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000-957 exam Dumps Source : IBM XIV Storage System Technical(R) Solutions V3
Test Code : 000-957
Test appellation : IBM XIV Storage System Technical(R) Solutions V3
Vendor appellation : IBM
: 195 real Questions
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IBM IBM XIV Storage System
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IBM has recently announced that it has introduced a collection of recent enhancements to its XIV Storage equipment Gen3, including aid for a fresh stout state power (SSD) caching option, that is declared to extend device efficiency by means of up to thrice.
according to IBM, going for the IBM XIV SSD Caching option provides as much as 6TB of fast-read SSD storage to its systems, which is placed between the gadget reminiscence and difficult drives.
here is then used as a rapidly cache for probably the most commonly accessed information, thus dramatically reducing latency times when in comparison to mechanical storage.
"These latest updates to XIV Gen3 are an outstanding illustration of IBM's persevered dedication to helping consumers obtain enterprise outcomes via smarter storage applied sciences," spoke of Doug Balog, vice president and enterprise line govt for IBM Storage programs.
"It comes down to saving purchasers time and cash with extremely productive, without vicissitude managed, virtualized, and high-performing storage systems affection XIV Gen3," concluded the enterprise’s rep.
apart from IBM XIV SSD Caching, IBM announced the aptitude to replicate records between previous versions of XIV and XIV Gen3 techniques, so that they can ease information migration and wait on supply valued clientele flexibility to repurpose their XIV fashions as cataclysm healing backup methods.
The XIV Storage system Gen3 changed into brought through IBM in the middle of remaining yr as a fresh generation of storage options designed to lower the entire can charge of possession, and enhance gadget performance by 4 times over the outdated mannequin.
With XIV Gen3, IBM besides changed the system's Ethernet-based backplane with a high-efficiency InfiniBand backplane, that multiplied the equipment's interior bandwidth between modules by means of 40 times.
The XIV Storage equipment Gen3, along side its SSD Caching choice, is purchasable prerogative now from IBM, with pricing being provided upon request.
1.0 govt abstract
Getting prerogative to the point, I’m skeptical that the pink Hat (RHT) acquisition goes to be significant over the long-time period for IBM’s (IBM) enterprise or share cost. I worry that red Hat may additionally finish up being IBM’s (greater exactly Ginni Rometty’s) “Compaq”, as in Hewlett-Packard’s (NYSE:HPE) questionable buy of that company years in the past.
The dispute that the “sum” of IBM + RedHat is more than the particular person ingredients is not above every unique efficacious in my opinion. i'm struggling to be mindful the enjoyable cost proposition offered by artery of the mixed companies after analyzing the transcript of the analyst convention call that adopted the announcement. peculiarly, the generic concept that the joint expertise stacks by hook or by crook radically alternate the “calculus of the cloud” simply doesn’t gain suffer to me. for that reason, whereas some analysts maintain expressed situation over the $34 billion expense tag, my center of attention here is above every unique on IBM’s know-how arguments and market opportunity arguments used to justify the buy.
As a disclosure, I happened to dispose of my ultimate station in IBM in October of this year, as I began shedding shares a short while after I wrote IBM – A Turning or Sinking Ship in 2017. I additionally worked for IBM years in the past inside the methods administration division, long before the observe “cloud” existed within the terminology of common suggestions technology.
in the sections that observe, any referenced prices are pulled from the searching for Alpha transcript of IBM and purple Hat’s analyst conference call which followed the acquisition announcement, until in any other case noted. I’m additionally attaching the transcript to this report for comfort.
2.0 WHICH CLOUD IS IT
Ginni Rometty notes that “[IBM] will be the undisputed quantity  chief in hybrid-cloud….[with the acquisition of] crimson Hat, the realm’s main provider of open-cloud answer[s] and the rising chief within the platform for hybrid-cloud and multi-cloud.” Ms. Rometty, and different participants on the analyst call, exhaust “hybrid-cloud” and “multi-cloud” terminology slightly interchangeably; however, I believe some definition is useful so as to add some precision to their evaluation.
Wikipedia offers a nice, succinct definition of multi-cloud:
Multi-cloud is the exhaust of numerous cloud computing and storage features in a unique heterogeneous structure.
