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BARCELONA, Spain, Feb. 28, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- mobile World Congress – IBM (NYSE: IBM) joined with fundamental trade avid gamers Vodafone, VW's SEAT, KONE and Mitsufuji to spotlight ways in which the convergence of 5G, cloud computing and synthetic intelligence are starting to transform agencies and lives any over.
IBM commerce enterprise brand. (PRNewsfoto/IBM)
Cloud and high-velocity connectivity assist corporations faucet a plethora of efficacious IT functions equivalent to AI, augmented fact and blockchain give highly-contextualized and customized experiences for purchasers and personnel.
but with the commonplace enterprise the usage of up to 15 clouds and dissimilar styles of AI, getting every exiguous thing working together in a comfy and optimised means is a tremendous obstacle.
IBM and Vodafone final month signed a landmark $550M partnership to tackle this problem through bringing together connectivity, cloud and AI technologies to assist companies remove complexity from their digital transformations.
"IBM's partnerships with global telco companies relish Vodafone will support velocity up the deployment of 5G and supply simpler entry to unique applied sciences such as AI, blockchain, facet computing and IoT," pointed out Michael Valocchi, IBM conventional manager of the unique assignment with Vodafone. "this is since the covenant of 5G doesn't just depend on fiber, spectrum and gadgets, but on superior tiers of integration, automation, optimization and protection throughout the ever more tangled IT methods that businesses are constructing in a bid to transform."
Greg Hyttenrauch, Co-leader of the unique challenge for Vodafone business, explains that "by course of presenting the open cloud, connectivity and transportable AI technologies that groups should manipulate facts, workloads and processes across the breadth of their IT systems, Vodafone and IBM are helping to compel innovation and transform user experiences across diverse industries - from retail to agriculture."
SEAT, a member of the Volkswagen group and one of Europe's main auto producers, is using IBM Cloud and Watson AI know-how mixed with the vigour of high-speed 5G connectivity, to reposition itself as a mobility features provider and transform city mobility.
"At SEAT, they are working with creative cities and technology businesses to reach up with options to develop urban mobility more convenient and extra productive," famous Jordi Caus, SEAT's Head of unique urban Mobility ideas. "IBM is helping us invent unique strategies to mobility with cloud and AI with the kick to seriously change their enterprise approach while enhancing the lives of people residing in urban areas."
KONE, a leading manufacturer of elevators and escalators, is tapping IBM Watson IoT options on the IBM Cloud to reserve more than one thousand million americans world wide on the circulation each day. using IBM IoT expertise, KONE is relocating from reactive to proactive to predictive services.
"Our IoT technology can invariably monitor as much as 200 essential parameters of a separate piece of KONE gadget, bringing a totally unique event to maintenance capabilities," spoke of Jean-Paul Bourgeat, KONE's provider Director for South Europe, core East and Africa. "Working with IBM, KONE can now deliver an Awful lot extra cost to their purchasers, with features that can, as an example, antecedent a 25% growth in first time fix."
previous this month, IBM introduced a partnership with Mitsufuji, a corporation in Japan that gives worker safety solutions that involve connected clothes, IoT know-how and AI to alert people to high-chance situations. Mitsufuji uses IBM Maximo employee Insights and IBM's IoT Platform to assist corporations computer screen worker defense, spot tendencies and odds problems, and react to changing environmental circumstances.
on the cell World Congress, companies gain any started to spotlight how the mixture of 5G, cloud computing, and AI are altering the course individuals are alive and the course they’re reworking organizations. notably, IBM, Vodafone, VW’s SEAT, KONE, and Mitsufuji honed in on how the cloud and excessive-velocity connectivity can aid organizations faucet into an array of IT services, akin to AI, augmented fact, and blockchain, to deliver personalized experiences for purchasers and personnel.
one of the largest hurdles when implementing these technologies is getting everything to travail in a unified device. these days, a typical commerce makes exercise of up to fifteen clouds and numerous styles of AI.
with the kick to address this problem, IBM and Vodafone signed a landmark $550M partnership to collect connectivity, cloud, and AI technologies to support eradicate the hurdles from digital transitioning.
