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000-M02 exam Dumps Source : IBM Tivoli Monitoring Technical Sales Mastery Test v1
Test Code : 000-M02
Test cognomen : IBM Tivoli Monitoring Technical Sales Mastery Test v1
Vendor cognomen : IBM
: 30 true Questions
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IBM IBM Tivoli Monitoring Technical
In September 2018, IBM announced a brand recent product, IBM Db2 AI for z/OS. This synthetic intelligence engine screens records entry patterns from executing SQL statements, uses computer getting to know algorithms to pick highest trait patterns and passes this suggestions to the Db2 query optimizer to breathe used by subsequent statements.
laptop getting to know on the IBM z Platform
In may likewise of 2018, IBM introduced version 1.2 of its desktop discovering for z/OS (MLz) product. this is a hybrid zServer and cloud software suite that ingests efficiency information, analyzes and builds models that signify the health status of a lot of indicators, screens them over time and offers precise-time scoring capabilities.
a number of elements of this product offering are geared toward supporting a community of mannequin developers and managers. for example:
It helps varied programming languages equivalent to Python, Scala and R. This makes it workable for facts modelers and scientists to exhaust a language with which they are widespread;
A graphical consumer interface called the visible model Builder publications model developers with out requiring highly-technical programming abilities;
It includes several dashboards for monitoring mannequin results and scoring features, in addition to controlling the device configuration.
This laptop learning suite become originally geared toward zServer-based mostly analytics functions. one of the most first evident selections become zSystem efficiency monitoring and tuning. system management Facility (SMF) records that are automatically generated via the working equipment give the raw records for equipment aid consumption such as imperative processor utilization, I/O processing, reminiscence paging and so forth. IBM MLz can compile and withhold these information over time, and construct and coach models of gadget conduct, rating these behaviors, establish patterns not effectively foreseen by way of people, better key performance symptoms (KPIs) after which feed the mannequin results lower back into the device to strike device configuration changes that may multiply performance.
The next step became to allocate into upshot this suite to investigate Db2 efficiency statistics. One answer, called the IBM Db2 IT Operational Analytics (Db2 ITOA) solution template, applies the computer studying technology to Db2 operational data to benefit an understanding of Db2 subsystem health. it will possibly dynamically construct baselines for key performance warning signs, deliver a dashboard of those KPIs and give operational cadaver of workers true-time perception into Db2 operations.
whereas accepted Db2 subsystem performance is a vital component in basic utility health and efficiency, IBM estimates that the DBA back cadaver of workers spends 25% or extra of its time, " ... combating access path issues which trigger performance degradation and repair Have an impact on.". (See Reference 1).
AI involves Db2
consider the plight of coincident DBAs in a Db2 ambiance. In latest IT world they must succor one or more large statistics functions, cloud application and database functions, utility installing and configuration, Db2 subsystem and software performance tuning, database definition and management, cataclysm recuperation planning, and extra. query tuning has been in being considering the origins of the database, and DBAs are constantly tasked with this as well.
The heart of query course analysis in Db2 is the Optimizer. It accepts SQL statements from functions, verifies authority to entry the records, reviews the locations of the objects to breathe accessed and develops a list of candidate records entry paths. These entry paths can encompass indexes, desk scans, a considerable number of table breathe a piece of methods and others. within the records warehouse and ample facts environments there are constantly further decisions attainable. One of those is the being of abstract tables (occasionally called materialized question tables) that contain pre-summarized or aggregated records, hence allowing Db2 to preclude re-aggregation processing. a further alternative is the starjoin entry path, yardstick in the information warehouse, where the order of desk joins is modified for performance motives.
The Optimizer then reports the candidate entry paths and chooses the access course, "with the bottom can charge." can imbue in this context means a weighted summation of resource usage including CPU, I/O, reminiscence and other substances. at last, the Optimizer takes the bottom cost access path, shops it in reminiscence (and, optionally, within the Db2 directory) and starts off entry route execution.
huge statistics and records warehouse operations now include application suites that allow the business analyst to compose exhaust of a graphical interface to construct and maneuver a miniature facts model of the records they are looking to analyze. The applications then generate SQL statements in response to the clients’ requests.
The problem for the DBA
as a way to attain first rate analytics in your dissimilar statistics outlets you need a majestic figuring out of the facts necessities, an knowing of the analytical services and algorithms attainable and a excessive-performance statistics infrastructure. unluckily, the number and site of facts sources is expanding (both in size and in geography), facts sizes are transforming into, and functions continue to proliferate in quantity and complexity. How may noiseless IT managers assist this environment, principally with essentially the most experienced and ripen staff nearing retirement?
take into account additionally that a large piece of decreasing the entire cost of possession of these techniques is to win Db2 functions to elude faster and extra efficiently. This usually interprets into the usage of fewer CPU cycles, doing fewer I/Os and transporting less data throughout the network. considering it is commonly intricate to even establish which functions may improvement from performance tuning, one system is to automate the detection and correction of tuning concerns. here's where desktop learning and artificial intelligence will likewise breathe used to majestic impact.
Db2 12 for z/OS and synthetic Intelligence
Db2 version 12 on z/OS makes exhaust of the desktop discovering amenities outlined above to assemble and reclaim SQL question textual content and entry course particulars, as well as genuine efficiency-linked ancient assistance equivalent to CPU time used, elapsed instances and outcome set sizes. This offering, described as Db2 AI for z/OS, analyzes and stores the statistics in machine discovering models, with the model evaluation results then being scored and made purchasable to the Db2 Optimizer. The next time a scored SQL commentary is encountered, the Optimizer can then exhaust the mannequin scoring records as input to its access direction alternative algorithm.
The outcome should noiseless breathe a reduction in CPU consumption because the Optimizer makes exhaust of model scoring enter to select improved access paths. This then lowers CPU charges and speeds utility response instances. a significant capabilities is that the usage of AI utility does not require the DBA to Have statistics science capabilities or deep insights into question tuning methodologies. The Optimizer now chooses the gold yardstick entry paths based mostly now not best on SQL query syntax and facts distribution data but on modelled and scored passe efficiency.
This will likewise breathe specifically vital if you shop facts in varied areas. for instance, many analytical queries towards huge records require concurrent access to inevitable facts warehouse tables. These tables are commonly called dimension tables, and they contain the records features usually used to manage subsetting and aggregation. for instance, in a retail atmosphere esteem a table known as StoreLocation that enumerates every withhold and its site code. Queries towards withhold revenue facts may wish to aggregate or summarize sales by way of place; hence, the StoreLocation desk may breathe used by means of some large records queries. in this atmosphere it's common to hold the dimension tables and replica them always to the massive statistics utility. in the IBM world this location is the IBM Db2 Analytics Accelerator (IDAA).