We be alert that in a multi-cloud architecture, the clouds will besides be public, deepest, or some amalgam of both.
And here is IBM’s definition of “hybrid-cloud”:
A hybrid cloud uses a private cloud basis combined with the strategic integration and exhaust of public cloud functions.
So, a hybrid-cloud uses as a minimum one deepest cloud, together with as a minimum one public cloud and as a consequence is exceptionally characterized via a non-public-public architecture. they can then arbiter of a hybrid-cloud as a variety of a multi-cloud.
Multi-Cloud and Hybrid-Cloud Diagram
supply: Yves Sukhu
This disagreement is a petite vital seeing that IBM stresses its potential to specially seize a huge share of the growing to be hybrid-cloud structure market by artery of crimson Hat’s technologies.
three.0 QUESTIONABLE ASSUMPTIONS
With their definitions in hand, let’s verify why IBM is doing this deal. personally, the reasons expressed on the analyst appellation simmer prerogative down to an acquisition predicated upon three leading assumptions:
collectively, there is a unique synergy between IBM and pink Hat’s know-how stacks such that the amalgam offers robust differentiation within the areas of hybrid-cloud and multi-cloud computing versus competing solutions from the likes of AWS (AMZN), Microsoft Azure (MSFT), Google Compute (GOOG), and so forth.
Hybrid-cloud and multi-cloud computing options will (doubtless) pressure better deal sizes and be greater profitable for IBM, with many enterprise valued clientele just starting to circulate the majority of their applications to heterogeneous cloud architectures.
The hybrid-cloud market goes to be value $1 trillion.
certainly, any flaws in these assumptions would weaken the premise for the deal itself. Let’s examine each and every.
three.1 FIRST ASSUMPTION: whatever OPEN, some thing exciting?
Ginni Rometty presents investors the following consumer requirement as a groundwork for the wedding with pink Hat:
“…The number one aspect [customers are] asserting to us is, hi there, they – these different clouds, they’re proprietary. They want an open solution [with] no lock-in. So circulation it across multiple cloud environments without a lock-in, [that’s] what the two of us accomplish together…after which they are saying, it has acquired to address data security in a multi-cloud environment and then provide us a manner to maneuver a multi-cloud atmosphere.”
There are a couple of issues to unpack here. Ms. Rometty means that “other” clouds are proprietary and there is a client requirement for “an open solution”. I don’t exactly bethink what she’s getting at here. She implies within the quote that shoppers win “locked in” with (definite) cloud environments; but, as an alternative, these purchasers requisite to be able to stream their purposes with no ail from cloud to cloud. i'm scratching my head because what Ms. Rometty’s “consumers” are calling lock-in seems to be regarding their software structure, and not the cloud atmosphere they're operating on. A poorly designed cloud application will be challenging to gallop no depend what cloud it is running on. The communicate is besides true: a neatly-designed cloud application can be effortless(ier) to rush from one cloud to a different. I imagine many readers are established with the conception and expertise of containers, akin to Docker. For readers that may be unfamiliar with the term, I present an facile if rather imprecise explanation: containers provide a means to equipment every unique the “parts” that an software needs to run:
Illustration of Container conception
As they behold in the illustration above, a container can “include” whatever an utility should operate. In a petite bit of an over-simplification, if they requisite to rush a containerized-utility from one cloud to a different, they just “carry” the container up from its current cloud and drop the container on the fresh cloud. Readers who may not be common with Docker and its container technology may be interested to notice that it begun as, and is, an open-source utility undertaking; the company besides raised capital in late 2017 at a $1+ billion valuation.
So, increasing on the utility of containers:
“traditionally, purposes or workloads frequently needed to be rebuilt earlier than they may well be migrated to a further environment. The retort to here's container technology. in view that containers are remoted from neighboring containers and include every petite thing they should Run the application, which you could without vicissitude movement them to one other [cloud] atmosphere with out compatibility complications.”
As this Datamation article notes, “it changed into…the…clients [of cloud services] who demanded that this know-how exist inside public clouds that drove the [container] innovations that now exist.” In different words, users desired a less complicated manner to package and movement their purposes between clouds; and that in flip spurred the generic public cloud suppliers (AWS, Azure, Google, IBM, and so forth.) to deliver container deployment elements and features.