"IBM's partnerships with international telco organizations relish Vodafone will assist velocity up the deployment of 5G and provide less complicated access to unique applied sciences equivalent to AI, blockchain, side computing, and IoT," says Michael Valocchi, IBM customary manager of the unique venture with Vodafone. "here is because the covenant of 5G doesn't simply depend on fiber, spectrum and contraptions, however on superior degrees of integration, automation, optimization, and security throughout the ever extra tangled IT systems that organizations are pile in a bid to radically change."
Co-chief of the brand unique assignment, Greg Hyttenrauch, says by using giving groups the capability to control their applied sciences across their IT systems, Vodafone and IBM can also support compel innovation and impress the user suffer throughout distinctive industries corresponding to retail and agriculture.
currently, SEAT, a member of the Volkswagen neighborhood, is using IBM Cloud and Watson AI know-how along with 5G connectivity to reposition itself as a mobility services provider.
"At SEAT, we're working with innovative cities and technology companies to rep a hold of solutions to develop urban mobility easier and more effective," says Jordi Caus, SEAT's Head of recent city Mobility concepts. "IBM is assisting us invent unique procedures to mobility with cloud and AI with a purpose to transform their commerce system while enhancing the lives of americans alive in urban areas."
one other enterprise the exercise of the IBM Watson IoT solutions is KONE, a company of elevators and escalators. using this unique integrated technology, KONE has been capable of flow to more predictive features.
"Our IoT technology can continually monitor up to 200 essential parameters of a separate piece of KONE machine, bringing a totally unique suffer to maintenance features," says Jean-Paul Bourgeat, KONE's carrier Director for South Europe, core East and Africa. "Working with IBM, KONE can now convey much more value to their consumers, with features that may, for instance, result in a 25 p.c improvement in first time repair."
These applied sciences are additionally stirring in the direction of wearables. recently, IBM partnered with Mitsufuji, a Japan-based enterprise that designs related garments to alert employees of high-chance cases.
"the usage of IBM's advanced analytics and cloud capabilities, they are able to create a virtually finished graphic of a worker's protection," spoke of Ayumu Mitera, CEO of Mitsufuji. "Wearables, sensible gadgets, and environmental sensors any produce great amounts of information which are analyzed in true-time, helping their shoppers to create safer working environments and us to rep their improvements to market 3 times sooner than previously."
without doubt, 5G and AI will proceed to proliferate any and any markets ready to integrate these booming technologies.
appropriate 5 assistance for the exercise of IBM security access manager and Federated identification manager
November 1, 2013 | via Shane Weeden
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I’ve been writing technical content material on IBM developerworks and my very own IBM developerworks blog for a while now, essentially with a focus on selected how-to’s or top of the line practices for their entry administration and federation items. These articles are largely pushed by client requests for information with a problem they are trying to clear up. when I contemplate a yardstick thread that can breathe generalized and shared, I usually apportion collectively a piece of writing and any illustration code I’ve organized in helping manipulate the problem.
Having worked with IBM safety access supervisor seeing that it turned into called Intraverse and owned by means of Dascom, and having been a founding developer on their Federated id manager product, I actually gain about as an Awful lot journey and exposure to both items as anyone else. That talked about, i am any the time intrigued and stunned by course of one of the vital resourceful ways in which shoppers, company partners and features teams apportion together solutions the usage of their safety products.
in this article i assumed I’d develop the application to summarize 5 of the most positive and often used tools of my alternate. These are often references to content or suggestions that I’ve prepared during the past, however above any content that i am discovering re-use for the entire time. optimistically these tools and concepts are useful to both experienced and newbie clients of their entry management and federation products, and if nothing else this article can serve to remind you they exist, and assist you determine them once more.
I’d also want to remind consumers, enterprise companions, and any one else working with their security items that I gain fun with listening to from you, working with you on options to your security integration issues, and providing a degree of view on concerns the station you may breathe attempting to find a further opinion. please reserve those emails coming and suppose free to retreat away a remark under.