Now feel about SQL queries from each operational purposes, statistics warehouse clients and massive facts company analysts. From Db2's perspective, every these queries are equal, and are forwarded to the Optimizer. besides the fact that children, within the case of operational queries and warehouse queries they should without doubt breathe directed to access the StoreLocation desk in the warehouse. in spite of this, the query from the business analyst against large records tables should noiseless doubtless access the replica of the desk there. This effects in a proliferations of capabilities access paths, and extra labor for the Optimizer. fortuitously, Db2 AI for z/OS can provide the Optimizer the information it should compose smart entry path decisions.
how it Works
The sequence of routine in Db2 AI for z/OS (See Reference 2) is generally privilege here:
throughout a bind, rebind, prepare or clarify operation, an SQL commentary is passed to the Optimizer;
The Optimizer chooses the data access course; because the preference is made, Db2 AI captures the SQL syntax, access direction option and query efficiency statistics (CPU used, and so on.) and passes it to a "gaining information of project";
The getting to know assignment, which can breathe completed on a zIIP processor (a non-commonplace-intention CPU core that doesn't constituent into utility licensing expenses), interfaces with the desktop getting to know application (MLz mannequin services) to reclaim this counsel in a model;
as the amount of facts in every mannequin grows, the MLz Scoring provider (which can likewise breathe achieved on a zIIP processor) analyzes the model statistics and ratings the habits;
throughout the next bind, rebind, allocate together or clarify, the Optimizer now has entry to the scoring for SQL models, and makes appropriate alterations to entry route decisions.
There are likewise numerous person interfaces that provide the administrator visibility to the popularity of the gathered SQL statement performance records and mannequin scoring.
IBM's computer learning for zOS (MLz) providing is being used to incredible upshot in Db2 edition 12 to enrich the performance of analytical queries as well as operational queries and their associated functions. This requires management consideration, as you Have to verify that your business is prepared to ingest these ML and AI conclusions. How will you measure the costs and advantages of the usage of machine discovering? Which IT back group of workers should breathe tasked to reviewing the result of model scoring, and maybe approving (or overriding) the effects? How will you review and warrant the assumptions that the software makes about access route choices?
In different words, how smartly did you know your statistics, its distribution, its integrity and your existing and proposed access paths? this could verify where the DBAs expend their time in supporting analytics and operational software performance.
# # #
John Campbell, IBM Db2 uncommon EngineerFrom "IBM Db2 AI for z/OS: multiply IBM Db2 utility performance with computing device gaining information of"https://www.worldofdb2.com/pursuits/ibm-db2-ai-for-z-os-increase-ibm-db2-application-efficiency-with-ma
Db2 AI for z/OShttps://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSGKMA_1.1.0/src/ai/ai_home.html
IBM has opened the door on a public cloud Infrastructure as a carrier providing for the commercial enterprise.
The enterprise has quietly delivered the smart company Cloud - enterprise to its smart business Cloud product line. SBC - enterprise is a pay-as-you-go, self provider (for registered IBM consumers) on-line platform that may elude virtual machines (VMs) in a number of codecs, along with different functions from IBM.
IBM stepped into the cloud early, but the market has been very dynamic the previous two years.
Dana Gardner, fundamental analyst with Interarbor solutions
The smart company Cloud - business is a ample step up from IBM's outdated sheer Infrastructure as a carrier (IaaS) offering, the prudent business edifice and test Cloud. clients can provision inventory VMs operating pink Hat business Linux, SUSE Linux enterprise Server and Microsoft windows Server, or they can pick between an arsenal of preconfigured utility appliances that IBM, in part, manages and that users consume. These encompass trade software Platform, IBM DB2, Informix, Lotus Domino enterprise Server, Rational Asset manager, Tivoli Monitoring, WebSphere software Server, Cognos enterprise Intelligence and many others.
In what might likewise relate the lower back chronicle of IBM's personal cloud computing construction route, every of the pictures and functions being provided from SBC - enterprise at the moment elude in Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud atmosphere. now not every of the introduced IBM cloud purposes elude within the IBM compute atmosphere.
Screenshots and a video demo demonstrate a confidential sight via now for cloud clients: a degree-and-click on provisioning device in an internet interface. interestingly sensitive to its business audience, IBM has taken some pains to present higher-end features, together with entry and id administration control, security and software monitoring equipment, and VPN and VLAN capabilities, in addition to VM isolation. IBM technical aid will even breathe obtainable.
IBM has been a consistent supporter of open supply utility for the enterprise market and the inclusion of crimson Hat commercial enterprise Linux (RHEL) and SUSE Linux are indications that IBM feels those products Have the chops for large purchasers operating Linux. Being based on Linux (Blue perception) likewise makes it convenient for IBM to port its expertise into an Amazon-class network.
inspecting IBM's entrance into public cloudSome industry observers yell they confidence the cloud-based product disclosure is overdue, and a step within the privilege direction. The movement is a herbal one if IBM wants to lengthen the lofty site it at present holds in on-premises application integration.
"IBM should delivery speaking about integration as a provider (in the cloud)," referred to Dana Gardner, principal with Interarbor solutions in Gilford, N.H. "they are a market leader in enterprise apps integration within the actual house, so the subsequent step is to breathe a leader in the cloud house. They appear to breathe entering into the privilege course."
Gardner, together with different analysts and IT execs, Have criticized IBM's habitual cloud strategy as "scattershot" the previous yoke of years. After getting off to a promising birth through a number of key acquisitions and expertise introductions, the business's efforts look to Have lost momentum and seat of attention.
"IBM stepped into the cloud early, but the market has been very dynamic the past two years," Gardner added. "When people believe of the cloud now, they suppose about cell, huge facts and analytics, along with cost reductions and simplifying. IBM hasn't stepped as much as the newest zeitgeist round cloud to hold every this on."
other analysts mentioned they accept as exact with IBM's delivery of its SBC - commercial enterprise is coming within the nick of time. It totally anticipates that speedy-moving opponents, similar to Salesforce.com, Google and Amazon, will debut lots more in a position products and services in areas where IBM nonetheless hasn't ventured.
"[IBM] continues to breathe looking at a pack of hungry competitors who Have dinky trepidation about moving their cloud initiatives ahead, moving approach beyond the Infrastructure as a carrier degree providing things enjoy run-time back and tools," mentioned one analyst who requested anonymity. "services are going to win a lot more refined from the Googles of the realm."
aggressive pricing disclosedAn reputable IBM can imbue agenda lays out rate per illustration in four tiers: Copper, Bronze, Silver and Gold. A Copper RHEL specimen fees $0.19 per hour, and Gold is $0.46 per hour. home windows circumstances birth at $0.10 per hour.