One ultimate aspect to gain about containers is that functions may additionally include several containers, in which case container orchestration utility is used to automate and simplify the management of every unique these containers. Kubernetes, a further open-source chore at the start started at Google, is likely one of the ordinary orchestration techniques (with Docker Swarm for instance of another).
Coming returned to Ms. Rometty’s factor that consumers don’t want to be “locked in” and in its station want to be in a position to stream applications across distinctive cloud environments, they (consumers) can actually accomplish this these days in the event that they design and deploy their functions as it should be, with containers as an instance of 1 know-how that can besides be rather positive. She, in fact, makes this very factor mentioning “…[We] were building and we've been very concentrated on hybrid and multi-cloud…in accordance with open technologies. So we’ve constructed on containers, Kubernetes…[and] multi-cloud supervisor became simply introduced final week…” however, let’s be clear: the other essential cloud service providers (e.g. Amazon, Microsoft, and so on.) besides present container and container orchestration functions. accordingly, the IBM Cloud is not merely differentiated on this factor; yet, with the red Hat acquisition, IBM does gain purple Hat OpenShift which presents price-brought functionality developed round Docker and Kubernetes. while there changed into no inescapable dialogue on the analyst name, possibly IBM believes that its latest container management and cloud administration capabilities should be augmented in such a artery by OpenShift as to leapfrog the competition when the usage of the “married” applied sciences for multi-cloud environments. but, if that’s genuine, why now not exceptionally speak concerning the capabilities that the mixed companies could maintain that should be sophisticated to others?
Frankly, it seems to me that IBM’s current cloud capabilities introduced to OpenShift aren't going to be a enormous “game changer”. first of all, any integration between IBM’s cloud expertise stack and crimson Hat’s will grasp some time; time which competitors will definitely exhaust to their potential to gain sure they aren't left behind. 2d, I’ve already cited that OpenShift is in keeping with Docker and Kubernetes which capability pink Hat’s value-add is constructed across the identical core used through many others; but, the competition has and will continue to help identical value-introduced offerings as neatly. Third, if there changed into some “killer” set of cloud functionalities that the combined stacks would generate, I’d want to believe the organizations would maintain made that clear; however they haven't (at least no longer yet). Fourth, there's nothing that “ties” OpenShift to the IBM Cloud; believe that purple Hat’s personal OpenShift deployment “choices” page – which I captured presently after the deal announcement – in reality highlights AWS as a deployment platform:
crimson Hat OpenShift Deployment Tiers
source: pink Hat
Now, red Hat besides offers OpenStack, based on one other set of open-source applied sciences, which can be used by using groups to construct out their personal deepest clouds and has synergy with Ansible, red Hat’s language for DevOps. OpenStack therefore helps IBM’s initiatives round hybrid-cloud deployments. youngsters, as with OpenShift, I’m not fully convinced that putting this retort under an IBM umbrella is going to result in a particularly differentiated offering, nor to a unexpected acceleration of private cloud adoption among trade consumers. First off, IBM already had its own solution stack in this area, IBM Cloud inner most. because IBM expressed such bullish sentiment in regards to the hybrid-cloud market on the analyst call, I’m in reality a bit shocked this particular solution offering turned into not outlined during the name. Assuming the hybrid-cloud enviornment is as “hot” as IBM suggests, one might are expecting that IBM inner most Cloud has been promoting smartly; why not call consideration to the technology then? this is in every unique probability a choice factor and could be an unbecoming extrapolation on my part, nevertheless it leads me to wonder if the hybrid-cloud market is as stout as IBM suggests it's, and should be. additionally as the in the past linked article notes, IBM is not by myself with an offering prerogative here, nor maintain been they “first” to market with one. Microsoft added Azure Stack over a year before IBM introduced its competing retort to market. IBM might squabble that Azure Stack, for example, is proprietary whereas their open-supply platform offers clients every unique of the liberty and benefits that open-source solutions give. It’s a rewarding argument, and it could greater strongly support Ms. Rometty’s remark that purchasers don’t want to be locked-in. in spite of everything, with an open-supply-based mostly private cloud platform, a consumer can alter and prolong it as they want, which without doubt isn't viable to the identical extent with a closed solution. it would were helpful if IBM offered some facts points to grasp into account if a style towards open-source exists within the hybrid-cloud market, and chiefly for personal-cloud deployments. within the absence of details, i am left rather skeptical that crimson Hat OpenStack is going to materially exchange the “power” of IBM’s hybrid (private/public) cloud offering.