1. The EPAC utility
without query, when working with entry manager and federated identity supervisor, the #1 device i exigency is the means to breathe watchful what's in a user’s credential when authenticated to WebSEAL. historically it’s called the EPAC (extended privileged impute certificate) and that comes from manner returned when DCE changed into the middleware safety of choice in the mid-to late ’90’s.
this is utilized in so many different techniques – whether it’s manipulating attributes in an STS module in FIM, or writing a context-based mostly entry coverage, or even the yardstick authorization rule in entry manager (which I nonetheless use) – you relatively a worthy deal should breathe privy to the attributes attainable in a credential.
The credential is seen to functions via a variable offered by using WebSEAL. On WebSEAL itself here is made available as a cgi-bin environment variable known as HTTP_IV_CREDS, and for junctioned applications it can breathe downstreamed as a HTTP header (iv-creds) by using exercise of the -c junction switch.
WebSEAL itself ships with a cgi-bin edition of the EPAC software (it’s portion of the PDWebADK package) despite the fact I extra frequently advocate individuals exercise the JSP edition of an utility I wrote to unpack and panoply a credential. The proper structure of an EPAC isn't documented, and not crucial. It’s a custom ASN-1 encoded statistics structure, and not designed that you can unpack natively. recall to exercise the API’s presented with entry supervisor to decode a credential and that’s exactly what's documented in my article: Pracical TAM Authorization API
2. FIM Tracing for the protection Token carrier
a lot of my extra fresh travail has been on federated identification manager, in particular the construction of STS modules for integrating into federations, OAuth and extra. There are articles on Writing FIM plugins, and many articles on specific examples of STS modules for diverse purposes (browse my weblog).
That observed, likely probably the most positive colleague to me in progress of those modules is introspection of the STSUniversalUser kick for understanding what information structure i'm manipulating, and what attributes can breathe organize to me.
this could inform you everything you want about the STSUniversalUser you're manipulating in a mapping rule, and when combined with the EPAC utility described above you are neatly-equipped to configure and writer FIM mapping guidelines.
three. EAI construction and pdweb.snoop Tracing
<rant> some of the surest things they ever did to WebSEAL become deprecate and eradicate the CDAS (pass domain authentication provider) interface, and substitute it with a HTTP-header based authentication interface known as EAI (exterior authentication interface). CDAS plugins are written and compiled in C/C++, and i can not hold into account the variety of times i used to breathe requested to survey at WebSEAL core data simplest to at last find out that a client was the exercise of their personal CDAS and had not written or compiled it in a thread-safe manner. </rant>
Now that I’ve obtained that off my chest, the EAI components of authenticating to WebSEAL is top notch, and is in reality the identical interface used by course of federated identity supervisor when appearing as a provider provider authenticating to WebSEAL. there is lots of documentation on the EAI within the InfoCenter (delivery here).
It’s also a bit trivial to jot down an EAI application in anything net construction ambiance you love. I regularly write them as JSP’s to perform step-up authentication or just for checking out a multi-ingredient thought. The leading things to recall when writing an EAI are:
until your EAI is performing step-up, it's going to exigency an unauthenticated-allowed ACL attached to it in entry supervisor.
You EAI should revert HTTP headers for the person to authenticate, OR it might revert a whole EPAC if developed by FIM’s STS. I even gain articles on how to finish that, equivalent to this one which is principally established: the usage of entry manager with out a person registry
You ought to recall to permit EAI authentication in WebSEAL’s config file
You gain to suffer in mind to configure your software URL as a set off-url in WebSEAL’s config file
sometimes, regardless of the better of planning and intentions, your EAI may still no longer breathe performing as you anticipate it to. possibly you’ve forgotten a chunk of configuration, or most likely the EAI itself isn’t returning the credential or username + attributes within the system you predict. How finish you debug that?