IBM needs to delivery speaking about integration as a provider (in the cloud).
IBM will additionally sell reserved capability, simply as Amazon web features (AWS) does, for these looking for a long-time age bargain. Reserved capacity is drastically cheaper, however a six-month dedication will cost at least $1850 monthly.
A Reserved capability RHEL specimen fees $0.0154 per hour and a Gold specimen will elude you $0.30 per hour. home windows pricing begins at $0.064 per hour. Licensing is both decided via the software you consume or convey-your-own-licensing (BYOL). The pricing seems to breathe in keeping with different public cloud features enjoy AWS and Rackspace.
IBM makes its entrance to the universal public cloud market in a large method. The carrier is curiously are animated and accessible to order privilege now. SearchCloudComputing.com currently allocate IBM in its properly ten list of cloud providers primarily based simply on the power of its success with the smart enterprise examine and development Cloud, a $30 million company after dinky more than a 12 months in operation.
With its long background of offering IT functions, software and succor to the global 2000, some believed it changed into simplest a question of time until IBM made a determinative circulation into the cloud computing market. it breathe too early to asseverate if it's going to dominate the public cloud house, however it has every thing it should achieve this, including global records facilities, connectivity, service birth capabilities, and the all-critical enterprise consumer base.
Ed Scannell is an executive Editor and Carl Brooks is the Senior know-how author for SearchCloudComputing.com.
IBM these days introduced that it is freeing its Watson-branded AI features — just enjoy the Watson Assistant for constructing conversational interfaces and Watson OpenScale for managing the AI being cycle — from its personal cloud and permitting organisations to hold its platform and working it in their personal data centers. In a way, that you can esteem of this as Watson as a managed service.
“clients are really battling infusing AI into their purposes since the records is distributed in distinctive locations,” IBM Watson’s CTO and chief architects Ruchir Puri advised me once I asked him for IBM’s reasoning in the back of this circulate. “It’s in these hybrid environments, they’ve received numerous cloud implementations, they Have got statistics of their inner most cloud as neatly. they've been struggling since the providers of AI were attempting to lock them into a specific implementation that isn't apposite to this hybrid cloud environment.”
So with this determination of bringing Watson to any cloud, IBM wants to provide these businesses the preference to carry AI to their data, which is vastly more durable and more expensive to movement, after all. Puri likewise stressed out that many companies Have lengthy wanted to compose exhaust of AI to compose their operations extra productive, but they crucial to elude their AI equipment in an environment they manage and esteem relaxed with.
at the core of the technical requirements for operating Watson of their public or private cloud is IBM Cloud deepest, the business’s inner most cloud platform that makes exhaust of open-supply technologies for operating tools and capabilities enjoy Kubernetes and Cloud Foundry. That’s the platform that enables agencies to then elude Watson, too (which itself runs on containers, too).
presently, the focus of this hearth launch is on Watson assistant and Watson OpenScale. “The capabilities we're releasing presently are in keeping with their two flagship items. That addresses a extremely colossal region of exhaust circumstances that they Come across,” pointed out Puri. “in the ultimate piece of the year, they will carry the relaxation of the capabilities [to the platform]. for instance, Watson skills Studio will Come along with it as smartly, in addition to Watson’s herbal language understanding capabilities that they at the moment Have accessible in their public cloud ambiance can breathe ported on to it as smartly.”
With that, Puri argues, IBM will present organizations a complete spectrum of tools for setting up and running AI fashions the usage of structured and unstructured data, in addition to a complete monitoring and lifestyles cycle administration suite.
moreover this, IBM likewise nowadays announced that it is launching a recent version of its Watson computer researching Accelerator that brings excessive-performance GPU clustering to energy techniques and X86 systems and which guarantees to accelerate AI performance as much as 10x.
The company likewise today introduced IBM company Automation Intelligence with Watson, even though it didn’t fairly delve into the particulars. This recent provider, the enterprise says, will provide company leaders the skill “to apply AI without leisurely to purposes, strengthening the personnel, from clerical to information laborers, to intelligently automate labor from the mundane to the complex.” I’m now not truly inevitable what that capacity, but I’m bound the enterprise leaders who buy this carrier will design it out.
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IBM Tivoli Monitoring Technical Sales Mastery Test v1
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Despite the wide selection of vendor-specific information technology security certifications, identifying which...
ones best suit your educational or career needs is fairly straightforward.
This steer to vendor-specific IT security certifications includes an alphabetized table of security certification programs from various vendors, a brief description of each certification and recommendation for further details.
Introduction: Choosing vendor-specific information technology security certifications
The process of choosing the privilege vendor-specific information technology security certifications is much simpler than choosing vendor-neutral ones. In the vendor-neutral landscape, you must evaluate the pros and cons of various programs to select the best option. On the vendor-specific side, it's only necessary to ensue these three steps:
Inventory your organization's security infrastructure and identify which vendors' products or services are present.
Check this steer (or vendor websites, for products not covered here) to determine whether a certification applies to the products or services in your organization.
Decide if spending the time and money to obtain such credentials (or to fund them for your employees) is worth the resulting benefits.
In an environment where qualified IT security professionals can pick from numerous job openings, the benefits of individual training and certifications can breathe hard to appraise.
Many employers pay certification costs to develop and retain their employees, as well as to boost the organization's in-house expertise. Most behold this as a win-win for employers and employees alike, though employers often require complete or partial reimbursement for the related costs incurred if employees leave their jobs sooner than some specified payback age after certification.
There Have been quite a few changes since the ultimate survey update in 2015. The Basic category saw a substantial jump in the number of available IT security certifications due to the addition of several Brainbench certifications, in addition to the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Cyber Ops certification, the Fortinet Network Security Expert Program and recent IBM certifications.
Certifications from AccessData, Check Point, IBM and Oracle were added to the Intermediate category, increasing the total number of certifications in that category, as well. However, the number of certifications in the Advanced category decreased, due to several IBM certifications being retired.
Basic information technology security certifications
Brainbench basic security certificationsBrainbench offers several basic-level information technology security certifications, each requiring the candidate to pass one exam. Brainbench security-related certifications include:
Backup Exec 11d (Symantec)
Check Point FireWall-1 Administration
Check Point Firewall-1 NG Administration
NetBackup 6.5 (Symantec)
Source: Brainbench Information Security Administrator certifications
CCNA Cyber OpsPrerequisites: no one required; training is recommended.
This associate-level certification prepares cybersecurity professionals for labor as cybersecurity analysts responding to security incidents as piece of a security operations seat team in a large organization.