If they tie every unique of this back to Ms. Rometty’s quote at first of the part, it looks to gain stronger that consumer comments round “an open [cloud] retort and not using a lock-in” look rather invalid when for the understanding that the applied sciences (e.g. containers, orchestration) which maintain already evolved to give cloud clients with the application portability that they want. The remark has stronger validity when one considers the architectural possibilities of a non-public cloud inside a hybrid-cloud ambiance; however, as I squabble above, there looks to be an absence of information which would indicate purchasers lank towards non-proprietary (e.g. open-source-based mostly) deepest cloud deployments.
To summarize, I don’t (presently) behold anything definitely wonderful that emerges through a amalgam of both corporations’ cloud stacks. To be reasonable, the companies requisite time to help tightly integrated solutions, and IBM is yet to succeed the power of its construction organization against crimson Hat’s technologies. however, if I’m preempt that “there isn't lots to behold here” when it comes to the joint stacks, this perception would, of path, without deliberate undermine Ms. Rometty’s recommendation that both businesses might be a transparent leader, particularly in hybrid-cloud solutions.
three.2 2d ASSUMPTION: valued clientele are only GETTING started
Ms. Rometty mentions, more than once, that we're getting into a 2nd piece of cloud adoption (“chapter 2” as she calls it). in the first part, consumers moved their “easiest” workloads to the cloud with a value-savings focal point. These workloads represented the universal Pareto-rule 20% of client purposes; and thus, 80% of purposes continue to be to be transitioned to the cloud. Ms. Rometty states:
“[Customers have] acquired to circulate [these remaining 80% of applications]. They both ought to rewrite, refactor, forward to a conclusion what goes the place, comfortable the information. These are inhibitors that cease them from going [to the cloud]. So here is most efficacious going to be performed this gallop to the eighty%, in case you can circulate data and applications across dissimilar cloud[s], gain that transportable…”
“however here is an inflection element, and if [customers are] going to win past that and stream the other eighty% which is ready every unique their strategies and their statistics they want what we’re going to present collectively, this fabulous environment. And so this eighty% is…about…unlocking company price…the common shoppers has a thousand application[s] and the benchmark client already has 5…that they behold some as many as many as sixteen clouds.”
the primary comment, “[customers have] got to move…”, is worth debating. common sense tells us that no longer every unique functions are always a fine appropriate for a cloud deployment for any variety of reasons: required dependencies aren't easily replicated in a cloud atmosphere, safety issues, want of charge-discounts, and so forth. So, purchasers definitely don't maintain to gallop the bulk of their functions to a cloud architecture. despite the fact, in every unique probability Ms. Rometty is enjoying a petite bit together with her words, and is asserting with slightly of “dressing” that the trend toward cloud adoption will proceed…which it evidently will.
however, I consider there's margin to problem what she says within the following couple of statements. She explains that “[customers] both must rewrite, refactor, gain a conclusion what goes the place…” certainly, IBM and different expertise suppliers will, as they already have, be afforded with opportunities to wait on customers migrate inescapable purposes to cloud environments. That’s respectable information for IBM’s very significant service company, and there's rationale to arbiter the capabilities community will improvement a petite bit from the pink Hat buy. These opportunities basically certainly grow in scope and salary/income potential to the extent that these purposes are migrated to highly allotted models working on (probably) heterogeneous cloud systems (e.g. multi-cloud). So, I believe Jim Kavanaugh, IBM’s CFO, as it should be stated that “[distributed cloud solutions] accelerates their merge shift to greater price...and is accretive to their uncouth earnings margin…”
however, there is a counter-argument to coincide with here. in preference to rewriting/refactoring current legacy functions, purchasers can besides as a substitute determine on “off-the-shelf” options (SaaS or in any other case) which may additionally expose to be extra reasonably priced, modern, and simpler to keep. for instance, Salesforce.com (CRM) and Workday (WDAY) certainly didn’t obtain their market penetration as a result of shoppers opted to redesign any homegrown CRM and HR functions respectively. alas, IBM doesn’t dispute the COTS approach and its abilities maintain an upshot on on their projections for growing their cloud linked revenues.