There are a couple of ways – junctioning your EAI by the exercise of a sniffer proxy relish TCPMON is one, youngsters what I determine myself using most often, because it is always purchasable, is pdweb.snoop tracing. To enable pdweb.snoop tracing, exercise pdadmin command line, with whatever like:
padmin> server project webseald-your_webseal hint set pdweb.snoop 9 file course=/tmp/pdwebsnoop.log
function your attempt at EAI authentication, supply WebSEAL a minute or so to flush the hint to file, and then carefully check out the requests and responses to breathe certain you are returning the headers crucial for EAI and that they suit the headers configured in WebSEAL.
every so often I even exercise pdweb.snoop tracing to debug federated identity manager behaviour!
four. the usage of CURL
Any web developer or deployment engineer value their salt is watchful of about and regularly makes exercise of Curl or an identical utility. it's absolutely useful in scripting assessments, debugging and well-known web poking round. study it, exercise it, and don’t look to breathe again! it is accessible out-of-the-container on just about any linux distros, and also on cygwin for home windows.
There are a great number of switches to curl, however the ones i hold odds of most regularly when trying out and establishing are:
Disables certificates verification – positive for test websites that exercise the default or a self-signed cert
Verbose output – shows request and response headers. i exploit this the entire time.
lets you ship a apportion up with parameters
-b mycookies -c mycookies
allows you to examine and deliver cookies – helpful in case you are stringing curl instructions together in a script to establish after which exercise session cookies as if you gain been riding a browser.
this text is fairly profitable for displaying you how to exercise Curl to gain interaction with the FIM safety token provider: the exercise of CURL to ship requests to the TFIM STS
that you could additionally web search a great number of examples on the exercise of Curl for diverse applications. I’m additionally a fairly regular user of netcat for trying out as neatly, but it surely’s not quite as habitual as curl for net development.
5. gaining lore of to prepare neatly, Then Divide and conquer
This tip isn't selected to access management or federated identity management, however is barely time-honored counsel on the course to prepare smartly, and pattern out what’s incorrect when issues don’t retreat the manner you’ve deliberate. once I Hurry into valued clientele with an issue, solving it's nearly always accomplished through simply breaking the vicissitude down into smaller and smaller problems until you sequester the basis cause. This looks to glaringly evident, yet continues to breathe a problem. You’ve doubtless heard of the five Why’s, and it is rarely more apposite than in tangled allotted computing systems.
here are some yardstick things that you can finish earlier than, and when making an attempt to sequester sudden behaviour in options using access management or federated id administration solutions:
Have a production-best test environment with the very utility versions of application, identical topology, and equal trade manage. Being capable of replicate a controversy offline from your production systems is enormously effective.
video panoply and gain unit exams at any facets in the infrastructure. you'll want to gain scripts and/or monitoring utility that tests databases, LDAP servers, authentication to WebSEAL, session stickiness, synthetic transactions, and so forth in any respect stages of your safety infrastructure and across any nodes in a multi-server deployment. this may frequently support you directly sequester a problem.
If the exercise of a HA deployment with distinctive nodes, load balancers, backend servers and databases, try to eradicate status management as a controversy by using a separate illustration of every and testing that course of execution. i finish know this is no longer at any times feasible, however on the very least suffer in mind that a lot of entry management performance is in keeping with session status and conserving consistent connections to server instances birthright through the route of a consumer’s browser session.
trade one issue at a time, then re-determine.
build, retain and share with your colleagues a set of tools of your own. Of route suffer is whatever thing you rep simply after you want it, however nothing beats it. retain your fingers foul – it’s in reality the most profitable solution to breathe taught.
Tags: entry administration | IBM protection | identification | id and access administration (IAM) | Technical & Product
application Engineering manager at IBM
Shane Weeden is a senior technical cadaver of workers member and product architect within the IBM safety options group. He has worked...
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IBM Scores a tenacious Performer Placement in Risk-Based Authentication Wave
August 3, 2017 | By Lane Billings
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We are proud to promulgate that Forrester named IBM a tenacious Performer in its unique report, “The Forrester Wave: Risk-Based Authentication, Q3 2017.” This is the first update to the Forrester Wave for Risk-Based Authentication (RBA) since Q1 2012, and IBM’s first time participating in the report as one of the eight most “significant providers.”
Only one vendor was ranked as a Leader in the report, and IBM is one of three vendors to rate a tenacious Performer placement. IBM earned the highest scores workable in the “future overall market and progress plans for RBA and technology” and “solution implementation strength” criteria.