The CCNA Cyber Ops certification requires candidates to pass two written exams.
Source: Cisco Systems CCNA Cyber Ops
CCNA SecurityPrerequisites: A sound Cisco CCNA Routing and Switching, Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician or Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification.
This credential validates that associate-level professionals are able to install, troubleshoot and monitor Cisco-routed and switched network devices for the purpose of protecting both the devices and networked data.
A person with a CCNA Security certification can breathe expected to understand core security concepts, endpoint security, web and email content security, the management of secure access, and more. He should likewise breathe able to demonstrate skills for edifice a security infrastructure, identifying threats and vulnerabilities to networks, and mitigating security threats. CCNA credential holders likewise possess the technical skills and expertise necessary to manage protection mechanisms such as firewalls and intrusion prevention systems, network access, endpoint security solutions, and web and email security.
The successful completion of one exam is required to obtain this credential.
Source: Cisco Systems CCNA Security
Check Point Certified Security Administrator (CCSA) R80Prerequisites: Basic information of networking; CCSA training and six months to one year of undergo with Check Point products are recommended.
Check Point's foundation-level credential prepares individuals to install, configure and manage Check Point security system products and technologies, such as security gateways, firewalls and virtual private networks (VPNs). Credential holders likewise possess the skills necessary to secure network and internet communications, upgrade products, troubleshoot network connections, configure security policies, protect email and message content, defend networks from intrusions and other threats, resolve attacks, manage user access in a corporate LAN environment, and configure tunnels for remote access to corporate resources.
Candidates must pass a lone exam to obtain this credential.
Source: Check Point CCSA Certification
IBM Certified Associate -- Endpoint Manager V9.0Prerequisites: IBM suggests that candidates breathe highly confidential with the IBM Endpoint Manager V9.0 console. They should Have undergo taking actions; activating analyses; and using Fixlets, tasks and baselines in the environment. They should likewise understand patching, component services, client log files and troubleshooting within IBM Endpoint Manager.
This credential recognizes professionals who exhaust IBM Endpoint Manager V9.0 daily. Candidates for this certification should know the key concepts of Endpoint Manager, breathe able to portray the system's components and breathe able to exhaust the console to fulfill routine tasks.
Successful completion of one exam is required.
Editor's note: IBM is retiring this certification as of May 31, 2017; there will breathe a follow-on test available as of April 2017 for IBM BigFix Compliance V9.5 Fundamental Administration, Test C2150-627.
Source: IBM Certified Associate -- Endpoint Manager V9.0
IBM Certified Associate -- Security Trusteer Fraud ProtectionPrerequisites: IBM recommends that candidates Have undergo with network data communications, network security, and the Windows and Mac operating systems.
This credential pertains mainly to sales engineers who back the Trusteer Fraud product portfolio for web fraud management, and who can implement a Trusteer Fraud solution. Candidates must understand Trusteer product functionality, know how to deploy the product, and breathe able to troubleshoot the product and resolve the results.
To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one exam.
Source: IBM Certified Associate -- Security Trusteer Fraud Protection
McAfee Product SpecialistPrerequisites: no one required; completion of an associated training course is highly recommended.
McAfee information technology security certification holders possess the information and technical skills necessary to install, configure, manage and troubleshoot specific McAfee products, or, in some cases, a suite of products.
Candidates should possess one to three years of direct undergo with one of the specific product areas.
The current products targeted by this credential include:
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense products
McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator and VirusScan products
McAfee Network Security Platform
McAfee Host Intrusion Prevention
McAfee Data Loss Prevention Endpoint products
McAfee Security Information and Event Management products
All credentials require passing one exam.
Source: McAfee Certification Program
Microsoft Technology Associate (MTA)Prerequisites: None; training recommended.
This credential started as an academic-only credential for students, but Microsoft made it available to the universal public in 2012.
There are 10 different MTA credentials across three tracks (IT Infrastructure with five certs, Database with one and development with four). The IT Infrastructure track includes a Security Fundamentals credential, and some of the other credentials include security components or topic areas.
To rate each MTA certification, candidates must pass the corresponding exam.
Source: Microsoft MTA Certifications
Fortinet Network Security Expert (NSE)Prerequisites: Vary by credential.
The Fortinet NSE program has eight levels, each of which corresponds to a divide network security credential within the program. The credentials are:
NSE 1 -- Understand network security concepts.
NSE 2 -- Sell Fortinet gateway solutions.
NSE 3 (Associate) -- Sell Fortinet advanced security solutions.
NSE 4 (Professional) -- Configure and maintain FortiGate Unified Threat Management products.
NSE 5 (Analyst) -- Implement network security management and analytics.
NSE 6 (Specialist) – Understand advanced security technologies beyond the firewall.
NSE 7 (Troubleshooter) -- Troubleshoot internet security issues.
NSE 8 (Expert) -- Design, configure, install and troubleshoot a network security solution in a live environment.
NSE 1 is open to anyone, but is not required. The NSE 2 and NSE 3 information technology security certifications are available only to Fortinet employees and partners. Candidates for NSE 4 through NSE 8 should hold the exams through Pearson VUE.
Source: Fortinet NSE
Symantec Certified Specialist (SCS)This security certification program focuses on data protection, towering availability and security skills involving Symantec products.
To become an SCS, candidates must select an region of focus and pass an exam. every the exams cover core elements, such as installation, configuration, product administration, day-to-day operation and troubleshooting for the selected focus area.
As of this writing, the following exams are available:
Exam 250-215: Administration of Symantec Messaging Gateway 10.5
Exam 250-410: Administration of Symantec Control Compliance Suite 11.x
Exam 250-420: Administration of Symantec VIP
Exam 250-423: Administration of Symantec IT Management Suite 8.0
Exam 250-424: Administration of Data Loss Prevention 14.5
Exam 250-425: Administration of Symantec Cyber Security Services
Exam 250-426: Administration of Symantec Data seat Security -- Server Advanced 6.7
Exam 250-427: Administration of Symantec Advanced Threat Protection 2.0.2
Exam 250-428: Administration of Symantec Endpoint Protection 14
Exam 250-513: Administration of Symantec Data Loss Prevention 12
Source: Symantec Certification
Intermediate information technology security certifications
AccessData Certified Examiner (ACE)Prerequisites: no one required; the AccessData BootCamp and Advanced Forensic Toolkit (FTK) courses are recommended.
This credential recognizes a professional's proficiency using AccessData's FTK, FTK Imager, Registry Viewer and Password Recovery Toolkit. However, candidates for the certification must likewise Have temper digital forensic information and breathe able to interpret results gathered from AccessData tools.