moving to IBM’s declare that multi-cloud environments could be extra customary in the future, as per Ms. Rometty’s commentary that “the regular client already has 5 [clouds]…”, there is some data to backup what the company is asserting prerogative here: a TechRepublic survey from 2017, as an example, mentioned that almost every unique of companies surveyed had already adopted a hybrid-cloud structure. but, they comprehend that IT tends to circulate in cycles. believe about what came about with the customer-server computing paradigm where “server sprawl” at terminal gave strategy to server rationalization and a push for homogeneity among systems. Is it not viable that they may besides behold anything identical with cloud, where clients “wake up” sooner or later and quest information from themselves why they've 5 clouds after they should be would becould very well be capable of office with 1? coincide with one of the crucial leading standards for the Pentagon’s latest $10 billion JEDI cloud task: they are (for the moment) insistent that the project award and linked computing workloads will go/run on a unique cloud. As readers may comprehend, IBM is one of the bidders on the mission and formalized their objection to the executive Accountability workplace (GAO) for the requirement of a homogenous cloud environment. Assuming the Pentagon receives its artery and is successful with its deployment, if the arm of protection (DOD) can office on a unique cloud, then why does a given company requisite upwards of sixteen clouds (using the “excessive” instance from IBM’s quote)?
The overarching theme prerogative here is that Ms. Rometty’s station that the “remaining” eighty% of legacy customer applications are only ready to be moved into a multi-cloud ambiance has susceptible points. besides the fact that it had been robust, I’m not inescapable IBM mandatory to disburse $34 billion on red Hat to trap these opportunities. I already argued within the previous piece that IBM had present capabilities in the equal cloud technology areas where purple Hat operates. If they arbiter about Ms. Rometty’s remark about “rewriting/refactoring”, what does pink Hat present prerogative here that IBM doesn't already have? here is work that sits squarely in the domain of IBM’s capabilities community; a group that may “plug in” purple Hat’s know-how, or any other cloud know-how, the station it makes sense according to consumer necessities.
however, the red Hat acquisition aside, if it seems that multi-cloud architectures at terminal “reduce” to more convenient, unique cloud environments which supply enough robustness and reliability to answer most customer requirements, then this “cloud explanation” might maintain a histrionic maintain an upshot on on IBM’s right-line and backside-line extend forecasts on account that the enterprise is tying each metrics exceptionally to its chance with “high-price” multi-cloud options.
three.3 THIRD ASSUMPTION: IS $1 TRILLION FOR HYBRID-CLOUD functional?
Ms. Rometty asserts that the marketplace for hybrid-clouds will grow to over $1 trillion. She states:
“And to lead within the 2nd chapter, this is going to be about hybrid-cloud. In hybrid-cloud is an rising $1 trillion market…I imply what they did turned into show and they behold a scale of a $1 trillion market…We mentioned to ourselves and perpetually stored asserting: What will they accomplish enhanced to address the wants of their consumers? How accomplish they accelerate their capacity to gallop after that? And knowing and there’s basically an essential point, knowing that Linux is the quickest growing platform accessible. And this simply this year, it grew to become the number one platform each on-prem and within the cloud.”
right through the analyst name, there was no point out of exactly when the marketplace for hybrid cloud is expected to attain $1 trillion in price, nor the CAGR for this inescapable segment of the dispassionate cloud market. I struggled to ascertain first rate records in aid of IBM’s projection prerogative here, youngsters Market analysis Media offers a forecast of $1 trillion for the total cloud market by means of 2024. curiously, the Market analysis Media file synopsis highlights the quick growing/high precedence know-how segments in the cloud market, but multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud are not outlined in that context. this article, which was referenced in section 3.1, prices IBM in 2017 as asserting “they await companies to disburse greater than $50 billion a 12 months worldwide dawn [in 2017] to enhance deepest clouds, with the growth fee hitting 15 to 20 p.c a 12 months through 2020.” using these figures as a proxy for the universal hybrid-cloud market, it might without doubt grasp rather a while to attain $1 trillion in complete cost even on the inordinate conclusion of the extend latitude.
