portal Services, and legacy corporate directories that require directory-based identity and access services. Current projected availability is summer 2003.
Some enhancements that are fragment of "Project Destiny" the overall Novell eDirectory and directory enhancement pains include:
UDDI server due by year-end.
The future version of eDirectory will exist more dynamic with enhanced rules-based "decision-making" about people, and directory data.
"Saturn" is a Novell pains to profile eDirectory and iChain (identity-driven web access) compatible with the Liberty Alliance specification. "Saturn" reportedly will exist completed by year-end.
Dynamic Identity services and access will exist granted based on the application.
In conclusion, Novell has been working difficult to position itself in the forefront of the LDAP progress community. Novell has leveraged its expertise with X.500 and NDS to create a powerful set of tools using LDAP and the NDS architecture. If you are sedate about large-scale identity management applications and you already tolerate some familiarity with the Novell environment, eDirectory might exist just the toolkit you requisite to build your application.
Beth Cohen is president of Luth Computer Specialists, Inc., a consulting exercise specializing in IT infrastructure for smaller companies. She has been in the trenches supporting company IT infrastructure for over 20 years in a number of different fields including architecture, construction, engineering, software, telecommunications, and research. She is currently writing a reserve about IT for the minuscule enterprise and pursuing an Information Age MBA from Bentley College.
Hallett German is an IT consultant who is experienced in implementing stable IT infrastructures with an emphasis on electronic messaging and directories. He is the founder of the Northeast SAS Users Group and former President of the REXX Language Association. He is the author of three books on scripting languages.
» discern full Articles by Columnist Beth Cohen
In the next angle of the two companies' much-discussed collaboration, Novell and Microsoft announced they are working together to develop a fashion for using existing protocols for bridging network access between eDirectory and energetic Directory, with complete details to arrive sometime during the first half of this year.
Though the two companies did not mention this explicitly, the common bond between the two identity management services for their networks is Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). Both are implementations of an LDAP store, although Microsoft utilizes a benign of abstraction layer that enables Windows Server-based networks to bind an LDAP application to a replica partition rather than specifically to an IP address. Differences in implementation such as this are why bridging the two identity services is not an academic process.
The challenge for Microsoft and Novell will exist to utilize their own tools to enable lone sign-on capability, which would let a user of a Windows Server-based network (or, to utilize Microsoft’s term for multi-domain groups, a forest) tolerate her authentication exist trusted by a Novell SuSE Enterprise Linux-served domain in the identical network.
It would not exist a technical first, however:third-party tools execute exist for implementing lone sign-on. However, such a bridge would free administrators from having to redesign their network topologies to profile lone sign-on easier, since that capability would tolerate been integrated into the two operating systems.
In a joint statement this morning, the two companies besides stated that toil proceeds on the progress of bi-directional translator software that would actively adapt Office Open XML format documents to ODF and vice versa. A more primordial format converter for both formats was completed earlier this month.
Also, Microsoft said the features will exist in position for the next service pack of Virtual Server 2005 R2 to enable Novell SuSE Enterprise Linux to exist installed as a guest OS in a virtualized environment. When the "Longhorn" edition of Windows Server is released later this year, SuSE Linux will exist recognized as what Microsoft is calling an enlightened guest.
In the early 90s, Novell had the following certifications available: CNA-Certified Novell Administrator, CNE-Certified Novell Engineer, and the ECNE-Enterprise Certified Novell Engineer (the MCNE-Master CNE has since replaced the ECNE). The CNA, CNE, and MCNE are quiet available. Additionally, Novell has the CDE-Certified Directory Engineer, the CNI-Certified Novell Instructor, and the MCNI-Master Certified Novell Instructor. Novell's CIP-Certified Internet Professional certification has recently merged with Prosoft's CIW. I will discuss the CIW options in an upcoming article. Additionally, because this is not a trainer's forum, I will not address the CNI or MCNI. If you tolerate a question about the CNI or MCNI, feel free to drop me an e-mail or post a comment, and I will exist lighthearted to respond. I can exist reached at email@example.com. If enough interest is expressed, I will exist lighthearted to address many of the various trainer options that exist in the current IT market, including the CNI and MCNI, in a future essay.
The CNA is the entry-level Novell certification. The CNA is designed for those setting up workstations, managing users and groups, administering a printing environment, and automating network access. It is a one-test, one-course certification. Depending on the operating system that you support, you can win the CNA in NetWare 5, IntraNetWare, and GroupWise 5. The CNA in NetWare 3 and GroupWise 4 will exist retired at the discontinue of 2001. If you are administering a GroupWise 5.5 environment (GroupWise is Novell's e-mail system), you besides can win the CNA.