To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one online exam (which is free). Although a boot camp and advanced courses are available for a fee, AccessData provides a set of free exam preparation videos to succor candidates who prefer to self-study.
The certification is sound for two years, after which credential holders must hold the current exam to maintain their certification.
Source: Syntricate ACE Training
Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Security Prerequisites: CCNA Security or any CCIE certification.
This Cisco credential recognizes professionals who are answerable for router, switch, networking device and appliance security. Candidates must likewise know how to select, deploy, back and troubleshoot firewalls, VPNs and intrusion detection system/intrusion prevention system products in a networking environment.
Successful completion of four exams is required.
Source: Cisco Systems CCNP Security
Check Point Certified Security Expert (CCSE)Prerequisite: CCSA certification R70 or later.
This is an intermediate-level credential for security professionals seeking to demonstrate skills at maximizing the performance of security networks.
A CCSE demonstrates a information of strategies and advanced troubleshooting for Check Point's GAiA operating system, including installing and managing VPN implementations, advanced user management and firewall concepts, policies, and backing up and migrating security gateway and management servers, among other tasks. The CCSE focuses on Check Point's VPN, Security Gateway and Management Server systems.
To acquire this credential, candidates must pass one exam.
Source: Check Point CCSE program
Cisco Cybersecurity SpecialistPrerequisites: no one required; CCNA Security certification and an understanding of TCP/IP are strongly recommended.
This Cisco credential targets IT security professionals who possess in-depth technical skills and information in the realm of threat detection and mitigation. The certification focuses on areas such as event monitoring, event analysis (traffic, alarm, security events) and incident response.
One exam is required.
Source: Cisco Systems Cybersecurity Specialist
Certified SonicWall Security Administrator (CSSA)Prerequisites: no one required; training is recommended.
The CSSA exam covers basic administration of SonicWall appliances and the network and system security behind such appliances.
Classroom training is available, but not required to rate the CSSA. Candidates must pass one exam to become certified.
Source: SonicWall Certification programs
EnCase Certified Examiner (EnCE)Prerequisites: Candidates must attend 64 hours of authorized training or Have 12 months of computer forensic labor experience. Completion of a formal application process is likewise required.
Aimed at both private- and public-sector computer forensic specialists, this certification permits individuals to become certified in the exhaust of Guidance Software's EnCase computer forensics tools and software.
Individuals can gain this certification by passing a two-phase exam: a computer-based component and a practical component.
Source: Guidance Software EnCE
EnCase Certified eDiscovery Practitioner (EnCEP)Prerequisites: Candidates must attend one of two authorized training courses and Have three months of undergo in eDiscovery collection, processing and project management. A formal application process is likewise required.
Aimed at both private- and public-sector computer forensic specialists, this certification permits individuals to become certified in the exhaust of Guidance Software's EnCase eDiscovery software, and it recognizes their proficiency in eDiscovery planning, project management and best practices, from legal hold to file creation.
EnCEP-certified professionals possess the technical skills necessary to manage e-discovery, including the search, collection, preservation and processing of electronically stored information in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Individuals can gain this certification by passing a two-phase exam: a computer-based component and a scenario component.
Source: Guidance Software EnCEP Certification Program
IBM Certified Administrator -- Security Guardium V10.0Prerequisites: IBM recommends basic information of operating systems and databases, hardware or virtual machines, networking and protocols, auditing and compliance, and information security guidelines.
IBM Security Guardium is a suite of protection and monitoring tools designed to protect databases and ample data sets. The IBM Certified Administrator -- Security Guardium credential is aimed at administrators who plan, install, configure and manage Guardium implementations. This may include monitoring the environment, including data; defining policy rules; and generating reports.
Successful completion of one exam is required.
Source: IBM Security Guardium Certification
IBM Certified Administrator -- Security QRadar Risk Manager V7.2.6Prerequisites: IBM recommends a working information of IBM Security QRadar SIEM Administration and IBM Security QRadar Risk Manager, as well as universal information of networking, risk management, system administration and network topology.
QRadar Risk Manager automates the risk management process in enterprises by monitoring network device configurations and compliance. The IBM Certified Administrator -- Security QRadar Risk Manager V7.2.6 credential certifies administrators who exhaust QRadar to manage security risks in their organization. Certification candidates must know how to review device configurations, manage devices, monitor policies, schedule tasks and generate reports.
Successful completion of one exam is required.
Source: IBM Security QRadar Risk Manager Certification
IBM Certified Analyst -- Security SiteProtector System V3.1.1Prerequisites: IBM recommends a basic information of the IBM Security Network Intrusion Prevention System (GX) V4.6.2, IBM Security Network Protection (XGS) V5.3.1, Microsoft SQL Server, Windows Server operating system administration and network security.
The Security SiteProtector System enables organizations to centrally manage their network, server and endpoint security agents and appliances. The IBM Certified Analyst -- Security SiteProtector System V3.1.1 credential is designed to certify security analysts who exhaust the SiteProtector System to monitor and manage events, monitor system health, optimize SiteProtector and generate reports.
To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one exam.
Source: IBM Security SiteProtector Certification
Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Solaris 10 Certified Security AdministratorPrerequisite: Oracle Certified Professional, Oracle Solaris 10 System Administrator.
This credential aims to certify experienced Solaris 10 administrators with security interest and experience. It's a midrange credential that focuses on universal security principles and features, installing systems securely, application and network security, principle of least privilege, cryptographic features, auditing, and zone security.
A lone exam -- geared toward the Solaris 10 operating system or the OpenSolaris environment -- is required to obtain this credential.
Source: Oracle Solaris Certification
Oracle Mobile SecurityPrerequisites: Oracle recommends that candidates understand enterprise mobility, mobile application management and mobile device management; Have two years of undergo implementing Oracle Access Management Suite Plus 11g; and Have undergo in at least one other Oracle product family.
This credential recognizes professionals who create configuration designs and implement the Oracle Mobile Security Suite. Candidates must Have a working information of Oracle Mobile Security Suite Access Server, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Administrative Console, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Notification Server, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Containerization and Oracle Mobile Security Suite Provisioning and Policies. They must likewise know how to deploy the Oracle Mobile Security Suite.
Although the certification is designed for Oracle PartnerNetwork members, it is available to any candidate. Successful completion of one exam is required.
Source: Oracle Mobile Security Certification
RSA Archer Certified Administrator (CA)Prerequisites: no one required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product undergo as preparation for the RSA certification exams.
Dell EMC offers this certification, which is designed for security professionals who manage, administer, maintain and troubleshoot the RSA Archer Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) platform.
Candidates must pass one exam, which focuses on integration and configuration management, security administration, and the data presentation and communication features of the RSA Archer GRC product.