DOWNLOAD THE FORRESTER WAVE FOR Risk-Based Authentication
How Vendors Were Evaluated
Forrester updated this Wave in response to unique innovations in RBA, such as the introduction of machine learning algorithms, increased usage of two-factor authentication with biometric and behavioral authentication, and the widespread exercise of springy cloud deployment models.
Forrester famous in the report that account-based takeover is on the rise, causing at least $6.5 billion to $7 billion in annual losses across fiscal services, insurance, e-commerce, health care, gaming and gambling, and other industries.
Forrester used a combination of vendor surveys, product demos, customer reference calls and unsupervised demonstration environment usage to evaluate vendors for this Wave.
The eight vendors selected for evaluation met the following criteria, according to Forrester:
A thought-leading RBA portfolio of products and services;
Total RBA revenues of at least $10 million with at least 10 percent growth;
At least 60 paying RBA customer organizations in production;
An unaided mindshare within Forrester’s End user customers; and
An unaided mindshare within Forrester’s vendor customers.
DOWNLOAD THE FORRESTER WAVE FOR Risk-Based Authentication
A Holistic Approach to Risk-Based Authentication
We believe the essential problem of fraud starts with the identity chain. They also regard the traditional three types of authentication factors — something you know, something you gain and something you are — must breathe combined with smart assessment of the specific risk of a user. Risk is determined by the user’s deportment and the context of their interaction (e.g., device, location, pattern of activity, etc.). Risk-based authentication means that high-risk users are challenged more frequently for authentication factors, while low-risk users rep things done with minimal interruption.
Risk-based authentication requires a holistic approach to fraud and digital identity that incorporates positive identity corroboration with identity analytics to establish a deeper understanding of the user. This approach should also apply risk scoring to better mitigate the risks of fraud. IBM’s RBA offering integrates IBM Security Access Manager and Trusteer Pinpoint Detect to back obscure fraudulent activities and high-risk transactions while maintaining an excellent user experience.
DOWNLOAD THE FORRESTER WAVE FOR Risk-Based Authentication
The Forrester Wave is copyrighted by Forrester Research, Inc. Forrester and Forrester Wave are trademarks of Forrester Research, Inc. The Forrester Wave is a graphical representation of Forrester’s convoke on a market and is plotted using a detailed spreadsheet with exposed scores, weightings, and comments. Forrester does not endorse any vendor, product, or service depicted in the Forrester Wave. Information is based on best available resources. Opinions reflect judgment at the time and are theme to change.
Tags: Authentication | Authentication Software | Forrester | Forrester Research | Multifactor Authentication (MFA) | Risk Management | Risk-Based Authentication | User deportment Analytics (UBA)
Product Marketing Manager, Access and Authentication, IBM
Lane is the Worldwide Product Marketing manager for Access and Authentication at IBM Security. Originally from Memphis,...
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Well, that took quite a long time. After what seems relish eons of nudging and cajoling and pushing, IBM is making the IBM i operating system and its integrated database management system, as well as the application progress tools and other systems software, available on its self-branded IBM Cloud public cloud.
Big Blue previewed its plans to bring both IBM i and AIX to the IBM Cloud at its annual regard conference in Las Vegas, on scale out machines aimed at diminutive and medium businesses as well as to customers who want to Hurry clusters of machines, and on scale up systems that gain NUMA electronics that more tightly cluster them into shared recollection systems.
There are a lot of questions about how this will breathe any breathe packaged up and sold under the unwieldy cognomen of the IBM Power Systems Virtual Server on IBM Cloud. But they will declare you any that they know and fill you in as they learn more.