One issue know-how leaders look to be chiefly first rate at is developing with very giant numbers when describing their complete addressable market (TAM). Admittedly, I’m not bound if IBM’s evaluate is realistic here or not since…who in reality knows prerogative now how huge the hybrid-cloud market could gyrate into? In aid of IBM’s forecast, the prior to now mentioned article notes that “earlier [in 2017], IDC analysts launched a survey that indicated that very nearly eighty p.c of significant organizations with 1,000 or extra personnel maintain already got a hybrid cloud approach in area. additionally, 51.4 percent are the exhaust of each public and personal cloud infrastructures, and 29.2 p.c await to accomplish the equal in the subsequent yr.” These metrics are positive to support IBM’s argument, however they might even be interpreted to indicate that the majority big shoppers maintain already got a hybrid-cloud in location, and for that understanding fresh hybrid-cloud deployments may basically reduce relocating ahead. further, if they tolerate in humor the discussion in piece three.2 around valued clientele choosing COTS/SaaS purposes, as neatly as the chance that unique cloud architectures might sooner or later set up themselves because the dominant model, then it’s conceivable that a $1 trillion hybrid-cloud market may no longer materialize.
“Whoa” became supposedly Steve Ballmer’s (former Microsoft CEO) reaction upon listening to concerning the IBM-purple Hat deal. in every unique probability that unique word ultimate describes the existing sentiment of many others.
The main thrust of what I’ve presented listed here is that i am nevertheless struggling to maintain in humor what key technologies IBM gets with pink Hat that they didn’t already have, and why they felt they needed to disburse 1/3 of their market cap on a corporation that is just producing a couple of hundred million in cloud solution revenue (although their growth fee is excessive). nonetheless, the “math” doesn’t add up for me, besides the fact that children most likely it'll in time as IBM and crimson Hat better clarify their exciting expense proposition.
Readers may rightfully point out that I’ve disregarded the potentialities for red Hat Linux and their middleware stack under IBM in my analysis. In esteem to the latter, I arbiter IBM’s possession of red Hat’s middleware stack is likely to create some confusion, as a minimum in the brief time period. IBM and pink Hat will certainly ought to work out the artery to station WebSphere versus JBoss. And as different authors maintain advised, pink Hat enterprise Linux (RHEL) may at terminal supplant AIX as IBM’s de facto UNIX distribution. The connected migration work would possibly power a suitable quantity of know-how and wait on services. Ms. Rometty mentioned in one of the prior to now mentioned rates that Linux is the quickest becoming working device in the cloud and on-premise. but, notice that she did not swear that RHEL is the fastest transforming into Linux distribution. To that conclusion, there is a few records suggesting that Ubuntu is growing quicker in the enterprise Linux section. devoid of greater information from IBM and pink Hat, it’s in fact reasonably difficult to quantify the maintain an repercussion on of crimson Hat’s Linux and JBoss product units to IBM over the lengthy-time period.
As mentioned, I are expecting that IBM and red Hat will deliver better clarity on the strategic price-add of the 2 groups as they rush into 2019, and the artery they intend to merge their stacks to more desirable compete against the likes of AWS, Microsoft, and Google. i'm hoping they do; as a result of evidently traders will ship the stock lower (than it already is) if most develop into satisfied the sum of the groups lacks incremental price. Yet, while IBM/red Hat provide further details to the market, as I’ve outlined herein there are a few counter-arguments which undermine the assumptions that this deal is based upon. in my opinion, the calculus of the cloud stays the equal in the meanwhile.
Disclosure: I/we maintain no positions in any stocks outlined, and no plans to initiate any positions within the subsequent 72 hours.
I wrote this text myself, and it expresses my own opinions. i'm not receiving compensation for it (apart from from seeking Alpha). I maintain no company relationship with any trade whose inventory is mentioned in this article.