Source: Dell EMC RSA Archer Certification
RSA SecurID Certified Administrator (RSA Authentication Manager 8.0)Prerequisites: no one required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product undergo as preparation for the RSA certification exams.
Dell EMC offers this certification, which is designed for security professionals who manage, maintain and administer enterprise security systems based on RSA SecurID system products and RSA Authentication Manager 8.0.
RSA SecurID CAs can operate and maintain RSA SecurID components within the context of their operational systems and environments; troubleshoot security and implementation problems; and labor with updates, patches and fixes. They can likewise fulfill administrative functions and populate and manage users, set up and exhaust software authenticators, and understand the configuration required for RSA Authentication Manager 8.0 system operations.
Source: Dell EMC RSA Authentication Manager Certification
RSA Security Analytics CAPrerequisites: no one required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product undergo as preparation for the RSA certification exams.
This Dell EMC certification is aimed at security professionals who configure, manage, administer and troubleshoot the RSA Security Analytics product. information of the product's features, as well the ability to exhaust the product to identify security concerns, are required.
Candidates must pass one exam, which focuses on RSA Security Analytics functions and capabilities, configuration, management, monitoring and troubleshooting.
Source: Dell EMC RSA Security Analytics
Advanced information technology security certifications
CCIE SecurityPrerequisites: no one required; three to five years of professional working undergo recommended.
Arguably one of the most coveted certifications around, the CCIE is in a league of its own. Having been around since 2002, the CCIE Security track is unrivaled for those interested in dealing with information security topics, tools and technologies in networks built using or around Cisco products and platforms.
The CCIE certifies that candidates possess expert technical skills and information of security and VPN products; an understanding of Windows, Unix, Linux, network protocols and domain cognomen systems; an understanding of identity management; an in-depth understanding of Layer 2 and 3 network infrastructures; and the ability to configure end-to-end secure networks, as well as to fulfill troubleshooting and threat mitigation.
To achieve this certification, candidates must pass both a written and lab exam. The lab exam must breathe passed within 18 months of the successful completion of the written exam.
Source: Cisco Systems CCIE Security Certification
Check Point Certified Managed Security Expert (CCMSE)Prerequisites: CCSE certification R75 or later and 6 months to 1 year of undergo with Check Point products.
This advanced-level credential is aimed at those seeking to learn how to install, configure and troubleshoot Check Point's Multi-Domain Security Management with Virtual System Extension.
Professionals are expected to know how to migrate physical firewalls to a virtualized environment, install and manage an MDM environment, configure towering availability, implement global policies and fulfill troubleshooting.
Source: Check Point CCMSE
Check Point Certified Security Master (CCSM)Prerequisites: CCSE R70 or later and undergo with Windows Server, Unix, TCP/IP, and networking and internet technologies.
The CCSM is the most advanced Check Point certification available. This credential is aimed at security professionals who implement, manage and troubleshoot Check Point security products. Candidates are expected to breathe experts in perimeter, internal, web and endpoint security systems.
To acquire this credential, candidates must pass a written exam.
Source: Check Point CCSM Certification
Certified SonicWall Security Professional (CCSP)Prerequisites: Attendance at an advanced administration training course.
Those who achieve this certification Have attained a towering even of mastery of SonicWall products. In addition, credential holders should breathe able to deploy, optimize and troubleshoot every the associated product features.
Earning a CSSP requires taking an advanced administration course that focuses on either network security or secure mobile access, and passing the associated certification exam.
Source: SonicWall CSSP certification
IBM Certified Administrator -- Tivoli Monitoring V6.3Prerequisites: Security-related requirements include basic information of SSL, data encryption and system user accounts.
Those who attain this certification are expected to breathe capable of planning, installing, configuring, upgrading and customizing workspaces, policies and more. In addition, credential holders should breathe able to troubleshoot, administer and maintain an IBM Tivoli Monitoring V6.3 environment.
Candidates must successfully pass one exam.
Source: IBM Tivoli Certified Administrator
Master Certified SonicWall Security Administrator (CSSA)The Master CSSA is an intermediate between the base-level CSSA credential (itself an intermediate certification) and the CSSP.
To qualify for Master CSSA, candidates must pass three (or more) CSSA exams, and then email firstname.lastname@example.org to request the designation. There are no other charges or requirements involved.
Source: SonicWall Master CSSA
Remember, when it comes to selecting vendor-specific information technology security certifications, your organization's existing or planned security product purchases should prescribe your options. If your security infrastructure includes products from vendors not mentioned here, breathe certain to check with them to determine if training or certifications on such products are available.
About the author:Ed Tittel is a 30-plus year IT veteran who's worked as a developer, networking consultant, technical trainer, writer and expert witness. Perhaps best known for creating the Exam Cram series, Ed has contributed to more than 100 books on many computing topics, including titles on information security, Windows OSes and HTML. Ed likewise blogs regularly for TechTarget (Windows Enterprise Desktop), Tom's IT Pro and GoCertify.
No result found, try recent keyword!Vic Nyman, COO, has over twenty years of enterprise software undergo in various leadership and executive roles, including positions at IBM/Tivoli and Wily Technology ... has over 15 years of enterp...
Since the introduction of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC), Java applications Have been able to breathe implemented using a moneyed set of window components. These components - called fluctuate - along with customizable "look and feel," allow applications to breathe implemented without relying on a native windowing system. With the release of Java 2 (a.k.a. JDK 1.2), the JFC has found a permanent home as piece of the JDK rather than being distributed separately. fluctuate includes two very powerful but intricate components called JTable and JTree. This article focuses solely on the JTree and explores various aspects of the JTree by using two examples that prove how business objects can breathe visually represented within the JTree component.
Using the Model-View-Controller (MVC) pattern, originally from Smalltalk, the majority of the fluctuate classes are implemented by using a variation of the MVC that collapses the view and controller into a lone class called the delegate. (For more details on this topic, you can visit an online fluctuate tutorial, "What is Swing? - 2"). A working understanding of the model/delegate relationship will succor you understand the classes and interfaces that conduct each of the fluctuate components.
As stated by Sun, "With the JTree class, you can display hierarchical data. JTree doesn't actually contain your data; it's simply a view of the data." The challenge comes from associating business objects with a corresponding fluctuate object. So how attain you delineate your current business objects in a JTree without altering your class definition of the business objects?
This article covers two alternatives. In both examples the objectives are to minimize (1) the coupling between the business objects and the JTree, and (2) the amount of endeavor and code to accomplish the tasks. In both examples I exhaust a class called Vehicle that represents any business kick and that can breathe displayed in hierarchical fashion.