The Power Systems slices served up on the IBM Cloud running IBM i and AIX were first rolled out for early access to selected customers to test the APIs for the control plane, which they posit is based on the PowerVC implementation of OpenStack. The initial customers who are kicking the tires were hypothetical to only deploy progress and test environments or protype code, certainly not anything running in production. This was totally meant to breathe a proof of concept setup at this point, as you can contemplate from the rollout roadmap:
The alpha and beta testing for the Power Systems slices on the IBM Cloud is on a pretty snappily track, running from February into March, as you can see, and universal availability is slated for some time in March. Probably somewhere towards the end, they would guess. IBM is initially making the Power puffs – what else can you convoke them as shorthand? – available in the early access tests in its US East datacenter in the Washington DC metro area; it is not clear what iron was used. The alpha and beta testing is being done on a collection of Power S922 scale out machines, which are based on a pair of Power9 processors and which frankly is a worthy box for most IBM i shops any by itself, as well as on Power E880 scale up systems, which are being scaled up to sixteen sockets and which exercise the older Power8 processors. any of the machines exercise ten-core processors, which are the sweet spot between performance, chip yield, and cost in the Power Systems line. The Power9 chips in the Power S922 servers Hurry at 2.8 GHz and can turbo up to 3.9 GHz if there is enough thermal headroom; these chips survey relish they may gain four threads per core (also known as SMT4), which is not as much threading as the routine Power8 chip offers in scale out machines with SMT8 threading (eight threads per core) and twice as many cores per die (24 cores versus 12 cores). Anyway, it looks relish the Power S922 is being equipped with the heavy cores, not the light ones. The Power8 chips in the Power E880 are running at 4.19 GHz and also support SMT8 threading (there was only a heavy core here); any sixteen cores are populated with ten-core Power8 chips, with a maximum scalability of 160 cores in a separate analytic partition on the IBM Cloud.
Both of the machines are being configured with 32 GB recollection sticks, which are again at the sweet spot between capacity, bandwidth, and cost per bit, and IBM is allowing customers to configure the machines with anywhere from 8 GB to 64 GB of main recollection per core. If you want denser recollection to bolster the capacity, you can double it up using 64 GB recollection sticks, and then double it up again to 128 GB sticks, but this will breathe a custom order and it will cost considerably more, they think. IBM is offering disk and scintillate storage up to 2 TB for local storage on the instances and growing at 10 GB increments. External storage for applications and databases is on Storwize V7000 disk arrays in the racks near this Power iron, and are linked to the servers by Fibre Channel switches. Customers can share machines or rent dedicated iron, depending on their proclivities for absolute security and dealing with stentorian neighbors on the virtual infrastructure.
Steve Sibley vice president and offering manager for the Cognitive Systems division at IBM, gave me a sneak peek at the future Power cloud slices on a visit to the Austin, Texas labs last week, ahead of the regard conference. Here is how the features and functions of the analytic partitions on the IBM Cloud are shaping up:
Sibley told us that the pricing was not yet set in stone for the virtual Power capacity on the IBM Cloud, but when pressed about comparing the cost between buying gear and renting it on the cloud, Sibley estimated that for a given IBM i or AIX workload running on similarly configured hardware and analytic partitions, running the cloud instance would cost about 30 percent to 40 percent more on the instance running replete out over three years compared to buying the iron and using it for three years. The difference, of course, is that IBM is managing the Power Systems and paying for the datacenter, the electricity, the cooling, the security, patch updates on firmware, the installation of the PowerVM hypervisor and its update, and the installation of the IBM i or AIX operating system. When companies buy their own Power Systems machines, unless they rep augmented services from IBM or a commerce partner, it’s any on them. Pricing for the virtual machines, the memory, the storage, and the operating system and databases are any set per hour.
By the way, it is not clear what IBM i and AIX releases are supported on the machines, but presumably the current IBM i 7.2 and IBM i 7.3 releases are supported on the IBM Cloud as well as AIX 7.1 and AIX 7.2, which are also current. Linux is not mentioned as a supported platform, but SAP HANA workloads are and that implies that there is a Linux – and specifically Red Hat Enterprise Linux – underneath it since HANA in-memory databases are not supported on any Unix variant, or IBM i for that matter.
By March, IBM plans to gain the IBM i and AIX instances available in production in its US East (Washington DC) and US South (Dallas) regions, and in the second quarter IBM plans to roll it in its European datacenter in its EU Central (Frankfurt) region, with other datacenters coming out as exact pulls and IBM pushes.
We will hold a survey at the pricing as soon as it becomes available and contemplate how it any stacks up, and rep the thoughts of other IBM i cloud players about what worthy Blue is doing.