The CNE is one of Novell's Premier certifications. Depending on the CNE track that you pursue, you will elect either six or seven exams. The CNE is designed for networking professionals who are amenable for keeping their networks up and running. These are the folks charged with designing a TCP/IP internetwork and designing a Directory Services implementation. There are five tracks that are currently offered, two of which will exist retired at the discontinue of 2001. These tracks are NetWare 5, GroupWise 5 and IntraNetWare. (The NetWare 3 and GroupWise 4 tracks will exist retired.) In order to win the NetWare 5 CNE, you must pass six exams: a) NetWare 5.1 Administration; b) NetWare 5.1 Advanced Administration; c) NetWare 5.1 Design and Implementation; d) Networking Technologies; e) Service and Support; and f) one elective. The electives involve a) Desktop Management with ZENworks; b) Desktop Management with ZENworks for Desktops 3; c) Internet Security Management with BorderManager; d) Network Management Using ManageWise 2.7; e) Network Management Using ManageWise 2.6; f) TCP/IP for Networking Professionals; g) Integrating NetWare and Windows NT; or h) GroupWise 5.5 Administration. IntraNetWare and GroupWise 5.5 CNEs tolerate one test to elect in addition to their earlier CNE requirements: either the NetWare 5.1 Advanced Administration test or the NetWare 4.11 to NetWare 5.1 Update exam. This requirement is because Novell wants full legacy CNEs to upgrade their core knowledge to the NetWare 5.1 platform.
Novell has recently announced the requirements for the original NetWare 6 CNE track. As of this writing, NetWare 6 CNEs will tolerate seven exams to pass: a) eDirectory Administration with NetWare 6; b) CompTIA's Network + exam; c) NetWare 6 Advanced Administration; d) NDS Design and Implementation; e) Service and Support; f) TCP/IP for Networking Professionals; and g) Desktop Management for ZENworks with Desktops 3. Novell is besides planning other changes to the CNE certification that will revolve around the concept of Proficiency Certificates. Check Novell's Web site http://www.novell.com/education/certinfo/ for developing details.
One question that arises as Novell reveals the NetWare 6 CNE requirements is the following: If you are already pursuing the NetWare 5 CNE, should you finish it, or should you wait for the NetWare 6 track to roll out? Based on Novell's history, if you tolerate made an investment of time and money in the NetWare 5 track, finish it. You can anticipate that both the NetWare 5 and NetWare 6 tracks will exist available as certification options once the NetWare 6 track rolls out for a significant period. If you win the NetWare 5 CNE, Novell's past record has shown that you will merely tolerate to elect a lone update exam. I had to elect a lone update exam when IntranetWare came out in order to upgrade from NetWare 4.1 when NetWare 5.0 came out and when NetWare 5.1 rolled out. This is not Microsoft, for which you tolerate to elect another seven exams to upgrade from NT 3.51 to 4.0; then you tolerate to elect another seven exams when you upgrade from NT 4.0 to Windows 2000.
The MCNE is designed for those individuals who are amenable for integrating NDS with the platforms of other vendors. The MCNE track is undergoing a major overhaul. Up to July 31, 2001, Novell had six tracks that led to the MCNE. These tracks included Management, Connectivity, Messaging, Internet/Intranet Solutions, NetWare and UNIX Integration, and NetWare and Windows NT Integration. I was able to win the MCNE in Management, Connectivity, Messaging, and NT Integration. efficient April 15, 2001, Novell streamlined the six tracks into a lone MCNE track. To win the MCNE now, candidates must tolerate the NetWare 5 CNE and then must pass four exams: one core requirement and three electives. The core requirement is TCP/IP for Networking Professionals. The three electives can exist any three of the following: a) GroupWise 6 Advanced Administration; b) GroupWise 5 Net Access and Connectivity version 2; c) Integrating NetWare and Windows NT; d) Integrating NDS eDirectory and energetic Directory; e) Network Management Using Managewise 2.7; f) Internet Security Management with BorderManager; g) Desktop Management with ZENworks; h) Desktop Management with ZENworks for Desktops 3; or i) Managing NetScape Enterprise Server for NetWare. Novell besides recently announced additional changes to the MCNE track when NetWare 6 rolls out. The changes will involve two CompTIA exams. Master CNE candidates will exist required to pass CompTIA's Server+ and IT Project+ exams. Master CNEs upgrading from NetWare 5 will exist required to pass the IT Project+ exam as a continuing certification requirement. Check Novell's Web site http://www.novell.com/education/certinfo/ for the most up-to-date information.
The CDE, one of Novell's newest certifications, is designed for advanced support persons who requisite to know how to integrate and troubleshoot directory-service issues. The focus of this certification is the power of directory services, regardless of the parent platform: NetWare, UNIX, or W2K. NetWare 5 CNEs can win the CDE by passing two exams: a) the Advanced NDS Tools and Diagnostics test; and b) the Directory Technologies test. The Advanced NDS Tools and Diagnostics test has a written and practical portion. Microsoft MCSEs, Cisco CCIEs and CCNPs, and IBM Certified Specialists can besides win the CDE. They requisite to pass the two previously mentioned tests and two additional exams. Those exams are: a) NDS Design and Implementation; and b) Microsoft's Designing Windows 2000 Directory Services or NetWare 5.1 Administration for Cisco and IBM folks. Microsoft folks can elect between Integrating NDS eDirectory and Windows NT or the Microsoft Designing Windows 2000 Directory Services test. I tolerate not yet pursued or earned the CDE. Many who tolerate sat through the ILTs and corresponding exams tolerate told me that the CDE exams are a of your knowledge and practical skills. This is one of the few Novell certifications that I execute not currently hold. It is my intent to pursue it sometime this year because I believe it will continue to boost my earning potential, and it will continue to validate my current skill set. I will let you know how it goes.