Since the JTree is designed for displaying data with hierarchical properties, the only requirement is that there breathe methods within the business object's class definition to implement navigation within a hierarchical structure. In the examples, the Vehicle class has subtypes that provide a hierarchical structure. For example, one instance of the Vehicle class might breathe called "Motor Vehicle." The class could contain subtypes of Car, Truck and Van. These vehicles, while separate, partake the commonality of being a motor vehicle.
Throughout this article I exhaust terminology common to the JTree API and its associated classes and interfaces. The terminology is defined for you in the JTree Terminology table.
One aspect of the JTree that makes it more intricate than other fluctuate classes is that the associated model in the model-delegate pattern for the JTree isn't where data is maintained. hold the JTextField class, for example. In JTextFields, the view (JTextArea) offers a setText(String) method, and its associated model (called a document) offers an insertString(int, String, AttributeSet). Both methods allow manipulation of the underlying data. In the case of the JTree, neither the JTree class nor its associated model interface - the javax.swing.tree.TreeModel - offers a means of manipulating the underlying data.
Another aspect of the JTree is the add(Component) method, which comes from being a subclass of the Container class. This method, however, is used for performing additions in the sense of containment (i.e., JPanels are commonly used to contain several other components by adding them to the JPanel), not for adding data to the JTree.
In the first specimen - AddData_ExampleA.java (see Listing 1) - associating a business object's data to the JTree is done using the default helper classes: javax.swing.tree.DefaultTreeModel and javax.swing.tree.DefaultMutableTreeNode. The default model class consists of the methods insertNodeInto(MutableTree-Node, MutableTreeNode, int) and removeNodeFromParent(MutableTree-Node).
These methods allow the addition and removal of nodes from the JTree. Since my business object, the Vehicle class, doesn't implement the MutableTreeNode interface, it can't breathe directly added to the JTree. Therefore, to compose it a sound MutableTreeNode without altering the class definition, I "wrap" the Vehicle class using the DefaultMutableTreeNode.
Node: Any position within the JTree where data associated with the business kick is being represented.Path: A collection of a contiguous set of nodes. A path can contain one or many nodes. A null path indicates a zero node path or an barren path. The collection of nodes will consist of a strict ancestry line. (If you umpire of a traditional organizational chart as a tree, then an specimen of a path would breathe the line drawn from you to the president or CEO.)Leaf: A special kindly of node. As its cognomen implies, this is the node at the desist of a path. There are no more nodes connected to the leaf node. (Using the organizational chart specimen again, the leaf is the person that has no personnel reporting to him or her.)Root: A special kindly of node. In comparison to a leaf, a root's parent information is never examined. It's the highest point within the hierarchy. A root's parent relationship either does not exist or doesn't need to breathe displayed.Parent: Represents a node's relationship with another node. In a parent/child relationship, the parent is analogous to a super class within the realms of object-oriented concepts.Child: Represents a node's relationship with another node. In a parent/child relationship, the child is analogous to a subclass of its parent. It inherits every the properties associated with its parent. (Note: As of JDK 1.2/Swing 1.1, a node can Have only one parent.)
User Object: Refers to the business kick associated with a node. While not required, every user objects will usually breathe of the same class type. (In the examples provided, the Vehicle class is used to delineate the business object.)Editor: This is a component (usually an extension of a JComponent) that has the unique role of allowing the user to change the data of a specific node.Renderer: This is a component (usually an extension of a JComponent) that has the unique role of deciding how a node's data is to breathe displayed within the context of the JTree when a user isn't editing the data. (Note: Using an AWT component as an editor or renderer may generate unwanted results.)See http://java.sun.com/products/jfc/tsc/index.htmlTreeModelEvents: fluctuate provides the following three types of tree events:1. Expansion event - an event generated when a node is collapsed or expanded.2. Model events - there are four types of model events:a. node changed - generated after a node is changed. This is the only event the TreeModel interface supports with the system valueForPathChanged(TreePath path, kick newValue). While this system could breathe implemented to delineate any of the four types of model events, typically this represents the node changed event, and the DefaultTreeModel class implements it as such.b. node inserted - generated when a node is inserted into the JTree.c. node removed - generated when a node is removed from the JTree.d. structure changed - a "catchall" event used when something drastic has happened to the structure of the JTree. It's the most expensive event as it may result in a repaint of the entire JTree.3. Selection event - an event generated when the selection of a node takes place.
Here are the steps performed within the code in AddData_ExampleA.java:1. Obtain a reference to a user object. An instance of the user kick is created. In this example, the Vehicle class is the user object:Vehicle vObj = recent Vehicle("Transportation Vehicles");
2. Create an instance of TreeNode. An instance of the DefaultMutableTreeNode class that implements the MutableTree-Node interface (a subinterface of Tree-Node) is created using the instance of the user kick created in step 1. (The second controversy indicates whether the node will allow children to breathe added to it. In this example, I want to allow children so I pass in the value true.)DefaultMutableTreeNode tRoot = recent DefaultMutableTreeNode(vObj, true);
3. Create an instance of TreeModel. The DefaultTreeModel class implements the TreeModel interface and can breathe created using the TreeNode kick that was created in step 2 as its constructor's argument:i_model = recent DefaultTreeModel( tRoot );
4. Create an instance of the JTree. The JTree is created using the TreeModel kick that was created in step 3:i_tree = recent JTree( i_model );
5. Create a child TreeNode. When the user clicks the add button, another instance of the DefaultMutableTreeNode is created using another instance of the Vehicle class with the cognomen of "Car":i_car = recent Vehicle( "Car" ); i_carNode = recent DefaultMutableTreeNode( i_car );
6. Add child node to the JTree. The system insertNodeInto(MutableTreeNode, MutableTreeNode, int) from the DefaultTreeModel class is invoked on the TreeModel that was created in step 3. There are three arguments. The first controversy consists of using the instance of the DefaultMutableTreeNode that was created in step 5. The second controversy calls for the parent of the kick being inserted, which in this case is the root.
To obtain the root, the TreeModel interface provides a getRoot() method. (Note: the return nature of getRoot() is Object, which requires casting the returned kick to the MutableTreeNode class.) The third controversy requires an int to indicate where within the children (assuming more than one child) the recent node should breathe graphically positioned. Since there are no other children, the value used is 0:
i_model.insertNodeInto( i_carNode, (MutableTreeNode)i_model.getRoot(), 0 );
To behold this specimen run, compile and execute the AddData_ExampleA.java (see Listing 1) source file. Upon executing the application, the JTree is displayed showing a lone node - the root (see design 1).
To behold this happen, click on the button labeled Remove Node: 'Car' button in the AddData_ExampleA.java program. By repeating steps 5 and 6, the program will construct the entire contents of a JTree.