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Hackers are now very adept at delusive people into revealing their passwords. And they are able to exercise shrewd technology to crack, purloin or bypass passwords altogether. No hardware platform is immune. So why are IBM’s mainframe customers seemingly reluctant to upgrade their security by incorporating multi-factor authentication? What are the hurdles they visage and how can they overcome them?
The status of mainframe security
Research tells us that only one in five mainframe customers are already using –
or planning to introduce – multi-factor authentication (MFA) to protect access to data and applications. MFA involves using an extra authentication step or ‘factor’ that is much harder to crack than a password, such as a physical token, a biometric identifier or a time-sensitive single-use PIN generated by a pin-pad or mobile phone.
Low take-up of MFA means the vast majority of mainframe users are still relying on password protection alone. This shocking statistic is one of the key findings of a poll of 81 mainframe users conducted by Macro 4 at the End of last year.
Let’s just desist and regard about the implications of that. Mainframe systems are used by many of the world’s biggest enterprises – including the ten top insurers, 44 of the top 50 banks, 18 of the top 25 retailers and 90 per cent of the largest airlines – to Hurry their business. If these systems were undermined by hackers, revenue and reputation would breathe at risk. The organisations could also visage heavy fines for breaching compliance regulations such as GDPR.
The problems with passwords are not any down to hackers, either. There are risks from within the enterprise, too. Users don’t always succeed best exercise around protecting their passwords. They write them down and don’t update them regularly, or they share them with travail colleagues, for example. relish ‘hiding’ your front door key under a stone, a casual attitude to password protection effectively leaves the door open for a current or ex-employee with malicious intent to infiltrate your company’s core commerce systems.
All this means that, in 2019, relying exclusively on passwords can expose business-critical applications to unacceptable risk.
Multi-factor authentication on the mainframe: awareness is not the problem
Multi-factor authentication (MFA) technology has been around and widely used outside of the mainframe environment for many years. IBM introduced their z/OS MFA solution, which works closely with IBM’s RACF security manager, back in 2016. But it was only in November 2017 that IBM introduced a more complete MFA solution. And there are of course other non-IBM MFA and security managers available.
As portion of their research they wanted to gauge awareness of MFA amongst the mainframe community. When questioned, 64 per cent of mainframe users in their survey sample said they are watchful that MFA is now available to control access to mainframe applications.
And 59 per cent were watchful that MFA is a key component of compliance with regulations – such as the GDPR and the Payment Card Industry Data Security yardstick (PCI DSS) – which require enterprises to hold efficacious measures to control and protect access to personal information.
So they can conclude that the low adoption of MFA is not simply due to a exigency of awareness.
The number one challenge: changing used code
When asked what they felt were the barriers to implementing MFA, the biggest concern of mainframe users – raised by 28 per cent of their survey sample – was the risk of changing application code in order to support it.
That is not surprising when you regard that mainframe systems gain been around for a very long time – having been introduced as far back as the 60s and 70s as a liable platform to host business-critical applications. Many mainframe applications are old, bespoke, and extend to millions of lines of code that companies are wary of changing due to a exigency of people within the commerce with the birthright lore and skills to finish so.
Changing code in an application that is not well understood or perhaps even well documented could gain unpredictable results, so many companies would understandably prefer to leave well alone.
The repercussion of skills shortages
A exigency of skills was in fact among the other barriers highlighted. 25 per cent of the sample said they felt MFA was not being adopted by the mainframe community due to a exigency of mainframe skills. A further 22 per cent mentioned the exigency of IT security skills.
On top of this, 22 per cent of the mainframe users they surveyed cited the challenges and cost of installing MFA hardware and a further 17 per cent mentioned the challenges and cost of installing MFA software as barriers to implementation.
Expect end-user resistance
Another barrier to MFA adoption is resistance from End users, highlighted by 21 per cent of the sample. It is common to suffer ‘push-back’ from colleagues who are unhappy about being forced to learn and embrace unique and unfamiliar authentication systems that aren’t as convenient as just typing in a user ID and password.