While this add process is simple and facile to program, there are some shortcomings with this approach. First, it demands that the application constructing the JTree hold complete responsibility for constructing and maintaining every the hierarchical relationships between each node. The code to maneuver this can easily become too large and difficult to debug or maintain.
A second shortcoming is that the responsibility of keeping concurrent data accurate falls back on the application containing the JTree. Running the AddData_ExampleA class explains this. After you create and add the child node "Car," if the button labeled "Change cognomen to 'Van'" is clicked, the node that previously displayed "Car" will now display "Van." However, for the refresh to occur immediately, the following code is required:
i_model.valueForPathChanged( pathToRoot, i_car );
Another method, called valueForPathChanged(TreePath, Object), is provided as piece of the TreeModel interface (see design 3). However, it again requires knowing which node has changed and the path in which it resides. The understanding the update isn't "free" is because fluctuate is noiseless not aware of assign changes made to the node's user object.
A third shortcoming is with the exhaust of the default classes that are provided by Swing. While convenient to use, it should breathe eminent that inevitable limitations and costs exist. In my example, the DefaultMutableTreeNode is not a thread-safe class. Other issues relating to performance may need to breathe addressed when using the "default" classes in Swing.
It should likewise breathe eminent that since the methods insertNodeInto() and removeNode() aren't piece of the TreeModel interface, calls made to the getModel() system will require casting prior to invoking these methods. This defeats the handicap of using interfaces because if these methods were piece of the TreeModel interface, then the cast to DefaultTreeModel after getModel() wouldn't breathe necessary.
The second example, displaying a business object's data in a JTree, is done by creating a tailored MutableTreeNode class. Writing my own MutableTreeNode class gives me a "bridge" between the user kick class being displayed and the fluctuate MutableTreeNode interface. I exhaust the term bridge to imply that there will breathe a translation between API calls invoked by one class and the appropriate methods invoked in a corresponding target class (see design 4).
This allows the target class (the user kick class) to breathe free from knowing the functionality of the calling class, and vice versa. Therefore, the Vehicle class definition (see Listing 2) isn't influenced by how fluctuate is implemented.
Note: It's gracious rehearse to implement the toString() system in your objects to provide a meaningful String representation of the class. The JTree uses the toString() system to determine what text to display in the TreeNodes.
Accomplishing this requires completion of the two steps listed below:1. Create a MutableTreeNode (VehicleTreeNode) class (see Listing 3) for the Vehicle class. This class will implement the MutableTreeNode interface by invoking methods defined in the Vehicle class.2. Update the JTree to reflect changes made to the user object.
When changes are made to the underlying kick the JTree won't update its view to reflect the recent value until it's prompted to attain so. As discussed earlier, the system valueForPathChanged(TreePath, Object) on the TreeModel will update the JTree view. However, to invoke the system requires a reference to the TreeModel that can't breathe obtained from a TreeNode. Therefore, I chose to implement an event mechanism as a ratiocinative means of communicating updates made by the MutableTree-Nodes to their associated user objects. This required creating two interfaces (UpdateEventSource, UpdateEventListener) (see Listings 4 and 5) and one class (UpdateEvent) (see Listing 6) for the event.
Now to bring it every together! Following is the sequence of steps that occurs when executing the AddData_ExampleB (see Listing 7) application class:1. Create an instance of the root Vehicle class:Vehicle wrkVehicle = recent Vehicle( "Vehicle" );wrkVehicle.setType( "Motor" );wrkVehicle.setDescription( "Classification for motor vehicles" );
2. Create an instance of the VehicleTree-Node class. The controversy used in its constructor is the Vehicle class that was created in step 1. The second controversy is a Boolean that indicates if the node being created will allow children. In this example, the nodes will Have children so the value of exact is used:i_root = recent VehicleTreeNode( wrkVehicle, exact );
3. Create an instance of a TreeModel class. By using the DefaultTreeModel class, the constructor is passed in the root node created in step 1 and exact is passed in to indicate that children are allowed:i_model = recent DefaultTreeModel(i_root, true);
4. Create an instance of the JTree. The JTree is constructed using an instance of the DefaultTreeModel class, which is constructed using the VehicleTreeNode kick that was created in step 3:i_tree = recent JTree( i_model );
At this point the labor is finished and the magic of the JTree begins (see design 5).
Here's how this works: subsequent calls are made by the JTree to the TreeNode (in my example, it's the VehicleTreeNode), asking if it allows children (allowsChildren). If so, it obtains a child matter (getChildCount), iterates through the list of children and sets the current node as the parent (setParent) on the child node. This will reiterate for each node until the leaf node is reached (getChildCount returns 0). Actually, the default behavior is to fulfill these steps in a indolent fashion. Rather than hold a performance hit by obtaining the entire structure of the JTree privilege away, nodes are displayed in a collapsed status and wait until they're expanded before completing construction of the JTree.
Adding nodes to the JTree is accomplished by invoking methods similar to those in the first example. By invoking the DefaultTreeModel's method, insertNodeInto(MutableTreeNode, MutableTreeNode, int) with a VehicleTreeNode as the required MutableTreeNode, any subtypes associated with the Vehicle will likewise immediately appear on the JTree. This differs from the first specimen in that subsequent calls to the insertNodeInto() system would breathe required to add the subtypes of the Vehicle to the JTree. This can breathe seen by running the AddData_ExampleB.java application. The Truck/Vehicle is added to the root Vehicle prior to being added to the JTree. So when the root Vehicle is added to the JTree, the child node Truck is likewise added to the JTree without requiring the additional convene to insertNodeInto().
It's worth noting that while the MutableTreeNode interface offers methods enjoy insert(), remove() and removeFromParent(), invoking these methods directly to alter the parent /child relationships circumvents the TreeModel. Since the TreeModel maintains the view, changes made directly to the MutableTreeNodes won't breathe reflected until a forced repaint occurs (resizing the window, etc.).
SummaryThe first specimen demonstrated how data could breathe added to a JTree simply and easily. In the example, the handling of the details of the JTree was delegated to the fluctuate default classes. It's a gracious solution if the JTree is going to breathe used to display predominantly static or read-only data. However, if the JTree is to breathe used heavily, such as in an administration application, then the second alternative - creating a specific MutableTreeNode class to maneuver the translation between the graphical and data classes - may breathe more appropriate. It minimizes the resources necessary to fulfill the construction of the tree, as well as the code that needs to breathe written.
I hope this article assists developers who are recent to Java, or to the JFC and Swing, to quickly become acclimated to the power of using a JTree to graphically delineate and administer their data objects.