This benevolent of end-user resistance is even higher outside of the mainframe world. In a sever survey of great enterprises, 63 per cent of conclusion makers said they experienced a backlash from employees who did not want to exercise multi-factor authentication.
User resistance is therefore to breathe expected, but should not deter companies from adopting MFA. Instead they exigency to apportion measures in station to develop the authentication process easier for users.
So what can breathe done to reassure enterprises that introducing MFA on the mainframe is viable? And what options are available to back them hold on the perceived challenges?
1 Minimising application disruption
First let’s address the concerns around disruption. The veracity is that introducing MFA does not always require changes to breathe made to the mainframe application itself.
This is the case, for example, if you are using modern mainframe session management software to provide End users with ‘single sign-on’ access to their mainframe applications.
Many z/OS customers already exercise mainframe session managers. They require users to retreat through the login process only once – at the start of the day – after which they can access any their applications without having to log in to each one separately. Users can also switch between their applications throughout the working day without having to re-authenticate each time.
By choosing to introduce MFA on the session manager, you don’t actually palpate the underlying applications themselves, so there are no risky changes to worry about. Some older mainframe applications may not even breathe compatible with MFA, so using a session manager avoids additional coding, testing and deployment to support MFA.
2 Getting users on side
Next let’s tackle the challenge of end-user resistance. First, develop confident any roll-out of MFA is underpinned with a training programme that educates users about the significance of strengthened security on the mainframe, and the risks of relying solely on password authentication.
Second, rep executive sponsorship. MFA must breathe seen by everyone to gain the replete and firm backing of senior leadership across the enterprise – not just IT management and security experts. It should breathe explained that improving security is not just an IT initiative: it is an essential commerce priority that reduces risk to the whole organisation.
Third, develop MFA as facile and frictionless as workable for users. For example, when logging on, users could breathe shown back and guidance messages – or reminders about the unique authentication process – to minimise any initial confusion and to back develop the introduction of MFA a user-friendly experience. Displaying this benevolent of on-screen guidance is simple and facile to finish on a session manager login screen, for instance.
3 Mainframe skills shortages
One course to minimise the repercussion of skills shortages is to circumscribe the exigency for mainframe specialists when installing and supporting MFA on IBM Z. Once again it’s session management software that comes to the rescue. By introducing your MFA system on a session manager you deliver time and application and minimise the amount of application coding, testing and deployment required. It means MFA only has to breathe implemented in one station – the session manager – rather than on the many individual applications that are typically hosted on a mainframe.
Similarly, once you gain implemented MFA on a session manager, there is a limited requirement for mainframe skills for ongoing administration and support. If you want to change something, such as introducing unique MFA hardware – different key fobs, for instance – or just roll out software updates, then this can any breathe implemented and tested against the session manager rather than against the legion of underlying mainframe applications.
4 Managing MFA costs and complexity
Mainframe IT teams that finish not gain suffer of MFA should regard involving a specialist security consultancy – both when selecting the usurp software and hardware options and to back with the overall complexity of creating an effective, secure, long-term solution for the organisation. Any solution has to breathe facile to exercise and support, while providing a high flat of protection. any without breaking the bank.
A consultant can back you deliver money by providing recommendation on hidden costs such as the end-user training required for different authentication options and the ease of administration of those options. Should you exercise a mobile app or a sever pin pad that users carry with them, for example? And what is the backup system if a user loses their phone or hardware device?
Considering these issues at the outset, avoids problems later. I gain reach across mainframe users who gain tried to implement MFA without either recruiting people with the birthright specialist skills or involving a third party, and their plans gain dragged on with recurring delays. In the long run, if you want to circumscribe the cost and ensure a successful and timely implementation, it makes sense to invest in the birthright skills to back you develop the birthright technology decisions.
Any unique technology roll-out will bring challenges, whether they are technical hurdles, concerns over resources or reluctance from those who aren’t restful with having to change. However, there are ways and means to address these issues and circumscribe the costs. Adopting MFA is something mainframe shops simply must find a course to do, and the agreeable intelligence is that there are options available to develop the whole process easier.
Keith Banham, mainframe research and progress manager, Macro 4Image source: Shutterstock/scyther5
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